NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Deborah Viola

New York Medical College

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

December 1997The Determinants of Child Care Workers' Wages and Compensation: Sectoral Differences, Human Capital, Race, Insiders and Outsiders
with H. Naci Mocan: w6328
This paper investigates the determinants of wages and compensation in child care centers for teachers and aides. Nonprofit status has no across-the-board impact on wages. The extent of the wage premium enjoyed by some nonprofit workers depends on the category of the nonprofit center, occupation of the workers, and their race. The rate of return to an additional year of tenure is 2 percent for both teachers and aides. The return to prior experience is one percent for teachers and zero for aides. An additional year of general education brings about a 5 percent increase in teacher wages, and half of that amount in aide wages. Specialized training influences teacher wages, but has less impact on aide wages. Unionization has a large impact on both wages and compensation of teachers and ai...
 
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