NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Astrid Kunze

Norwegian School of Economics
Department of Economics
Helleveien 30
N-5045 Bergen
Norway

E-Mail: Astrid.Kunze@nhh.no

NBER Working Papers and Publications

December 2014Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies
with Amalia R. Miller: w20761
This paper studies gender spillovers in career advancement using 11 years of employer-employee matched data on the population of white-collar workers at over 4,000 private-sector establishments in Norway. Our data include unusually detailed job information for each worker, which enables us to define seven hierarchical ranks that are consistent across establishments and over time in order to measure promotions (defined as year-to-year rank increases) even for individuals who change employers. We first find that women have significantly lower promotion rates than men across all ranks of the corporate hierarchy, even after controlling for a range of individual characteristics (age, education, tenure, experience) and including fixed effects for current rank, year, industry, and even work estab...
 
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