NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Ashley Lester

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2009When Does Improving Health Raise GDP?
with Quamrul H. Ashraf, David N. Weil
in NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2008, Volume 23, Daron Acemoglu, Kenneth Rogoff and Michael Woodford, editors
October 2008When Does Improving Health Raise GDP?
with Quamrul H. Ashraf, David N. Weil: w14449
We assess quantitatively the effect of exogenous health improvements on output per capita. Our simulation model allows for a direct effect of health on worker productivity, as well as indirect effects that run through schooling, the size and age-structure of the population, capital accumulation, and crowding of fixed natural resources. The model is parameterized using a combination of microeconomic estimates, data on demographics, disease burdens, and natural resource income in developing countries, and standard components of quantitative macroeconomic theory. We consider both changes in general health, proxied by improvements in life expectancy, and changes in the prevalence of two particular diseases: malaria and tuberculosis. We find that the effects of health improvements on income per...

Published: When Does Improving Health Raise GDP?, Quamrul H. Ashraf, Ashley Lester, David N. Weil. in NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2008, Volume 23, Acemoglu, Rogoff, and Woodford. 2009

 
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