Division of Health Policy and Management
University of Minnesota
School of Public Health
420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 729
Minneapolis, MN 55455
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2016||Economic Conditions and Children's Mental Health|
with Gilbert Gonzales, Ellen Meara: w22459
Research linking economic conditions and health largely ignores children’s mental health problems, which are the most common and consequential health issues for children and adolescents. We examine the effects of unemployment rates and housing prices on child and adolescent mental health and use of special education services for emotional problems in the 2001-2013 National Health Interview Survey. Mental health status declines as economic conditions deteriorate, and this result is pervasive across nearly every subgroup we examine, including families least likely to experience job loss. The use of special education services for emotional problems also rises when economic conditions worsen.
|September 2011||The FDA and ABCs: The Unintended Consequences of Antidepressant Warnings on Human Capital|
with Susan Busch, Ellen Meara: w17426
Using annual cross-sectional data on over 100,000 adolescents aged 12-17, we studied academic and behavioral outcomes among those who were and were not likely affected by FDA warnings regarding the safety of antidepressants. Just before the FDA warnings, adolescents with probable depression had grade point averages 0.14 points higher than adolescents with depression just after the warnings. The FDA warnings also coincided with increased delinquency, use of tobacco and illicit drugs. Together, our results stress the importance of mental health and its treatment as an input into cognitive and non-cognitive aspects of human capital.
Published: Susan H. Busch & Ezra Golberstein & Ellen Meara, 2014. "The FDA and ABCs," Journal of Human Resources, vol 49(3), pages 540-571.
|June 2010||Income and the Utilization of Long-Term Care Services: Evidence from the Social Security Benefit Notch|
with Gopi Shah Goda, David C. Grabowski: w16076
This paper estimates the impact of income on the long-term care utilization of elderly Americans using a natural experiment that led otherwise similar retirees to receive significantly different Social Security payments based on their year of birth. Using data from the 1993 and 1995 waves of the AHEAD, we estimate instrumental variables models and find that a positive permanent income shock lowers nursing home use but increases the utilization of paid home care services. We find some suggestive evidence that the effects are due to substitution of home care for nursing home utilization. The magnitude of these estimates suggests that moderate reductions in post-retirement income would significantly alter long-term utilization patterns among elderly individuals.
Published: Goda, Gopi Shah & Golberstein, Ezra & Grabowski, David C., 2011. "Income and the utilization of long-term care services: Evidence from the Social Security benefit notch," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 719-729, July. citation courtesy of