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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 1996||Agricultural Interest Groups and the North American Free Trade Agreement|
in The Political Economy of American Trade Policy, Anne O. Krueger, editor
|Agricultural Interest Group Bargaining over the North American Free Trade Agreement|
in The Political Economy of Trade Protection, Anne O. Krueger, editor
|July 1994||Agricultural Interest Groups and the North American Free Trade Agreement|
This paper evaluates the influence of diverse U.S. agricultural interest groups on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Under NAFTA, licenses and quotas that restricted agricultural trade between Mexico and the United States were converted to tariffs in January 1994 and all tariffs are to be phased out over adjustment periods of up to 15 years. The agricultural provisions of the 1988 Canada-U.S. FTA, which left quantitative barriers intact for dairy, poultry and other sectors, remain in effect for bilateral Canadian- U.S. trade. NAFTA received support from export-oriented U.S. producers of most grains, oilseeds, livestock, and some horticultural products. Opposition was expressed by wheat producers, seeking leverage on Canadian export-pricing issues, and protected sugar, pea...