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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2012||Using Student Test Scores to Measure Principal Performance|
with Jason A. Grissom, Susanna Loeb: w18568
Expansion of the use of student test score data to measure teacher performance has fueled recent policy interest in using those data to measure the effects of school administrators as well. However, little research has considered the capacity of student performance data to uncover principal effects. Filling this gap, this article identifies multiple conceptual approaches for capturing the contributions of principals to student test score growth, develops empirical models to reflect these approaches, examines the properties of these models, and compares the results of the models empirically using data from a large urban school district. The paper then assesses the degree to which the estimates from each model are consistent with measures of principal performance that come from sources other...
Published: J. A. Grissom & D. Kalogrides & S. Loeb, 2015. "Using Student Test Scores to Measure Principal Performance," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, vol 37(1), pages 3-28.
|July 2011||Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes|
with Tara Béteille, Susanna Loeb: w17243
More than one out of every five principals leaves their school each year. In some cases, these career changes are driven by the choices of district leadership. In other cases, principals initiate the move, often demonstrating preferences to work in schools with higher achieving students from more advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds. Principals often use schools with many poor or low-achieving students as stepping stones to what they view as more desirable assignments. We use longitudinal data from one large urban school district to study the relationship between principal turnover and school outcomes. We find that principal turnover is, on average, detrimental to school performance. Frequent turnover of school leadership results in lower teacher retention and lower student achievement g...
Published: Analyzing the Determinants of the Matching of Public School Teachers to Jobs: Disentangling the Preferences of Teachers and Employers (with Donald Boyd, Hamilton Lankford, and James Wyckoff). Journal of Labor Economics, 31(1), pp. 83-117. 2013 . Different teachers, different peers: The magnitude of student sorting within schools (with Demetra Kalogrides). Educational Researcher, 42(6), pp. 304-316. 2013 . Measuring test measurement error: A general approach (with Donald Boyd, Hamilton Lankford, and James Wyckoff). Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 38(6), pp. 629-663. 2013 . Measure for measure: The relationship between measures of instructional practice in middle school English language arts and teachers' value-added (with Pamela Grossman, Julia Cohen, and James Wyckoff). American Journal of Education, 119(3), pp. 445-470. 2013 . The early childhood care and education workforce in the United States: Understanding changes from 1990 through 2010 (with Daphna Bassok, Maria Fitzpatrick, and Agustina S. Paglayan). Education Finance and Policy, 8(4), pp. 581–601. 2013 . Effective Instructional Time Use for School Leaders: Longitudinal Evidence from Observations of Principals (with Jason Grissom and Ben Master). Educational Researcher, 42(8), pp. 433-444. 2013 . Systematic sorting: Teacher characteristics and class assignments (with Demetra Kalogrides, and Tara Beteille). Sociology of Education, 86(2), pp. 103-123. 2013 . How teacher turnover harms student achievement (with Matthew Ronfeldt, and James Wyckoff). American Educational Research Journal, 50(1), pp. 4-36. 2013 . Principals’ perceptions of competition for students in Milwaukee schools (with Matthew Kasman). Education Finance and Policy, 8(1), pp. 43-73. 2013 . Recruiting effective math teachers: Evidence from New York city (with Donald Boyd, Pamela Grossman, Hamilton Lankford, Matthew Ronfeldt, and James Wyckoff). American Education Research Journal, 49(6), pp. 1008-1047. 2012 . Stepping stones: Principal career paths and school outcomes (with Tara Beteille and Demetra Kalogrides). Social Science Research, 41(4), pp. 904–919. 2012 .
|June 2011||Effective Schools: Teacher Hiring, Assignment, Development, and Retention|
with Susanna Loeb, Tara Béteille: w17177
The literature on effective schools emphasizes the importance of a quality teaching force in improving educational outcomes for students. In this paper, we use value-added methods to examine the relationship between a school's effectiveness and the recruitment, assignment, development and retention of its teachers. We ask whether effective schools systematically recruit more effective teachers; whether they assign teachers to students more effectively; whether they do a better job of helping their teachers improve; whether they retain more effective teachers; or whether they do a combination of these processes. Our results reveal four key findings. First, we find that more effective schools are able to attract and hire more effective teachers from other schools when vacancies arise. Seco...
Published: Effective schools: Teacher hiring, assignment, development, and retention (with Tara Beteille and Demetra Kalogrides). Education Finance and Policy, 7(3), pp. 269–304. 2012 .