NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Dana E. Rotz

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2017Changes in Marriage and Divorce as Drivers of Employment and Retirement of Older Women
with Claudia Olivetti
in Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages, Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz, editors
We study associations among women’s current marital status, past marital history, and later-life labor force participation. We first document these relationships using data from the 1986 to 2008 waves of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). We then exploit variation in laws governing divorce across states and over time to quasi-experimentally identify how the timing of an exogenous increase in divorce risk (that is, the introduction of unilateral divorce) impacts employment and retirement outcomes for older women. The spread of unilateral divorce, we find, was associated with cross-cohort differences in the probability of divorce over the lifecycle. For women with a low risk of divorce (based on birth cohort, age at first marriage, education, race, and urban status), late...
October 2016Changes in Marriage and Divorce as Drivers of Employment and Retirement of Older Women
with Claudia Olivetti: w22738
We study associations among women’s current marital status, past marital history, and later-life labor force participation. We first document these relationships using data from the 1986 to 2008 waves of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). We then exploit variation in laws governing divorce across states and over time to quasi-experimentally identify how the timing of an exogenous increase in divorce risk (that is, the introduction of unilateral divorce) impacts employment and retirement outcomes for older women. The spread of unilateral divorce, we find, was associated with cross-cohort differences in the probability of divorce over the lifecycle. For women with a low risk of divorce, later exposure to unilateral divorce significantly increases the probability of full-t...

Forthcoming: Changes in Marriage and Divorce as Drivers of Employment and Retirement of Older Women, Claudia Olivetti, Dana Rotz. in Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages, Goldin and Katz. 2017

 
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