NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 1998||Continuing Progress? Trends in Occupational Segregation in the United States Over the 1970s and 1980s|
with Francine D. Blau, Patricia Simpson: w6716
This study uses comparable data on 470 detailed occupations from the 1970, 1980 and 1990 Censuses to analyze trends in occupational segregation in the United States in the 1980s and compare them in detail to the 1970s experience of declining segregation. We find that the trend towards reduced segregation did indeed continue into the 1980s at only a slightly slower pace. In both decades, changes in sex composition within occupations accounted for the major share of the decline in segregation (compared to changes in the mix of occupations in the economy). We also find that the pattern of changes in the sex composition of occupations and in the employment distribution of workers that produced the observed reductions in segregation were remarkably similar in each of these two periods. This sim...
Published: Feminist Economics (Fall 1998): 29-71. Published as "Black-White Earnings Over the 1970s and 1980s: Gender Differences in Trends". citation courtesy of