NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Alex Armand

Nova School of Business and Economics
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Campus de Carcavelos
Rua da Holanda, 1
2775-405 Carcavelos
Portugal

E-Mail: alex.armand@novasbe.pt
Institutional Affiliation: Nova School of Business and Economics

NBER Working Papers and Publications

November 2015Measuring and Changing Control: Women’s Empowerment and Targeted Transfers
with Ingvild Almås, Orazio Attanasio, Pedro Carneiro: w21717
This paper studies how targeted cash transfers to women affect their empowerment. We use a novel identification strategy to measure women's willingness to pay to receive cash transfers instead of their partner receiving it. We apply this among women living in poor households in urban Macedonia. We match experimental data with a unique policy intervention (CCT) in Macedonia offering poor households cash transfers conditional on having their children attending secondary school. The program randomized whether the transfer was offered to household heads or mothers at municipality level, providing us with an exogenous source of variation in (offered) transfers. We show that women who were offered the transfer reveal a lower willingness to pay, and we show that this is in line with theoretical p...

Published: Ingvild Almås & Alex Armand & Orazio Attanasio & Pedro Carneiro, 2018. "Measuring and Changing Control: Women's Empowerment and Targeted Transfers," The Economic Journal, vol 128(612), pages F609-F639. citation courtesy of

 
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