London School of Economics
London WC2A 2AE
Tel: 011 020 7955 6078
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2010||The Contribution of the Minimum Wage to U.S. Wage Inequality over Three Decades: A Reassessment|
with David H. Autor, Christopher L. Smith: w16533
We reassess the effect of state and federal minimum wages on U.S. earnings inequality using two additional decades of data and far greater variation in minimum wages than was available to earlier studies. We argue that prior literature suffers from two sources of bias and propose an IV strategy to address both. We find that the minimum wage reduces inequality in the lower tail of the wage distribution (the 50/10 wage ratio), but the impacts are typically less than half as large as those reported elsewhere and are almost negligible for males. Nevertheless, the estimated effects extend to wage percentiles where the minimum is nominally non-binding, implying spillovers. However, we show that spillovers and measurement error (absent spillovers) have similar implications for the effect of the m...
Published: David H. Autor & Alan Manning & Christopher L. Smith, 2016. "The Contribution of the Minimum Wage to US Wage Inequality over Three Decades: A Reassessment," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 58-99, January. citation courtesy of
|April 2006||Comprehensive versus Selective Schooling in England in Wales: What Do We Know?|
with Jörn-Steffen Pischke: w12176
British secondary schools moved from a system of extensive and early selection and tracking in secondary schools to one with comprehensive schools during the 1960s and 70s. Before the reform, students would take an exam at age eleven, which determined whether they would attend an academically oriented grammar school or a lower level secondary school. The reform proceeded at an uneven pace in different areas, so that both secondary school systems coexist during the 1960s and 70s. The British transition therefore provides an excellent laboratory for the study of the impact of a comprehensive versus a selective school system on student achievement. Previous studies analyzing this transition have typically used a value-added methodology: they compare outcomes for students passing through eithe...
|June 2004||Mobility and Joblessness|
with Paul Gregg, Stephen Machin
in Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000, David Card, Richard Blundell and Richard B. Freeman, editors
|May 1994||The Effects of Minimum Wages on Employment: Theory and Evidence from the US|
with Richard Dickens, Stephen Machin: w4742
Recent work on the economic effects of minimum wages has stressed that the standard economic model, where increases in minimum wages depress employment, is not supported by the empirical findings in some labour markets. In this paper we present a theoretical framework which is general enough to allow minimum wages to have the conventional negative impact on employment, but which also allows for the possibility of a neutral or a positive effect. The model structure is based on labour market frictions which give employers some degree of monopsony power. The formulated model has a number of empirical implications which we go on to test using data on industry-based minimum wages set by the UK Wages Councils between 1975 and 1990. Some strong results emerge: minimum wages significantly compress...
Published: Published as "The Effects of Minimum Wages on Employment: Theory and Evidence from Britain", JLE, Vol. 17, no. 1 (January 1999): 1-22.