University of Bologna
Department of Economics
Piazza Scaravilli 2, Bologna
Institutional Affiliation: University of Bologna
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|February 2019||Strict ID Laws Don’t Stop Voters: Evidence from a U.S. Nationwide Panel, 2008–2018|
with Vincent Pons: w25522
U.S. states increasingly require identification to vote – an ostensive attempt to deter fraud that prompts complaints of selective disenfranchisement. Using a difference-in-differences design on a 1.6-billion-observations panel dataset, 2008–2018, we find that the laws have no negative effect on registration or turnout, overall or for any group defined by race, gender, age, or party affiliation. These results hold through a large number of specifications and cannot be attributed to voters’ reaction against the laws, measured by campaign contributions and self-reported political engagement. However, the likelihood that non-white voters were contacted by a campaign increases by 5.4 percentage points, suggesting that parties’ mobilization might have offset modest effects of the laws on the pa...