David L. Madland
Center for American Progress
1333 H St., NW 10th Floor
Washington DC, 20005
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2015||How Does Declining Unionism Affect the American Middle Class and Intergenerational Mobility?|
with Richard Freeman, Eunice Han, Brendan V. Duke: w21638
This paper examines unionism’s relationship to the size of the middle class and its relationship to intergenerational mobility. We use the PSID 1985 and 2011 files to examine the change in the share of workers in a middle-income group (defined by persons having incomes within 50% of the median) and use a shift-share decomposition to explore how the decline of unionism contributes to the shrinking middle class. We also use the files to investigate the correlation between parents’ union status and the incomes of their children. Additionally, we use federal income tax data to examine the geographical correlation between union density and intergenerational mobility. We find: 1) union workers are disproportionately in the middle-income group or above, and some reach middle-income status due ...