University of Pennsylvania
The Wharton School
3620 Locust Walk
1315 Steinberg Hall-Dietrich Hall
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6365
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2010||Dividends, Share Repurchases, and Tax Clienteles: Evidence from the 2003 Reductions in Shareholder Taxes|
with Jana Raedy, Douglas Shackelford: w16129
This paper jointly evaluates firm-level changes in investor composition and shareholder distributions following a 2003 reduction in the dividend and capital gains tax rates for individuals. We find that directors and officers, but not other individual investors, rebalanced their portfolios to maximize after-tax returns in light of the new tax rules. We also find that firms adjusted their distribution policy (specifically, dividends versus share repurchases) in a manner consistent with the altered tax incentives for individual investors. To our knowledge, this is the first paper to employ simultaneous equations to estimate both investor and managerial responses to the 2003 rate reductions. We find that estimating a system of equations leads to different inferences.
Published: Blouin, Jennifer L., Jana S. Raedy, and Douglas A. Shackelford, “Dividends, Share Repurchases, and Tax Clienteles: Evidence from the 2003 Reductions in Shareholder Taxes,” The Accounting Review 86:3, May 2011, 887-914 .
|November 2007||Did Firms Substitute Dividends for Share Repurchases after the 2003 Reductions in Shareholder Tax Rates?|
with Jana Smith Raedy, Douglas A. Shackelford: w13601
This paper tests whether firms altered their dividend and share repurchase policies in response to the 2003 reductions in shareholder tax rates. We predict that firms substituted dividends for repurchases, because the reduction in dividend tax rates exceeded the reduction in the capital gains tax rates. As expected, we find substitution and find that it is increasing in the percentage of the company owned by individual investors, the only shareholders affected by the legislation. These findings are consistent with boards of directors considering the tax preferences of individual stockholders (particularly officers and managers) when setting dividend and share repurchase policies.
Published: Article Citation: Jennifer L. Blouin, Jana S. Raedy, and Douglas A. Shackelford (2011) Dividends, Share Repurchases, and Tax Clienteles: Evidence from the 2003 Reductions in Shareholder Taxes. The Accounting Review: May 2011, Vol. 86, No. 3, pp. 887-914.