NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

Emily C. Lawler

Department of Public Administration and Policy
University of Georgia
355 S. Jackson Street
Atens, GA 30602
Tel: 859-229-8005

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: University of Georgia

NBER Working Papers and Publications

January 2017Direct and Spillover Effects of Middle School Vaccination Requirements
with Christopher S. Carpenter: w23107
We study the direct and spillover effects of state requirements that middle school youths obtain a tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) booster prior to middle school entry. These mandates increased vaccine take-up by 29 percent and reduced pertussis (whooping cough) incidence in the population by a much larger 53 percent due to herd immunity effects. We also document cross-vaccine spillovers: the mandates increased adolescent vaccination for meningococcal disease and human papillomavirus (which is responsible for 98 percent of cervical cancers) by 8-34 percent, with particularly large effects for children from low SES households.

Published: Christopher S. Carpenter & Emily C. Lawler, 2019. "Direct and Spillover Effects of Middle School Vaccination Requirements," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, vol 11(1), pages 95-125.

 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us