NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Emmanuelle Lavaine

Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne
Maison des sciences Economiques
106 112 boulevard de l’hôpital
75647 Paris cedex 13, France

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2013Energy Production and Health Externalities: Evidence from Oil Refinery Strikes in France
with Matthew J. Neidell: w18974
This paper examines the effect of energy production on newborn health using a recent strike that affected oil refineries in France as a natural experiment. First, we show that the temporary reduction in refining lead to a significant reduction in sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations. Second, this shock significantly increased birth weight and gestational age of newborns, particularly for those exposed to the strike during the third trimester of pregnancy. Back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest that a 1 unit decline in SO2 leads to a 196 million euro increase in lifetime earnings per birth cohort. This externality from oil refineries should be an important part of policy discussions surrounding the production of energy.

Published: Emmanuelle Lavaine & Matthew Neidell, 2017. "Energy Production and Health Externalities: Evidence from Oil Refinery Strikes in France," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol 4(2), pages 447-477.

 
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