NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers on Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

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2018
w24317 Samantha Bates
John Bowers
Shane Greenstein
Jordi Weinstock
Jonathan Zittrain

Evidence of Decreasing Internet Entropy: The Lack of Redundancy in DNS Resolution by Major Websites and Services
w24329 Emily Breza
Cynthia Kinnan

Measuring the Equilibrium Impacts of Credit: Evidence from the Indian Microfinance Crisis
w24339 Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Elizabeth Lyons

Can Innovators be Created? Experimental Evidence from an Innovation Contest
w24301 Matt Taddy
The Technological Elements of Artificial Intelligence
w24313 Achyuta Adhvaryu
Namrata Kala
Anant Nyshadham

The Skills to Pay the Bills: Returns to On-the-job Soft Skills Training
w24302 Marc-Andreas Muendler
James E. Rauch

Do Employee Spinoffs Learn Markets From Their Parents? Evidence From International Trade
w24307 Efraim Benmelech
Nittai Bergman
Hyunseob Kim

Strong Employers and Weak Employees: How Does Employer Concentration Affect Wages?
w24308 Mara Faccio
John J. McConnell

Death by Pokémon GO: The Economic and Human Cost of Using Apps While Driving
w24271 Abhijit Banerjee
Dean Karlan
Robert Darko Osei
Hannah Trachtman
Christopher Udry

Unpacking a Multi-Faceted Program to Build Sustainable Income for the Very Poor
w24272 Dean Karlan
Sendhil Mullainathan
Benjamin N. Roth

Debt Traps? Market Vendors and Moneylender Debt in India and the Philippines
w24282 Paul R. Milgrom
Steven Tadelis

How Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Can Impact Market Design
w24284 Ajay K. Agrawal
Joshua S. Gans
Avi Goldfarb

Human Judgment and AI Pricing
w24288 Gaétan de Rassenfosse
Notice failure revisited: Evidence on the use of virtual patent marking
w24242 June Ma
Joshua S. Gans
Rabee Tourky

Market Structure in Bitcoin Mining
w24243 Ajay K. Agrawal
Joshua S. Gans
Avi Goldfarb

Prediction, Judgment and Complexity
w24245 Manuel Trajtenberg
AI as the next GPT: a Political-Economy Perspective
w24249 Nicholas Bloom
Aprajit Mahajan
David McKenzie
John Roberts

Do Management Interventions Last? Evidence from India
w24254 Avi Goldfarb
Daniel Trefler

AI and International Trade
w24255 Barbara Biasi
Petra Moser

Effects of Copyrights on Science - Evidence from the US Book Republication Program
w24210 Barry Bosworth
John Bieler
Michael Kleinrock
Eric Koepcke
Ernst R. Berndt

An Evaluation of the CPI Indexes for Prescription Drugs
w24228 Eva Lyubich
Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Regulating Mismeasured Pollution: Implications of Firm Heterogeneity for Environmental Policy
w24235 James Bessen
AI and Jobs: the role of demand
w24236 Ryan A. Decker
John C. Haltiwanger
Ron S. Jarmin
Javier Miranda

Changing Business Dynamism and Productivity: Shocks vs. Responsiveness
w24239 Robert Seamans
Manav Raj

AI, Labor, Productivity and the Need for Firm-Level Data
w24206 Michael Kremer
Christopher M. Snyder

Preventives Versus Treatments Redux: Tighter Bounds on Distortions in Innovation Incentives with an Application to the Global Demand for HIV Pharmaceuticals
w24207 Bronwyn Hall
Christian Helmers

The Impact of International Patent Systems: Evidence from Accession to the European Patent Convention
w24208 David Sraer
David Thesmar

A Sufficient Statistics Approach for Aggregating Firm-Level Experiments
w24198 Hans K. Hvide
Paul Oyer

Dinner Table Human Capital and Entrepreneurship
w24199 John Haltiwanger
Robert Kulick
Chad Syverson

Misallocation Measures: The Distortion That Ate the Residual
2017
w24159 Michael D. Frakes
Melissa F. Wasserman

Knowledge Spillovers and Learning in the Workplace: Evidence from the U.S. Patent Office
w24174 Anton Korinek
Joseph E. Stiglitz

Artificial Intelligence and Its Implications for Income Distribution and Unemployment
w24151 Robert Z. Lawrence
Recent Manufacturing Employment Growth: The Exception That Proves the Rule.
w24141 Charles R. Hulten
The Importance of Education and Skill Development for Economic Growth in the Information Era
w24142 Ming Dong
David Hirshleifer
Siew Hong Teoh

Stock Market Overvaluation, Moon Shots, and Corporate Innovation
w24118 Stefano Comino
Alberto Galasso
Clara Graziano

The Diffusion of New Institutions: Evidence from Renaissance Venice's Patent System
w24125 Daniel P. Gross
Scale versus Scope in the Diffusion of New Technology: Evidence from the Farm Tractor
w24097 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
Tina Xu

Personality Traits of Entrepreneurs: A Review of Recent Literature
w24104 Vojislav Maksimovic
Gordon M. Phillips
Liu Yang

Do Public Firms Respond to Investment Opportunities More than Private Firms? The Impact of Initial Firm Quality
w24110 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Ari Hyytinen
Otto Toivanen

The Social Origins of Inventors
w24062 Alexander M. Bell
Raj Chetty
Xavier Jaravel
Neviana Petkova
John Van Reenen

Who Becomes an Inventor in America? The Importance of Exposure to Innovation
w24080 Brian J. Asquith
Sanjana Goswami
David Neumark
Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez

U.S. Job Flows and the China Shock
w24081 John (Jianqiu) Bai
Daniel Carvalho
Gordon M. Phillips

The Impact of Bank Credit on Labor Reallocation and Aggregate Industry Productivity
w24082 Gordon M. Phillips
Alexei Zhdanov

Venture Capital Investments and Merger and Acquisition Activity Around the World
w24085 Edward N. Wolff
Household Wealth Trends in the United States, 1962 to 2016: Has Middle Class Wealth Recovered?
w24088 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

Spatial Patterns of Development: A Meso Approach
w24053 Josh Lerner
Amit Seru

The Use and Misuse of Patent Data: Issues for Corporate Finance and Beyond
w24020 Ernst R. Berndt
Mark R. Trusheim

The Information Pharms Race and Competitive Dynamics of Precision Medicine: Insights from Game Theory
w24021 Philippe Gorry
Diego Useche

Orphan Drug Designations as Valuable Intangible Assets for IPO Investors in Pharma-Biotech Companies.
w24023 Philippe Aghion
Antonin Bergeaud
Timo Boppart
Peter J. Klenow
Huiyu Li

Missing Growth from Creative Destruction
w24026 Amitabh Chandra
Craig Garthwaite
Ariel Dora Stern

Characterizing the Drug Development Pipeline for Precision Medicines
w24034 Chaoran Chen
Diego Restuccia
Raül Santaeulàlia-Llopis

The Effects of Land Markets on Resource Allocation and Agricultural Productivity
w24035 Amitabh Chandra
Douglas O. Staiger

Identifying Sources of Inefficiency in Health Care
w24040 Emek Basker
Timothy Simcoe

Upstream, Downstream: Diffusion and Impacts of the Universal Product Code
w24010 Edward L. Glaeser
Hyunjin Kim
Michael Luca

Nowcasting the Local Economy: Using Yelp Data to Measure Economic Activity
w24011 Shai Bernstein
Timothy McQuade
Richard R. Townsend

Does Economic Insecurity Affect Employee Innovation?
w23987 Dominique Guellec
Caroline Paunov

Digital Innovation and the Distribution of Income
w23989 Manuel I. Hermosilla
Jorge A. Lemus

Therapeutic Translation in the Wake of the Genome
w23991 Peng Zhang
Olivier Deschenes
Kyle C. Meng
Junjie Zhang

Temperature Effects on Productivity and Factor Reallocation: Evidence from a Half Million Chinese Manufacturing Plants
w23996 Stefano DellaVigna
Matthew Gentzkow

Uniform Pricing in US Retail Chains
w24001 Erik Brynjolfsson
Daniel Rock
Chad Syverson

Artificial Intelligence and the Modern Productivity Paradox: A Clash of Expectations and Statistics
w23973 Richard G. Newell
Brian C. Prest

The Unconventional Oil Supply Boom: Aggregate Price Response from Microdata
w23964 Bruno Pellegrino
Luigi Zingales

Diagnosing the Italian Disease
w23970 Burak R. Uras
Ping Wang

Production Flexibility, Misallocation and Total Factor Productivity
w23979 Margarida Duarte
Diego Restuccia

Relative Prices and Sectoral Productivity
w23981 Sergey Chernenko
Josh Lerner
Yao Zeng

Mutual Funds as Venture Capitalists? Evidence from Unicorns
w23949 Christopher Hansman
Jonas Hjort
Gianmarco León
Matthieu Teachout

Vertical Integration, Supplier Behavior, and Quality Upgrading among Exporters
w23955 Sandra Barbosu
Joshua Gans

Storm Crowds: Evidence from Zooniverse on Crowd Contribution Design
w23928 Philippe Aghion
Benjamin F. Jones
Charles I. Jones

Artificial Intelligence and Economic Growth
w23935 Gaetano Basso
Giovanni Peri
Ahmed Rahman

Computerization and Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the United States
w23895 William Gornall
Ilya A. Strebulaev

Squaring Venture Capital Valuations with Reality
w23900 Kristopher J. Hult
Measuring the Potential Health Impact of Personalized Medicine: Evidence from MS Treatments
w23902 Anna Maria Mayda
Francesc Ortega
Giovanni Peri
Kevin Shih
Chad Sparber

The Effect of the H-1B Quota on Employment and Selection of Foreign-Born Labor
w23908 Fiona Burlig
Christopher Knittel
David Rapson
Mar Reguant
Catherine Wolfram

Machine Learning from Schools about Energy Efficiency
w23913 Cesare Righi
Timothy Simcoe

Patent Examiner Specialization
w23874 Sabrina T. Howell
Learning from Feedback: Evidence from New Ventures
w23880 Nicholas Bloom
Renata Lemos
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Healthy Business? Managerial Education and Management in Healthcare
w23857 Mark Brown
Shon M. Ferguson
Crina Viju

Agricultural Trade Reform, Reallocation and Technical Change: Evidence from the Canadian Prairies
w23808 Lee Branstetter
Neil Gandal
Nadav Kuniesky

Network-Mediated Knowledge Spillovers: A Cross-Country Comparative Analysis of Information Security Innovations
w23815 Lesley Chiou
Catherine Tucker

Search Engines and Data Retention: Implications for Privacy and Antitrust
w23831 Richard T. Thakor
Andrew W. Lo

Optimal Financing for R&D-Intensive Firms
w23832 Steven N. Kaplan
Morten Sorensen

Are CEOs Different? Characteristics of Top Managers
w23775 Jean-Pierre Dubé
Sanjog Misra

Scalable Price Targeting
w23777 Enghin Atalay
Ali Hortaçsu
Mary Jialin Li
Chad Syverson

How Wide Is the Firm Border?
w23782 Nicholas Bloom
Charles I. Jones
John Van Reenen
Michael Webb

Are Ideas Getting Harder to Find?
w23798 Bruce Carlin
Arna Olafsson
Michaela Pagel

FinTech Adoption Across Generations: Financial Fitness in the Information Age
w23801 John Asker
Allan Collard-Wexler
Jan De Loecker

Market Power, Production (Mis)Allocation and OPEC
w23749 Felipe A. Dunsch
David K. Evans
Ezinne Eze-Ajoku
Mario Macis

Management, Supervision, and Health Care: A Field Experiment
w23728 Isaac Ehrlich
Dunli Li
Zhiqiang Liu

The Role of Entrepreneurial Human Capital as a Driver of Endogenous Economic Growth
w23734 James D. Adams
Albert N. Link

The Structure and Performance of U.S. Research Joint Ventures: Inferences and Implications from the Advanced Technology Program
w23736 David J. Deming
Christopher R. Walters

The Impact of Price Caps and Spending Cuts on U.S. Postsecondary Attainment
w23676 Jose Maria Barrero
Nicholas Bloom
Ian Wright

Short and Long Run Uncertainty
w23684 Avi Goldfarb
Catherine Tucker

Digital Economics
w23687 Jan De Loecker
Jan Eeckhout

The Rise of Market Power and the Macroeconomic Implications
w23693 John Haltiwanger
Henry Hyatt
Erika McEntarfer

Who Moves Up the Job Ladder?
w23698 Joshua Angrist
Pierre Azoulay
Glenn Ellison
Ryan Hill
Susan Feng Lu

Inside Job or Deep Impact? Using Extramural Citations to Assess Economic Scholarship
w23666 Lucia S. Foster
Cheryl A. Grim
John Haltiwanger
Zoltan Wolf

Macro and Micro Dynamics of Productivity: From Devilish Details to Insights
w23667 Grace Lordan
David Neumark

People Versus Machines: The Impact of Minimum Wages on Automatable Jobs
w23637 Emmanuel Dhyne
Amil Petrin
Valerie Smeets
Frederic Warzynski

Multi Product Firms, Import Competition, and the Evolution of Firm-product Technical Efficiencies
w23627 Rudi Bekkers
Christian Catalini
Arianna Martinelli
Cesare Righi
Timothy Simcoe

Disclosure Rules and Declared Essential Patents
w23608 Michael Bailey
Ruiqing (Rachel) Cao
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel
Arlene Wong

Measuring Social Connectedness
w23582 Jonas Hjort
Jonas Poulsen

The Arrival of Fast Internet and Employment in Africa
w23583 Germán Gutiérrez
Thomas Philippon

Declining Competition and Investment in the U.S.
w23555 Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Donna K. Ginther

Show me the Money: Federal R&D Support for Academic Chemistry, 1990-2009
w23533 Sun Ling Wang
Eldon Ball
Richard Nehring
Ryan Williams
Truong Chau

Impacts of Climate Change and Extreme Weather on U.S. Agricultural Productivity: Evidence and Projection
w23513 Christine L. Carroll
Colin A. Carter
Rachael E. Goodhue
C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell

Crop Disease and Agricultural Productivity
w23531 Aaron Chatterji
Innovation and American K-12 Education
w23519 Jayson L. Lusk
Jesse Tack
Nathan P. Hendricks

Heterogeneous Yield Impacts from Adoption of Genetically Engineered Corn and the Importance of Controlling for Weather
w23523 George Akerlof
Pascal Michaillat

Beetles: Biased Promotions and Persistence of False Belief
w23484 Erling Barth
James C. Davis
Richard B. Freeman
Andrew J. Wang

The Effects of Scientists and Engineers on Productivity and Earnings at the Establishment Where They Work
w23488 Susan Athey
Christian Catalini
Catherine Tucker

The Digital Privacy Paradox: Small Money, Small Costs, Small Talk
w23505 Andreas Nilsson
David T. Robinson

What is the Business of Business?
w23491 Emily Breza
Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Tyler H. McCormick
Mengjie Pan

Using Aggregated Relational Data to Feasibly Identify Network Structure without Network Data
w23464 Steven N. Kaplan
Are U.S. Companies Too Short-Term Oriented? Some Thoughts
w23454 Paul A. Gompers
Sophie Q. Wang

And the Children Shall Lead: Gender Diversity and Performance in Venture Capital
w23459 Paul A. Gompers
Kevin Huang
Sophie Q. Wang

Homophily in Entrepreneurial Team Formation
w23422 Diego Restuccia
Richard Rogerson

The Causes and Costs of Misallocation
w23429 James D. Hamilton
Why You Should Never Use the Hodrick-Prescott Filter
w23431 Olav Sorenson
Innovation Policy in a Networked World
w23437 Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Management and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment
w23396 David Autor
David Dorn
Lawrence F. Katz
Christina Patterson
John Van Reenen

The Fall of the Labor Share and the Rise of Superstar Firms
w23398 John Horton
William R. Kerr
Christopher Stanton

Digital Labor Markets and Global Talent Flows
w23378 Margaret McMillan
Dani Rodrik
Claudia Sepulveda

Structural Change, Fundamentals and Growth: A Framework and Case Studies
w23384 Wolfgang Keller
William W. Olney

Globalization and Executive Compensation
w23387 Michael E. Waugh
Firm Dynamics and Immigration: The Case of High-Skilled Immigration
w23344 Adam Jørring
Andrew W. Lo
Tomas J. Philipson
Manita Singh
Richard T. Thakor

Sharing R&D Risk in Healthcare via FDA Hedges
w23350 Michael Carlos Best
Jonas Hjort
David Szakonyi

Individuals and Organizations as Sources of State Effectiveness, and Consequences for Policy
w23354 Philippe Aghion
Nicholas Bloom
Brian Lucking
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Turbulence, Firm Decentralization and Growth in Bad Times
w23369 David Byrne
Stephen Oliner
Daniel Sichel

Prices of High-Tech Products, Mismeasurement, and Pace of Innovation
w23371 Fatih Guvenen
Greg Kaplan
Jae Song
Justin Weidner

Lifetime Incomes in the United States over Six Decades
w23339 José-María Da-Rocha
Marina Mendes Tavares
Diego Restuccia

Policy Distortions and Aggregate Productivity with Endogenous Establishment-Level Productivity
w23324 Fatih Guvenen
Raymond J. Mataloni
Jr.
Dylan G. Rassier
Kim J. Ruhl

Offshore Profit Shifting and Domestic Productivity Measurement
w23332 Lorenzo Caliendo
Fernando Parro
Aleh Tsyvinski

Distortions and the Structure of the World Economy
w23315 Charles Hulten
Leonard Nakamura

Accounting for Growth in the Age of the Internet: The Importance of Output-Saving Technical Change
w23320 Kathryn L. Shaw
Anders Sørensen

The Productivity Advantage of Serial Entrepreneurs
w23296 M. Keith Chen
Judith A. Chevalier
Peter E. Rossi
Emily Oehlsen

The Value of Flexible Work: Evidence from Uber Drivers
w23299 Judith A. Chevalier
Yaniv Dover
Dina Mayzlin

Channels of Impact: User Reviews when Quality is Dynamic and Managers Respond
w23300 Nicholas Bloom
Erik Brynjolfsson
Lucia Foster
Ron S. Jarmin
Megha Patnaik
Itay Saporta-Eksten
John Van Reenen

What Drives Differences in Management?
w23268 Joan Farre-Mensa
Deepak Hegde
Alexander Ljungqvist

What is a Patent Worth? Evidence from the U.S. Patent "Lottery"
w23279 Edward L. Glaeser
Wentao Xiong

Urban Productivity in the Developing World
w23282 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

What do Editors Maximize? Evidence from Four Leading Economics Journals
w23283 Sang Yoon Lee
Yongseok Shin

Horizontal and Vertical Polarization: Task-Specific Technological Change in a Multi-Sector Economy
w23247 Mitchell Hoffman
Stephen V. Burks

Training Contracts, Employee Turnover, and the Returns from Firm-sponsored General Training
w23248 Oriana Bandiera
Stephen Hansen
Andrea Prat
Raffaella Sadun

CEO Behavior and Firm Performance
w23240 Mitchell Hoffman
Stephen V. Burks

Worker Overconfidence: Field Evidence and Implications for Employee Turnover and Returns from Training
w23241 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Public and Private Research Support on Premature Cancer Mortality and Hospitalization in the U.S., 1999-2013
w23187 Ashish Arora
Sharon Belenzon
Lia Sheer

Back to Basics: Why do Firms Invest in Research?
w23138 Joshua S. Gans
Scott Stern

Endogenous Appropriability
w23168 Eleanor W. Dillon
Christopher T. Stanton

Self-Employment Dynamics and the Returns to Entrepreneurship
w23132 Xinshen Diao
Margaret McMillan
Dani Rodrik

The Recent Growth Boom in Developing Economies: A Structural Change Perspective
w23128 Diego Restuccia
Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis

Land Misallocation and Productivity
w23129 Joel M. David
Venky Venkateswaran

The Sources of Capital Misallocation
w23137 Ufuk Akcigit
John Grigsby
Tom Nicholas

Immigration and the Rise of American Ingenuity
w23095 Jess Benhabib
Jesse Perla
Christopher Tonetti

Reconciling Models of Diffusion and Innovation: A Theory of the Productivity Distribution and Technology Frontier
w23099 Henry Sauermann
Fire in the Belly? Employee Motives and Innovative Performance in Startups versus Established Firms
w23102 Chinhui Juhn
Kristin McCue
Holly Monti
Brooks Pierce

Firm Performance and the Volatility of Worker Earnings
w23108 David Autor
David Dorn
Lawrence F. Katz
Christina Patterson
John Van Reenen

Concentrating on the Fall of the Labor Share
w23114 Bhaven N. Sampat
Kenneth C. Shadlen

Secondary Pharmaceutical Patenting: A Global Perspective
w23063 Joshua Goodman
The Labor of Division: Returns to Compulsory High School Math Coursework
w23068 Margaret Kyle
Heidi L. Williams

Is American Health Care Uniquely Inefficient? Evidence from Prescription Drugs
w23072 Gaétan de Rassenfosse
Adam B. Jaffe

Econometric Evidence on the R&D Depreciation Rate
w23078 Leila Agha
Brigham Frandsen
James B. Rebitzer

Causes and Consequences of Fragmented Care Delivery: Theory, Evidence, and Public Policy
w23086 B. Zorina Khan
Designing Women: Consumer Goods Innovations in Britain, France and the United States, 1750-1900
w23088 Heidi L. Williams
How Do Patents Affect Research Investments?
w23036 Ashish Arora
Sharon Belenzon
Honggi Lee

Reversed Citations and the Localization of Knowledge Spillovers
w23039 Tasso Adamopoulos
Loren Brandt
Jessica Leight
Diego Restuccia

Misallocation, Selection and Productivity: A Quantitative Analysis with Panel Data from China
w23042 B. Zorina Khan
Prestige and Profit: The Royal Society of Arts and Incentives for Innovation, 1750-1850
w23046 Joshua S. Gans
Avi Goldfarb
Mara Lederman

Exit, Tweets and Loyalty
w23047 Ufuk Akcigit
John Grigsby
Tom Nicholas

The Rise of American Ingenuity: Innovation and Inventors of the Golden Age
w23018 Nathan Goldschlag
Stefano Bianchini
Julia Lane
Joseba Sanmartín Sola
Bruce Weinberg

Research Funding and Regional Economies
w23019 Wan-Ying Chang
Wei Cheng
Julia Lane
Bruce Weinberg

Federal Funding of Doctoral Recipients: Results from new Linked Survey and Transaction Data
w23021 Xinshen Diao
Kenneth Harttgen
Margaret McMillan

The Changing Structure of Africa's Economies
w23023 Matthew J. Kotchen
Maximizing the Impact of Climate Finance: Funding Projects or Pilot Projects?

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