Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
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NBER Working Papers and Publications
|August 2009||Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions|
with Michael Kremer, Jessica Leino, Edward Miguel: w15280
In many societies, social norms create common property rights in natural resources, limiting incentives for private investment. This paper uses a randomized evaluation in Kenya to measure the health impacts of investments to improve source water quality through spring protection, estimate the value that households place on spring protection, and simulate the welfare impacts of alternative water property rights norms and institutions, including common property, freehold private property, and alternative "Lockean" property rights norms. We find that infrastructure investments reduce fecal contamination by 66% at naturally occurring springs, cutting child diarrhea by one quarter. While households increase their use of protected springs, travel-cost based revealed preference estimates of ho...
Published: Michael Kremer & Jessica Leino & Edward Miguel & Alix Peterson Zwane, 2011. "Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation, and Property Rights Institutions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(1), pages 145-205. citation courtesy of
|March 2007||My Policies or Yours: Does OECD Support for Agriculture Increase Poverty in Developing Countries?|
with Margaret S. McMillan, Nava Ashraf
in Globalization and Poverty, Ann Harrison, editor
|May 2005||My Policies or Yours: Does OECD Support for Agriculture Increase Poverty in Developing Countries?|
with Margaret McMillan, Nava Ashraf: w11289
This paper investigates the impact of rich-country agricultural support on the poor. Using non-parametric analysis we establish that the majority of poor countries are consistently net importers of food products that are heavily supported by OECD governments. Using a cross-country regression framework we measure the overall impact of agricultural support policies in rich countries on poverty and average incomes in poor countries. We find no support in the cross-country analysis for the claim that OECD polices worsen poverty in developing countries. To better understand what might drive these results, we turn to national employment and household consumption and expenditure surveys from Mexico. There are four important findings from the country case study: (1) the majority of the poorest co...