NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2001||A Tax on Output of the Polluting Industry Is Not a Tax on Pollution: The Importance of Hitting the Target|
with Don Fullerton, Gilbert E. Metcalf
in Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy, Carlo Carraro and Gilbert E. Metcalf, editors
|July 1999||A Tax on Output of the Polluting Industry is Not a Tax on Pollution: The Importance of Hitting the Target|
with Don Fullerton, Gilbert E. Metcalf: w7259
We explore the effects of environmental taxes that imprecisely target pollution. A review of actual policies indicates few (if any) examples of a true tax on pollution. More typically, environmental taxes target an input or output that is correlated with pollution. We construct a simple analytical general equilibrium model to calculate the optimum tax rate on the input of the polluting industry, in terms of key behavioral parameters, and we compare this imprecisely-targeted tax to an ideal tax on pollution. Finally, we consider incremental tax reforms such as a change in either tax from some pre-existing level. Using a utility-based money-metric measure of welfare, we examine the losses that arise from not taxing pollution directly. With no existing tax, under our plausible parameter...
Distributional and Behavioral Effects of Environmental Policy, Carraro, C.and G. Metcalf, eds., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000,forthcoming.