Department of History
Binghamton University (SUNY)
PO Box 6000
Binghamton, NY 13902
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2010||The Construction of Life Tables for the American Indian Population at the Turn of the Twentieth Century|
with Michael R. Haines: w16134
This paper constructs new life tables for the American Indian population in the late nineteenth and early nineteenth centuries, thus pushing back the availability of age-specific mortality and life expectancy estimates nearly half a century. Because of the lack of reliable vital registration data for the American Indian population in this period, the life tables are constructed using indirect census-based estimation methods. Infant and child mortality rates are estimated from the number of children ever born and children surviving reported by women in the 1900 and 1910 Indian censuses. Adult mortality rates are inferred from the infant and child mortality estimates using model life tables. Adult mortality rates are also estimated by applying the Preston-Bennett two-census method (1983) to ...
Published: ““The Construction of Life Tables for the American Indian Population at the Turn of the Twentieth Century,” with Michael R. Haines, in Per Axelsson and Peter Sköld, eds., Indigenous Populations and Demography: The Complex Relation Between Identity and Statistics (Berghahn Books: 2011), 73-93.
|October 2006||The Puzzle of the Antebellum Fertility Decline in the United States: New Evidence and Reconsideration|
with Michael R. Haines: w12571
All nations that can be characterized as developed have undergone the demographic transition from high to low levels of fertility and mortality. Most presently developed nations began their fertility transitions in the late nineteenth or early twentieth centuries. The United States was an exception. Evidence using census-based child-woman ratios suggests that the fertility of the white population of the United States was declining from at least the year 1800. By the end of the antebellum period in 1860, child-woman ratios had declined 33 percent. There is also indication that the free black population was experiencing a fertility transition. This transition was well in advance of significant urbanization, industrialization, and mortality decline and well in advance of every other pre...
|American Indian Mortality in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Impact of Federal Assimilation Policies on a Vulnerable Population|
with Michael R. Haines: w12572
Under the urging of late nineteenth-century humanitarian reformers, U.S. policy toward American Indians shifted from removal and relocation efforts to state-sponsored attempts to "civilize" Indians through allotment of tribal lands, citizenship, and forced education. There is little consensus, however, whether and to what extent federal assimilation efforts played a role in the stabilization and recovery of the American Indian population in the twentieth century. In this paper, we rely on a new IPUMS sample of the 1900 census of American Indians and census-based estimation methods to investigate the impact of federal assimilation policies on childhood mortality. We use children ever born and children surviving data included in the censuses to estimate childhood mortality and [responses to]...
Published: J. David Hacker & Michael R. Haines, 2005. "American Indian Mortality in the Late Nineteenth Century: the Impact of Federal Assimilation Policies on a Vulnerable Population," Annales de démographie historique, vol 110(2).