Department of Economics
106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02481
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2017||Comparing Apples to Oranges: Differences in Women’s and Men’s Incarceration and Sentencing Outcomes|
with Kristin F. Butcher, Anne Morrison Piehl: w23079
Using detailed administrative records, we find that, on average, women receive lighter sentences in comparison with men along both extensive and intensive margins. Using parametric and semi-parametric decomposition methods, roughly 30% of the gender differences in incarceration cannot be explained by the observed criminal characteristics of offense and offender. We also find evidence of considerable heterogeneity across judges in their treatment of female and male offenders. There is little evidence, however, that tastes for gender discrimination are driving the mean gender disparity or the variance in treatment between judges.
Published: Kristin F. Butcher & Kyung H. Park & Anne Morrison Piehl, 2017. "Comparing Apples to Oranges: Differences in Women’s and Men’s Incarceration and Sentencing Outcomes," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(S1), pages 201-234. citation courtesy of
|January 2015||Motivation and Incentives in Education: Evidence from a Summer Reading Experiment|
with Jonathan Guryan, James S. Kim: w20918
For whom and under what conditions do incentives work in education? In the context of a summer reading program called Project READS, we test whether responsiveness to incentives is positively or negatively related to the student’s baseline level of motivation to read. Elementary school students were mailed books weekly during the summer, mailed books and also offered an incentive to read, or assigned to a control group. We find that students who were more motivated to read at baseline were more responsive to incentives, suggesting that incentives may not effectively target the students whose behavior they are intended to change.
Published: Jonathan Guryan & James S. Kim & Kyung Park, 2016. "Motivation and Incentives in Education: Evidence from a Summer Reading Experiment," Economics of Education Review, . citation courtesy of