NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Archive of NBER Papers on Public Economics

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2014
w20810 Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen
Judd B. Kessler

The Effects of Youth Employment: Evidence from New York City Summer Youth Employment Program Lotteries
w20818 Vilsa Curto
Liran Einav
Jonathan Levin
Jay Bhattacharya

Can Health Insurance Competition Work? Evidence from Medicare Advantage
w20789 Amy Finkelstein
Matthew Gentzkow
Heidi Williams

Sources of Geographic Variation in Health Care: Evidence from Patient Migration
w20792 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Joshua D. Angrist
Peter D. Hull
Parag A. Pathak

Charters Without Lotteries: Testing Takeovers in New Orleans and Boston
w20794 John F. Helliwell
Shawn Grover

How's Life at Home? New Evidence on Marriage and the Set Point for Happiness
w20800 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Leveling Up: Early Results from a Randomized Evaluation of Post-Secondary Aid
w20754 Magali A. Delmas
Matthew E. Kahn
Stephen Locke

Accidental Environmentalists? Californian Demand for Teslas and Solar Panels
w20753 Alexander Ljungqvist
Michael Smolyansky

To Cut or Not to Cut? On the Impact of Corporate Taxes on Employment and Income
w20762 Patrick Bayer
Fernando Ferreira
Stephen L. Ross

Race, Ethnicity and High-Cost Mortgage Lending
w20764 Resul Cesur
Bahadir Dursun
Naci Mocan

The Impact of Education on Health and Health Behavior in a Middle-Income, Low-Education Country
w20766 Daron Acemoglu
James A. Robinson

The Rise and Decline of General Laws of Capitalism
w20780 Mikhail Golosov
Aleh Tsyvinski
Nicolas Werquin

A Variational Approach to the Analysis of Tax Systems
w20773 Marinho Bertanha
Guido W. Imbens

External Validity in Fuzzy Regression Discontinuity Designs
w20779 Steven W. Hemelt
Kevin M. Stange

Marginal Pricing and Student Investment in Higher Education
w20742 Charles I. Jones
Pareto and Piketty: The Macroeconomics of Top Income and Wealth Inequality
w20745 Lee M. Lockwood
Incidental Bequests: Bequest Motives and the Choice to Self-Insure Late-Life Risks
w20724 Jeffrey Clemens
Michael Wither

The Minimum Wage and the Great Recession: Evidence of Effects on the Employment and Income Trajectories of Low-Skilled Workers
w20722 Soohyung Lee
Lesley J. Turner
Seokjin Woo
Kyunghee Kim

All or Nothing? The Impact of School and Classroom Gender Composition on Effort and Academic Achievement
w20734 Wojciech Kopczuk
What Do We Know About Evolution of Top Wealth Shares in the United States?
w20735 Matthew Weinzierl
Revisiting the Classical View of Benefit-Based Taxation
w20713 Tatyana Deryugina
Laura Kawano
Steven Levitt

The Economic Impact of Hurricane Katrina on its Victims: Evidence from Individual Tax Returns
w20714 Leonardo Bursztyn
Robert Jensen

How Does Peer Pressure Affect Educational Investments?
w20716 Matthew E. Kahn
Climate Change Adaptation: Lessons from Urban Economics
w20718 Dayanand S. Manoli
Nicholas Turner

Nudges and Learning: Evidence from Informational Interventions for Low-Income Taxpayers
w20687 Florin O. Bilbiie
Tommaso Monacelli
Roberto Perotti

Is Government Spending at the Zero Lower Bound Desirable?
w20688 Hans A. Holter
Dirk Krueger
Serhiy Stepanchuk

How Does Tax Progressivity and Household Heterogeneity Affect Laffer Curves?
w20689 Jonathan Guryan
James S. Kim
David M. Quinn

Does Reading During the Summer Build Reading Skills? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in 463 Classrooms
w20691 Markus K. Brunnermeier
Alp Simsek
Wei Xiong

A Welfare Criterion for Models with Distorted Beliefs
w20692 Jason L. Kopelman
Harvey S. Rosen

Are Public Sector Jobs Recession-Proof? Were They Ever?
w20697 Horacio A. Larreguy
John Marshall
James M. Snyder
Jr.

Revealing Malfeasance: How Local Media Facilitates Electoral Sanctioning of Mayors in Mexico
w20696 Lara B. Aknin
Guy Mayraz
John F. Helliwell

The Emotional Consequences of Donation Opportunities
w20705 Antony Millner
Geoffrey Heal

Resolving Intertemporal Conflicts: Economics vs Politics
w20701 Levon Barseghyan
Damon Clark
Stephen Coate

Public School Choice: An Economic Analysis
w20672 Martin S. Feldstein
Raising Revenue by Limiting Tax Expenditures
w20673 Isaiah Andrews
Matthew Gentzkow
Jesse M. Shapiro

Measuring the Sensitivity of Parameter Estimates to Estimation Moments
w20681 Yosh Halberstam
Brian Knight

Homophily, Group Size, and the Diffusion of Political Information in Social Networks: Evidence from Twitter
w20686 John F. Helliwell
Haifang Huang
Shawn Grover
Shun Wang

Empirical Linkages between Good Government and National Well-being
w20657 Andrew Bacher-Hicks
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Validating Teacher Effect Estimates Using Changes in Teacher Assignments in Los Angeles
w20661 Stefano DellaVigna
Johannes Hermle

Does Conflict of Interest Lead to Biased Coverage? Evidence from Movie Reviews
w20668 Kirk Doran
Alexander Gelber
Adam Isen

The Effects of High-Skilled Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from H-1B Visa Lotteries
w20671 Matthew Weinzierl
Seesaws and Social Security Benefits Indexing
w20632 Davide Debortoli
Ricardo Nunes
Pierre Yared

Optimal Time-Consistent Government Debt Maturity
w20633 Mikhail Golosov
Luigi Iovino

Social Insurance, Information Revelation, and Lack of Commitment
w20637 Charles I. Jones
Jihee Kim

A Schumpeterian Model of Top Income Inequality
w20643 Stephen Coate
Optimal Fiscal Limits
w20644 Shawn J. McCoy
Randall P. Walsh

W.U.I. on Fire: Risk, Salience & Housing Demand
w20645 Patrick L. Baude
Marcus Casey
Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

The Evolution of Charter School Quality
w20649 James Andreoni
Alison Sanchez

Do Beliefs Justify Actions or Do Actions Justify Beliefs? An Experiment on Stated Beliefs, Revealed Beliefs, and Social-Image Manipulation
w20653 Martha J. Bailey
Andrew Goodman-Bacon

The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans
w20615 Ajay Agrawal
Carlos Rosell
Timothy S. Simcoe

Do Tax Credits Affect R&D Expenditures by Small Firms? Evidence from Canada
w20614 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla
Tatjana Schimetschek

Will They Take the Money and Work? An Empirical Analysis of People's Willingness to Delay Claiming Social Security Benefits for a Lump Sum
w20618 Sandro Ambuehl
B. Douglas Bernheim
Annamaria Lusardi

The Effect of Financial Education on the Quality of Decision Making
w20624 Paul Carrillo
Dina Pomeranz
Monica Singhal

Dodging the Taxman: Firm Misreporting and Limits to Tax Enforcement
w20625 Emmanuel Saez
Gabriel Zucman

Wealth Inequality in the United States since 1913: Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax Data
w20626 Peter Arcidiacono
V. Joseph Hotz
Arnaud Maurel
Teresa Romano

Recovering Ex Ante Returns and Preferences for Occupations using Subjective Expectations Data
w20627 Adnan Q. Khan
Asim I. Khwaja
Benjamin A. Olken

Tax Farming Redux: Experimental Evidence on Performance Pay for Tax Collectors
w20599 Nils Wernerfelt
David Slusky
Richard Zeckhauser

Second Trimester Sunlight and Asthma: Evidence from Two Independent Studies
w20593 Lin Cui
Randall Walsh

Foreclosure, Vacancy and Crime
w20597 Amanda E. Kowalski
The Early Impact of the Affordable Care Act State-By-State
w20601 Fabian Kindermann
Dirk Krueger

High Marginal Tax Rates on the Top 1%? Lessons from a Life Cycle Model with Idiosyncratic Income Risk
w20570 Alberto Alesina
Matteo Paradisi

Political Budget Cycles: Evidence from Italian Cities
w20580 Casey B. Mulligan
The New Full-time Employment Taxes
w20582 Maria Donovan Fitzpatrick
How Much Are Public School Teachers Willing to Pay for Their Retirement Benefits?
w20584 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Great Recession, Decline and Rebound in Household Wealth for the Near Retirement Population
w20535 Nathaniel Baum-Snow
Fernando Ferreira

Causal Inference in Urban and Regional Economics
w20536 Joseph Gyourko
Raven Molloy

Regulation and Housing Supply
w20543 Andrew T. Young
Matthew J. Higgins
Donald J. Lacombe
Briana Sell

The Direct and Indirect Effects of Small Business Administration Lending on Growth: Evidence from U.S. County-Level Data
w20546 Alan Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Distributional Effects of Means Testing Social Security: An Exploratory Analysis
w20547 John Laitner
Daniel Silverman
Dmitriy Stolyarov

Annuitized Wealth and Post-Retirement Saving
w20548 Mark Duggan
Craig Garthwaite
Aparajita Goyal

The Market Impacts of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in Developing Countries: Evidence from India
w20549 Hanming Fang
Insurance Markets for the Elderly
w20553 David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite
Christopher Ody
Bingyang Li

Investment Subsidies and the Adoption of Electronic Medical Records in Hospitals
w20560 Fatih Guvenen
Greg Kaplan
Jae Song

The Glass Ceiling and The Paper Floor: Gender Differences among Top Earners, 1981-2012
w20562 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

The Perception Of Social Security Incentives For Labor Supply And Retirement: The Median Voter Knows More Than You'd Think
w20525 Alice Chen
Emily Oster
Heidi Williams

Why is Infant Mortality Higher in the US than in Europe?
w20530 Joseph E. Stiglitz
In Praise of Frank Ramsey's Contribution to the Theory of Taxation
w20500 Koichiro Ito
James M. Sallee

The Economics of Attribute-Based Regulation: Theory and Evidence from Fuel-Economy Standards
w20497 Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm
Lise Vesterlund
Huan Xie

Why Do People Give? Testing Pure and Impure Altruism
w20499 Ann P. Bartel
Carri W. Chan
Song-Hee (Hailey) Kim

Should Hospitals Keep Their Patients Longer? The Role of Inpatient Care in Reducing Post-Discharge Mortality
w20503 Matthew E. Kahn
Randall Walsh

Cities and the Environment
w20509 Bruce Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

Misclassification in Binary Choice Models
w20482 Iqbal Dhaliwal
Rema Hanna

Deal with the Devil: The Successes and Limitations of Bureaucratic Reform in India
w20489 Kevin Milligan
Michael Smart

Taxation and Top Incomes in Canada
w20458 Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Monica Singhal

Tax Morale
w20464 Jeffrey R. Brown
James Poterba
David Richardson

Do Required Minimum Distributions Matter? The Effect of the 2009 Holiday On Retirement Plan Distributions
w20467 Richard Hornbeck
Daniel Keniston

Creative Destruction: Barriers to Urban Growth and the Great Boston Fire of 1872
w20470 Marika Cabral
Michael Geruso
Neale Mahoney

Does Privatized Health Insurance Benefit Patients or Producers? Evidence from Medicare Advantage
w20432 Charles F. Manski
Vaccine Approvals and Mandates Under Uncertainty: Some Simple Analytics
w20434 Marianne P. Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes
Thurston Domina

Experimental Evidence on Distributional Effects of Head Start
w20437 Lorenz Kueng
Tax News: The Response of Household Spending
to Changes in Expected Taxes
w20441 Ludwig Straub
Iván Werning

Positive Long Run Capital Taxation: Chamley-Judd Revisited
w20389 Sheila M. Olmstead
Hilary Sigman

Damming the Commons: An Empirical Analysis of International Cooperation and Conflict in Dam Location
w20411 Neale Mahoney
E. Glen Weyl

Imperfect Competition in Selection Markets
w20413 Charles L. Baum
Christopher J. Ruhm

The Changing Benefits of Early Work Experience
w20385 Hannah Trachtman
Andrew Steinkruger
Mackenzie Wood
Adam Wooster
James Andreoni
James J. Murphy
Justin M. Rao

Fair Weather Avoidance: Unpacking Costs and Benefits in Replication of 'Avoiding the Ask'
w20363 Hunt Allcott
Paternalism and Energy Efficiency: An Overview
w20371 Melissa A. Boyle
Joanna N. Lahey

Spousal Labor Market Effects from Government Health Insurance: Evidence from a Veterans Affairs Expansion
w20344 Sean Lewis-Faupel
Yusuf Neggers
Benjamin A. Olken
Rohini Pande

Can Electronic Procurement Improve Infrastructure Provision? Evidence From Public Works in India and Indonesia
w20343 Eric J. Allen
Patricia M. Dechow
Devin G. Pope
George Wu

Reference-Dependent Preferences: Evidence from Marathon Runners
w20346 Helios Herrera
Guillermo Ordoñez
Christoph Trebesch

Political Booms, Financial Crises
w20349 Mark Hoekstra
Steven L. Puller
Jeremy West

Cash for Corollas: When Stimulus Reduces Spending
w20351 Nathaniel Hendren
The Inequality Deflator: Interpersonal Comparisons without a Social Welfare Function
w20352 Solomon M. Hsiang
Amir S. Jina

The Causal Effect of Environmental Catastrophe on Long-Run Economic Growth: Evidence From 6,700 Cyclones
w20353 Joanne W. Hsu
David A. Matsa
Brian T. Melzer

Positive Externalities of Social Insurance: Unemployment Insurance and Consumer Credit
w20359 Michael Geruso
Thomas G. McGuire

Tradeoffs in the Design of Health Plan Payment Systems: Fit, Power and Balance
w20360 Danny Yagan
Riding the Bubble? Chasing Returns into Illiquid Assets
w20361 Danny Yagan
Supply vs. Demand under an Affirmative Action Ban: Estimates from UC Law Schools
w20325 Alberto Abadie
Susan Athey
Guido W. Imbens
Jeffrey M. Wooldridge

Finite Population Causal Standard Errors
w20342 Charles E. Gibbons
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Michael B. Urbancic

Broken or Fixed Effects?
w20333 Don Fullerton
Li Gan
Miwa Hattori

A Model to Evaluate Vehicle Emission Incentive Policies in Japan
w20334 Don Fullerton
Daniel H. Karney

Multiple Pollutants, Uncovered Sectors, and Suboptimal Environmental Policies
w20308 Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Mary Zaki

Expanding the School Breakfast Program: Impacts on Children's Consumption, Nutrition and Health
w20317 Hanming Fang
Quanlin Gu
Li-An Zhou

The Gradients of Power: Evidence from the Chinese Housing Market
w20318 Brigitte C. Madrian
Applying Insights from Behavioral Economics to Policy Design
w20287 Morris A. Davis
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

Housing, Finance and the Macroeconomy
w20289 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Owen Zidar

Who Benefits from State Corporate Tax Cuts? A Local Labor Markets Approach with Heterogeneous Firms
w20290 Raj Chetty
Emmanuel Saez
László Sándor

What Policies Increase Prosocial Behavior? An Experiment with Referees at the Journal of Public Economics
w20298 Lorenz Kueng
Evgeny Yakovlev

How Persistent Are Consumption Habits? Micro-Evidence from Russia
w20299 Karthik Muralidharan
Jishnu Das
Alaka Holla
Aakash Mohpal

The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance: Evidence from Teacher Absence in India
w20268 Bruce I. Carlin
Li Jiang
Stephen A. Spiller

Learning Millennial-Style
w20271 Lasse Eika
Magne Mogstad
Basit Zafar

Educational Assortative Mating and Household Income Inequality
w20260 David Neumark
Jennifer Muz

The "Business Climate" and Economic Inequality
w20254 Efraim Benmelech
Nittai Bergman
Anna Milanez
Vladimir Mukharlyamov

The Agglomeration of Bankruptcy
w20239 Felipe Kast
Dina Pomeranz

Saving More to Borrow Less: Experimental Evidence from Access to Formal Savings Accounts in Chile
w20243 Benjamin Hansen
Punishment and Deterrence: Evidence from Drunk Driving
w20212 David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite
Manuel Hermosilla

Pharmaceutical Profits and the Social Value of Innovation
w20215 Ian W.R. Martin
Robert S. Pindyck

Averting Catastrophes: The Strange Economics of Scylla and Charybdis
w20222 Jeremy D. Goldhaber-Fiebert
David M. Studdert
Monica S. Farid
Jay Bhattacharya

Will Divestment from Employment-Based Health Insurance Save Employers Money? The Case of State and Local Governments
w20226 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Heidi Williams

Paying on the Margin for Medical Care: Evidence from Breast Cancer Treatments
w20227 Roger H. Gordon
Wojciech Kopczuk

The Choice of the Personal Income Tax Base
w20189 Pierre-André Chiappori
Costas Meghir

Intra-household Welfare
w20191 Pierre-André Chiappori
Costas Meghir

Intrahousehold Inequality
w20192 Steven Shavell
A General Rationale for a Governmental Role in the Relief of Large Risks
w20204 Charles D. Kolstad
International Environmental Agreements among Heterogeneous Countries with Social Preferences
w20164 Brian Jacob
Max Kapustin
Jens Ludwig

Human Capital Effects of Anti-Poverty Programs: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Lottery
w20167 Brian Clark
Clément Joubert
Arnaud Maurel

The Career Prospects of Overeducated Americans
w20173 Joshua D. Angrist
Erich Battistin
Daniela Vuri

In a Small Moment: Class Size and Moral Hazard in the Mezzogiorno
w20176 Stephen G. Dimmock
William C. Gerken
Zoran Ivković
Scott J. Weisbenner

Capital Gains Lock-In and Governance Choices
w20178 Sarah Cohodes
Daniel Grossman
Samuel Kleiner
Michael F. Lovenheim

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions
w20179 Roberto Perotti
Defense Government Spending Is Contractionary, Civilian Government Spending Is Expansionary
w20180 Catherine C. Eckel
David Herberich
Jonathan Meer

A Field Experiment on Directed Giving at a Public University
w20182 Alexander L. Brown
Jonathan Meer
J. Forrest Williams

Social Distance and Quality Ratings in Charity Choice
w20184 James Andreoni
Andy Brownback

Grading on a Curve, and other Effects of Group Size on All-Pay Auctions
w20145 Raymond Fisman
Pamela Jakiela
Shachar Kariv

The Distributional Preferences of Americans
w20146 Raymond Fisman
Pamela Jakiela
Shachar Kariv

How Did Distributional Preferences Change During the Great Recession?
w20150 Nico Voigtlaender
Hans-Joachim Voth

Highway to Hitler
w20158 Charles Yuji Horioka
Are Americans and Indians More Altruistic than the Japanese and Chinese? Evidence from a New International Survey of Bequest Plans
w20122 Christian Broda
Jonathan A. Parker

The Economic Stimulus Payments of 2008 and the Aggregate Demand for Consumption
w20125 Alexander L. Brown
Joanna N. Lahey

Small Victories: Creating Intrinsic Motivation in Savings and Debt Reduction
w20127 Keith M. Marzilli Ericson
When Consumers Do Not Make an Active Decision: Dynamic Default Rules and their Equilibrium Effects
w20130 Christian Baker
Jeremy Bejarano
Richard W. Evans
Kenneth L. Judd
Kerk L. Phillips

A Big Data Approach to Optimal Sales Taxation
w20131 Michele Battisti
Gabriel Felbermayr
Giovanni Peri
Panu Poutvaara

Immigration, Search, and Redistribution: A Quantitative Assessment of Native Welfare
w20133 Stefano Giglio
Matteo Maggiori
Johannes Stroebel

Very Long-Run Discount Rates
w20140 Leemore Dafny
Jonathan Gruber
Christopher Ody

More Insurers Lower Premiums: Evidence from Initial Pricing in the Health Insurance Marketplaces
w20142 Marianne P. Bitler
Jonah B. Gelbach
Hilary W. Hoynes

Can Variation in Subgroups' Average Treatment Effects Explain Treatment Effect Heterogeneity? Evidence from a Social Experiment
w20102 Nicholas Bloom
Renata Lemos
Raffaella Sadun
Daniela Scur
John Van Reenen

The New Empirical Economics of Management
w20103 Anna Aizer
Shari Eli
Joseph P. Ferrie
Adriana Lleras-Muney

The Long Term Impact of Cash Transfers to Poor Families
w20105 Emmanuel Farhi
Iván Werning

Labor Mobility Within Currency Unions
w20113 Kelly Noonan
Hope Corman
Nancy E. Reichman

Effects of Maternal Depression on Family Food Insecurity
w20118 C. Kirabo Jackson
Rucker Johnson
Claudia Persico

The Effect of School Finance Reforms on the Distribution of Spending, Academic Achievement, and Adult Outcomes
w20084 Wojciech Kopczuk
David J. Munroe

Mansion Tax: The Effect of Transfer Taxes on the Residential Real Estate Market
w20087 Christina D. Romer
David H. Romer

Transfer Payments and the Macroeconomy: The Effects of Social Security Benefit Changes, 1952-1991
w20098 Charles F. Manski
Communicating Uncertainty in Official Economic Statistics
w20095 Abigail K. Wozniak
Discrimination and the Effects of Drug Testing on Black Employment
w20056 Randall Walsh
Michael LeGower

Promise Scholarship Programs as Place-Making Policy: Evidence from School Enrollment and Housing Prices
w20058 Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

Bequests and Heterogeneity in Retirement Wealth
w20037 Annamaria Conti
Christopher C. Liu

The (Changing) Knowledge Production Function: Evidence from the MIT Department of Biology for 1970-2000
w20043 Florian Scheuer
Alexander Wolitzky

Capital Taxation under Political Constraints
w20049 David Neumark
Helen Simpson

Place-Based Policies
w20020 Casey B. Mulligan
The ACA: Some Unpleasant Welfare Arithmetic
w20023 Ran Abramitzky
Isabelle Sin

Book Translations as Idea Flows: The Effects of the Collapse of Communism on the Diffusion of Knowledge
w20007 Michael Hallsworth
John List
Robert Metcalfe
Ivo Vlaev

The Behavioralist As Tax Collector: Using Natural Field Experiments to Enhance Tax Compliance
w20008 John List
Daan Van Soest
Jan Stoop
Haiwen Zhou

On the Role of Group Size in Tournaments: Theory and Evidence from Lab and Field Experiments
w20009 Patrick Bolton
Hui Chen
Neng Wang

Debt, Taxes, and Liquidity
w20011 B. Douglas Bernheim
S. Nageeb Ali
Xiaochen Fan

Predictability and Power in Legislative Bargaining
w20014 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Intellectual Property Rights, the Pool of Knowledge, and Innovation
w20013 Kala Krishna
Saziye P. Akyol

Preferences, Selection, and Value Added: A Structural Approach
w20018 Devin Bunten
Matthew E. Kahn

The Impact of Emerging Climate Risks on Urban Real Estate Price Dynamics
w19989 Mark Duggan
Amanda Starc
Boris Vabson

Who Benefits when the Government Pays More? Pass-Through in the Medicare Advantage Program
w19996 Richard Wright
Erdal Tekin
Volkan Topalli
Chandler McClellan
Timothy Dickinson
Richard Rosenfeld

Less Cash, Less Crime: Evidence from the Electronic Benefit Transfer Program
w19999 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus
Sandip Sukhtankar

Building State Capacity: Evidence from Biometric Smartcards in India
w20001 Satoshi Shimizutani
Takashi Oshio
Mayu Fujii

Option Value of Work, Health Status, and Retirement Decisions in Japan: Evidence from the Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement (JSTAR)
w20005 Eric Helland
Darius N. Lakdawalla
Anup Malani
Seth A. Seabury

Unintended Consequences of Products Liability: Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Market
w19950 Timothy N. Bond
Kevin Lang

The Sad Truth About Happiness Scales
w19956 Jason Abaluck
Leila Agha
Christopher Kabrhel
Ali Raja
Arjun Venkatesh

Negative Tests and the Efficiency of Medical Care: What Determines Heterogeneity in Imaging Behavior?
w19964 Shanjun Li
Matthew E. Kahn
Jerry Nickelsburg

Public Transit Bus Procurement: The Role of Energy Prices, Regulation and Federal Subsidies
w19965 Matthew J. Holian
Matthew E. Kahn

Household Demand for Low Carbon Public Policies: Evidence from California
w19966 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Benjamin A. Olken

The Missing "Missing Middle"
w19936 Casey B. Mulligan
The Economics of Work Schedules under the New Hours and Employment Taxes
w19919 David Albouy
Bryan Stuart

Urban Population and Amenities: The Neoclassical Model of Location
w19922 David Albouy
Bert Lue

Driving to Opportunity: Local Rents, Wages, Commuting Costs and Sub-Metropolitan Quality of Life
w19912 Matthew E. Kahn
Nils Kok

Big-Box Retailers and Urban Carbon Emissions: The Case of Wal-Mart
w19911 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Fiscal Multipliers in Japan
w19913 Pilar García-Gómez
Sergi Jiménez-Martín
Judit Vall Castelló

Financial Incentives, Health and Retirement in Spain
w19915 Hugh Macartney
The Dynamic Effects of Educational Accountability
w19930 James M. Poterba
Retirement Security in an Aging Society
w19902 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The Role of Health in Retirement
w19904 Jeffrey Clemens
Regulatory Redistribution in the Market for Health Insurance
w19899 Jonathan Heathcote
Kjetil Storesletten
Giovanni L. Violante

Optimal Tax Progressivity: An Analytical Framework
w19896 Jeffrey E. Harris
Beatriz G. López-Valcárcel
Patricia Barber
Vicente Ortún

Efficiency versus Equity in the Allocation of Medical Specialty Training Positions in Spain: A Health Policy Simulation Based on a Discrete Choice Model
w19835 Florian Scheuer
Kent Smetters

Could a Website Really Have Doomed the Health Exchanges? Multiple Equilibria, Initial Conditions and the Construction of the Fine
w19882 Lance J. Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Default and Repayment Among Baccalaureate Degree Earners
w19868 Ejaz Ghani
William R. Kerr
Stephen D. O'Connell

Political Reservations and Women's Entrepreneurship in India
w19878 Jeffrey E. Harris
Ana Inés Balsa
Patricia Triunfo

Tobacco Control Campaign in Uruguay: Impact on Smoking Cessation during Pregnancy
w19869 Raquel Fernández
Joyce C. Wong

Divorce Risk, Wages, and Working Wives: A Quantitative Life-Cycle Analysis of Female Labor Force Participation
w19870 Alan B. Krueger
Andreas I. Mueller

A Contribution to the Empirics of Reservation Wages
w19859 Parag A. Pathak
Peng Shi

Demand Modeling, Forecasting, and Counterfactuals, Part I
w19862 Philip J. Cook
Kenneth Dodge
George Farkas
Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Jonathan Guryan
Jens Ludwig
Susan Mayer
Harold Pollack
Laurence Steinberg

The (Surprising) Efficacy of Academic and Behavioral Intervention with Disadvantaged Youth: Results from a Randomized Experiment in Chicago
w19832 Stefano DellaVigna
John A. List
Ulrike Malmendier
Gautam Rao

Voting to Tell Others
w19836 Dayanand S. Manoli
Nicholas Turner

Cash-on-Hand & College Enrollment: Evidence from Population Tax Data and Policy Nonlinearities
w19838 Lint Barrage
Eric Chyn
Justine Hastings

Advertising as Insurance or Commitment? Evidence from the BP Oil Spill
w19839 Stephanie von Hinke Kessler Scholder
George L. Wehby
Sarah Lewis
Luisa Zuccolo

Alcohol Exposure In Utero and Child Academic Achievement
w19843 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Patrick Kline
Emmanuel Saez

Where is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States
w19844 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Patrick Kline
Emmanuel Saez
Nicholas Turner

Is the United States Still a Land of Opportunity? Recent Trends in Intergenerational Mobility
w19846 Philip Armour
Richard V. Burkhauser
Jeff Larrimore

Using the Pareto Distribution to Improve Estimates of Topcoded Earnings
w19847 Lawrence H. Goulder
Marc A. C. Hafstead
Roberton C. Williams III

General Equilibrium Impacts of a Federal Clean Energy Standard
w19855 John F. Helliwell
Shun Wang
Jinwen Xu

How Durable are Social Norms? Immigrant Trust and Generosity in 132 Countries
w19856 Isaac Ehrlich
Yong Yin

Equilibrium Health Spending and Population Aging in a Model of Endogenous Growth - Will the GDP Share of Health Spending Keep Rising?
w19857 Jason M. Lindo
Peter Siminski
Oleg Yerokhin

Breaking the Link Between Legal Access to Alcohol and Motor Vehicle Accidents: Evidence from New South Wales
w19860 Martha J. Bailey
Nicolas J. Duquette

How Johnson Fought the War on Poverty: The Economics and Politics of Funding at the Office of Economic Opportunity
w19816 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Economics of Online Postsecondary Education: MOOCs, Nonselective Education, and Highly Selective Education
w19804 Daniel M. Hungerman
Public Goods, Hidden Income, and Tax Evasion: Some Nonstandard Results from the Warm-Glow Model
w19826 Scott R. Baker
Nicholas Bloom
Brandice Canes-Wrone
Steven J. Davis
Jonathan A. Rodden

Why Has U.S. Policy Uncertainty Risen Since 1960?
w19807 Jesse M. Shapiro
Special Interests and the Media: Theory and an Application to Climate Change
w19815 David Albouy
Andrew Hanson

Tax Benefits to Housing and Inefficiencies in Location and Consumption
w19822 Casey Rothschild
Florian Scheuer

A Theory of Income Taxation under Multidimensional Skill Heterogeneity
w19793 Timothy J. Moore
The Employment Effect of Terminating Disability Benefits
w19781 Matthew Harding
Michael Lovenheim

The Effect of Prices on Nutrition: Comparing the Impact of Product- and Nutrient-Specific Taxes
w19779 Byron Lutz
Louise Sheiner

The Fiscal Stress Arising from State and Local Retiree Health Obligations
w19785 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes
Elira Kuka

Do In-Work Tax Credits Serve as a Safety Net?
w19787 Marika Cabral
Neale Mahoney

Externalities and Taxation of Supplemental Insurance: A Study of Medicare and Medigap
w19789 Liana Fox
Irwin Garfinkel
Neeraj Kaushal
Jane Waldfogel
Christopher Wimer

Waging War on Poverty: Historical Trends in Poverty Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure
2013
w19766 Stefano DellaVigna
Ruben Durante
Brian Knight
Eliana La Ferrara

Market-based Lobbying: Evidence from Advertising Spending in Italy
w19770 Trevor S. Gallen
Casey B. Mulligan

Wedges, Labor Market Behavior, and Health Insurance Coverage under the Affordable Care Act
w19771 Casey B. Mulligan
Trevor S. Gallen

Wedges, Wages, and Productivity under the Affordable Care Act
w19772 Johannes F. Schmieder
Till von Wachter
Stefan Bender

The Causal Effect of Unemployment Duration on Wages: Evidence from Unemployment Insurance Extensions
w19741 Charles L. Baum
Christopher J. Ruhm

The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes
w19742 Alberto Abadie
Matthew M. Chingos
Martin R. West

Endogenous Stratification in Randomized Experiments
w19761 Jeffrey Clemens
The Effect of U.S. Health Insurance Expansions on Medical Innovation
w19762 Eric A. Hanushek
Guido Schwerdt
Simon Wiederhold
Ludger Woessmann

Returns to Skills around the World: Evidence from PIAAC
w19765 Devin G. Pope
Joseph Price
Justin Wolfers

Awareness Reduces Racial Bias
w19721 Thomas Fujiwara
Kyle C. Meng
Tom Vogl

Estimating Habit Formation in Voting
w19724 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Social Security Windfall Elimination and Government Pension Offset Provisions for Public Employees in the Health and Retirement Study
w19735 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impacts of Expanding Access to High-Quality Preschool Education
w19698 John M. de Figueiredo
Brian Kelleher Richter

Advancing the Empirical Research on Lobbying
w19699 Jeff Larrimore
Richard V. Burkhauser
Philip Armour

Accounting for Income Changes over the Great Recession (2007-2010) Relative to Previous Recessions: The Importance of Taxes and Transfers
w19713 Hunt Allcott
Dmitry Taubinsky

The Lightbulb Paradox: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments
w19659 Patrick Kline
Enrico Moretti

People, Places and Public Policy: Some Simple Welfare Economics of Local Economic Development Programs
w19665 James T. Edwards
John A. List

Toward an Understanding of why Suggestions Work in Charitable Fundraising: Theory and Evidence from a Natural Field Experiment
w19645 C. Kirabo Jackson
Henry S. Schneider

Reducing Moral Hazard in Employment Relationships: Experimental Evidence on Managerial Control and Performance Pay
w19654 Kelly Bedard
Peter J. Kuhn

Making Nutritional Information Digestible: Effects of a Receipt-Based Intervention on Restaurant Purchases
w19608 Eugene Goryunov
Maria Kazakova
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Arseny Mamedov
Kristina Nesterova
Vladimir Nazarov
Elena Grishina
Pavel Trunin
Alexey Shpenev

Russia's Fiscal Gap
w19609 Annette Alstadsæter
Wojciech Kopczuk
Kjetil Telle

Are Closely-Held Firms Tax Shelters?
w19620 Matthew E. Kahn
Pei Li
Daxuan Zhao

Pollution Control Effort at China's River Borders: When Does Free Riding Cease?
w19621 Kevin S. Markle
Douglas A. Shackelford

The Impact of Headquarter and Subsidiary Locations on Multinationals' Effective Tax Rates
w19626 Tara Watson
Enforcement and Immigrant Location Choice
w19593 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Biomedical Knowledge Accumulation on Mortality: A Bibliometric Analysis of Cancer Data
w19595 Gordon B. Dahl
Katrine V. Løken
Magne Mogstad
Kari Vea Salvanes

What Is the Case for Paid Maternity Leave?
w19596 Charles Y. Horioka
Takaaki Nomoto
Akiko Terada-Hagiwara

Why Has Japan's Massive Government Debt Not Wreaked Havoc (Yet)?
w19565 Frank Schorfheide
Kenneth I. Wolpin

To Hold Out or Not to Hold Out
w19566 Robert Clark
Melinda Morrill
David Vanderweide

The Effects of Retiree Health Insurance Plan Characteristics on Retirees' Choice and Employers' Costs
w19568 Ralph S.J. Koijen
Motohiro Yogo

Shadow Insurance
w19569 Clemens Sialm
Laura Starks
Hanjiang Zhang

Defined Contribution Pension Plans: Sticky or Discerning Money?
w19571 Janet Currie
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Jamie Mullins
Matthew J. Neidell

What Do We Know About Short and Long Term Effects of Early Life Exposure to Pollution?
w19574 Jeffrey Clemens
David M. Cutler

Who Pays for Public Employee Health Costs?
w19576 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Weiwei Hu
Parag A. Pathak

Small High Schools and Student Achievement: Lottery-Based Evidence from New York City
w19579 Alan J. Auerbach
Michael P. Devereux

Consumption and Cash-Flow Taxes in an International Setting
w19582 Caitlin Blair
Constructing a PCE-Weighted Consumer Price Index
w19532 Erwann Michel-Kerjan
Paul Raschky
Howard Kunreuther

Corporate Demand for Insurance: New Evidence from the U.S. Terrorism and Property Markets
w19536 Andrew Leicester
The Potential use of In-home Scanner Technology for Budget Surveys
w19543 Thomas F. Crossley
Joachim K. Winter

Asking Households About Expenditures: What Have We Learned?
w19544 Garry Barrett
Peter Levell
Kevin Milligan

A Comparison of Micro and Macro Expenditure Measures Across Countries Using Differing Survey Methods
w19558 Lucie Schmidt
Lara Shore-Sheppard
Tara Watson

The Effect of Safety Net Programs on Food Insecurity
w19559 Gerald Carlino
Robert P. Inman

Macro Fiscal Policy in Economic Unions: States as Agents
w19511 Robert Clark
Olivia S. Mitchell

How Does Retiree Health Insurance Influence Public Sector Employee Saving?
w19517 Keith Brown
Cristian Tiu

The Interaction of Spending Policies, Asset Allocation Strategies, and Investment Performance at University Endowment Funds
w19524 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Retiree Health Insurance for Public School Employees: Does it Affect Retirement?
w19527 Keith M Marzilli Ericson
Amanda Starc

How Product Standardization Affects Choice: Evidence from the Massachusetts Health Insurance Exchange
w19487 Murray L. Aitken
Ernst R. Berndt
Barry Bosworth
Iain M. Cockburn
Richard Frank
Michael Kleinrock
Bradley T. Shapiro

The Regulation of Prescription Drug Competition and Market Responses: Patterns in Prices and Sales Following Loss of Exclusivity
w19491 Alexander M. Gelber
Damon Jones
Daniel W. Sacks

Earnings Adjustment Frictions: Evidence from the Social Security Earnings Test
w19501 Gary D. Libecap
Addressing Global Environmental Externalities: Transaction Costs Considerations
w19503 Jeffrey Clemens
Joshua D. Gottlieb

In the Shadow of a Giant: Medicare's Influence on Private Physician Payments
w19508 Katherine B. Coffman
Lucas C. Coffman
Keith M. Marzilli Ericson

The Size of the LGBT Population and the Magnitude of Anti-Gay Sentiment are Substantially Underestimated
w19440 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

Contract Teachers: Experimental Evidence from India
w19470 Anmol Bhandari
David Evans
Mikhail Golosov
Thomas J. Sargent

Taxes, Debts, and Redistributions with Aggregate Shocks
w19484 Sumit Agarwal
Souphala Chomsisengphet
Neale Mahoney
Johannes Stroebel

Regulating Consumer Financial Products: Evidence from Credit Cards
w19477 Pablo D'Erasmo
Enrique G. Mendoza

Distributional Incentives in an Equilibrium Model of Domestic Sovereign Default
w19481 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Neale Mahoney

Do Expiring Budgets Lead to Wasteful Year-End Spending? Evidence from Federal Procurement
w19482 Jeffrey Hoopes
Daniel Reck
Joel Slemrod

Taxpayer Search for Information: Implications for Rational Attention
w19485 Koichiro Ito
Asymmetric Incentives in Subsidies: Evidence from a Large-Scale Electricity Rebate Program
w19454 Philipp Bewerunge
Harvey S. Rosen

Wages, Pensions, and Public-Private Sector Compensation Differentials for Older Workers
w19449 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes

The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same? The Safety Net and Poverty in the Great Recession
w19459 Andrew Ang
Richard C. Green
Yuhang Xing

Advance Refundings of Municipal Bonds
w19423 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah E. Rockoff

Measuring the Impacts of Teachers I: Evaluating Bias in Teacher Value-Added Estimates
w19424 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah E. Rockoff

Measuring the Impacts of Teachers II: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood
w19426 Michael Greenstone
B. Kelsey Jack

Envirodevonomics: A Research Agenda for a Young Field
w19430 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi Williams

Do firms underinvest in long-term research? Evidence from cancer clinical trials
w19431 Gary Hansen
Selo Imrohoroglu

Fiscal Reform and Government Debt in Japan: A Neoclassical Perspective
w19433 Ori Heffetz
Katrina Ligett

Privacy and Data-Based Research
w19441 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

The Aggregate Effect of School Choice: Evidence from a Two-stage Experiment in India
w19400 Yuming Fu
Wenlan Qian
Bernard Yeung

Speculative Investors and Tobin's Tax in the Housing Market
w19402 Lucie Gadenne
Monica Singhal

Decentralization in Developing Economies
w19404 Neeraj Kaushal
Felix Muchomba

How Consumer Price Subsidies affect Nutrition
w19410 Wojciech Kopczuk
Justin Marion
Erich Muehlegger
Joel Slemrod

Do the Laws of Tax Incidence Hold? Point of Collection and the Pass-through of State Diesel Taxes
w19367 Abby Alpert
Mark Duggan
Judith K. Hellerstein

Perverse Reverse Price Competition: Average Wholesale Prices and Medicaid Pharmaceutical Spending
w19392 James Andreoni
Michael A. Kuhn
Charles Sprenger

On Measuring Time Preferences
w19365 Casey B. Mulligan
Average Marginal Labor Income Tax Rates under the Affordable Care Act
w19366 Casey B. Mulligan
Is the Affordable Care Act Different from Romneycare? A Labor Economics Perspective
w19385 Todd Kumler
Eric Verhoogen
Judith A. Frías

Enlisting Employees in Improving Payroll-Tax Compliance: Evidence from Mexico
w19387 Jacob Fishman
V. Kerry Smith

A Direct Test of the "Explanation" for Incomplete Stratification in Vertical Sorting Models
w19393 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Paul Schrimpf

The Response of Drug Expenditures to Non-Linear Contract Design: Evidence from Medicare Part D
w19363 Peter Ganong
Jeffrey B. Liebman

The Decline, Rebound, and Further Rise in SNAP Enrollment: Disentangling Business Cycle Fluctuations and Policy Changes
w19329 Arik Levinson
Happiness, Behavioral Economics, and Public Policy
w19338 Lawrence H. Goulder
Andrew Schein

Carbon Taxes vs. Cap and Trade: A Critical Review
w19344 Silvia Prina
Heather Royer

The Importance of Parental Knowledge and Social Norms: Evidence from Weight Report Cards in Mexico
w19281 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Michael F. Lovenheim

Early Retirement Incentives and Student Achievement
w19283 Sara LaLumia
James M. Sallee
Nicholas Turner

New Evidence on Taxes and the Timing of Birth
w19287 Christopher J. Ruhm
Recessions, Healthy No More?
w19293 Patrick M. Kline
Enrico Moretti

Local Economic Development, Agglomeration Economies, and the Big Push: 100 Years of Evidence from the Tennessee Valley Authority
w19294 Enrico Moretti
Daniel J. Wilson

State Incentives for Innovation, Star Scientists and Jobs: Evidence from Biotech
w19296 Marco Bassetto
Marco Cagetti
Mariacristina De Nardi

Credit Crunches and Credit Allocation in a Model of Entrepreneurship
w19297 David Greenlaw
James D. Hamilton
Peter Hooper
Frederic S. Mishkin

Crunch Time: Fiscal Crises and the Role of Monetary Policy
w19298 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Sinan Sarpça
Holger Sieg

The U.S. Market for Higher Education: A General Equilibrium Analysis of State and Private Colleges and Public Funding Policies
w19270 Alec Smith
B. Douglas Bernheim
Colin Camerer
Antonio Rangel

Neural Activity Reveals Preferences Without Choices
w19269 B. Douglas Bernheim
Daniel Bjorkegren
Jeffrey Naecker
Antonio Rangel

Non-Choice Evaluations Predict Behavioral Responses to Changes in Economic Conditions
w19262 Jonathan Meer
Jeremy West

Effects of the Minimum Wage on Employment Dynamics
w19266 Eli Berman
Joseph Felter
Ethan Kapstein
Erin Troland

Predation, Taxation, Investment and Violence: Evidence from the Philippines
w19275 Joshua D. Angrist
Sarah R. Cohodes
Susan M. Dynarski
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Stand and Deliver: Effects of Boston's Charter High Schools on College Preparation, Entry, and Choice
w19253 James D. Hamilton
Off-Balance-Sheet Federal Liabilities
w19258 Robert J. Barro
Environmental Protection, Rare Disasters, and Discount Rates
w19259 Esther Duflo
Michael Greenstone
Rohini Pande
Nicholas Ryan

Truth-telling by Third-party Auditors and the Response of Polluting Firms: Experimental Evidence from India
w19237 Gordon B. Dahl
Andreas Ravndal Kostol
Magne Mogstad

Family Welfare Cultures
w19235 Florian Scheuer
Entrepreneurial Taxation with Endogenous Entry
w19244 Robert S. Pindyck
Climate Change Policy: What Do the Models Tell Us?
w19241 Justine S. Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

Are Some Degrees Worth More than Others? Evidence from college admission cutoffs in Chile
w19211 Felix Reichling
Kent Smetters

Optimal Annuitization with Stochastic Mortality Probabilities
w19212 Lawrence E. Blume
William A. Brock
Steven N. Durlauf
Rajshri Jayaraman

Linear Social Interactions Models
w19224 Richard G. Newell
Juha V. Siikamäki

Nudging Energy Efficiency Behavior: The Role of Information Labels
w19220 Craig Garthwaite
Tal Gross
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

Public Health Insurance, Labor Supply, and Employment Lock
w19222 Kasey Buckles
Andreas Hagemann
Ofer Malamud
Melinda S. Morrill
Abigail K. Wozniak

The Effect of College Education on Health
w19193 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Who Uses the Roth 401(k), and How Do They Use It?
w19198 Ilyana Kuziemko
Katherine Meckel
Maya Rossin-Slater

Do Insurers Risk-Select Against Each Other? Evidence from Medicaid and Implications for Health Reform
w19199 Dina Pomeranz
No Taxation without Information: Deterrence and Self-Enforcement in the Value Added Tax
w19200 Amitabh Chandra
Amy Finkelstein
Adam Sacarny
Chad Syverson

Healthcare Exceptionalism? Productivity and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector
w19127 Vivi Alatas
Abhijit Banerjee
Rema Hanna
Benjamin A. Olken
Ririn Purnamasari
Matthew Wai-Poi

Ordeal Mechanisms In Targeting: Theory And Evidence From A Field Experiment In Indonesia
w19161 Dhaval M. Dave
Sandra L. Decker
Robert Kaestner
Kosali Ilayperuma Simon

The Effect of Medicaid Expansions in the Late 1980s and Early 1990s on the Labor Supply of Pregnant Women
w19163 Jason Abaluck
Jonathan Gruber

Evolving Choice Inconsistencies in Choice of Prescription Drug Insurance
w19168 Jeffrey R. Brown
Arie Kapteyn
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Cognitive Constraints on Valuing Annuities
w19169 Angela K. Dills
Rey Hernández-Julián

Religiosity and State Welfare
w19171 Karel Mertens
Marginal Tax Rates and Income: New Time Series Evidence
w19177 Nathaniel Hendren
The Policy Elasticity
w19192 V.V. Chari
Patrick J. Kehoe

Bailouts, Time Inconsistency, and Optimal Regulation
w19137 Alan Auerbach
Lorenz Kueng
Ronald Lee

Propagation and Smoothing of Shocks in Alternative Social Security Systems
w19145 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Donative Behavior at the End of Life
w19149 Martin B. Hackmann
Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

Adverse Selection and an Individual Mandate: When Theory Meets Practice
w19151 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Medicaid Insurance in Old Age
w19153 Douglas Almond
Hongbin Li
Shuang Zhang

Land Reform and Sex Selection in China
w19157 Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Does the Market Value Value-Added? Evidence from Housing Prices After a Public Release of School and Teacher Value-Added
w19121 Richard V. Burkhauser
Markus H. Hahn
Roger Wilkins

Measuring Top Incomes Using Tax Record Data: A Cautionary Tale from Australia
w19122 Enrico Spolaore
What is European Integration Really About? A Political Guide for Economists
w19130 Emel Filiz-Ozbay
Jonathan Guryan
Kyle Hyndman
Melissa Schettini Kearney
Erkut Y. Ozbay

Do Lottery Payments Induce Savings Behavior: Evidence from the Lab
w19102 Anna Aizer
Joseph J. Doyle
Jr.

Juvenile Incarceration, Human Capital and Future Crime: Evidence from Randomly-Assigned Judges
w19110 Philip Armour
Richard V. Burkhauser
Jeff Larrimore

Levels and Trends in United States Income and Its Distribution A Crosswalk from Market Income Towards a Comprehensive Haig-Simons Income Approach
w19114 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Philipp Harms
Matthew O. Jackson

Updating Beliefs with Ambiguous Evidence: Implications for Polarization
w19080 John G. Bullock
Alan S. Gerber
Seth J. Hill
Gregory A. Huber

Partisan Bias in Factual Beliefs about Politics
w19081 T. Christopher Borek
Angelo Frattarelli
Oliver Hart

Tax Shelters or Efficient Tax Planning? A Theory of The Firm Perspective On the Economic Substance Doctrine
w19082 Jonathan Meer
Effects of the Price of Charitable Giving: Evidence from an Online Crowdfunding Platform
w19064 Joseph Stiglitz
Jungyoll Yun

Optimal Provision of Loans and Insurance Against Unemployment From A Lifetime Perspective
w19066 Alexander L. Brown
Jonathan Meer
J. Forrest Williams

Why Do People Volunteer? An Experimental Analysis of Preferences for Time Donations
w19071 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Effects of Social Security Policies on Benefit Claiming, Retirement and Saving
w19075 Facundo Alvaredo
Anthony B. Atkinson
Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez

The Top 1 Percent in International and Historical Perspective
w19031 Scott E. Carrell
Bruce Sacerdote

Why Do College Going Interventions Work?
w19035 Liran Einav
Jonathan D. Levin

The Data Revolution and Economic Analysis
w19007 Richard Blundell
Monica Costa Dias
Costas Meghir
Jonathan M. Shaw

Female Labour Supply, Human Capital and Welfare Reform
w19014 Sara Heller
Harold A. Pollack
Roseanna Ander
Jens Ludwig

Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout: A Randomized Field Experiment
w19020 Patrick Bayer
Fernando Ferreira
Stephen L. Ross

The Vulnerability of Minority Homeowners in the Housing Boom and Bust
w18988 Elizabeth Davidson
Randall Reback
Jonah E. Rockoff
Heather L. Schwartz

Fifty Ways to Leave a Child Behind: Idiosyncrasies and Discrepancies in States' Implementation of NCLB
w18991 Mark Pauly
Ashley Swanson

Social Impact Bonds in Nonprofit Health Care: New Product or New Package?
w18998 James Andreoni
A. Abigail Payne
Sarah Smith

Do Grants to Charities Crowd Out Other Income? Evidence from the UK
w18999 Geoffrey Heal
Antony Millner

Discounting under Disagreement
w19000 Alisdair McKay
Ricardo Reis

The Role of Automatic Stabilizers in the U.S. Business Cycle
w18976 Edward L. Glaeser
Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto

Shrouded Costs of Government: The Political Economy of State and Local Public Pensions
w18979 Fatih Guvenen
Michelle Rendall

Women's Emancipation Through Education: A Macroeconomic Analysis
w18980 Elliot Anenberg
Patrick Bayer

Endogenous Sources of Volatility in Housing Markets: The Joint Buyer-Seller Problem
w18981 Umut M. Dur
Scott Duke Kominers
Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

The Demise of Walk Zones in Boston: Priorities vs. Precedence in School Choice
w18965 Stuart A. Gabriel
Matthew E. Kahn
Ryan K. Vaughn

Congressional Influence as a Determinant of Subprime Lending
w18936 Roland Bénabou
Jean Tirole

Bonus Culture: Competitive Pay, Screening, and Multitasking
w18947 Michael Geruso
Harvey S. Rosen

Fraud in the Workplace? Evidence from a Dependent Verification Program
w18949 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Erik Hurst
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

Manufacturing Decline, Housing Booms, and Non-Employment
w18928 David Neumark
Diego Grijalva

The Employment Effects of State Hiring Credits During and After the Great Recession
w18922 Stéphane Guibaud
Yves Nosbusch
Dimitri Vayanos

Bond Market Clienteles, the Yield Curve, and the Optimal Maturity Structure of Government Debt
w18924 Garth Heutel
David L. Kelly

Incidence and Environmental Effects of Distortionary Subsidies
w18925 David Albouy
Walter Graf
Ryan Kellogg
Hendrik Wolff

Climate Amenities, Climate Change, and American Quality of Life
w18927 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Alex Rees-Jones

Can Marginal Rates of Substitution Be Inferred from Happiness Data? Evidence from Residency Choices
w18930 Gerald Carlino
Robert P. Inman

Local Deficits and Local Jobs: Can U.S. States Stabilize Their Own Economies?
w18900 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia Remler

Rethinking Elderly Poverty: Time for a Health Inclusive Poverty Measure?
w18902 Gopi Shah Goda
Damon Jones
Colleen Flaherty Manchester

Retirement Plan Type and Employee Mobility: The Role of Selection and Incentive Effects
w18898 Kathy Baylis
Don Fullerton
Daniel H. Karney

Leakage, Welfare, and Cost-Effectiveness of Carbon Policy
w18907 Julie Agnew
Joshua Hurwitz

Financial Education and Choice in State Public Pension Systems
w18913 Keith Marzilli Ericson
Judd B. Kessler

The Articulation Effect of Government Policy: Health Insurance Mandates Versus Taxes
w18885 Henrik Jacobsen Kleven
Camille Landais
Emmanuel Saez
Esben Anton Schultz

Migration and Wage Effects of Taxing Top Earners: Evidence from the Foreigners' Tax Scheme in Denmark
w18889 Lisa Barrow
Amy Claessens
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

The Impact of Chicago's Small High School Initiative
w18897 Joshua Elliott
Don Fullerton

Can a Unilateral Carbon Tax Reduce Emissions Elsewhere?
w18865 Ilyana Kuziemko
Michael I. Norton
Emmanuel Saez
Stefanie Stantcheva

How Elastic Are Preferences for Redistribution? Evidence from Randomized Survey Experiments
w18863 John Cawley
Rosemary Avery
Matthew Eisenberg

The Effect of Deceptive Advertising on Consumption of the Advertised Good and its Substitutes: The Case of Over-the-Counter Weight Loss Products
w18871 Nicholas Bloom
James Liang
John Roberts
Zhichun Jenny Ying

Does Working from Home Work? Evidence from a Chinese Experiment
w18880 Joseph Gyourko
Joseph Tracy

Unemloyment and Unobserved Credit Risk in the FHA Single Family Mortgage Insurance Fund
w18869 Bruce D. Meyer
Wallace K.C. Mok

Disability, Earnings, Income and Consumption
w18872 Siqi Zheng
Matthew E. Kahn
Weizeng Sun
Danglun Luo

Incentivizing China's Urban Mayors to Mitigate Pollution Externalities: The Role of the Central Government and Public Environmentalism
w18881 Justine S. Hastings
Ali Hortaçsu
Chad Syverson

Sales Force and Competition in Financial Product Markets: The Case Of Mexico's Social Security Privatization
w18849 Christopher R. Knittel
Ryan Sandler

The Welfare Impact of Indirect Pigouvian Taxation: Evidence from Transportation
w18853 David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite
Christopher Ody

How do Hospitals Respond to Negative Financial Shocks? The Impact of the 2008 Stock Market Crash
w18859 Gary Solon
Steven J. Haider
Jeffrey Wooldridge

What Are We Weighting For?
w18835 Emmanuel Saez
Stefanie Stantcheva

Generalized Social Marginal Welfare Weights for Optimal Tax Theory
w18798 Vivi Alatas
Abhijit Banerjee
Rema Hanna
Benjamin A. Olken
Ririn Purnamasari
Matthew Wai-Poi

Does Elite Capture Matter? Local Elites and Targeted Welfare Programs in Indonesia
w18804 Jonathan T. Kolstad
Information and Quality when Motivation is Intrinsic: Evidence from Surgeon Report Cards
w18812 Barbara L. Wolfe
Jason Fletcher

Estimating Benefits from University-Level Diversity
w18772 Jens Ludwig
Greg J. Duncan
Lisa A. Gennetian
Lawrence F. Katz
Ronald C. Kessler
Jeffrey R. Kling
Lisa Sanbonmatsu

Long-Term Neighborhood Effects on Low-Income Families: Evidence from Moving to Opportunity
w18779 Olivier J. Blanchard
Daniel Leigh

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers
w18785 Michael J. Kottelenberg
Steven F. Lehrer

New Evidence on the Impacts of Access to and Attending Universal Childcare in Canada
w18787 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Nichole Szembrot

Aggregating Local Preferences to Guide Marginal Policy Adjustments
w18792 Emmanuel Farhi
Iván Werning

Estate Taxation with Altruism Heterogeneity
w18674 Eli Berman
Joseph Felter
Jacob N. Shapiro
Erin Troland

Modest, Secure and Informed: Successful Development in Conflict Zones
w18747 Wojciech Kopczuk
Incentive Effects of Inheritances and Optimal Estate Taxation
w18748 Stefano DellaVigna
John A. List
Ulrike Malmendier
Gautam Rao

The Importance of Being Marginal: Gender Differences in Generosity
w18749 Michael F. Lovenheim
Emily G. Owens

Does Federal Financial Aid Affect College Enrollment? Evidence from Drug Offenders and the Higher Education Act of 1998
w18755 Jeffrey R. Brown
Zoran Ivković
Scott Weisbenner

Empirical Determinants of Intertemporal Choice
w18757 Michael L. Anderson
Subways, Strikes, and Slowdowns: The Impacts of Public Transit on Traffic Congestion
w18758 Patrick Kline
Enrico Moretti

Place Based Policies with Unemployment
w18760 Ellen R. McGrattan
Edward C. Prescott

On Financing Retirement with an Aging Population
w18762 Jing Wu
Joseph Gyourko
Yongheng Deng

Is There Evidence of a Real Estate Collateral Channel Effect on Listed Firm Investment in China?
w18764 Veronika K. Pool
Clemens Sialm
Irina Stefanescu

It Pays to Set the Menu: Mutual Fund Investment Options in 401(k) Plans
w18767 Stephen Coate
Evaluating Durable Public Good Provision using Housing Prices
w18759 Robert J. Barro
Sanjay P. Misra

Gold Returns
w18728 Roger Gordon
Gordon B. Dahl

Views among Economists: Professional Consensus or Point-Counterpoint?
w18731 Hope Corman
Naci H. Mocan

Alcohol Consumption, Deterrence and Crime in New York City
w18735 Matthew J. Holian
Matthew E. Kahn

The Rise of the Low Carbon Consumer City
w18742 B. Douglas Bernheim
Debraj Ray
Sevin Yeltekin

Poverty and Self-Control
w18718 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Winning the War: Poverty from the Great Society to the Great Recession
w18719 Jeremy Lise
Costas Meghir
Jean-Marc Robin

Mismatch, Sorting and Wage Dynamics
w18681 David Neumark
J.M. Ian Salas
William Wascher

Revisiting the Minimum Wage-Employment Debate: Throwing Out the Baby with the Bathwater?
w18690 John F. Helliwell
Haifang Huang

Comparing the Happiness Effects of Real and On-line Friends
w18692 Alan Barreca
Karen Clay
Olivier Deschenes
Michael Greenstone
Joseph S. Shapiro

Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the U.S. Temperature-Mortality Relationship over the 20th Century
w18687 Daniel L. McFadden
The New Science of Pleasure
w18698 Naoki Aizawa
Hanming Fang

Equilibrium Labor Market Search and Health Insurance Reform
w18700 Janet Currie
Lucas Davis
Michael Greenstone
Reed Walker

Do Housing Prices Reflect Environmental Health Risks? Evidence from More than 1600 Toxic Plant Openings and Closings
w18665 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

Nine Facts about Top Journals in Economics
w18669 Annamaria Lusardi
Pierre-Carl Michaud
Olivia S. Mitchell

Optimal Financial Knowledge and Wealth Inequality
2012
w18657 François Gourio
Nicolas A. Roys

Size-Dependent Regulations, Firm Size Distribution, and Reallocation
w18662 Joshua Angrist
Miikka Rokkanen

Wanna Get Away? RD Identification Away from the Cutoff
w18663 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

Revealed Preferences for Journals: Evidence from Page Limits
w18629 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Smart Machines and Long-Term Misery
w18626 Caroline M. Hoxby
Endowment Management Based on a Positive Model of the University
w18633 Gerard Padro i Miquel
Nancy Qian
Yang Yao

Social Fragmentation, Public Goods and Elections: Evidence from China
w18642 Aviva Aron-Dine
Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein

The RAND Health Insurance Experiment, Three Decades Later
w18649 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Algebra for 8th Graders: Evidence on its Effects from 10 North Carolina Districts
w18612 Daniel B. Jones
Werner Troesken
Randall Walsh

A Poll Tax by any Other Name: The Political Economy of Disenfranchisement
w18624 C. Kirabo Jackson
Non-Cognitive Ability, Test Scores, and Teacher Quality: Evidence from 9th Grade Teachers in North Carolina
w18582 Fabian Duarte
Justine S. Hastings

Fettered Consumers and Sophisticated Firms: Evidence from Mexico's Privatized Social Security Market
w18586 Caroline M. Hoxby
Christopher Avery

The Missing "One-Offs": The Hidden Supply of High-Achieving, Low Income Students
w18591 Casey B. Mulligan
The ARRA: Some Unpleasant Welfare Arithmetic
w18585 Marco Battaglini
Bård Harstad

Participation and Duration of Environmental Agreements
w18599 Matthew Weinzierl
The Promise of Positive Optimal Taxation: Normative Diversity and a role for Equal Sacrifice
w18572 Harold L. Cole
Soojin Kim
Dirk Krueger

Analyzing the Effects of Insuring Health Risks: On the Trade-off between Short Run Insurance Benefits vs. Long Run Incentive Costs
w18578 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Output Spillovers from Fiscal Policy
w18583 Hunt Allcott
Nathan Wozny

Gasoline Prices, Fuel Economy, and the Energy Paradox
w18584 Wojciech Kopczuk
Taxation of Intergenerational Transfers and Wealth
w18553 James R. Hines Jr.
How Important Are Perpetual Tax Savings?
w18565 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Soren Leth-Petersen
Torben Nielsen
Tore Olsen

Active vs. Passive Decisions and Crowdout in Retirement Savings Accounts: Evidence from Denmark
w18535 Hilary W. Hoynes
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Douglas Almond

Long Run Impacts of Childhood Access to the Safety Net
w18542 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Mismeasurement of Pensions Before and After Retirement: The Mystery of the Disappearing Pensions with Implications for the Importance of Social Security as a Source of Retirement Support
w18530 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Damon Jones

Higher Education, Merit-Based Scholarships and Post-Baccalaureate Migration
w18517 John Chalmers
Woodrow T. Johnson
Jonathan Reuter

The Effect of Pension Design on Employer Costs and Employee Retirement Choices: Evidence from Oregon
w18519 Bård Harstad
Matti Liski

Games and Resources
w18520 Robert A. Moffitt
The U.S. Employment-Population Reversal in the 2000s: Facts and Explanations
w18521 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez

Optimal Labor Income Taxation
w18522 David Card
Jörg Heining
Patrick Kline

Workplace Heterogeneity and the Rise of West German Wage Inequality
w18524 Ejaz Ghani
Arti Grover Goswami
William R. Kerr

Highway to Success: The Impact of the Golden Quadrilateral Project for the Location and Performance of Indian Manufacturing
w18525 Andrew A. Samwick
Donating the Voucher: An Alternative Tax Treatment of Private School Enrollment
w18529 Gary D. Hansen
Minchung Hsu
Junsang Lee

Health Insurance Reform: The Impact of a Medicare Buy-In
w18501 Kenneth L. Judd
Lilia Maliar
Serguei Maliar

Merging Simulation and Projection Approaches to Solve High-Dimensional Problems
w18514 Marika Cabral
Caroline Hoxby

The Hated Property Tax: Salience, Tax Rates, and Tax Revolts
w18488 Robert L. Clark
Melinda S. Morrill
David Vanderweide

Defined Benefit Pension Plan Distribution Decisions by Public Sector Employees
w18489 Robert Novy-Marx
Joshua D. Rauh

The Revenue Demands of Public Employee Pension Promises
w18491 Robert Novy-Marx
Joshua D. Rauh

Linking Benefits to Investment Performance in US Public Pension Systems
w18493 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner

Early and Late Human Capital Investments, Borrowing Constraints, and the Family
w18466 Gabriella Conti
James J. Heckman

The Economics of Child Well-Being
w18468 Katherine Baicker
Sendhil Mullainathan
Joshua Schwartzstein

Behavioral Hazard in Health Insurance
w18471 Nick Netzer
Florian Scheuer

A Game Theoretic Foundation of Competitive Equilibria with Adverse Selection
w18472 Jesse Edgerton
Investment, Accounting, and the Salience of the Corporate Income Tax
w18478 Guido W. Imbens
Michal Kolesar

Robust Standard Errors in Small Samples: Some Practical Advice
w18479 Rowena Crawford
Richard Disney

Reform of Ill-health Retirement Benefits for Police in England and Wales: The roles of National Policy and Local Finance
w18483 Harry Huizinga
Johannes Voget
Wolf Wagner

International Taxation and Cross-Border Banking
w18484 Magnus Carlsson
Gordon B. Dahl
Dan-Olof Rooth

The Effect of Schooling on Cognitive Skills
w18485 Steven J. Haider
Kathleen M. McGarry

Parental Investments in College and Later Cash Transfers
w18486 John F. Helliwell
Understanding and Improving the Social Context of Well-Being
w18448 Alicia Munnell
Jean-Pierre Aubry
Joshua Hurwitz
Laura Quinby

Public Plans and Short-Term Employees
w18446 Kathleen McGarry
Dynamic Aspects of Family Transfers
w18433 Raj Chetty
Amy Finkelstein

Social Insurance: Connecting Theory to Data
w18437 William N. Evans
Craig Garthwaite
Timothy J. Moore

The White/Black Educational Gap, Stalled Progress, and the Long Term Consequences of the Emergence of Crack Cocaine Markets
w18439 Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Incentive Strength and Teacher Productivity: Evidence from a Group-Based Teacher Incentive Pay System
w18440 Laura Kawano
Joel Slemrod

The Effect of Tax Rates and Tax Bases on Corporate Tax Revenues: Estimates with New Measures of the Corporate Tax Base
w18442 Jarkko Harju
Tuomas Kosonen

The Impact of Tax Incentives on the Economic Activity of Entrepreneurs
w18422 Anna Aizer
Laura Stroud
Stephen Buka

Maternal Stress and Child Outcomes: Evidence from Siblings
w18426 Casey B. Mulligan
Recent Marginal Labor Income Tax Rate Changes by Skill and Marital Status
w18429 Anna Aizer
Flávio Cunha

The Production of Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility
w18417 Felipe Kast
Stephan Meier
Dina Pomeranz

Under-Savers Anonymous: Evidence on Self-Help Groups and Peer Pressure as a Savings Commitment Device
w18403 Yongheng Deng
Joseph Gyourko
Jing Wu

Land and House Price Measurement in China
w18412 Justine S. Hastings
Brigitte C. Madrian
William L. Skimmyhorn

Financial Literacy, Financial Education and Economic Outcomes
w18406 Florian Scheuer
Adverse Selection In Credit Markets and Regressive Profit Taxation
w18415 Peter Egger
Christian Keuschnigg
Valeria Merlo
Georg Wamser

Corporate Taxes and Internal Borrowing within Multinational Firms
w18374 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Nichole Szembrot

Beyond Happiness and Satisfaction: Toward Well-Being Indices Based on Stated Preference
w18375 Eli Berman
Joseph Felter
Ethan Kapstein
Erin Troland

Predation, Taxation, Investment, and Violence: Evidence from the Philippines
w18383 Steven Nafziger
Peter H. Lindert

Russian Inequality on the Eve of Revolution
w18386 Edward P. Lazear
James R. Spletzer

The United States Labor Market: Status Quo or A New Normal?
w18389 Jeffrey R. Brown
Stephen G. Dimmock
Scott Weisbenner

The Supply of and Demand for Charitable Donations to Higher Education
w18359 Keith M. Marzilli Ericson
Consumer Inertia and Firm Pricing in the Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Insurance Exchange
w18350 Eli Berman
Laurence R. Iannaccone
Giuseppe Ragusa

From Empty Pews to Empty Cradles: Fertility Decline Among European Catholics
w18311 Sumit Agarwal
Gene Amromin
Itzhak Ben-David
Souphala Chomsisengphet
Tomasz Piskorski
Amit Seru

Policy Intervention in Debt Renegotiation: Evidence from the Home Affordable Modification Program
w18269 Donghoon Lee
Christopher J. Mayer
Joseph Tracy

A New Look at Second Liens
w18351 Vivi Alatas
Abhijit Banerjee
Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Rema Hanna
Benjamin A. Olken

Network Structure and the Aggregation of Information: Theory and Evidence from Indonesia
w18332 Alexander M. Gelber
Matthew C. Weinzierl

Equalizing Outcomes and Equalizing Opportunities: Optimal Taxation when Children's Abilities Depend on Parents' Resources
w18341 John Cawley
David Frisvold
Chad Meyerhoefer

The Impact of Physical Education on Obesity among Elementary School Children
w18342 Jeffrey R. Brown
Scott Weisbenner

The Distributional Effects of the Social Security Windfall Elimination Provision
w18295 Robert J. Barro
Convergence and Modernization Revisited
w18297 Albert N. Link
Christopher J. Ruhm
Donald S. Siegel

Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program
w18300 Jeffrey Brown
Chichun Fang
Francisco Gomes

Risk and Returns to Education
w18301 Lawrence H. Goulder
Roberton C. Williams III

The Choice of Discount Rate for Climate Change Policy Evaluation
w18306 Richard Schmalensee
Robert Stavins

The SO2 Allowance Trading System: The Ironic History of a Grand Policy Experiment
w18308 Adam Bee
Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

The Validity of Consumption Data: Are the Consumer Expenditure Interview and Diary Surveys Informative?
w18309 Bruce D. Meyer
Laura R. Wherry

Saving Teens: Using a Policy Discontinuity to Estimate the Effects of Medicaid Eligibility
w18321 Ralph S.J. Koijen
Motohiro Yogo

The Cost of Financial Frictions for Life Insurers
w18287 Takeo Hoshi
Takatoshi Ito

Defying Gravity: How Long Will Japanese Government Bond Prices Remain High?
w18278 Bruce A. Blonigen
Anca D. Cristea

Airports and Urban Growth: Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Policy Experiment
w18282 Nathaniel Hendren
Private Information and Insurance Rejections
w18283 Jeffrey A. Frankel
Jesse Schreger

Over-optimistic Official Forecasts in the Eurozone and Fiscal Rules
w18267 Olivier Deschenes
Michael Greenstone
Joseph S. Shapiro

Defensive Investments and the Demand for Air Quality: Evidence from the NOx Budget Program and Ozone Reductions
w18261 Lex Borghans
Anne C. Gielen
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

Social Support Substitution and the Earnings Rebound: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity in Disability Insurance Reform
w18232 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Emmanuel Saez

Using Differences in Knowledge Across Neighborhoods to Uncover the Impacts of the EITC on Earnings
w18239 Shamena Anwar
Hanming Fang

Testing for Racial Prejudice in the Parole Board Release Process: Theory and Evidence
w18244 Edward L. Glaeser
Urban Public Finance
w18230 Derek M. Lemoine
Christian P. Traeger

Tipping Points and Ambiguity in the Economics of Climate Change
w18220 Brigitte C. Madrian
Matching Contributions and Savings Outcomes: A Behavioral Economics Perspective
w18228 Casey Rothschild
Florian Scheuer

Redistributive Taxation in the Roy Model
w18204 Charles F. Manski
Choosing Size of Government Under Ambiguity: Infrastructure Spending and Income Taxation
w18206 Hilary W. Hoynes
Douglas L. Miller
David Simon

Income, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and Infant Health
w18190 Andrew Caplin
Anna Cororaton
Joseph Tracy

Is the FHA Creating Sustainable Homeownership?
w18196 Michael L. Anderson
The Benefits of College Athletic Success: An Application of the Propensity Score Design with Instrumental Variables
w18198 Gordon B. Dahl
Katrine V. Løken
Magne Mogstad

Peer Effects in Program Participation
w18171 Rosalie Liccardo Pacula
Srikanth Kadiyala
Priscillia Hunt
Alessandro Malchiodi

An Alternative Framework for Empirically Measuring the Size of Counterfeit Markets
w18172 David Autor
Mark Duggan
Jonathan Gruber

Moral Hazard and Claims Deterrence in Private Disability Insurance
w18183 Evan Borkum
Fang He
Leigh L. Linden

The Effects of School Libraries on Language Skills: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in India
w18185 Silke J. Forbes
Nora E. Gordon

When Educators Are the Learners: Private Contracting by Public Schools
w18140 Matthew Ranson
Robert N. Stavins

Post-Durban Climate Policy Architecture Based on Linkage of Cap-and-Trade Systems
w18165 Steven D. Levitt
John A. List
Susanne Neckermann
Sally Sadoff

The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance
w18142 Miles S. Kimball
"Getting the Biggest Bang for the Buck in Fiscal Policy"
w18150 Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan
Diana B. Moreira

Corrupting Learning: Evidence from Missing Federal Education Funds in Brazil
w18156 Ernesto Dal Bó
Frederico Finan
Martín Rossi

Strengthening State Capabilities: The Role of Financial Incentives in the Call to Public Service
w18125 David H. Autor
Christopher J. Palmer
Parag A. Pathak

Housing Market Spillovers: Evidence from the End of Rent Control in Cambridge Massachusetts
w18126 Emilie Caldeira
Martial Foucault
Grégoire Rota-Graziosi

Decentralisation in Africa and the Nature of Local Governments' Competition: Evidence from Benin
w18118 Emilie Caldeira
Martial Foucault
Grégoire Rota-Graziosi

Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin
w18119 Juan Botero
Alejandro Ponce
Andrei Shleifer

Education and the Quality of Government
w18103 David Albouy
Fernando Leibovici
Casey Warman

Quality of Life, Firm Productivity, and the Value of Amenities across Canadian Cities
w18105 Neale Mahoney
Bankruptcy as Implicit Health Insurance
w18107 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Trade Credit and Taxes
w18108 Amanda E. Kowalski
Estimating the Tradeoff Between Risk Protection and Moral Hazard with a Nonlinear Budget Set Model of Health Insurance
w18110 David Albouy
Gabriel Ehrlich

Housing Productivity and the Social Cost of Land-Use Restrictions
w18115 Harounan Kazianga
Dan Levy
Leigh L. Linden
Matt Sloan

The Effects of "Girl-Friendly" Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w18111 Devin G. Pope
Jaren C. Pope

When Walmart Comes to Town: Always Low Housing Prices? Always?
w18112 Edward L. Glaeser
The Political Risks of Fighting Market Failures: Subversion, Populism and the Government Sponsored Enterprises
w18101 Monica Martinez-Bravo
Gerard Padró i Miquel
Nancy Qian
Yang Yao

Elections in China
w18088 Casey B. Mulligan
Do Welfare Policies Matter for Labor Market Aggregates? Quantifying Safety Net Work Incentives since 2007
w18093 Marco Castillo
Ragan Petrie
Máximo Torero
Lise Vesterlund

Gender Differences in Bargaining Outcomes: A Field Experiment on Discrimination
w18095 Raymond Fisman
Florian Schulz
Vikrant Vig

Private Returns to Public Office
w18059 Todd M. Sinai
House Price Moments in Boom-Bust Cycles
w18065 Xavier Giné
Jessica Goldberg
Dan Silverman
Dean Yang

Revising Commitments: Field Evidence on the Adjustment of Prior Choices
w18069 Patrick Bayer
Marcus D. Casey
Fernando Ferreira
Robert McMillan

Estimating Racial Price Differentials in the Housing Market
w18076 Patrick Hummel
Brian Knight

Sequential or Simultaneous Elections? A Welfare Analysis
w18029 Rahul Deb
Robert S. Gazzale
Matthew J. Kotchen

Testing Motives for Charitable Giving: A Revealed-Preference Methodology with Experimental Evidence
w18033 Rema Hanna
Esther Duflo
Michael Greenstone

Up in Smoke: The Influence of Household Behavior on the Long-Run Impact of Improved Cooking Stoves
w18039 Dana Burde
Leigh L. Linden

The Effect of Village-Based Schools: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Afghanistan
w18040 H. Spencer Banzhaf
Wallace E. Oates

On Fiscal Illusion and Ricardian Equivalence in Local Public Finance
w18042 Sylvain Leduc
Daniel Wilson

Roads to Prosperity or Bridges to Nowhere? Theory and Evidence on the Impact of Public Infrastructure Investment
w18045 Matthew C. Weinzierl
Why do we Redistribute so Much but Tag so Little? The principle of equal sacrifice and optimal taxation
w18018 Liran Einav
Dan Knoepfle
Jonathan D. Levin
Neel Sundaresan

Sales Taxes and Internet Commerce
w18009 Axel H. Börsch-Supan
Entitlement Reforms in Europe: Policy Mixes in the Current Pension Reform Process
w17986 Dennis N. Epple
Richard Romano

On The Political Economy Of Educational Vouchers
w17988 Andrew Caplin
Daniel J. Martin

Defaults and Attention: The Drop Out Effect
w17989 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez

A Theory of Optimal Capital Taxation
w17977 Hunt Allcott
Sendhil Mullainathan
Dmitry Taubinsky

Energy Policy with Externalities and Internalities
a0645 Raj Chetty and Amy Finkelstein
The Changing Focus of Public Economics Research, 1980-2010
w17937 Laurence Ales
Roozbeh Hosseini
Larry E. Jones

Is There "Too Much" Inequality in Health Spending Across Income Groups?
w17954 Dean Karlan
John A. List

How Can Bill and Melinda Gates Increase Other People's Donations to Fund Public Goods?
w17957 Omar Al-Ubaydli
John A. List

On the Generalizability of Experimental Results in Economics
w17926 Marco Battaglini
Salvatore Nunnari
Thomas Palfrey

The Free Rider Problem: a Dynamic Analysis
w17927 Gopi Shah Goda
Colleen Flaherty Manchester
Aaron Sojourner

What Will My Account Really Be Worth? An Experiment on Exponential Growth Bias and Retirement Saving
w17933 Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

Mandate-Based Health Reform and the Labor Market: Evidence from the Massachusetts Reform
w17913 Ruud de Mooij
Michael Keen

'Fiscal Devaluation' and Fiscal Consolidation: The VAT in Troubled Times
w17914 Edward L. Glaeser
Joshua D. Gottlieb
Kristina Tobio

Housing Booms and City Centers
w17917 Richard W. Evans
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Kerk L. Phillips

Game Over: Simulating Unsustainable Fiscal Policy
w17919 Chunding Li
John Whalley

Indirect Tax Initiatives and Global Rebalancing
w17920 Zhiguo He
Gregor Matvos

Debt and Creative Destruction: Why Could Subsidizing Corporate Debt be Optimal?
w17911 Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen Utkus

Target-Date Funds in 401(k) Retirement Plans
w17899 Hanming Fang
Edward Kung

Why Do Life Insurance Policyholders Lapse? The Roles of Income, Health and Bequest Motive Shocks
w17893 Charles J. Courtemanche
Daniela Zapata

Does Universal Coverage Improve Health? The Massachusetts Experience
w17881 Pïerre Cahuc
Stephane Carcillo

Can Public Sector Wage Bills Be Reduced?
w17882 Arthur Korteweg
Morten Sorensen

Estimating Loan-to-Value and Foreclosure Behavior
w17887 Shamena Anwar
Patrick Bayer
Randi Hjalmarsson

The Role of Age in Jury Selection and Trial Outcomes
w17890 Peter Arcidiacono
Patrick Bayer
Federico A. Bugni
Jonathan James

Approximating High-Dimensional Dynamic Models: Sieve Value Function Iteration
w17891 Shanjun Li
Joshua Linn
Erich Muehlegger

Gasoline Taxes and Consumer Behavior
w17892 Benjamin A. Olken
Junko Onishi
Susan Wong

Should Aid Reward Performance? Evidence from a Field Experiment on Health and Education in Indonesia
w17859 C. Kirabo Jackson
Do College-Prep Programs Improve Long-Term Outcomes?
w17860 Christina D. Romer
David H. Romer

The Incentive Effects of Marginal Tax Rates: Evidence from the Interwar Era
w17861 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Does Generosity Beget Generosity? Alumni Giving and Undergraduate Financial Aid
w17863 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell
Vilsa Curto

Financial Sophistication in the Older Population
w17842 Chiara Criscuolo
Ralf Martin
Henry Overman
John Van Reenen

The Causal Effects of an Industrial Policy
w17843 James J. Choi
Emily Haisley
Jennifer Kurkoski
Cade Massey

Small Cues Change Savings Choices
w17845 Gabriel Chan
Robert Stavins
Robert Stowe
Richard Sweeney

The SO2 Allowance Trading System and the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: Reflections on Twenty Years of Policy Innovation
w17850 Nicholas Bloom
Christos Genakos
Raffaella Sadun
John Van Reenen

Management Practices Across Firms and Countries
w17827 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Claudia Goldin

Does Federal Student Aid Raise Tuition? New Evidence on For-Profit Colleges
w17833 Francesco Caselli
Thomas E. Cunningham
Massimo Morelli
Inés Moreno de Barreda

Signalling, Incumbency Advantage, and Optimal Reelection Thresholds
w17834 Susan Dynarski
Mark Wiederspan

Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
w17799 Robert P. Inman
Daniel L. Rubinfeld

Understanding the Democratic Transition in South Africa
w17802 Aviva Aron-Dine
Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Mark R. Cullen

Moral Hazard in Health Insurance: How Important Is Forward Looking Behavior?
w17803 Gregory F. Branch
Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Estimating the Effect of Leaders on Public Sector Productivity: The Case of School Principals
w17804 Robert W. Fairlie
Dean Karlan
Jonathan Zinman

Behind the GATE Experiment: Evidence on Effects of and Rationales for Subsidized Entrepreneurship Training
w17807 Tal Gross
Matthew J. Notowidigdo
Jialan Wang

Liquidity Constraints and Consumer Bankruptcy: Evidence from Tax Rebates
w17809 H. Spencer Banzhaf
Omar Farooque

Interjurisdictional Housing Prices and Spatial Amenities: Which Measures of Housing Prices Reflect Local Public Goods?
w17813 Johannes F. Schmieder
Till M. von Wachter
Stefan Bender

The Effects of Extended Unemployment Insurance over the Business Cycle: Evidence from Regression Discontinuity Estimates Over Twenty Years
w17814 Johannes F. Schmieder
Till M. von Wachter
Stefan Bender

The Long-Term Effects of Unemployment Insurance Extensions on Employment
w17817 Florian Scheuer
Optimal Asset Taxes in Financial Markets with Aggregate Uncertainty
w17818 Jason M. Lindo
Charles F. Stoecker

Drawn into Violence: Evidence on 'What Makes a Criminal' from the Vietnam Draft Lotteries
w17784 Benjamin B. Lockwood
Matthew C. Weinzierl

De Gustibus non est Taxandum: Heterogeneity in Preferences and Optimal Redistribution
w17794 Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

Aiding Conflict: The Impact of U.S. Food Aid on Civil War
w17755 Charles F. Manski
Identification of Preferences and Evaluation of Income Tax Policy
w17757 John Hassler
Per Krusell

Economics and Climate Change: Integrated Assessment in a Multi-Region World
w17762 B. Douglas Bernheim
Jonathan Meer
Neva K. Novarro

Do Consumers Exploit Precommitment Opportunities? Evidence from Natural Experiments Involving Liquor Consumption
w17766 Hunt Allcott
Michael Greenstone

Is There an Energy Efficiency Gap?
w17770 Jason M. DeBacker
Bradley T. Heim
Anh Tran

Importing Corruption Culture from Overseas: Evidence from Corporate Tax Evasion in the United States
w17748 Martin B. Hackmann
Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

Health Reform, Health Insurance, and Selection: Estimating Selection into Health Insurance Using the Massachusetts Health Reform
w17737 Dean Karlan
Margaret A. McConnell

Hey Look at Me: The Effect of Giving Circles on Giving
w17730 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Land Use Controls and the Provision of Education
w17722 C. Kirabo Jackson
Teacher Quality at the High-School Level: The Importance of Accounting for Tracks
w17724 Christopher R. Knittel
Reducing Petroleum Consumption from Transportation
w17731 Serguey Braguinsky
Sergey V. Mityakov

Foreign Corporations and the Culture of Transparency: Evidence from Russian Administrative Data
2011
w17707 J. Vernon Henderson
Yong Suk Lee

Organization of Disaster Aid Delivery: Spending Your Donations
w17709 Philip J. Cook
Christine Piette Durrance

The Virtuous Tax: Lifesaving and Crime-Prevention Effects of the 1991 Federal Alcohol-Tax Increase
w17715 Maya Rossin-Slater
Christopher J. Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes
w17718 Margaret S. McMillan
William A. Masters
Harounan Kazianga

Rural Demography, Public Services and Land Rights in Africa: A Village-Level Analysis in Burkina Faso
w17704 Alexander M. Gelber
Adam Isen

Children's Schooling and Parents' Investment in Children: Evidence from the Head Start Impact Study
w17685 Dwight Jaffee
John M. Quigley

The Future of the Government Sponsored Enterprises: The Role for Government in the U.S. Mortgage Market
w17688 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
David Benson

Consumption and the Great Recession
w17689 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones
Angshuman Gooptu

Medicaid and the Elderly
w17690 Verónica Amarante
Marco Manacorda
Edward Miguel
Andrea Vigorito

Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Social Security and Program Data
w17697 David H. Autor
The Unsustainable Rise of the Disability Rolls in the United States: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options
w17699 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah E. Rockoff

The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood
w17701 William R. Kerr
Income Inequality and Social Preferences for Redistribution and Compensation Differentials
w17664 Augustin Landier
David Thesmar

Regulating Systemic Risk through Transparency: Tradeoffs in Making Data Public
w17667 Marianne Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes

Immigrants, Welfare Reform, and the U.S. Safety Net
w17671 Fernando Ferreira
Joseph Gyourko

Does Gender Matter for Political Leadership? The Case of U.S. Mayors
w17673 Alan S. Gerber
Gregory A. Huber
David Doherty
Conor M. Dowling
Seth J. Hill

Do Perceptions of Ballot Secrecy Influence Turnout? Results from a Field Experiment
w17677 Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen
Glen R. Waddell

Are Big-Time Sports a Threat to Student Achievement?
w17644 Anna Gumpert
James R. Hines
Jr.
Monika Schnitzer

The Use of Tax Havens in Exemption Regimes
w17647 Gregory Lewis
Patrick Bajari

Moral Hazard, Incentive Contracts and Risk: Evidence from Procurement
w17648 James Andreoni
Justin M. Rao
Hannah Trachtman

Avoiding The Ask: A Field Experiment on Altruism, Empathy, and Charitable Giving
w17654 Casey B. Mulligan
The Expanding Social Safety Net
w17655 Alberto F. Alesina
Dorian Carloni
Giampaolo Lecce

The Electoral Consequences of Large Fiscal Adjustments
w17635 James Andreoni
A. Abigail Payne

Crowding-Out Charitable Contributions in Canada: New Knowledge from the North
w17636 Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis
Robert Slonim

Rewarding Altruism? A Natural Field Experiment
w17637 Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen
Glen R. Waddell

Alcohol and Student Performance: Estimating the Effect of Legal Access
w17642 Mikhail Golosov
Maxim Troshkin
Aleh Tsyvinski

Optimal Dynamic Taxes
w17626 Hans-Werner Sinn
Timo Wollmershaeuser

Target Loans, Current Account Balances and Capital Flows: The ECB's Rescue Facility
w17616 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez
Stefanie Stantcheva

Optimal Taxation of Top Labor Incomes: A Tale of Three Elasticities
w17613 Robert Novy-Marx
Logical Implications of GASB's Methodology for Valuing Pension Liabilities
w17618 James Andreoni
Abigail Payne
Justin D. Smith
David Karp

Diversity and Donations: The Effect of Religious and Ethnic Diversity on Charitable Giving
w17622 Fatih Guvenen
Macroeconomics With Heterogeneity: A Practical Guide
w17628 Matthew Kotchen
Matthew Potoski

Conflicts of Interest Distort Public Evaluations: Evidence from the Top 25 Ballots of NCAA Football Coaches
w17600 John Cawley
Asako S. Moriya
Kosali I. Simon

The Impact of the Macroeconomy on Health Insurance Coverage: Evidence from the Great Recession
w17611 Kelly C. Bishop
Christopher Timmins

Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Estimating Marginal Willingness to Pay for Differentiated Products Without Instrumental Variables
w17585 Julio J. Rotemberg
Charitable Giving When Altruism and Similarity are Linked
w17584 Casey B. Mulligan
Rising Labor Productivity during the 2008-9 Recession
w17587 B. Douglas Bernheim
Andrey Fradkin
Igor Popov

The Welfare Economics of Default Options in 401(k) Plans
w17589 Daniel M. Hungerman
Substitution and Stigma: Evidence on Religious Competition from the Catholic Sex-Abuse Scandal
w17591 Eric A. Hanushek
Susanne Link
Ludger Woessmann

Does School Autonomy Make Sense Everywhere? Panel Estimates from PISA
w17578 Christopher J. Ruhm
Alison Snow Jones
William C. Kerr
Thomas K. Greenfield
Joseph V. Terza
Ravi S. Pandian
Kerry Anne McGeary

What U.S. Data Should be Used to Measure the Price Elasticity of Demand for Alcohol?
w17579 Roland Benabou
Jean Tirole

Laws and Norms
w17562 Marco Battaglini
Stephen Coate

Fiscal Policy and Unemployment
w17569 Joseph E. Aldy
Robert Stavins

The Promise and Problems of Pricing Carbon: Theory and Experience
w17570 Giovanni Peri
The Impact of Immigration on Native Poverty through Labor Market Competition
w17572 Ruben Durante
Giovanna Labartino
Roberto Perotti

Academic Dynasties: Decentralization and Familism in the Italian Academia
w17576 Michael P. Devereux
Simon Loretz

How Would EU Corporate Tax Reform Affect US Investment in Europe?
w17577 William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln
Prachi Mishra

The Dynamics of Firm Lobbying
w17554 Paul W. Glewwe
Eric A. Hanushek
Sarah D. Humpage
Renato Ravina

School Resources and Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature from 1990 to 2010
w17556 Toshi H. Arimura
Shanjun Li
Richard G. Newell
Karen Palmer

Cost-Effectiveness of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs
w17536 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Composition and Draw-down of Wealth in Retirement
w17540 William D. Nordhaus
Estimates of the Social Cost of Carbon: Background and Results from the RICE-2011 Model
w17547 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

How Did the Recession of 2007-2009 Affect the Wealth and Retirement of the Near Retirement Age Population in the Health and Retirement Study?
w17519 Michal Kolesár
Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Edward L. Glaeser
Guido W. Imbens

Identification and Inference with Many Invalid Instruments
w17522 Kristian Rydqvist
Joshua Spizman
Ilya A. Strebulaev

Government Policy and Ownership of Financial Assets
w17527 Yann Algan
Pierre Cahuc
Andrei Shleifer

Teaching Practices and Social Capital
w17531 Martin S. Feldstein
The Tax Reform Act of 1986: Comment on the 25th Anniversary
w17533 Susan Dynarski
Joshua M. Hyman
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion
w17534 Jesse Rothstein
Unemployment Insurance and Job Search in the Great Recession
w17499 Don Fullerton
Catherine Wolfram

The Design and Implementation of U.S. Climate Policy: An Introduction
w17504 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann
Lei Zhang

General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Life-Cycle
w17505 Vasily Kartashov
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

Lifecycle Portfolio Choice with Systematic Longevity Risk and Variable Investment-Linked Deferred Annuities
w17485 Lisa J. Dettling
Melissa Schettini Kearney

House Prices and Birth Rates: The Impact of the Real Estate Market on the Decision to Have a Baby
w17473 Craig E. Landry
Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price
Nicholas G. Rupp

The Hidden Benefits of Control: Evidence from a Natural Field Experiment
w17465 Daniel Gottlieb
Kent Smetters

Grade Non-Disclosure
w17466 R. Alison Felix
James R. Hines
Jr.

Who Offers Tax-Based Business Development Incentives?
w17467 David Neumark
Joanne Song

Do Stronger Age Discrimination Laws Make Social Security Reforms More Effective?
w17469 Brian G. Knight
State Gun Policy and Cross-State Externalities: Evidence from Crime Gun Tracing
w17440 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Does Widowhood Explain Gender Differences in Out-of-Pocket Medical Spending Among the Elderly?
w17445 Casey B. Mulligan
Means-Tested Subsidies and Economic Performance Since 2007
w17446 Ralf Martin
Laure B. de Preux
Ulrich J. Wagner

The Impacts of the Climate Change Levy on Manufacturing: Evidence from Microdata
w17447 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Fiscal Multipliers in Recession and Expansion
w17451 Jeffrey Brown
Amy Finkelstein

Insuring Long Term Care In the US
w17456 Jesse M. Cunha
Giacomo De Giorgi
Seema Jayachandran

The Price Effects of Cash Versus In-Kind Transfers
w17458 William J. Collins
Katharine L. Shester

Slum Clearance and Urban Renewal in the United States
w17438 David J. Deming
Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

School Choice, School Quality and Postsecondary Attainment
w17434 Nicholas J. Sanders
Charles F. Stoecker

Where Have All the Young Men Gone? Using Gender Ratios to Measure Fetal Death Rates
w17435 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Credit Constraints in Education
w17410 Jeffrey R. Kling
Sendhil Mullainathan
Eldar Shafir
Lee Vermeulen
Marian Wrobel

Comparison Friction: Experimental Evidence from Medicare Drug Plans
w17405 Fernando Ferreira
Joseph Gyourko
Joseph Tracy

Housing Busts and Household Mobility: An Update
w17406 Gregory J. Colman
Dhaval M. Dave

Exercise, Physical Activity, and Exertion over the Business Cycle
w17409 Bård Harstad
The Market for Conservation and Other Hostages
w17403 Erwann Michel-Kerjan
Paul Raschky
Howard Kunreuther

Corporate Demand for Insurance: An Empirical Analysis of the U.S. Market for Catastrophe and Non-Catastrophe Risks
w17384 Hanming Fang
Dmitry A. Shapiro
Arthur Zillante

An Experimental Study of Alternative Campaign Finance Systems: Donations, Elections and Policy Choices
w17390 Christopher R. Knittel
Ryan Sandler

Cleaning the Bathwater with the Baby: The Health Co-Benefits of Carbon Pricing in Transportation
w17397 Marco Faravelli
Randall Walsh

Smooth Politicians and Paternalistic Voters: A Theory of Large Elections
w17398 Benjamin A. Olken
Rohini Pande

Corruption in Developing Countries
w17348 Mikhail Golosov
John Hassler
Per Krusell
Aleh Tsyvinski

Optimal Taxes on Fossil Fuel in General Equilibrium
w17364 Patrick Bayer
Robert McMillan

Tiebout Sorting and Neighborhood Stratification
w17369 Brian A. Jacob
Jens Ludwig
Douglas L. Miller

The Effects of Housing and Neighborhood Conditions on Child Mortality
w17374 Fernando Ferreira
Joseph Gyourko

Anatomy of the Beginning of the Housing Boom: U.S. Neighborhoods and Metropolitan Areas, 1993-2009
w17375 Daniel M. Hungerman
Do Religious Proscriptions Matter? Evidence from a Theory-Based Test
w17342 James Andreoni
Charles Sprenger

Uncertainty Equivalents: Testing the Limits of the Independence Axiom
w17315 Gene Amromin
Jennifer Huang
Clemens Sialm
Edward Zhong

Complex Mortgages
w17305 Takero Doi
Takeo Hoshi
Tatsuyoshi Okimoto

Japanese Government Debt and Sustainability of Fiscal Policy
w17309 Rafael Di Tella
Juan Dubra

Free to Punish? The American Dream and the Harsh Treatment of Criminals
w17310 Janet Currie
Erdal Tekin

Is there a Link Between Foreclosure and Health?
w17319 Sanjay K. Chugh
Fabio Ghironi

Optimal Fiscal Policy with Endogenous Product Variety
w17320 Dayanand S. Manoli
Andrea Weber

Nonparametric Evidence on the Effects of Financial Incentives on Retirement Decisions
w17328 Robert J. Barro
José F. Ursua

Rare Macroeconomic Disasters
w17332 Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Explaining Charter School Effectiveness
w17338 Greg Kaplan
Giovanni L. Violante

A Model of the Consumption Response to Fiscal Stimulus Payments
w17287 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

Would People Behave Differently If They Better Understood Social Security? Evidence From a Field Experiment
w17268 Leonard E. Burman
Marvin Phaup

Tax Expenditures, the Size and Efficiency of Government, and Implications for Budget Reform
w17250 Patrick Bayer
Robert McMillan
Alvin Murphy
Christopher Timmins

A Dynamic Model of Demand for Houses and Neighborhoods
w17251 Stephen Calabrese
Dennis N. Epple
Richard Romano

Inefficiencies from Metropolitan Political and Fiscal Decentralization: Failures of Tiebout Competition
w17254 Matthew J. Kotchen
Jon Jungbien Moon

Corporate Social Responsibility for Irresponsibility
w17259 Mark A. Aguiar
Erik Hurst
Loukas Karabarbounis

Time Use During Recessions
w17247 Sara LaLumia
James M. Sallee

The Value of Honesty: Empirical Estimates from the Case of the Missing Children
w17234 Ilyana Kuziemko
Ryan W. Buell
Taly Reich
Michael I. Norton

"Last-place Aversion": Evidence and Redistributive Implications
w17235 Ilyana Kuziemko
Human Capital Spillovers in Families: Do Parents Learn from or Lean on their Children?
w17230 Ruediger Bachmann
Jinhui Bai

Public Consumption Over the Business Cycle
w17236 Mark Duggan
Tamara Hayford

Has the Shift to Managed Care Reduced Medicaid Expenditures? Evidence from State and Local-Level Mandates
w17240 Jonathan A. Parker
On Measuring the Effects of Fiscal Policy in Recessions
w17225 C. Kirabo Jackson
School Competition and Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from Charter School Entry in North Carolina
w17227 Panle Jia Barwick
Parag A. Pathak

The Costs of Free Entry: An Empirical Study of Real Estate Agents in Greater Boston
w17222 Christopher R. Knittel
Douglas L. Miller
Nicholas J. Sanders

Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health
w17214 Louis Kaplow
An Optimal Tax System
w17218 Philippe Belley
Marc Frenette
Lance Lochner

Post-Secondary Attendance by Parental Income in the U.S. and Canada: What Role for Financial Aid Policy?
w17189 Paul J. Ferraro
Michael K. Price

Using Non-Pecuniary Strategies to Influence Behavior: Evidence from a Large Scale Field Experiment
w17190 Amy Finkelstein
Sarah Taubman
Bill Wright
Mira Bernstein
Jonathan Gruber
Joseph P. Newhouse
Heidi Allen
Katherine Baicker
The Oregon Health Study Group

The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment: Evidence from the First Year
w17202 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Tax Policy and the Efficiency of U.S. Direct Investment Abroad
w17210 Michael Greenstone
Rema Hanna

Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India
w17180 John F. Helliwell
Shun Wang

Weekends and Subjective Well-Being
w17173 Kory Kroft
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

Should Unemployment Insurance Vary With the Unemployment Rate? Theory and Evidence
w17185 Ama Baafra Abeberese
Todd J. Kumler
Leigh L. Linden

Improving Reading Skills by Encouraging Children to Read in School: A Randomized Evaluation of the Sa Aklat Sisikat Reading Program in the Philippines
w17171 John M. de Figueiredo
Committee Jurisdiction, Congressional Behavior and Policy Outcomes
w17168 Jonathan Gruber
The Impacts of the Affordable Care Act: How Reasonable Are the Projections?
w17169 Chongyang Chen
Zhonglan Dai
Douglas Shackelford
Harold Zhang

Does Financial Constraint Affect Shareholder Taxes and the Cost of Equity Capital?
w17170 Michael Anderson
Maximilian Auffhammer

Pounds that Kill: The External Costs of Vehicle Weight
w17164 Richard V. Burkhauser
Jeff Larrimore
Kosali I. Simon

A "Second Opinion" on the Economic Health of the American Middle Class
w17128 Angus S. Deaton
The Financial Crisis and the Well-Being of Americans
w17135 Liana E. Fox
Wen-Jui Han
Christopher Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Time for Children: Trends in the Employment Patterns of Parents, 1967-2009
w17145 Stephen Coate
Property Taxation, Zoning, and Efficiency: A Dynamic Analysis
w17155 Elizabeth U. Cascio
Nora E. Gordon
Sarah J. Reber

Federal Aid and Equality of Educational Opportunity: Evidence from the Introduction of Title I in the South
w17114 Alain Jousten
Mathieu Lefebvre
Sergio Perelman

Disability in Belgium: There is More than Meets the Eye
w17082 Eduard Ponds
Clara Severinson
Juan Yermo

Funding in Public Sector Pension Plans - International Evidence
w17083 Garth Heutel
Optimal Policy Instruments for Externality-Producing Durable Goods Under Time Inconsistency
w17087 Sebastian Rausch
Gilbert E. Metcalf
John M. Reilly

Distributional Impacts of Carbon Pricing: A General Equilibrium Approach with Micro-Data for Households
w17089 Sa A. Bui
Steven G. Craig
Scott A. Imberman

Is Gifted Education a Bright Idea? Assessing the Impact of Gifted and Talented Programs on Achievement
w17093 Ran Abramitzky
Victor Lavy

How Responsive is Investment in Schooling to Changes in Redistribution Policies and in Returns
w17081 John Cawley
Christopher Ruhm

The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors
w17065 Christopher J. Mayer
Edward Morrison
Tomasz Piskorski
Arpit Gupta

Mortgage Modification and Strategic Behavior: Evidence from a Legal Settlement with Countrywide
w17070 Craig L. Garthwaite
The Doctor Might See You Now: The Supply Side Effects of Public Health Insurance Expansions
w16989 Stefano DellaVigna
Ruben Enikolopov
Vera Mironova
Maria Petrova
Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia
w17041 Erik Hurst
Benjamin Wild Pugsley

What Do Small Businesses Do?
w17042 Yonatan Ben-Shalom
Robert A. Moffitt
John Karl Scholz

An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Anti-Poverty Programs in the United States
w17047 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna
Ulrike Malmendier

The Role of Theory in Field Experiments
w17049 James Banks
Richard Blundell
Antoine Bozio
Carl Emmerson

Disability, Health and Retirement in the United Kingdom
w17052 Takashi Oshio
Satoshi Shimizutani

Disability Pension Program and Labor Force Participation in Japan: A Historical Perspective
w17055 Luc Behaghel
Didier Blanchet
Thierry Debrand
Muriel Roger

Disability and Social Security Reforms: The French Case
w17006 Leonard Nakamura
Durable Financial Regulation: Monitoring Financial Instruments as a Counterpart to Regulating Financial Institutions
w17008 Geoffrey Heal
Sustainability and its Measurement
w17012 Katherine Casey
Rachel Glennerster
Edward Miguel

Reshaping Institutions: Evidence on Aid Impacts Using a Pre-Analysis Plan
w17015 Kent Smetters
Walter E. Theseira

A Matter of Trust: Understanding Worldwide Public Pension Conversions
w17017 Charles D. Kolstad
Public Goods Agreements with Other-Regarding Preferences
w17018 Jeffrey R. Brown
Arie Kapteyn
Olivia S. Mitchell

Framing Effects and Expected Social Security Claiming Behavior
w17025 Jialun Li
Kent Smetters

Optimal Portfolio Choice with Wage-Indexed Social Security
w17032 James Andreoni
Laura K. Gee

The Hired Gun Mechanism
w17033 James Andreoni
Laura K. Gee

Gun For Hire: Does Delegated Enforcement Crowd out Peer Punishment in Giving to Public Goods?
w17035 Casey Rothschild
Florian Scheuer

Optimal Taxation with Rent-Seeking
w16985 Jesse Bricker
Brian K. Bucks
Arthur Kennickell
Traci L. Mach
Kevin Moore

Drowning or Weathering the Storm? Changes in Family Finances from 2007 to 2009
w17001 Don Fullerton
Daniel Karney
Kathy Baylis

Negative Leakage
w16997 Victor Chernozhukov
Iván Fernández-Val
Amanda E. Kowalski

Quantile Regression with Censoring and Endogeneity
w17002 Siqi Zheng
Matthew E. Kahn

Does Government Investment in Local Public Goods Spur Gentrification? Evidence from Beijing
w16974 Soren T. Anderson
Ryan Kellogg
James M. Sallee

What Do Consumers Believe About Future Gasoline Prices?
w16968 Jed Kolko
David Neumark
Marisol Cuellar Mejia

What Do Business Climate Indexes Teach Us About State Policy and Economic Growth?
w16969 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Stephen P. Ryan
Paul Schrimpf
Mark R. Cullen

Selection on Moral Hazard in Health Insurance
w16973 Daniel M. Hungerman
The Effect of Education on Religion: Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
w16977 Jason Brown
Mark Duggan
Ilyana Kuziemko
William Woolston

How does Risk Selection Respond to Risk Adjustment? Evidence from the Medicare Advantage Program
w16978 Alan B. Krueger
Ilyana Kuziemko

The Demand for Health Insurance Among Uninsured Americans: Results of a Survey Experiment and Implications for Policy
w16948 Monica Martinez-Bravo
Gerard Padró i Miquel
Nancy Qian
Yang Yao

Do Local Elections in Non-Democracies Increase Accountability? Evidence from Rural China
w16956 James D. Hamilton
Jing Cynthia Wu

The Effectiveness of Alternative Monetary Policy Tools in a Zero Lower Bound Environment
w16955 Daniel Bennett
Chun-Fang Chiang
Anup Malani

Learning During a Crisis: the SARS Epidemic in Taiwan
w16945 Jeffrey A. Frankel
A Solution to Fiscal Procyclicality: The Structural Budget Institutions Pioneered by Chile
w16921 Martin Feldstein
Daniel Feenberg
Maya MacGuineas

Capping Individual Tax Expenditure Benefits
w16932 Daria Burnes
David Neumark
Michelle J. White

Fiscal Zoning and Sales Taxes: Do Higher Sales Taxes Lead to More Retailing and Less Manufacturing?
w16913 Michael Greenstone
Elizabeth Kopits
Ann Wolverton

Estimating the Social Cost of Carbon for Use in U.S. Federal Rulemakings: A Summary and Interpretation
w16899 Patrick Bolton
Olivier Jeanne

Sovereign Default Risk and Bank Fragility in Financially Integrated Economies
w16908 John A. List
Does Market Experience Eliminate Market Anomalies? The Case of Exogenous Market Experience
w16887 Erin Todd Bronchetti
Thomas S. Dee
David B. Huffman
Ellen Magenheim

When a Nudge Isn't Enough: Defaults and Saving Among Low-Income Tax Filers
w16888 Shamena Anwar
Hanming Fang

Testing for the Role of Prejudice in Emergency Departments Using Bounceback Rates
w16891 Betsey Stevenson
Justin Wolfers

Trust in Public Institutions over the Business Cycle
w16844 Janet Currie
Michael Greenstone
Enrico Moretti

Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health
w16851 Susan Athey
Dominic Coey
Jonathan Levin

Set-Asides and Subsidies in Auctions
w16863 Justin Marion
Erich Muehlegger

Fuel Tax Incidence and Supply Conditions
w16865 Scott E. Carrell
Bruce I. Sacerdote
James E. West

From Natural Variation to Optimal Policy? The Lucas Critique Meets Peer Effects
w16830 Jishnu Das
Stefan Dercon
James Habyarimana
Pramila Krishnan
Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

School Inputs, Household Substitution, and Test Scores
w16817 C. Kirabo Jackson
Single-Sex Schools, Student Achievement, and Course Selection: Evidence from Rule-Based Student Assignments in Trinidad and Tobago
w16829 John F. Helliwell
Haifang Huang

New measures of the costs of unemployment: Evidence from the subjective well-being of 3.3 million Americans
w16833 Robert A. Moffitt
Peter Gottschalk

Trends in the Transitory Variance of Male Earnings in the U.S., 1970-2004
w16839 Kevin S. Markle
Douglas A. Shackelford

Cross-Country Comparisons of Corporate Income Taxes
w16791 Syngjoo Choi
Shachar Kariv
Wieland Müller
Dan Silverman

Who Is (More) Rational?
w16792 Jeffrey R. Brown
Robert Clark
Joshua Rauh

The Economics of State and Local Public Pensions
w16794 G. Brant Morefield
David C. Ribar
Christopher J. Ruhm

Occupational Status and Health Transitions
w16798 Janet Currie
Inequality at Birth: Some Causes and Consequences
w16802 Mimi Engel
Brian A. Jacob

New Evidence on Teacher Labor Supply
w16812 Carola Frydman
Raven S. Molloy

Does Tax Policy Affect Executive Compensation? Evidence from Postwar Tax Reforms
w16772 Katherine Baicker
Jonathan S. Skinner

Health Care Spending Growth and the Future of U.S. Tax Rates
w16775 Hyunseung Oh
Ricardo Reis

Targeted Transfers and the Fiscal Response to the Great Recession
w16779 Joshua Aizenman
Gurnain Kaur Pasricha

Net Fiscal Stimulus During the Great Recession
w16783 Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

School Admissions Reform in Chicago and England: Comparing Mechanisms by Their Vulnerability to Manipulation
w16784 Patrick Bayer
Christopher Geissler
Kyle Mangum
James W. Roberts

Speculators and Middlemen: The Strategy and Performance of Investors in the Housing Market
w16786 Roberto Perotti
The Effects of Tax Shocks on Output: Not So Large, But Not Small Either
w16787 Santiago Carbo-Valverde
Edward J. Kane
Francisco Rodriguez-Fernandez

Safety-Net Benefits Conferred on Difficult-to-Fail-and-Unwind Banks in the US and EU Before and During the Great Recession
w16756 Lee J. Alston
Krister Andersson

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Forest Protection: The Transaction Costs of REDD
w16768 Don Fullerton
Garth Heutel
Gilbert E. Metcalf

Does the Indexing of Government Transfers Make Carbon Pricing Progressive?
w16769 Robert J. Barro
Rachel M. McCleary

Saints Marching In, 1590-2009
w16727 Thomas Philippon
Philipp Schnabl

Informational Rents, Macroeconomic Rents, and Efficient Bailouts
w16722 Lance Lochner
Non-Production Benefits of Education: Crime, Health, and Good Citizenship
w16723 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein

Selection in Insurance Markets: Theory and Empirics in Pictures
w16729 Raj Chetty
Adam Guren
Dayanand S. Manoli
Andrea Weber

Does Indivisible Labor Explain the Difference Between Micro and Macro Elasticities? A Meta-Analysis of Extensive Margin Elasticities
w16748 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Erik Hurst
Alexandra Killewald

Marital Sorting and Parental Wealth
w16749 Emmanuel Farhi
Iván Werning

Insurance and Taxation over the Life Cycle
w16751 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Consumption and Income Poverty over the Business Cycle
w16715 Ori Heffetz
John A. List

Is the Endowment Effect a Reference Effect?
w16701 Sam Schulhofer-Wohl
Negative Equity Does Not Reduce Homeowners' Mobility
w16703 Don Fullerton
Six Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy
w16684 Jonathan A. Parker
Nicholas S. Souleles
David S. Johnson
Robert McClelland

Consumer Spending and the Economic Stimulus Payments of 2008
w16693 Barry K. Goodwin
Ashok K. Mishra
François Ortalo-Magné

The Buck Stops Where? The Distribution of Agricultural Subsidies
w16694 Roger H. Gordon
Wei Li

Provincial and Local Governments in China: Fiscal Institutions and Government Behavior
w16659 Dhaval M. Dave
Nancy E. Reichman
Hope Corman
Dhiman Das

Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training
w16663 Julie Berry Cullen
Mark C. Long
Randall Reback

Jockeying for Position: Strategic High School Choice Under Texas' Top Ten Percent Plan
w16671 Dalton Conley
Jennifer Heerwig

The War at Home: Effects of Vietnam-Era Military Service on Post-War Household Stability
2010
w16643 Joshua Angrist
Philip Oreopoulos
Tyler Williams

When Opportunity Knocks, Who Answers? New Evidence on College Achievement Awards
w16604 James M. Sallee
Joel Slemrod

Car Notches: Strategic Automaker Responses to Fuel Economy Policy
w16606 Eric A. Hanushek
The Economic Value of Higher Teacher Quality
w16608 Grant D. Jacobsen
Matthew J. Kotchen
Michael P. Vandenbergh

The Behavioral Response to Voluntary Provision of an Environmental Public Good: Evidence from Residential Electricity Demand
w16619 Mikhail Golosov
Maxim Troshkin
Aleh Tsyvinski
Matthew Weinzierl

Preference Heterogeneity and Optimal Capital Income Taxation
w16627 Klaas van 't Veld
Matthew J. Kotchen

Green Clubs
w16598 C. Kirabo Jackson
Can Higher-Achieving Peers Explain the Benefits to Attending Selective Schools?: Evidence from Trinidad and Tobago
w16602 Janet Currie
Wanchuan Lin
Wei Zhang

Patient Knowledge and Antibiotic Abuse: Evidence from an Audit Study in China
w16566 Joshua Angrist
Ivan Fernandez-Val

ExtrapoLATE-ing: External Validity and Overidentification in the LATE Framework
w16568 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Glenn Loury

Valuing Identity
w16577 Jonathan A. Parker
Annette Vissing-Jorgensen

The Increase in Income Cyclicality of High-Income Households and its Relation to the Rise in Top Income Shares
w16579 Joseph G. Altonji
Ching-I Huang
Christopher R. Taber

Estimating the Cream Skimming Effect of School Choice
w16586 Christopher J. Mayer
Tomasz Piskorski
Alexei Tchistyi

The Inefficiency of Refinancing: Why Prepayment Penalties Are Good for Risky Borrowers
w16553 Priyank Gandhi
Hanno Lustig

Size Anomalies in U.S. Bank Stock Returns: A Fiscal Explanation
w16530 B. Douglas Bernheim
Navin Kartik

Candidates, Character, and Corruption
w16531 Andrew Paciorek
Todd M. Sinai

Does Home Owning Smooth the Variability of Future Housing Consumption?
w16542 C. Simon Fan
Chen Lin
Daniel Treisman

Embezzlement Versus Bribery
w16545 Henrik Kleven
Camille Landais
Emmanuel Saez

Taxation and International Migration of Superstars: Evidence from the European Football Market
w16527 Erik Hurst
Geng Li
Benjamin Pugsley

Are Household Surveys Like Tax Forms: Evidence from Income Underreporting of the Self Employed
w16526 Camille Landais
Pascal Michaillat
Emmanuel Saez

A Macroeconomic Theory of Optimal Unemployment Insurance
w16515 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

How Much Do Educational Outcomes Matter in OECD Countries?
w16518 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
James E. West

Is Poor Fitness Contagious? Evidence from Randomly Assigned Friends
w16500 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Financial Knowledge and Financial Literacy at the Household Level
w16501 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Growth in Social Security Benefits Among the Retirement Age Population from Increases in the Cap on Covered Earnings
w16503 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Policy Effects in Hyperbolic vs. Exponential Models of Consumption and Retirement
w16504 Marianne Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes

The State of the Safety Net in the Post-Welfare Reform Era
w16509 Aimee Chin
Nishith Prakash

The Redistributive Effects of Political Reservation for Minorities: Evidence from India
w16483 Catherine L. Kling
John A. List
Jinhua Zhao

A Dynamic Explanation of the Willingness to Pay and Willingness to Accept Disparity
w16486 Ian W.H. Parry
Roberton C. Williams III

What Are the Costs of Meeting Distributional Objectives for Climate Policy?
w16489 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Alex Rees-Jones

Do People Seek to Maximize Happiness? Evidence from New Surveys
w16451 Martin S. Feldstein
Preventing a National Debt Explosion
w16453 Joshua Rauh
Robert Novy-Marx

Policy Options for State Pension Systems and Their Impact on Plan Liabilities
w16456 George Pennacchi
Mahdi Rastad

Portfolio Allocation for Public Pension Funds
w16466 James Sallee
The Taxation of Fuel Economy
w16467 John Cawley
Chad Meyerhoefer

The Medical Care Costs of Obesity: An Instrumental Variables Approach
w16475 David A. Jaeger
Esteban F. Klor
Sami H. Miaari
M. Daniele Paserman

Can Militants Use Violence to Win Public Support? Evidence from the Second Intifada
w16450 Robert Clark
Melinda S. Morrill

The Funding Status of Retiree Health Plans in the Public Sector
w16433 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Peter Tufano
Jonathan Guryan
Erik Hurst

Making Savers Winners: An Overview of Prize-Linked Savings Products
w16438 Hanming Fang
Yang Wang

Estimating Dynamic Discrete Choice Models with Hyperbolic Discounting, with an Application to Mammography Decisions
w16442 Alicia H. Munnell
Jean-Pierre Aubry
Laura Quinby

Public Pension Funding in Practice
w16406 Gopi Shah Goda
The Impact of State Tax Subsidies for Private Long-Term Care Insurance on Coverage and Medicaid Expenditures
w16408 John Cawley
Johanna Catherine Maclean

Unfit for Service: The Implications of Rising Obesity for U.S. Military Recruitment
w16409 Henning Bohn
Should Public Retirement Plans be Fully Funded?
w16414 Billie Davis
John Engberg
Dennis N. Epple
Holger Sieg
Ron Zimmer

Evaluating the Gifted Program of an Urban School District using a Modified Regression Discontinuity Design
w16415 Lara B. Aknin
Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh
Elizabeth W. Dunn
John F. Helliwell
Robert Biswas-Diener
Imelda Kemeza
Paul Nyende
Claire E. Ashton-James
Michael I. Norton

Prosocial Spending and Well-Being: Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal
w16423 Christina Aperjis
Yali Miao
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Variable Temptations and Black Mark Reputations
w16396 David Card
Alexandre Mas
Enrico Moretti
Emmanuel Saez

Inequality at Work: The Effect of Peer Salaries on Job Satisfaction
w16381 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Nathaniel Hilger
Emmanuel Saez
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach
Danny Yagan

How Does Your Kindergarten Classroom Affect Your Earnings? Evidence From Project STAR
w16366 Shamena Anwar
Patrick Bayer
Randi Hjalmarsson

The Impact of Jury Race in Criminal Trials
w16370 Soren T. Anderson
Carolyn Fischer
Ian Parry
James M. Sallee

Automobile Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts, Efficiency, and Alternatives
w16372 James Andreoni
A. Abigail Payne

Is Crowding Out Due Entirely to Fundraising? Evidence from a Panel of Charities
w16373 James Andreoni
Justin M. Rao

The Power of Asking: How Communication Affects Selfishness, Empathy, and Altruism
w16342 Melvin Stephens
Jr.
Takashi Unayama

The Consumption Response to Seasonal Income: Evidence from Japanese Public Pension Benefits
w16346 Agustín S. Bénétrix
Philip R. Lane

International Differences in Fiscal Policy During the Global Crisis
w16347 James Andreoni
Charles Sprenger

Estimating Time Preferences from Convex Budgets
w16348 James Andreoni
Charles Sprenger

Risk Preferences Are Not Time Preferences: Discounted Expected Utility with a Disproportionate Preference for Certainty
w16353 Robert S. Pindyck
Fat Tails, Thin Tails, and Climate Change Policy
w16356 John M. de Figueiredo
Chang Ho Ji
Thad Kousser

Financing Direct Democracy: Revisiting the Research on Campaign Spending and Citizen Initiatives
w16327 Fatih Guvenen
Anthony Smith

Inferring Labor Income Risk from Economic Choices: An Indirect Inference Approach
w16330 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
James E. West

Does Drinking Impair College Performance? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Approach
w16311 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Measuring the Output Responses to Fiscal Policy
w16304 Serguei Maliar
Lilia Maliar
Kenneth L. Judd

Solving the Multi-Country Real Business Cycle Model Using Ergodic Set Methods
w16315 Alessandra Casella
Aniol Llorente-Saguer
Thomas R. Palfrey

Competitive Equilibrium in Markets for Votes
w16271 Bruce Ian Carlin
David T. Robinson

What Does Financial Literacy Training Teach Us?
w16275 Mathias Dolls
Clemens Fuest
Andreas Peichl

Automatic Stabilizers and Economic Crisis: US vs. Europe
w16277 Raquel Fernández
Does Culture Matter?
w16279 C. Kirabo Jackson
Henry S. Schneider

Do Social Connections Reduce Moral Hazard? Evidence from the New York City Taxi Industry
w16280 Hilary W. Hoynes
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

The Insurance Value of State Tax-and-Transfer Programs
w16289 Karel Mertens
Morten Ravn

Empirical Evidence on the Aggregate Effects of Anticipated and Unanticipated U.S. Tax Policy Shocks
w16296 William N. Evans
Craig L. Garthwaite

Giving Mom a Break: The Impact of Higher EITC Payments on Maternal Health
w16299 Leah Platt Boustan
Fernando Ferreira
Hernan Winkler
Eric Zolt

Income Inequality and Local Government in the United States, 1970-2000
w16258 Katja Seim
Joel Waldfogel

Public Monopoly and Economic Efficiency: Evidence from the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board's Entry Decisions
w16268 Louis Kaplow
Taxes, Permits, and Climate Change
w16234 Steven Shavell
Corrective Taxation versus Liability
w16235 Steven Shavell
The Corrective Tax versus Liability As Solutions to the Problem of Harmful Externalities
w16237 Veronica Guerrieri
Daniel Hartley
Erik Hurst

Endogenous Gentrification and Housing Price Dynamics
w16241 Matthew E. Kahn
Matthew J. Kotchen

Environmental Concern and the Business Cycle: The Chilling Effect of Recession
w16246 Claudia R. Sahm
Matthew D. Shapiro
Joel Slemrod

Check in the Mail or More in the Paycheck: Does the Effectiveness of Fiscal Stimulus Depend on How It Is Delivered?
w16207 Charles F. Manski
Policy Analysis with Incredible Certitude
w16211 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Does Stock Market Performance Influence Retirement Intentions?
w16212 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected from Inflation?
w16194 Grant D. Jacobsen
Matthew J. Kotchen

Are Building Codes Effective at Saving Energy? Evidence from Residential Billing Data in Florida
w16189 Jing Wu
Joseph Gyourko
Yongheng Deng

Evaluating Conditions in Major Chinese Housing Markets
w16196 Rachel Glennerster
Edward Miguel
Alexander Rothenberg

Collective Action in Diverse Sierra Leone Communities
w16198 Hilary Williamson Hoynes
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Work Incentives and the Food Stamp Program
w16199 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Jianjun Miao

What Does the Corporate Income Tax Tax? A Simple Model without Capital
w16099 Gopi Shah Goda
Colleen Flaherty Manchester

Incorporating Employee Heterogeneity into Default Rules for Retirement Plan Selection
w16163 Ryan D. Edwards
A Review of War Costs in Iraq and Afghanistan
w16169 Ryan Chahrour
Stephanie Schmitt-Grohé
Martín Uribe

A Model-Based Evaluation of the Debate on the Size of the Tax Multiplier
w16184 Roberton C. Williams III
Growing State-Federal Conflicts in Environmental Policy: The Role of Market-Based Regulation
w16144 David Albouy
Evaluating the Efficiency and Equity of Federal Fiscal Equalization
w16149 Christopher J. Ruhm
Understanding Overeating and Obesity
w16152 Luke N. Condra
Joseph H. Felter
Radha K. Iyengar
Jacob N. Shapiro

The Effect of Civilian Casualties in Afghanistan and Iraq
w16155 Gary V. Engelhardt
Jonathan Gruber

Medicare Part D and the Financial Protection of the Elderly
w16157 François Gourio
Jianjun Miao

Transitional Dynamics of Dividend and Capital Gains Tax Cuts
w16120 Roberton C. Williams III
Setting the Initial Time-Profile of Climate Policy: The Economics of Environmental Policy Phase-Ins
w16123 Lawrence H. Goulder
Robert N. Stavins

Interactions between State and Federal Climate Change Policies
w16129 Jennifer Blouin
Jana Raedy
Douglas Shackelford

Dividends, Share Repurchases, and Tax Clienteles: Evidence from the 2003 Reductions in Shareholder Taxes
w16137 David N. Figlio
Deborah Fletcher

Suburbanization, Demographic Change and the Consequences for School Finance
w16119 Bård Harstad
Buy coal? Deposit markets prevent carbon leakage
w16139 Neeraj Kaushal
Robert Kaestner

Health and Health Insurance Trajectories of Mexicans in the US
w16086 Robert P. Inman
States in Fiscal Distress
w16096 Matias Busso
Jesse Gregory
Patrick M. Kline

Assessing the Incidence and Efficiency of a Prominent Place Based Policy
w16097 Sean Corcoran
William N. Evans

Income Inequality, the Median Voter, and the Support for Public Education
w16101 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Aparna Mathur
Kevin A. Hassett

Distributional Impacts in a Comprehensive Climate Policy Package
w16108 Ryan D. Edwards
U.S. War Costs: Two Parts Temporary, One Part Permanent
w16112 John C. Ham
I. Serkan Ozbeklik
Lara Shore-Sheppard

Estimating Heterogeneous Treatment Effects of Medicaid Expansions on Take-up and Crowd-out
w16066 Courtney C. Coile
Phillip B. Levine

Recessions, Reeling Markets, and Retiree Well-Being
w16076 Gopi Shah Goda
Ezra Golberstein
David C. Grabowski

Income and the Utilization of Long-Term Care Services: Evidence from the Social Security Benefit Notch
w16050 Antony Millner
Simon Dietz
Geoffrey Heal

Ambiguity and Climate Policy
w16064 James J. Heckman
John Eric Humphries
Nicholas S. Mader

The GED
w16032 Nicholas Bloom
Carol Propper
Stephan Seiler
John Van Reenen

The Impact of Competition on Management Quality: Evidence from Public Hospitals
w16036 Jonathan E. Alevy
John List
Wiktor Adamowicz

How Can Behavioral Economics Inform Non-Market Valuation? An Example from the Preference Reversal Literature
w16008 Andrew Ang
Vineer Bhansali
Yuhang Xing

Build America Bonds
w16011 Robert Kaestner
Nasreen Khan

Medicare Part D and its Effect on the Use of Prescription Drugs, Use of Other Health Care Services and Health of the Elderly
w16009 Isaac Ehrlich
Tetsuya Saito

Taxing Guns vs. Taxing Crime: An Application of the "Market for Offenses Model"
w16016 John DiNardo
David S. Lee

Program Evaluation and Research Designs
w16025 John F. Helliwell
Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh

How Much is Social Capital Worth?
w15980 Vivi Alatas
Abhijit Banerjee
Rema Hanna
Benjamin A. Olken
Julia Tobias

Targeting the Poor: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia
w15984 Richard Crump
Gopi Shah Goda
Kevin Mumford

Fertility and the Personal Exemption: Comment
w15990 C. Kirabo Jackson
Match Quality, Worker Productivity, and Worker Mobility: Direct Evidence From Teachers
w15998 Raj Chetty
Adam Szeidl

The Effect of Housing on Portfolio Choice
w15962 Hamish Low
Luigi Pistaferri

Disability Risk, Disability Insurance and Life Cycle Behavior
w15963 Damon Jones
Inertia and Overwithholding: Explaining the Prevalence of Income Tax Refunds
w15966 Donald Boyd
Hamilton Lankford
Susanna Loeb
Matthew Ronfeldt
James Wyckoff

The Role of Teacher Quality in Retention and Hiring: Using Applications-to-Transfer to Uncover Preferences of Teachers and Schools
w15967 Astrid Dannenberg
Andreas Lange
Bodo Sturm

On the Formation of Coalitions to Provide Public Goods - Experimental Evidence from the Lab
w15971 Casey B. Mulligan
The Housing Cycle and Prospects for Technical Progress
w15956 Ross Levine
An Autopsy of the U.S. Financial System
w15949 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

The Economics of International Differences in Educational Achievement
w15955 Patrick Bajari
Phoebe Chan
Dirk Krueger
Daniel Miller

A Dynamic Model of Housing Demand: Estimation and Policy Implications
w15935 Don Fullerton
Holly Monti

Can Pollution Tax Rebates Protect Low-Income Families? The Effects of Relative Wage Rates
w15902 Robert J. Barro
Jong-Wha Lee

A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950-2010
w15911 John F. Helliwell
Shun Wang

Trust and Well-being
w15915 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Household Location and Schools in Metropolitan Areas with Heterogeneous Suburbs; Tiebout, Alonso, and Government Policy
w15894 Lance Lochner
Education Policy and Crime
w15887 John F. Helliwell
Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh

Measuring and Understanding Subjective Well-Being
w15885 Lucas W. Davis
Erich Muehlegger

Do Americans Consume Too Little Natural Gas? An Empirical Test of Marginal Cost Pricing
w15897 Casey B. Mulligan
Luke Threinen

The Marginal Products of Residential and Non-Residential Capital Through 2009
w15860 Hanming Fang
Andrea Moro

Theories of Statistical Discrimination and Affirmative Action: A Survey
w15861 Jeffrey Brown
Stephen G. Dimmock
Jun-Koo Kang
Scott Weisbenner

How University Endowments Respond to Financial Market Shocks: Evidence and Implications
w15863 Douglas Gollin
Richard Rogerson

Agriculture, Roads, and Economic Development in Uganda
w15867 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Sample Selectivity and the Validity of International Student Achievement Tests in Economic Research
w15872 C. Kirabo Jackson
Emily Greene Owens

One for the Road: Public Transportation, Alcohol Consumption, and Intoxicated Driving
w15873 Dalton Conley
Emily Rauscher

The Effect of Daughters on Partisanship
w15855 Jonathan Gruber
Samuel A. Kleiner

Do Strikes Kill? Evidence from New York State
w15839 Lauren Cohen
Joshua D. Coval
Christopher Malloy

Do Powerful Politicians Cause Corporate Downsizing?
w15846 N. Gregory Mankiw
Spreading the Wealth Around: Reflections Inspired by Joe the Plumber
w15847 Marco Del Negro
Fabrizio Perri
Fabiano Schivardi

Tax buyouts
w15818 Louis Kaplow
On the Taxation of Private Transfers
w15805 Stavros Panageas
Optimal retirement benefit guarantees
w15816 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Constrained Job Matching: Does Teacher Job Search Harm Disadvantaged Urban Schools?
w15794 Joshua Angrist
Jörn-Steffen Pischke

The Credibility Revolution in Empirical Economics: How Better Research Design is Taking the Con out of Econometrics
w15798 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie
Emilia Simeonova

Public vs. Private Provision of Charity Care? Evidence from the Expiration of Hill-Burton Requirements in Florida
w15800 Casey B. Mulligan
Simple Analytics and Empirics of the Government Spending Multiplier and Other "Keynesian" Paradoxes
w15741 Wojciech Kopczuk
Economics of estate taxation: a brief review of theory and evidence
w15745 Emmanuel Saez
Manos Matsaganis
Panos Tsakloglou

Earnings Determination and Taxes: Evidence from a Cohort Based Payroll Tax Reform in Greece
w15775 Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Maxim Pinkovskiy

African Poverty is Falling...Much Faster than You Think!
w15777 Casey B. Mulligan
Foreclosures, Enforcement, and Collections under the Federal Mortgage Modification Guidelines
w15785 Thomas Philippon
Vasiliki Skreta

Optimal Interventions in Markets with Adverse Selection
w15786 Liran Einav
Jonathan D. Levin

Empirical Industrial Organization: A Progress Report
w15788 Don Fullerton
Garth Heutel

Analytical General Equilibrium Effects of Energy Policy on Output and Factor Prices
w15761 Hanming Fang
Edward Kung

How Does Life Settlement Affect the Primary Life Insurance Market?
w15766 Jonathan Gruber
The Tax Exclusion for Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance
w15769 Henrik J. Kleven
Martin B. Knudsen
Claus T. Kreiner
Søren Pedersen
Emmanuel Saez

Unwilling or Unable to Cheat? Evidence from a Randomized Tax Audit Experiment in Denmark
w15740 Joshua D. Angrist
Susan M. Dynarski
Thomas J. Kane
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

Who Benefits from KIPP?
w15655 Brian A. Jacob
The Effect of Employment Protection on Worker Effort: Evidence from Public Schooling
w15715 Brian A. Jacob
Do Principals Fire the Worst Teachers?
w15724 Patrick Bajari
Jane Cooley
Kyoo il Kim
Christopher Timmins

A Theory-Based Approach to Hedonic Price Regressions with Time-Varying Unobserved Product Attributes: The Price of Pollution
w15693 Daron Acemoglu
Institutions, Factor Prices and Taxation: Virtues of Strong States?
w15701 John A. List
Sally Sadoff
Mathis Wagner

So you want to run an experiment, now what? Some Simple Rules of Thumb for Optimal Experimental Design
w15713 Brian G. Knight
Nathan Schiff

Spatial Competition and Cross-border Shopping: Evidence from State Lotteries
w15665 John Graham
Jana Raedy
Douglas Shackelford

Research in Accounting for Income Taxes
w15666 H. Spencer Banzhaf
B. Andrew Chupp

Heterogeneous Harm vs. Spatial Spillovers: Environmental Federalism and US Air Pollution
w15681 Casey B. Mulligan
Aggregate Implications of Labor Market Distortions: The Recession of 2008-9 and Beyond
w15682 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

The Effect of Uncertain Labor Income and Social Security on Life-cycle Portfolios
w15683 Brian A. Jacob
Tamara Wilder

Educational Expectations and Attainment
w15686 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Iuliana Pascu
Mark R. Cullen

How general are risk preferences? Choices under uncertainty in different domains.
w15649 Tomas J. Philipson
Gary Becker
Dana Goldman
Kevin M. Murphy

Terminal Care and The Value of Life Near Its End
w15654 Nicole M. Baran
Paola Sapienza
Luigi Zingales

Can we infer social preferences from the lab? Evidence from the trust game
w15656 Louis Kaplow
Targeted Savings and Labor Supply
w15659 Ulrike Malmendier
Geoffrey Tate
Jonathan Yan

Overconfidence and Early-life Experiences: The Impact of Managerial Traits on Corporate Financial Policies
w15637 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

Causes and Consequences of Early Life Health
w15643 Alexander Whalley
Elected Versus Appointed Policymakers: Evidence from City Treasurers
2009
w15616 Raj Chetty
Bounds on Elasticities with Optimization Frictions: A Synthesis of Micro and Macro Evidence on Labor Supply
w15617 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Tore Olsen
Luigi Pistaferri

Adjustment Costs, Firm Responses, and Micro vs. Macro Labor Supply Elasticities: Evidence from Danish Tax Records
w15629 Stefano DellaVigna
John A. List
Ulrike Malmendier

Testing for Altruism and Social Pressure in Charitable Giving
w15607 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier

Integrating Retirement Models
w15612 Austan Goolsbee
Michael Lovenheim
Joel B. Slemrod

Playing With Fire: Cigarettes, Taxes and Competition From the Internet
w15615 Vera Kononova
John Whalley

Recent Russian Debate on Moving from VAT to Sales Taxes and Its Global Implications
w15614 Daniel Elfenbein
Raymond Fisman
Brian McManus

Reputation, Altruism, and the Benefits of Seller Charity in an Online Marketplace
w15586 Alma Cohen
Peter Siegelman

Testing for Adverse Selection in Insurance Markets
w15589 Hilary W. Hoynes
Marianne E. Page
Ann Huff Stevens

Is a WIC Start a Better Start? Evaluating WIC's Impact on Infant Health Using Program Introduction
w15595 Louis Kaplow
Utility from Accumulation
w15582 Dirk Krueger
Fabrizio Perri

Public versus Private Risk Sharing
w15583 Alexander M. Gelber
Joshua W. Mitchell

Taxes and Time Allocation: Evidence from Single Women
w15550 Francesco Caselli
Guy Michaels

Do Oil Windfalls Improve Living Standards? Evidence from Brazil
w15554 Dirk Krueger
Fabrizio Perri
Luigi Pistaferri
Giovanni L. Violante

Cross Sectional Facts for Macroeconomists
w15549 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Joshua Angrist
Susan Dynarski
Thomas J. Kane
Parag Pathak

Accountability and Flexibility in Public Schools: Evidence from Boston's Charters and Pilots
w15526 Fatih Guvenen
Burhanettin Kuruscu
Serdar Ozkan

Taxation of Human Capital and Wage Inequality: A Cross-Country Analysis
w15531 Thomas Dee
Brian Jacob

The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement
w15488 Robert A. Moffitt
John Karl Scholz

Trends in the Level and Distribution of Income Support
w15493 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Family Bonding with Universities
w15461 Susan Dynarski
Jonathan Gruber
Danielle Li

Cheaper By the Dozen: Using Sibling Discounts at Catholic Schools to Estimate the Price Elasticity of Private School Attendance
w15462 Todd M. Sinai
Nicholas S. Souleles

Can Owning a Home Hedge the Risk of Moving?
w15465 Efraim Benmelech
Claude Berrebi
Esteban F. Klor

The Economic Cost of Harboring Terrorism
w15446 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Changing Selectivity of American Colleges
w15434 Leemore Dafny
Mark Duggan
Subramaniam Ramanarayanan

Paying a Premium on Your Premium? Consolidation in the U.S. Health Insurance Industry
w15451 Daron Acemoglu
Philippe Aghion
Leonardo Bursztyn
David Hemous

The Environment and Directed Technical Change
w15453 John List
Charles Mason

Are CEOs Expected Utility Maximizers?
w15420 John A. List
The Economics of Open Air Markets
w15421 Claudia R. Sahm
Matthew D. Shapiro
Joel B. Slemrod

Household Response to the 2008 Tax Rebate: Survey Evidence and Aggregate Implications
w15429 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Investment in Energy Infrastructure and the Tax Code
w15405 Stavros Panageas
Optimal taxation in the presence of bailouts
w15407 Alan J. Auerbach
William G. Gale

Activist Fiscal Policy to Stabilize Economic Activity
w15408 Anthony B. Atkinson
Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez

Top Incomes in the Long Run of History
w15413 Janet Currie
W. Reed Walker

Traffic Congestion and Infant Health: Evidence from E-ZPass
w15396 Hongbin Cai
Yuyu Chen
Hanming Fang
Li-An Zhou

Microinsurance, Trust and Economic Development: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Field Experiment
w15400 Daron Acemoglu
Mikhail Golosov
Aleh Tsyvinski

Power Fluctuations and Political Economy
w15373 Robert S. Pindyck
Neng Wang

The Economic and Policy Consequences of Catastrophes
w15383 Darius N. Lakdawalla
Seth A. Seabury

The Welfare Effects of Medical Malpractice Liability
w15387 David Deming
Susan Dynarski

Into College, Out of Poverty? Policies to Increase the Postsecondary Attainment of the Poor
w15354 Dave E. Marcotte
Sara Markowitz

A Cure for Crime? Psycho-Pharmaceuticals and Crime Trends
w15369 Robert J. Barro
Charles J. Redlick

Macroeconomic Effects from Government Purchases and Taxes
w15328 William Congdon
Jeffrey R. Kling
Sendhil Mullainathan

Behavioral Economics and Tax Policy
w15337 Lawrence H. Goulder
Mark R. Jacobsen
Arthur A. van Benthem

Unintended Consequences from Nested State & Federal Regulations: The Case of the Pavley Greenhouse-Gas-per-Mile Limits
w15343 Mathias Trabandt
Harald Uhlig

How Far Are We From The Slippery Slope? The Laffer Curve Revisited
w15347 Kenneth Kovash
Steven D. Levitt

Professionals Do Not Play Minimax: Evidence from Major League Baseball and the National Football League
w15320 Richard V. Burkhauser
Shuaizhang Feng
Stephen P. Jenkins
Jeff Larrimore

Recent Trends in Top Income Shares in the USA: Reconciling Estimates from March CPS and IRS Tax Return Data
w15317 Ning Tang
Olivia S. Mitchell
Gary R. Mottola
Stephen Utkus

The Efficiency of Sponsor and Participant Portfolio Choices in 401(k) Plans
w15323 Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

Teacher Performance Pay: Experimental Evidence from India
w15326 Emily Oster
Ira Shoulson
Kimberly Quaid
E. Ray Dorsey

Genetic Adverse Selection: Evidence from Long-Term Care Insurance and Huntington Disease
w15327 Clemens Sialm
Laura Starks

Mutual Fund Tax Clienteles
w15290 Martin S. Feldstein
Economic Conditions and U.S. National Security in the 1930s and Today
w15291 Scott Imberman
Adriana D. Kugler
Bruce Sacerdote

Katrina's Children: Evidence on the Structure of Peer Effects from Hurricane Evacuees
w15293 Lawrence H. Goulder
Marc A. C. Hafstead
Michael S. Dworsky

Impacts of Alternative Emissions Allowance Allocation Methods under a Federal Cap-and-Trade Program
w15294 Marc N. Conte
Matthew J. Kotchen

Explaining the Price of Voluntary Carbon Offsets
w15298 Stefano DellaVigna
Matthew Gentzkow

Persuasion: Empirical Evidence
w15300 Eduardo Engel
Ronald Fischer
Alexander Galetovic

Soft Budgets and Renegotiations in Public-Private Partnerships
w15302 Daron Acemoglu
Mikhail Golosov
Aleh Tsyvinski

Political Economy of Ramsey Taxation
w15262 Stephen P. Holland
Taxes and Trading versus Intensity Standards: Second-Best Environmental Policies with Incomplete Regulation (Leakage) or Market Power
w15263 R. Alison Felix
James R. Hines
Jr.

Corporate Taxes and Union Wages in the United States
w15280 Michael Kremer
Jessica Leino
Edward Miguel
Alix Peterson Zwane

Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions
w15281 Casey B. Mulligan
Means-Tested Mortgage Modification: Homes Saved or Income Destroyed?
w15218 Henrik Jacobsen Kleven
Claus Thustrup Kreiner
Emmanuel Saez

Why Can Modern Governments Tax So Much? An Agency Model of Firms as Fiscal Intermediaries
w15220 Andrew Gelman
Nate Silver
Aaron Edlin

What is the probability your vote will make a difference?
w15221 Benjamin A. Olken
Monica Singhal

Informal Taxation
w15224 David Albouy
Partisan Representation in Congress and the Geographic Distribution of Federal Funds
w15241 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Jonathan Levin

Beyond Testing: Empirical Models of Insurance Markets
w15242 Rajkamal Iyer
Asim Ijaz Khwaja
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Kelly Shue

Screening Peers Softly: Inferring the Quality of Small Borrowers
w15246 Raj Chetty
The Simple Economics of Salience and Taxation
w15259 Robert S. Pindyck
Uncertain Outcomes and Climate Change Policy
w15177 John R. Graham
Hyunseob Kim

The Effects of the Length of the Tax-Loss Carryback Period on Tax Receipts and Corporate Marginal Tax Rates
w15181 Bruce D. Meyer
Wallace K. C. Mok
James X. Sullivan

The Under-Reporting of Transfers in Household Surveys: Its Nature and Consequences
w15183 Seth M. Freedman
Melissa Schettini Kearney
Mara Lederman

Product Recalls, Imperfect Information, and Spillover Effects: Lessons from the Consumer Response to the 2007 Toy Recalls
w15185 James R. Hines
Jr.

Income Misattribution under Formula Apportionment
w15163 Jay Bhattacharya
Kate Bundorf
Noemi Pace
Neeraj Sood

Does Health Insurance Make You Fat?
w15170 John Geanakoplos
Stephen P. Zeldes

Market Valuation of Accrued Social Security Benefits
w15172 Charles F. Manski
WHEN CONSENSUS CHOICE DOMINATES INDIVIDUALISM: Jensen's Inequality and Collective Decisions under Uncertainty
w15125 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Cost Containment in Climate Change Policy: Alternative Approaches to Mitigating Price Volatility
w15139 Bruce Ian Carlin
Simon Gervais
Gustavo Manso

When Does Libertarian Paternalism Work?
w15146 Margaret E. Blume-Kohout
Krishna B. Kumar
Neeraj Sood

Federal Life Sciences Funding and University R&D
w15149 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Why do the Elderly Save? The Role of Medical Expenses
w15156 Arik Levinson
Valuing Public Goods Using Happiness Data: The Case of Air Quality
w15115 Peter A. Diamond
Johannes Spinnewijn

Capital Income Taxes with Heterogeneous Discount Rates
w15104 Filipe Campante
Edward L. Glaeser

Yet Another Tale of Two Cities: Buenos Aires and Chicago
w15103 Edward L. Glaeser
Matthew G. Resseger

The Complementarity between Cities and Skills
w15108 Olivia S. Mitchell
Gary R. Mottola
Stephen P. Utkus
Takeshi Yamaguchi

Default, Framing and Spillover Effects: The Case of Lifecycle Funds in 401(k) Plans
w15111 Roozbeh Hosseini
Larry E. Jones
Ali Shourideh

Risk Sharing, Inequality and Fertility
w15083 Raghuram G. Rajan
Rodney Ramcharan

Land and Credit: A Study of the Political Economy of Banking in the United States in the Early 20th Century
w15086 Matthew J. Kotchen
Stephen W. Salant

A Free Lunch in the Commons
w15091 Kevin S. Markle
Douglas Shackelford

Do Multinationals or Domestic Firms Face Higher Effective Tax Rates?
w15100 Haitao Yin
Howard Kunreuther
Matthew White

Risk-Based Pricing and Risk-Reducing Effort: Does the Private Insurance Market Reduce Environmental Accidents?
w15064 Christina M. Fong
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

Do Race and Fairness Matter in Generosity? Evidence from a Nationally Representative Charity Experiment
w15066 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Schooling, Cognitive Skills, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle
w15067 Hongbin Cai
J. Vernon Henderson
Qinghua Zhang

China's Land Market Auctions: Evidence of Corruption
w15070 Jeffrey R. Brown
Julia Lynn Coronado
Don Fullerton

Is Social Security Part of the Social Safety Net?
w15078 Kenneth Y. Chay
Jonathan Guryan
Bhashkar Mazumder

Birth Cohort and the Black-White Achievement Gap: The Roles of Access and Health Soon After Birth
w15079 Jingjing Chai
Wolfram Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Extending Life Cycle Models of Optimal Portfolio Choice: Integrating Flexible Work, Endogenous Retirement, and Investment Decisions with Lifetime Payouts
w15071 N. Gregory Mankiw
Matthew Weinzierl
Danny Yagan

Optimal Taxation in Theory and Practice
w15037 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

The ABCs of Charitable Solicitation
w15044 Francois Gourio
Jianjun Miao

Firm Heterogeneity and the Long-run Effects of Dividend Tax Reform
w15054 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Tax Policies for Low-Carbon Technologies
w15056 Katherine Ho
Matthew Neidell

Equilibrium effects of public goods: The impact of community water fluoridation on dentists
w15023 Dhammika Dharmapala
C. Fritz Foley
Kristin J. Forbes

Watch What I Do, Not What I Say: The Unintended Consequences of the Homeland Investment Act
w15004 Garth Heutel
Crowding Out and Crowding In of Private Donations and Government Grants
w15012 Emmanuel Saez
Joel B. Slemrod
Seth H. Giertz

The Elasticity of Taxable Income with Respect to Marginal Tax Rates: A Critical Review
w15013 Assaf Razin
Edith Sand

Migration-Regime Liberalization and Social Security: Political-Economy Effect
w15017 Hilary Sigman
Environmental Liability and Redevelopment of Old Industrial Land
w14981 David Albouy
What Are Cities Worth? Land Rents, Local Productivity, and the Capitalization of Amenity Values
w14976 N. Gregory Mankiw
Matthew Weinzierl

The Optimal Taxation of Height: A Case Study of Utilitarian Income Redistribution
w14963 Michael I. Cragg
Matthew E. Kahn

Carbon Geography: The Political Economy of Congressional Support for Legislation Intended to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Production
w14966 Jesse Rothstein
Is the EITC Equivalent to an NIT? Conditional Cash Transfers and Tax Incidence
w14969 Betsey Stevenson
Justin Wolfers

The Paradox of Declining Female Happiness
w14941 Andreas Lange
Andrew Stocking

Charitable Memberships, Volunteering, and Discounts: Evidence from a Large-Scale Online Field Experiment
w14946 Michael Schwarz
Yuri Takhteyev

Half a Century of Public Software Institutions: Open Source as a Solution to Hold-Up Problem
w14945 Carlos Dobkin
Fernando Ferreira

Do School Entry Laws Affect Educational Attainment and Labor Market Outcomes?
w14929 Thomas Philippon
Philipp Schnabl

Efficient Recapitalization
w14923 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Edward Miguel
Daniel Ortega
Francisco Rodriguez

The Price of Political Opposition: Evidence from Venezuela's Maisanta
w14879 Meta Brown
John Karl Scholz
Ananth Seshadri

A New Test of Borrowing Constraints for Education
w14885 Peter Arcidiacono
Esteban M. Aucejo
Hanming Fang
Kenneth I. Spenner

Does Affirmative Action Lead to Mismatch? A New Test and Evidence
w14851 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Caroline M. Hoxby
Andreu Mas-Colell
André Sapir

The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.
w14852 Caroline M. Hoxby
Sonali Murarka

Charter Schools in New York City: Who Enrolls and How They Affect Their Students' Achievement
w14854 Andrew K. Rose
Mark M. Spiegel

The Olympic Effect
w14857 Stephen Coate
Brian Knight

Government Form and Public Spending: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Municipalities
w14859 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

How Does Simplified Disclosure Affect Individuals' Mutual Fund Choices?
w14864 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Parag A. Pathak
Alvin E. Roth

Strategy-proofness versus Efficiency in Matching with Indifferences: Redesigning the New York City High School Match
w14866 John Y. Campbell
Stefano Giglio
Parag Pathak

Forced Sales and House Prices
w14869 Elizabeth Cascio
Nora Gordon
Ethan Lewis
Sarah Reber

Paying for Progress: Conditional Grants and the Desegregation of Southern Schools
w14836 Raj Chetty
Emmanuel Saez

Teaching the Tax Code: Earnings Responses to an Experiment with EITC Recipients
w14842 John Engberg
Dennis Epple
Jason Imbrogno
Holger Sieg
Ron Zimmer

Estimation of Causal Effects in Experiments with Multiple Sources of Noncompliance
w14817 Sam Schulhofer-Wohl
Miguel Garrido

Do Newspapers Matter? Short-run and Long-run Evidence from the Closure of The Cincinnati Post
w14827 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Five Decades of Consumption and Income Poverty
w14798 Orley C. Ashenfelter
Daniel Hosken
Matthew Weinberg

Generating Evidence to Guide Merger Enforcement
w14793 Erik B. Johnson
Randall Walsh

The Effect of Property Taxes on Location Decisions:Evidence From the Market for Vacation Homes
w14801 Christopher Blattman
Edward Miguel

Civil War
w14781 Joshua D. Angrist
Stacey H. Chen
Brigham R. Frandsen

Did Vietnam Veterans Get Sicker in the 1990s? The Complicated Effects of Military Service on Self-Reported Health
w14775 Marigee Bacolod
John DiNardo
Mireille Jacobson

Beyond Incentives: Do Schools use Accountability Rewards Productively?
w14762 Ruben Durante
Brian Knight

Partisan Control, Media Bias, and Viewer Responses: Evidence from Berlusconi's Italy
w14753 Matthew D. Shapiro
Joel B. Slemrod

Did the 2008 Tax Rebates Stimulate Spending?
w14759 Jason T. Abaluck
Jonathan Gruber

Choice Inconsistencies Among the Elderly: Evidence from Plan Choice in the Medicare Part D Program
w14738 Alon Cohen
Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

The Skill Composition of Migration and the Generosity of the Welfare State
w14742 Jonathan Guryan
Melissa Schettini Kearney

Is Lottery Gambling Addictive?
w14743 Joseph G. Altonji
Anthony Smith
Ivan Vidangos

Modeling Earnings Dynamics
w14744 Daron Acemoglu
Amy Finkelstein
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

Income and Health Spending: Evidence from Oil Price Shocks
w14720 John F. Helliwell
Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh
Anthony Harris
Haifang Huang

International Evidence on the Social Context of Well-Being
w14721 Janet Currie
Stefano DellaVigna
Enrico Moretti
Vikram Pathania

The Effect of Fast Food Restaurants on Obesity and Weight Gain
w14722 Antonio Fatas
Ilian Mihov

The Euro and Fiscal Policy
w14725 Alan J. Auerbach
Implementing the New Fiscal Policy Activism
w14729 Casey Mulligan
What Caused the Recession of 2008? Hints from Labor Productivity
w14702 Marco Manacorda
Edward Miguel
Andrea Vigorito

Government Transfers and Political Support
w14708 Joseph Gyourko
Understanding Commercial Real Estate: Just How Different from Housing Is It?
w14682 Alan J. Auerbach
Ronald Lee

Welfare and Generational Equity in Sustainable Unfunded Pension Systems
w14684 Martin S. Feldstein
Rethinking the Role of Fiscal Policy
w14685 Lucas W. Davis
Lutz Kilian

Estimating the Effect of a Gasoline Tax on Carbon Emissions
w14692 Helen Levy
David Weir

Take-Up of Medicare Part D: Results from the Health and Retirement Study
w14695 Flavio Cunha
James J. Heckman

The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human Development
w14660 Wen-Jui Han
Christopher Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel
Elizabeth Washbrook

Public Policies and Women's Employment after Childbearing
w14664 James R. Hines
Jr.
Lawrence H. Summers

How Globalization Affects Tax Design
w14647 Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan
David A. Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment, Introduction and Summary
w14653 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Life Expectancy and Old Age Savings
w14655 Nuno Limão
Patricia Tovar

Policy Choice: Theory and Evidence from Commitment via International Trade Agreements
w14633 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

Do Better Schools Lead to More Growth? Cognitive Skills, Economic Outcomes, and Causation
w14637 Angus Deaton
Jane Fortson
Robert Tortora

Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa
w14639 Charles Yuji Horioka
Do Bequests Increase or Decrease Wealth Inequalities?
2008
w14622 B. Douglas Bernheim
Behavioral Welfare Economics
w14628 John William Hatfield
Gerard Padró i Miquel

A Political Economy Theory of Partial Decentralization
w14580 Loretti I. Dobrescu
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Alberto F. Motta

Why Aren't Developed Countries Saving?
w14599 Gordon Dahl
Lance Lochner

The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement: Evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit
w14604 Peter Blair Henry
Conrad Miller

Institutions vs. Policies: A Tale of Two Islands
w14606 Eli Berman
Jacob N. Shapiro
Joseph H. Felter

Can Hearts and Minds Be Bought? The Economics of Counterinsurgency in Iraq
w14579 Robert P. Inman
The Flypaper Effect
w14578 Justine S. Hastings
Ebonya L. Washington

The First of the Month Effect: Consumer Behavior and Store Responses
w14583 Zoran Ivkovich
Scott Weisbenner

Individual Investor Mutual-Fund Flows
w14591 Dhaval M. Dave
Sandra Decker
Robert Kaestner
Kosali I. Simon

Re-examining the Effects of Medicaid Expansions for Pregnant Women
w14593 Christopher P. Barrington-Leigh
John F. Helliwell

Empathy and Emulation: Life Satisfaction and the Urban Geography of Comparison Groups
w14535 Helena Skyt Nielsen
Torben Sørensen
Christopher R. Taber

Estimating the Effect of Student Aid on College Enrollment: Evidence from a Government Grant Policy Reform
w14538 Justine S. Hastings
Lydia Tejeda-Ashton

Financial Literacy, Information, and Demand Elasticity: Survey and Experimental Evidence from Mexico
w14551 Andrew Mountford
Harald Uhlig

What are the Effects of Fiscal Policy Shocks?
w14559 Michael A. Spencer
Stephen K. Swallow
Jason F. Shogren
John A. List

Rebate Rules in Threshold Public Good Provision
w14564 Jonah E. Rockoff
Lesley J. Turner

Short Run Impacts of Accountability on School Quality
w14570 Brian A. Jacob
Jens Ludwig

The Effects of Housing Assistance on Labor Supply: Evidence from a Voucher Lottery
w14516 Stephanie Riegg Cellini
Fernando Ferreira
Jesse Rothstein

The Value of School Facilities: Evidence from a Dynamic Regression Discontinuity Design
w14527 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Dynamic Globalization and Its Potentially Alarming Prospects for Low-Wage Workers
w14530 David Neumark
Jed Kolko

Do Enterprise Zones Create Jobs? Evidence from California's Enterprise Zone Program
w14539 Rafael Di Tella
Robert MacCulloch

Happiness Adaptation to Income beyond "Basic Needs"
w14537 Chiaki Moriguchi
Top Wage Incomes in Japan, 1951-2005
w14540 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
David G. Seif

Labor Supply Responses to Marginal Social Security Benefits: Evidence from Discontinuities
w14514 Casey B. Mulligan
A Depressing Scenario: Mortgage Debt Becomes Unemployment Insurance
w14494 Alan J. Auerbach
Michael P. Devereux
Helen Simpson

Taxing Corporate Income
w14496 Andrew Ang
Vineer Bhansali
Yuhang Xing

Taxes on Tax-Exempt Bonds
w14482 Janet Currie
Mark Stabile
Phongsack Manivong
Leslie L. Roos

Child Health and Young Adult Outcomes
w14487 Alessandra Casella
Storable Votes and Agenda Order Control. Theory and Experiments
w14462 Dora L. Costa
The Rise of Retirement Among African Americans: Wealth and Social Security Effects
w14469 Bryan S. Graham
James Powell

Identification and Estimation of 'Irregular' Correlated Random Coefficient Models
w14470 David Card
Alexandre Mas
Jesse Rothstein

Are Mixed Neighborhoods Always Unstable? Two-Sided and One-Sided Tipping
w14472 David Albouy
Are Big Cities Bad Places to Live? Estimating Quality of Life across Metropolitan Areas
w14466 Dhaval M. Dave
Nancy E. Reichman
Hope Corman

Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Acquisition of Young Adult Women
w14450 Shanjun Li
Roger von Haefen
Christopher Timmins

How Do Gasoline Prices Affect Fleet Fuel Economy?
w14446 Casey Mulligan
Luke Threinen

Market Responses to the Panic of 2008
w14458 Richard V. Burkhauser
Shuaizhang Feng
Jeff Larrimore

Measuring Labor Earnings Inequality using Public-Use March Current Population Survey Data: The Value of Including Variances and Cell Means When Imputing Topcoded Values
w14439 James M. Poterba
Arturo Ramirez Verdugo

Portfolio Substitution and the Revenue Cost of Exempting State and Local Government Interest Payments from Federal Income Tax
w14445 Brian G. Knight
Chun-Fang Chiang

Media Bias and Influence: Evidence from Newspaper Endorsements
w14414 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Mark R. Cullen

Estimating Welfare in Insurance Markets Using Variation in Prices
w14417 Ricardo J. Caballero
Pierre Yared

Future Rent-Seeking and Current Public Savings
w14419 Edward L. Glaeser
Matthew G. Resseger
Kristina Tobio

Urban Inequality
w14426 David von Below
Torsten Persson

Uncertainty, Climate Change and the Global Economy
w14427 Alexander W. Blocker
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Stephen A. Ross

The True Cost of Social Security
w14429 Matthew J. Kotchen
Laura E. Grant

Does Daylight Saving Time Save Energy? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Indiana
w14403 Raj Chetty
Emmanuel Saez

Optimal Taxation and Social Insurance with Endogenous Private Insurance
w14405 Rosanne Altshuler
Alan J. Auerbach
Michael Cooper
Matthew Knittel

Understanding U.S. Corporate Tax Losses
w14396 Charles F. Manski
Partial Prescriptions For Decisions With Partial Knowledge
w14397 Louis Kaplow
Taxing Leisure Complements
w14399 Raj Chetty
Sufficient Statistics for Welfare Analysis: A Bridge Between Structural and Reduced-Form Methods
w14371 Mark Duggan
Randi Hjalmarsson
Brian A. Jacob

The Effect of Gun Shows on Gun-Related Deaths: Evidence from California and Texas
w14373 Edward L. Glaeser
Joshua D. Gottlieb

The Economics of Place-Making Policies
w14374 Edward L. Glaeser
Charles Redlick

Social Capital and Urban Growth
w14375 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Designing A Carbon Tax to Reduce U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
w14378 William A. Brock
Charles F. Manski

Competitive Lending with Partial Knowledge of Loan Repayment
w14369 Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
Pierre-Daniel Sarte
Raymond Owens III

Housing Externalities
w14343 Robert Novy-Marx
Joshua D. Rauh

The Intergenerational Transfer of Public Pension Promises
w14352 Janet Currie
Johannes F. Schmieder

Fetal Exposure to Toxic Releases and Infant Health
w14353 Christopher F. Chabris
David Laibson
Carrie L. Morris
Jonathon P. Schuldt
Dmitry Taubinsky

Measuring intertemporal preferences using response times
w14354 Anna Aizer
Peer Effects and Human Capital Accumulation: the Externalities of ADD
w14356 Steven D. Levitt
John A. List

Field Experiments in Economics: The Past, The Present, and The Future
w14316 Alberto Alesina
Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

Segregation and the Quality of Government in a Cross-Section of Countries
w14301 Henrik Jacobsen Kleven
Wojciech Kopczuk

Transfer Program Complexity and the Take Up of Social Benefits
w14319 Craig E. Landry
Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price
Nicholas G. Rupp

Is a Donor in Hand Better than Two in the Bush? Evidence from a Natural Field Experiment
w14320 David Lee
Emmanuel Saez

Optimal Minimum Wage Policy in Competitive Labor Markets
w14330 Jeffrey Liebman
Richard Zeckhauser

Simple Humans, Complex Insurance, Subtle Subsidies
w14332 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

Managing Contribution and Capital Market Risk in a Funded Public Defined Benefit Plan: Impact of CVaR Cost Constraints
w14335 Kaivan Munshi
Mark Rosenzweig

The Efficacy of Parochial Politics: Caste, Commitment, and Competence in Indian Local Governments
w14303 Alan Gerber
Jonathan Gruber
Daniel M. Hungerman

Does Church Attendance Cause People to Vote? Using Blue Laws' Repeal to Estimate the Effect of Religiosity on Voter Turnout
w14306 Douglas Almond
Hilary W. Hoynes
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Inside the War on Poverty: The Impact of Food Stamps on Birth Outcomes
w14307 Nada Eissa
Hilary Hoynes

Redistribution and Tax Expenditures: The Earned Income Tax Credit
w14310 Fernando Ferreira
Joseph Gyourko
Joseph Tracy

Housing Busts and Household Mobility
w14277 Matthew Neidell
Jane Waldfogel

Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Peer Effects in Early Education
w14288 Alan J. Auerbach
Federal Budget Rules: The US Experience
w14257 Alan M. Garber
Jonathan Skinner

Is American Health Care Uniquely Inefficient?
w14263 Rosanne Altshuler
Robert D. Dietz

Tax Expenditure Estimation and Reporting: A Critical Review
w14268 Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Monica Singhal

Culture, Context, and the Taste for Redistribution
w14231 John B. Shoven
Adjusting Government Policies for Age Inflation
w14241 Don Fullerton
Distributional Effects of Environmental and Energy Policy: An Introduction
w14247 Richard V. Burkhauser
Shuaizhang Feng
Stephen P. Jenkins
Jeff Larrimore

Estimating Trends in US Income Inequality Using the Current Population Survey: The Importance of Controlling for Censoring
w14253 James M. Poterba
Todd M. Sinai

Income Tax Provisions Affecting Owner-Occupied Housing: Revenue Costs and Incentive Effects
w14210 Dwight Jaffee
Howard Kunreuther
Erwann Michel-Kerjan

Long Term Insurance (LTI) for Addressing Catastrophe Risk
w14211 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

Harming the Best: How Schools Affect the Black-White Achievement Gap
w14220 Betsey Stevenson
Justin Wolfers

Happiness Inequality in the United States
w14237 Jon Bakija
Bradley Heim

How Does Charitable Giving Respond to Incentives and Income? Dynamic Panel Estimates Accounting for Predictable Changes in Taxation
w14206 Alan Gerber
Daniel Kessler
Marc Meredith

The Persuasive Effects of Direct Mail: A Regression Discontinuity Approach
w14197 Don Fullerton
Andrew Leicester
Stephen Smith

Environmental Taxes
w14193 Edward L. Glaeser
Joseph Gyourko
Albert Saiz

Housing Supply and Housing Bubbles
w14196 Janet Currie
Matthew J. Neidell
Johannes Schmieder

Air Pollution and Infant Health: Lessons from New Jersey
w14173 Janet Currie
Sandra Decker
Wanchuan Lin

Has Public Health Insurance for Older Children Reduced Disparities in Access to Care and Health Outcomes?
w14170 Louis Kaplow
Optimal Policy with Heterogeneous Preferences
w14123 Benjamin A. Olken
Direct Democracy and Local Public Goods: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia
w14136 Leo Feler
J. Vernon Henderson

Exclusionary Policies in Urban Development, How under-servicing of migrant households affects the growth and composition of Brazilian cities
w14146 Susan Guthrie
James R. Hines
Jr.

U.S. Defense Contracts During the Tax Expenditure Battles of the 1980s
w14147 Sheila M. Olmstead
Robert N. Stavins

Comparing Price and Non-Price Approaches to Urban Water Conservation
w14149 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala
Monica Singhal

Tax Incentives for Affordable Housing: The Low Income Housing Tax Credit
w14153 M. Kate Bundorf
Jonathan D. Levin
Neale Mahoney

Pricing and Welfare in Health Plan Choice
w14125 Ellen Meara
Meredith Rosenthal
Anna Sinaiko
Katherine Baicker

State and Federal Approaches to Health Reform: What Works for the Working Poor?
w14104 John Cawley
John R. Moran
Kosali I. Simon

The Impact of Income on the Weight of Elderly Americans
w14105 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier

How Changes in Social Security Affect Recent Retirement Trends
w14110 Curtis Carlson
Gilbert E. Metcalf

Energy Tax Incentives and the Alternative Minimum Tax
w14118 Tara Watson
Angela Fertig

Minimum Drinking Age Laws and Infant Health Outcomes
w14083 Christopher J. Mayer
Karen Pence

Subprime Mortgages: What, Where, and to Whom?
w14089 Amy Finkelstein
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

What Good Is Wealth Without Health? The Effect of Health on the Marginal Utility of Consumption
w14094 Ian Ayres
Barry J. Nalebuff

Life-cycle Investing and Leverage: Buying Stock on Margin Can Reduce Retirement Risk
w14074 C. Fritz Foley
Welfare Payments and Crime
w14078 Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott
Cagri Kumru

Managing Public Investment Funds: Best Practices and New Challenges
w14050 Dani Rodrik
Second-Best Institutions
w14055 Wolfram J. Horneff
Raimond H. Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Michael Z. Stamos

Asset Allocation and Location over the Life Cycle with Survival-Contingent Payouts
w14062 Michael D. Grubb
Paul Oyer

Who Benefits from Tax-Advantaged Employee Benefits?: Evidence from University Parking
w14065 Brian A. Jacob
Lars Lefgren
David Sims

The Persistence of Teacher-Induced Learning Gains
w14036 Terra McKinnish
Randall Walsh
Kirk White

Who Gentrifies Low-Income Neighborhoods?
w14040 Daron Acemoglu
Munther A. Dahleh
Ilan Lobel
Asuman Ozdaglar

Bayesian Learning in Social Networks
w14047 Marco Battaglini
Stephen Coate

Fiscal Policy over the Real Business Cycle: A Positive Theory
w14035 Peter J. Kuhn
Peter Kooreman
Adriaan R. Soetevent
Arie Kapteyn

The Own and Social Effects of an Unexpected Income Shock: Evidence from the Dutch Postcode Lottery
w14038 Jordan D. Matsudaira
Rebecca M. Blank

The Impact of Earnings Disregards on the Behavior of Low Income Families
w14023 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Assessing the Federal Deduction for State and Local Tax Payments
w14028 Eric M. Leeper
Todd B. Walker
Shu-Chun Susan Yang

Fiscal Foresight: Analytics and Econometrics
w13989 Forest L. Reinhardt
Robert N. Stavins
Richard H. K. Vietor

Corporate Social Responsibility Through an Economic Lens
w13993 Jonathan Guryan
Erik Hurst
Melissa Schettini Kearney

Parental Education and Parental Time With Children
w13995 David Y. Albouy
The Unequal Geographic Burden of Federal Taxation
w13976 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

How are Preferences Revealed?
w13979 John Geanakoplos
Stephen P. Zeldes

Reforming Social Security with Progressive Personal Accounts
w13980 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Sergey Paltsev
John Reilly
Henry Jacoby
Jennifer F. Holak

Analysis of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Tax Proposals
w13987 Janet Currie
Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Socioeconomic Status, Poor Health in Childhood, and Human Capital Development
w13940 Robert J. Barro
José F. Ursúa

Macroeconomic Crises since 1870
w13954 B. Douglas Bernheim
On the Potential of Neuroeconomics: A Critical (but Hopeful) Appraisal
w13955 Emmanuel Farhi
Jean Tirole

Competing Liquidities: Corporate Securities, Real Bonds and Bubbles
w13956 David A. Jaeger
Esteban F. Klor
Sami H. Miaari
M. Daniele Paserman

The Struggle for Palestinian Hearts and Minds: Violence and Public Opinion in the Second Intifada
w13966 Francisco J. Gomes
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Luis M. Viceira

Optimal Life-Cycle Investing with Flexible Labor Supply: A Welfare Analysis of Life-Cycle Funds
w13967 Raj Chetty
Moral Hazard vs. Liquidity and Optimal Unemployment Insurance
w13937 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

The Impact of Athletic Performance on Alumni Giving: An Analysis of Micro Data
w13941 Jeff Larrimore
Richard V. Burkhauser
Shuaizhang Feng
Laura Zayatz

Consistent Cell Means for Topcoded Incomes in the Public Use March CPS (1976-2007)
w13945 Dalton Conley
Brian J. McCabe

Bribery or Just Desserts? Evidence on the Influence of Congressional Voting Patterns on PAC Contributions from Exogenous Variation in the Sex Mix of Legislator Offspring
w13934 James J. Heckman
Econometric Causality
w13946 Carmen M. Reinhart
Kenneth S. Rogoff

The Forgotten History of Domestic Debt
w13927 Geoffrey Heal
Climate Economics: A Meta-Review and Some Suggestions
w13931 Orazio Attanasio
Adriana Kugler
Costas Meghir

Training Disadvantaged Youth in Latin America: Evidence from a Randomized Trial
w13912 Lance J. Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

The Nature of Credit Constraints and Human Capital
w13917 Mark Duggan
Fiona Scott Morton

The Effect of Medicare Part D on Pharmaceutical Prices and Utilization
w13911 Francesco Giavazzi
Michael McMahon

Policy Uncertainty and Precautionary Savings
w13900 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

A Quantile-based Test of Protection for Sale Model
w13885 Sherry A. Glied
Universal Public Health Insurance and Private Coverage: Externalities in Health Care Consumption
w13884 Woodrow T. Johnson
James M. Poterba

Taxes and Mutual Fund Inflows Around Distribution Dates
w13855 Adriana Kugler
Maurice Kugler

Labor Market Effects of Payroll Taxes in Developing Countries: Evidence from Colombia
w13858 Anton Korinek
Joseph E. Stiglitz

Dividend Taxation and Intertemporal Tax Arbitrage
w13859 Orley Ashenfelter
Daniel Hosken

The Effect of Mergers on Consumer Prices: Evidence from Five Selected Case Studies
w13830 Casey B. Mulligan
Kevin K. Tsui

Political Entry, Public Policies, and the Economy
w13837 Mark Aguiar
Erik Hurst

The Increase in Leisure Inequality
w13844 Raj Chetty
Is the Taxable Income Elasticity Sufficient to Calculate Deadweight Loss? The Implications of Evasion and Avoidance
w13803 J.J. Prescott
Jonah E. Rockoff

Do Sex Offender Registration and Notification Laws Affect Criminal Behavior?
w13808 Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Schedule Selection by Agents: from Price Plans to Tax Tables
w13827 Hanming Fang
Peter Norman

Toward an Efficiency Rationale for the Public Provision of Private Goods
w13789 Erik Hurst
The Retirement of a Consumption Puzzle
w13796 B. Douglas Bernheim
Jonathan Meer

Do Real Estate Brokers Add Value When Listing Services Are Unbundled?
w13797 Hanming Fang
Peter Norman

Optimal Provision of Multiple Excludable Public Goods
w13801 Susan Dynarski
Judith E. Scott-Clayton

Complexity and Targeting in Federal Student Aid: A Quantitative Analysis
w13769 J. Vernon Henderson
Anthony Venables

The Dynamics of City Formation
w13753 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Using Tax Expenditures to Achieve Energy Policy Goals
w13756 Simeon Djankov
Tim Ganser
Caralee McLiesh
Rita Ramalho
Andrei Shleifer

The Effect of Corporate Taxes on Investment and Entrepreneurship
w13758 Jonathan Gruber
Covering the Uninsured in the U.S.
w13763 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Ben Marx
David Rapson

To Roth or Not? -- That is the Question
w13733 Robert P. Inman
Daniel L. Rubinfeld

Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Learning from South Africa
w13735 Robert P. Inman
Federalism's Values and the Value of Federalism
w13737 B. Douglas Bernheim
Antonio Rangel

Beyond Revealed Preference: Choice Theoretic Foundations for Behavioral Welfare Economics
w13742 Eduardo Engel
Ronald Fischer

Optimal Resource Extraction Contracts Under Threat of Expropriation
w13745 Martin S. Feldstein
Effects of Taxes on Economic Behavior
w13746 David M. Cutler
Amy Finkelstein
Kathleen McGarry

Preference Heterogeneity and Insurance Markets: Explaining a Puzzle of Insurance
w13748 Jeffrey R. Brown
Jeffrey R. Kling
Sendhil Mullainathan
Marian V. Wrobel

Why Don't People Insure Late Life Consumption: A Framing Explanation of the Under-Annuitization Puzzle
w13752 Alma Cohen
Asymmetric Learning in Repeated Contracting: An Empirical Study
w13718 Gordon Dahl
Stefano DellaVigna

Does Movie Violence Increase Violent Crime?
w13719 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Jorge Martinez-Vazquez
Klara Sabirianova Peter

Myth and Reality of Flat Tax Reform: Micro Estimates of Tax Evasion Response and Welfare Effects in Russia
w13720 Emmanuel Farhi
Iván Werning

Optimal Savings Distortions with Recursive Preferences
w13725 Eli Berman
David D. Laitin

Religion, Terrorism and Public Goods: Testing the Club Model
w13727 Uri Gneezy
Kenneth L. Leonard
John A. List

Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society
w13728 Daniel Rondeau
John A. List

Matching and Challenge Gifts to Charity:Evidence from Laboratory and Natural Field Experiments
w13729 Martin S. Feldstein
Designing Institutions to Deal with Terrorism in the United States
2007
w13697 Wen-Jui Han
Christopher Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Parental Leave Policies and Parents' Employment and Leave-Taking
w13700 Alma Cohen
Rajeev Dehejia
Dmitri Romanov

Do Financial Incentives Affect Fertility?
w13702 Lucian A. Bebchuk
Zvika Neeman

Investor Protection and Interest Group Politics
w13709 John R. Graham
Lillian F. Mills

Using Tax Return Data to Simulate Corporate Marginal Tax Rates
w13689 Robert J. Barro
Jason Hwang

Religious Conversion in 40 Countries
w13678 Matthew Kotchen
Michael Moore

Conservation: From Voluntary Restraint to a Voluntary Price Premium
w13690 Robert J. Barro
Rare Disasters, Asset Prices, and Welfare Costs
w13693 Todd Sinai
Nicholas S. Souleles

Net Worth and Housing Equity in Retirement
w13694 Sumit Agarwal
Chunlin Liu
Nicholas S. Souleles

The Reaction of Consumer Spending and Debt to Tax Rebates -- Evidence from Consumer Credit Data
w13673 Jonathan Heathcote
Kjetil Storesletten
Giovanni L. Violante

Insurance and Opportunities: A Welfare Analysis of Labor Market Risk
w13643 Matthew J. Kotchen
Voluntary Provision of Public Goods for Bads: A Theory of Environmental Offsets
w13645 Don Fullerton
Garth Heutel

The General Equilibrium Incidence of Environmental Mandates
w13656 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Mental Accounting in Portfolio Choice: Evidence from a Flypaper Effect
w13655 V. V. Chari
Patrick J. Kehoe

The Heterogeneous State of Modern Macroeconomics: A Reply to Solow
w13638 Alberto Alesina
Andrea Ichino
Loukas Karabarbounis

Gender Based Taxation and the Division of Family Chores
w13622 Rafael Di Tella
Robert MacCulloch

Happiness, Contentment and Other Emotions for Central Banks
w13623 Justine S. Hastings
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

Information, School Choice, and Academic Achievement: Evidence from Two Experiments
w13624 David Backus
Espen Henriksen
Kjetil Storesletten

Taxes and the Global Allocation of Capital
w13629 Stefania Albanesi
Roc Armenter

Intertemporal Distortions in the Second best
w13637 Brian Knight
Nathan Schiff

Momentum and Social Learning in Presidential Primaries
w13614 Dora Gicheva
Justine Hastings
Sofia Villas-Boas

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases
w13601 Jennifer L. Blouin
Jana Smith Raedy
Douglas A. Shackelford

Did Firms Substitute Dividends for Share Repurchases after the 2003 Reductions in Shareholder Tax Rates?
w13598 Edith Sand
Assaf Razin

The Political-Economy Positive Role of the Social Security System in Sustaining Immigration (But Not Vice Versa)
w13579 Geoffrey Heal
Howard Kunreuther

Social Reinforcement: Cascades, Entrapment and Tipping
w13573 Sheila Olmstead
W. Michael Hanemann
Robert N. Stavins

Water Demand Under Alternative Price Structures
w13574 Robert N. Stavins
Environmental Economics
w13581 John Whalley
Li Wang

Evaluating the Impure Chinese VAT Relative to a Pure Form in a Simple Monetary Trade Model with an Endogenous Trade Surplus
w13557 Janet Currie
Firouz Gahvari

Transfers in Cash and In Kind: Theory Meets the Data
w13548 Christina D. Romer
David H. Romer

Do Tax Cuts Starve the Beast: The Effect of Tax Changes on Government Spending
w13549 Jeffrey S. DeSimone
Courtney LaFountain

Still the Economy, Stupid: Economic Voting in the 2004 Presidential Election
w13554 Kevin A. Hassett
Aparna Mathur
Gilbert E. Metcalf

The Incidence of a U.S. Carbon Tax: A Lifetime and Regional Analysis
w13551 Edward L. Glaeser
Entrepreneurship and the City
w13560 Thomas Philippon
Financiers vs. Engineers: Should the Financial Sector be Taxed or Subsidized?
w13538 Raj Chetty
Emmanuel Saez

An Agency Theory of Dividend Taxation
w13519 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Research Grant Funding on Scientific Productivity
w13524 Dennis N. Epple
Maria Marta Ferreyra

School Finance Reform: Assessing General Equilibrium Effects
w13527 Philippe Belley
Lance Lochner

The Changing Role of Family Income and Ability in Determining Educational Achievement
w13534 Robert Moffitt
Estimating Marginal Returns to Higher Education in the UK
w13535 Fernando Ferreira
Joseph Gyourko

Do Political Parties Matter? Evidence from U.S. Cities
w13537 Jeffrey R. Brown
Rational and Behavioral Perspectives on the Role of Annuities in Retirement Planning
w13539 David Cutler
Winnie Fung
Michael Kremer
Monica Singhal
Tom Vogl

Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India
w13501 Darius Lakdawalla
Neeraj Sood

The Welfare Effects of Public Drug Insurance
w13503 Edgar Cudmore
John Piggott
John Whalley

Income Tax Design and the Desirability of Subsidies to Secondary Workers in a Household Model with Joint and Non-Joint Time
w13516 Hongbin Cai
Yuyu Chen
Hanming Fang

Observational Learning: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Field Experiment
w13490 Martin Weitzman
Structural Uncertainty and the Value of Statistical Life in the Economics of Catastrophic Climate Change
w13498 Sandra G. Sosa-Rubi
Omar Galarraga
Jeffrey E. Harris

Heterogeneous Impact of the "Seguro Popular" Program on the Utilization of Obstetrical Services in Mexico, 2001-2006: A Multinomial Probit Model with a Discrete Endogenous Variable
w13476 John B. Shoven
New Age Thinking: Alternative Ways of Measuring Age, Their Relationship to Labor Force Participation, Goverment Policies and GDP
w13486 Áureo de Paula
José A. Scheinkman

The Informal Sector
w13485 Jeffrey Grogger
Lynn Karoly

The Effects of Work-Conditioned Transfers on Marriage and Child Well-Being: A Review
w13487 Sumit Agarwal
John C. Driscoll
David Laibson

Optimal Mortgage Refinancing: A Closed Form Solution
w13456 Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Richard T. Holden

Measuring the Compactness of Political Districting Plans
w13457 Adi Brender
Allan Drazen

Why is Economic Policy Different in New Democracies? Affecting Attitudes About Democracy
w13458 Michael Greenstone
Is the "Surge" Working? Some New Facts
w13459 John M. de Figueiredo
Brian S. Silverman

How Does the Government (Want to) Fund Science? Politics, Lobbying and Academic Earmarks
w13413 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Further Results on Measuring the Well-Being of the Poor Using Income and Consumption
w13453 Hans-Werner Sinn
Pareto Optimality in the Extraction of Fossil Fuels and the Greenhouse Effect: A Note
w13442 Cally Ardington
Anne Case
Victoria Hosegood

Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa
w13443 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian A. Jacob

Is Gaining Access to Selective Elementary Schools Gaining Ground? Evidence From Randomized Lotteries
w13454 Hans-Werner Sinn
Public Policies against Global Warming
w13438 Jeffrey R. Brown
Guaranteed Trouble: The Economic Effects of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
w13417 Roland G. Fryer
Jr
Steven D. Levitt

Hatred and Profits: Getting Under the Hood of the Ku Klux Klan
w13420 Stefano DellaVigna
Psychology and Economics: Evidence from the Field
w13402 Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat
Daniel M. Hungerman

The Power of the Pill for the Next Generation
w13390 Emmanuel Farhi
Capital Taxation and Ownership when Markets are Incomplete
w13392 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Erik Hurst
Nikolai Roussanov

Conspicuous Consumption and Race
w13394 Fatih Guvenen
An Empirical Investigation of Labor Income Processes
w13379 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Imperfect Knowledge of Pension Plan Type
w13360 Igal Hendel
Aviv Nevo
François Ortalo-Magné

The Relative Performance of Real Estate Marketing Platforms: MLS versus FSBOMadison.com
w13362 Borys Grochulski
Narayana Kocherlakota

Nonseparable Preferences and Optimal Social Security Systems
w13369 Rajeev Dehejia
Thomas DeLeire
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Joshua Mitchell

The Role of Religious and Social Organizations in the Lives of Disadvantaged Youth
w13371 Hanming Fang
Alessandro Gavazza

Dynamic Inefficiencies in Employment-Based Health Insurance System Theory and Evidence
w13375 Hanming Fang
Dan Silverman

Time-Inconsistency and Welfare Program Participation: Evidence from the NLSY
w13380 Ilyana Kuziemko
Going Off Parole: How the Elimination of Discretionary Prison Release Affects the Social Cost of Crime
w13358 Baoping Shang
Dana P. Goldman

Prescription Drug Coverage and Elderly Medicare Spending
w13330 Raj Chetty
Adam Looney
Kory Kroft

Salience and Taxation: Theory and Evidence
w13331 A. Lans Bovenberg
Lawrence H. Goulder
Mark R. Jacobsen

Industry Compensation and the Costs of Alternative Environmental Policy Instruments
w13345 Wojciech Kopczuk
Emmanuel Saez
Jae Song

Uncovering the American Dream: Inequality and Mobility in Social Security Earnings Data since 1937
w13348 Daniel M. Hungerman
Diversity and Crowd-out: A Theory of Cold-Glow Giving
w13350 Jonathan Levin
Steven Tadelis

Contracting for Government Services: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Cities
w13352 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

The Impact of Employer Matching on Savings Plan Participation under Automatic Enrollment
w13353 Mark Aguiar
Manuel Amador
Gita Gopinath

Investment Cycles and Sovereign Debt Overhang
w13354 Andrew B. Abel
Optimal Capital Income Taxation
w13312 Charles F. Manski
Adaptive Minimax-Regret Treatment Choice, With Application To Drug Approval
w13317 Angus Deaton
Income, Aging, Health and Wellbeing Around the World: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll
w13313 Barry Bosworth
Susan M. Collins
Gabriel Chodorow-Reich

Returns on FDI: Does the U.S. Really Do Better?
w13323 Daniel M. Hungerman
Race and Charitable Church Activity
w13335 Sun Go
Peter H. Lindert

The Curious Dawn of American Public Schools
w13295 George A. Plesko
Estimates of the Magnitude of Financial and Tax Reporting Conflicts
w13270 Steven N. Kaplan
Joshua Rauh

Wall Street and Main Street: What Contributes to the Rise in the Highest Incomes?
w13273 Charles Yuji Horioka
Wataru Suzuki
Tatsuo Hatta

Aging, Saving, and Public Pensions in Japan
w13279 Elizabeth Cascio
Nora Gordon
Ethan Lewis
Sarah Reber

From Brown to Busing
w13281 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala

Taxes and Portfolio Choice: Evidence from JGTRRA's Treatment of International Dividends
w13283 Mihir A. Desai
Li Jin

Institutional Tax Clienteles and Payout Policy
w13284 Eduardo Engel
Ronald Fischer
Alexander Galetovic

The Basic Public Finance of Public-Private Partnerships
w13248 John H. Mutti
Harry Grubert

The Effect of Taxes on Royalties and the Migration of Intangible Assets Abroad
w13257 Jeffrey A. Miron
Elina Tetelbaum

Does the Minimum Legal Drinking Age Save Lives?
w13264 Christina D. Romer
David H. Romer

The Macroeconomic Effects of Tax Changes: Estimates Based on a New Measure of Fiscal Shocks
w13236 Patrick Bayer
Fernando Ferreira
Robert McMillan

A Unified Framework for Measuring Preferences for Schools and Neighborhoods
w13238 Howard Chang
Hilary Sigman
Leah G. Traub

Endogenous Decentralization in Federal Environmental Policies
w13240 Joshua Rauh
Risk Shifting versus Risk Management: Investment Policy in Corporate Pension Plans
w13211 Matthew J. Kotchen
Nicholas E. Burger

Should We Drill in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge? An Economic Perspective
w13216 Laura Alfaro
Fabio Kanczuk

Optimal Reserve Management and Sovereign Debt
w13219 Christina M. Fong
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

What Determines Giving to Hurricane Katrina Victims? Experimental Evidence on Income, Race, and Fairness
w13221 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Günther Fink
Jocelyn E. Finlay

Does Age Structure Forecast Economic Growth?
w13228 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Paul Schrimpf

The Welfare Cost of Asymmetric Information: Evidence from the U.K. Annuity Market
w13178 Olivier Deschênes
Michael Greenstone

Climate Change, Mortality, and Adaptation: Evidence from Annual Fluctuations in Weather in the US
w13176 Sergey Paltsev
John M. Reilly
Henry D. Jacoby
Angelo C. Gurgel
Gilbert E. Metcalf
Andrei P. Sokolov
Jennifer F. Holak

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals
w13181 Christopher J. Ruhm
Current and Future Prevalence of Obesity and Severe Obesity in the United States
w13185 Alexander Ludwig
Dirk Krueger
Axel H. Boersch-Supan

Demographic Change, Relative Factor Prices, International Capital Flows, and Their Differential Effects on the Welfare of Generations
w13163 Rafael Di Tella
Federico Weinschelbaum

Choosing Agents and Monitoring Consumption: A Note on Wealth as a Corruption-Controlling Device
w13164 Rafael Di Tella
Robert MacCulloch

Why Doesn't Capitalism Flow to Poor Countries?
w13168 Jeffrey R. Brown
Zoran Ivkovich
Paul A. Smith
Scott Weisbenner

Neighbors Matter: Causal Community Effects and Stock Market Participation
w13169 Jeffrey R. Brown
Nellie Liang
Scott Weisbenner

Individual Account Investment Options and Portfolio Choice: Behavioral Lessons from 401(k) Plans
w13145 Benjamin A. Olken
Patrick Barron

The Simple Economics of Extortion: Evidence from Trucking in Aceh
w13152 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Altruism and the Child-Cycle of Alumni Giving
w13160 Marco Cagetti
Mariacristina De Nardi

Estate Taxation, Entrepreneurship, and Wealth
w13162 Lena Edlund
Wojciech Kopczuk

Women, Wealth and Mobility
w13143 Roberto Perotti
In Search of the Transmission Mechanism of Fiscal Policy
w13136 George-Marios Angeletos
Vasia Panousi

Revisiting the Supply-Side Effects of Government Spending Under Incomplete Markets
w13119 Laura Alfaro
Fabio Kanczuk

Debt Maturity: Is Long-Term Debt Optimal?
w13131 Laura Alfaro
Fabio Kanczuk

Nominal versus Indexed Debt: A Quantitative Horse Race
w13132 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala

Taxes, Institutions and Foreign Diversification Opportunities
w13127 Daniel S. Hamermesh
Stephen Donald

The Time and Timing Costs of Market Work
w13105 John Ameriks
Andrew Caplin
Steven Laufer
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

The Joy of Giving or Assisted Living? Using Strategic Surveys to Separate Bequest and Precautionary Motives
w13097 Jessica Wolpaw Reyes
Environmental Policy as Social Policy? The Impact of Childhood Lead Exposure on Crime
w13098 Hilary Sigman
Decentralization and Environmental Quality: An International Analysis of Water Pollution
w13059 Andrew A. Samwick
Changing Progressivity as a Means of Risk Protection in Investment-Based Social Security
w13067 William Adams
Liran Einav
Jonathan Levin

Liquidity Constraints and Imperfect Information in Subprime Lending
w13068 Glenn Ellison
Edward L. Glaeser
William Kerr

What Causes Industry Agglomeration? Evidence from Coagglomeration Patterns
w13071 Edward L. Glaeser
Kristina Tobio

The Rise of the Sunbelt
w13072 Glenn W. Harrison
John A. List

Naturally Occurring Markets and Exogenous Laboratory Experiments: A Case Study of the Winner's Curse
w13045 Melissa S. Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior
w13051 Alberto Alesina
Paola Giuliano

The Power of the Family
w13052 David Card
Alexandre Mas
Jesse Rothstein

Tipping and the Dynamics of Segregation
w13044 Mark V. Pauly
Fredric E. Blavin

Value Based Cost Sharing Meets the Theory of Moral Hazard: Medical Effectiveness in Insurance Benefits Design
w13034 Jennifer Hunt
Bribery in Health Care in Peru and Uganda
w13028 Timothy Besley
Torsten Persson

The Origins of State Capacity: Property Rights, Taxation, and Politics
w13025 Hilary W. Hoynes
Diane Schanzenbach

Consumption Responses to In-Kind Transfers: Evidence from the Introduction of the Food Stamp Program
w13031 Edward L. Glaeser
Bruce Sacerdote

Aggregation Reversals and the Social Formation of Beliefs
w13017 Richard Rogerson
Johanna Wallenius

Micro and Macro Elasticities in a Life Cycle Model With Taxes
w13008 Nicola Persico
José Carlos Rodríguez-Pueblita
Dan Silverman

Factions and Political Competition
w13009 Justine S. Hastings
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

No Child Left Behind: Estimating the Impact on Choices and Student Outcomes
w13012 Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Does the Minimum Wage Cause Inefficient Rationing?
w13016 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children
w13002 Jedidiah Brewer
Robert Glennon
Alan Ker
Gary D. Libecap

Water Markets in the West: Prices, Trading, and Contractual Forms
w12995 Justine S. Hastings
Richard Van Weelden
Jeffrey Weinstein

Preferences, Information, and Parental Choice Behavior in Public School Choice
w12981 Jonathan Skinner
Are You Sure You're Saving Enough for Retirement?
w12987 Michael Kremer
What Works in Fighting Diarrheal Diseases in Developing Countries? A Critical Review
w12992 John A. List
Field Experiments: A Bridge Between Lab and Naturally-Occurring Data
w12955 Jacob L. Vigdor
Is Urban Decay Bad? Is Urban Revitalization Bad Too?
w12958 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier

Projecting Behavioral Responses to the Next Generation of Retirement Policies
w12960 Eric A. Hanushek
Kuzey Yilmaz

Schools and Location: Tiebout, Alonso, and Government Policy
w12967 Kristopher Gerardi
Harvey S. Rosen
Paul Willen

Do Households Benefit from Financial Deregulation and Innovation? The Case of the Mortgage Market
w12946 Hans-Werner Sinn
The Welfare State and the Forces of Globalization
w12931 Jeffrey R. Kling
Methodological Frontiers of Public Finance Field Experiments
w12932 Patrick Bayer
Randi Hjalmarsson
David Pozen

Building Criminal Capital behind Bars: Peer Effects in Juvenile Corrections
w12924 Amy Finkelstein
E-ZTax: Tax Salience and Tax Rates
w12923 James Poterba
Nirupama Rao
Jeri Seidman

Deferred Tax Positions and Incentives for Corporate Behavior Around Corporate Tax Changes
w12915 David Neumark
William Wascher

Does a Higher Minimum Wage Enhance the Effectiveness of The Earned Income Tax Credit?
w12899 John Whalley
Li Wang

The Unified Enterprise Tax and SOEs in China
w12893 David Card
Raj Chetty
Andrea Weber

The Spike at Benefit Exhaustion: Leaving the Unemployment System or Starting a New Job?
w12890 Richard Rogerson
Taxation and Market Work: Is Scandinavia an Outlier?
w12880 Juan Carlos Conesa
Sagiri Kitao
Dirk Krueger

Taxing Capital? Not a Bad Idea After All!
w12873 Douglas A. Shackelford
Joel Slemrod
James M. Sallee

A Unifying Model of How the Tax System and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Affect Corporate Behavior
w12869 Isaac Ehrlich
Jinyoung Kim

Has Social Security Influenced Family Formation and Fertility in OECD Countries? An Economic and Econometric Analysis
w12859 Francisco J. Gomes
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Luis M. Viceira

The Excess Burden of Government Indecision
w12863 Pietro Garibaldi
Francesco Giavazzi
Andrea Ichino
Enrico Rettore

College Cost and Time to Complete a Degree: Evidence from Tuition Discontinuities
w12865 Bruce D. Meyer
Wallace K. C. Mok

Quasi-Experimental Evidence on the Effects of Unemployment Insurance from New York State
w12858 Jonathan Gruber
Kosali Simon

Crowd-Out Ten Years Later: Have Recent Public Insurance Expansions Crowded Out Private Health Insurance?
w12833 Francesco Caselli
Nicola Gennaioli

Economics and Politics of Alternative Institutional Reforms
w12832 Eric A. Hanushek
Ludger Woessmann

The Role of School Improvement in Economic Development
w12831 Alberto Abadie
Alexis Diamond
Jens Hainmueller

Synthetic Control Methods for Comparative Case Studies: Estimating the Effect of California's Tobacco Control Program
w12840 Flavio Cunha
James Heckman

The Technology of Skill Formation
w12849 Neeraj Kaushal
Do Food Stamps Cause Obesity? Evidence from Immigrant Experience
w12750 Joshua Aizenman
Kenneth Kletzer
Brian Pinto

Economic Growth with Constraints on Tax Revenues and Public Debt: Implications for Fiscal Policy and Cross-Country Differences
w12825 Ryan S. Johnson
Shawn Kantor
Price V. Fishback

Striking at the Roots of Crime: The Impact of Social Welfare Spending on Crime During the Great Depression
w12827 Alexander Muermann
Howard Kunreuther

Self-Protection and Insurance with Interdependencies
w12828 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

How and Why do Teacher Credentials Matter for Student Achievement?
w12822 Carlo Favero
Francesco Giavazzi

Debt and the Effects of Fiscal Policy
2006
w12802 Dhammika Dharmapala
James R. Hines Jr.

Which Countries Become Tax Havens?
w12805 Alan J. Auerbach
Ronald Lee

Notional Defined Contribution Pension Systems in a Stochastic Context: Design and Stability
w12813 William D. Nordhaus
The Economics of Hurricanes in the United States
w12801 Joseph Cullen
Price V. Fishback

Did Big Government's Largesse Help the Locals? The Implications of WWII Spending for Local Economic Activity, 1939-1958
w12790 Joshua Angrist
Daniel Lang
Philip Oreopoulos

Lead Them to Water and Pay Them to Drink: An Experiment with Services and Incentives for College Achievement
w12777 John A. List
Michael Margolis
Daniel E. Osgood

Is the Endangered Species Act Endangering Species?
w12770 Andrew Mason
Ronald Lee
An-Chi Tung
Mun-Sim Lai
Tim Miller

Population Aging and Intergenerational Transfers: Introducing Age into National Accounts
w12784 Edward L. Glaeser
Gergely Ujhelyi

Regulating Misinformation
w12774 David Card
Dean R. Hyslop

The Dynamic Effects of an Earnings Subsidy for Long-Term Welfare Recipients: Evidence from the SSP Applicant Experiment
w12786 Lee Ohanian
Andrea Raffo
Richard Rogerson

Long-Term Changes in Labor Supply and Taxes: Evidence from OECD Countries, 1956-2004
w12787 Edward L. Glaeser
Joseph Gyourko

Housing Dynamics
w12763 Robert J. Barro
On the Welfare Costs of Consumption Uncertainty
w12768 Steven J. Davis
Magnus Henrekson

Economic Performance and Work Activity in Sweden after the Crisis of the Early 1990s
w12751 Erik Snowberg
Justin Wolfers
Eric Zitzewitz

Party Influence in Congress and the Economy
w12732 Paul Bachman
Jonathan Haughton
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Alfonso Sanchez-Penalver
David G. Tuerck

Taxing Sales Under the FairTax: What Rate Works?
w12733 John F. Cogan
R. Glenn Hubbard
Daniel P. Kessler

Evaluating Effects of Tax Preferences on Health Care Spending and Federal Revenues
w12736 Martin S. Feldstein
The Effects of the Ageing European Population on Economic Growth and Budgets: Implications for Immigration and Other Policies
w12737 Eric A. Hanushek
Victor Lavy
Kohtaro Hitomi

Do Students Care about School Quality? Determinants of Dropout Behavior in Developing Countries
w12741 William D. Nordhaus
The "Stern Review" on the Economics of Climate Change
w12742 Darius Lakdawalla
George Zanjani

Catastrophe Bonds, Reinsurance, and the Optimal Collateralization of Risk-Transfer
w12738 Edward L. Glaeser
The Political Economy of Warfare
w12730 James R. Hines Jr.
Taxing Consumption and Other Sins
w12709 Kelly Shue
Erzo F. P. Luttmer

Who Misvotes? The Effect of Differential Cognition Costs on Election Outcomes
w12688 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Michael Moore
Younghwan Song

The Effect of Subjective Survival Probabilities on Retirement and Wealth in the United States
w12701 Wojciech Kopczuk
Bequest and Tax Planning: Evidence From Estate Tax Returns
w12685 Henrik Jacobsen Kleven
Claus Thustrup Kreiner
Emmanuel Saez

The Optimal Income Taxation of Couples
w12686 Li Gan
Lixin Colin Xu
Yang Yao

Health Shocks, Village Elections, and Long-Term Income: Evidence from Rural China
w12665 Matthias Doepke
Dirk Krueger

Origins and Consequences of Child Labor Restrictions: A Macroeconomic Perspective
w12654 Chryssi Giannitsarou
Andrew Scott

Inflation Implications of Rising Government Debt
w12649 C. Fritz Foley
Jay C. Hartzell
Sheridan Titman
Garry Twite

Why do firms hold so much cash? A tax-based explanation
w12651 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin

School Quality and the Black-White Achievement Gap
w12653 Casey B. Mulligan
Kevin K. Tsui

Political Competitiveness
w12659 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Simplification and Saving
w12639 David Card
Raj Chetty
Andrea Weber

Cash-on-Hand and Competing Models of Intertemporal Behavior: New Evidence from the Labor Market
w12641 Rafael Di Tella
Juan Dubra

Crime and Punishment in the "American Dream"
w12642 Marianne Bitler
Hilary W. Hoynes

Welfare Reform and Indirect Impacts on Health
w12618 Robert Shimer
Ivan Werning

Reservation Wages and Unemployment Insurance
w12621 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Rick Mansfield
Michael Moore

Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, and Savings
w12624 Neeraj Kaushal
Qin Gao
Jane Waldfogel

Welfare Reform and Family Expenditures: How are Single Mothers Adapting to the New Welfare and Work Regime?
w12600 Emmanuel Farhi
Ivan Werning

Progressive Estate Taxation
w12597 James Poterba
Joshua Rauh
Steven Venti
David Wise

Defined Contribution Plans, Defined Benefit Plans, and the Accumulation of Retirement Wealth
w12601 Edward L. Glaeser
Bryce A. Ward

The Causes and Consequences of Land Use Regulation: Evidence from Greater Boston
w12558 Chiaki Moriguchi
Emmanuel Saez

The Evolution of Income Concentration in Japan, 1886-2002: Evidence from Income Tax Statistics
w12569 David Joulfaian
Inheritance and Saving
w12568 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Federal Tax Policy Towards Energy
w12574 James J. Heckman
Sergio Urzua
Edward J. Vytlacil

Understanding Instrumental Variables in Models with Essential Heterogeneity
w12550 Marco Cagetti
Mariacristina De Nardi

Wealth Inequality: Data and Models
w12554 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Differential Mortality, Uncertain Medical Expenses, and the Saving of Elderly Singles
w12538 Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh
Pierre-Olivier Weill

Why Has House Price Dispersion Gone Up?
w12533 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
David Rapson

Does It Pay, at the Margin, to Work and Save? -- Measuring Effective Marginal Taxes on Americans' Labor Supply and Saving
w12526 E. Han Kim
Adair Morse
Luigi Zingales

What Has Mattered to Economics Since 1970
w12535 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Jongsang Park

A Comment on The Role of Prices for Excludable Public Goods
w12536 Jeffrey R. Brown
Norma B. Coe
Amy Finkelstein

Medicaid Crowd-Out of Private Long-Term Care Insurance Demand: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Survey
pote06-1 James Poterba
editor

Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 20
w12519 Steven D. Levitt
Joseph J. Doyle

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats and Seat Belts in Protecting Children from Injury
w12511 Daniel Polsky
Jalpa A. Doshi
Jose Escarce
Willard Manning
Susan M. Paddock
Liyi Cen
Jeannette Rogowski

The Health Effects of Medicare for the Near-Elderly Uninsured
w12514 Christopher House
Matthew D. Shapiro

Temporary Investment Tax Incentives: Theory with Evidence from Bonus Depreciation
w12507 Michael S. Visser
William T. Harbaugh
Naci H. Mocan

An Experimental Test of Criminal Behavior Among Juveniles and Young Adults
w12502 Gene Amromin
Jennifer Huang
Clemens Sialm

The Tradeoff Between Mortgage Prepayments and Tax-Deferred Retirement Savings
w12503 Howard Kunreuther
Mark Pauly

Rules Rather Than Discretion: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina
w12493 Andrew B. Bernard
J. Bradford Jensen
Peter K. Schott

Transfer Pricing by U.S.-Based Multinational Firms
w12490 Jennifer Hunt
How Corruption Hits People When They Are Down
w12471 Philip J. Cook
Robert MacCoun
Clara Muschkin
Jacob Vigdor

Should Sixth Grade be in Elementary or Middle School? An Analysis of Grade Configuration and Student Behavior
w12463 Alan J. Auerbach
Why Have Corporate Tax Revenues Declined? Another Look
w12467 Raj Chetty
Adam Szeidl

Consumption Commitments and Risk Preferences
w12444 Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott
Michael Sherris
Shaun Yow

Financial Innovation for an Aging World
w12446 David H. Krantz
Howard Kunreuther

Goals and Plans in Protective Decision Making
w12447 Gary V. Engelhardt
Anil Kumar

Employer Matching and 401(k) Saving: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study
w12445 Patrick Bajari
Han Hong
Ahmed Khwaja

Moral Hazard, Adverse Selection and Health Expenditures: A Semiparametric Analysis
w12449 Howard Kunreuther
Reflections on U.S. Disaster Insurance Policy for the 21st Century
w12452 Louis Kaplow
Myopia and the Effects of Social Security and Capital Taxation on Labor Supply
w12453 Dirk Krueger
Alexander Ludwig

On the Consequences of Demographic Change for Rates of Returns to Capital, and the Distribution of Wealth and Welfare
w12436 David Autor
Mark Duggan

The Growth in the Social Security Disability Rolls: A Fiscal Crisis Unfolding
w12431 Yum K. Kwan
The Direct Substitution Between Government and Private Consumption in East Asia
w12427 Tadashi Fukui
Yasushi Iwamoto

Policy Options for Financing the Future Health and Long-Term Care Costs in Japan
w12428 Benjamin A. Olken
Corruption Perceptions vs. Corruption Reality
w12417 Adam Looney
Monica Singhal

The Effect of Anticipated Tax Changes on Intertemporal Labor Supply and the Realization of Taxable Income
w12419 Stefania Albanesi
Optimal Taxation of Entrepreneurial Capital with Private Information
w12401 Alberto Arenas de Mesa
David Bravo
Jere R. Behrman
Olivia S. Mitchell
Petra E. Todd

The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons From the Social Protection Survey
w12404 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez

How Progressive is the U.S. Federal Tax System? A Historical and International Perspective
w12409 Jens Ludwig
Jeffrey R. Kling

Is Crime Contagious?
w12410 Jonathan Gruber
Daniel M. Hungerman

The Church vs the Mall: What Happens When Religion Faces Increased Secular Competition?
w12380 Orley Ashenfelter
Karl Storchmann

Using a Hedonic Model of Solar Radiation to Assess the Economic Effect of Climate Change: The Case of Mosel Valley Vineyards
w12371 Jacob L. Vigdor
Fifty Million Voters Can't Be Wrong: Economic Self-Interest and Redistributive Politics
w12375 Alberto Alesina
Paola Giuliano

Divorce, Fertility and the Shot Gun Marriage
w12364 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.

A Model of Social Interactions and Endogenous Poverty Traps
w12368 Justin McCrary
The Effect of Court-Ordered Hiring Quotas on the Composition and Quality of Police
w12366 Robert Moffitt
Welfare Work Requirements with Paternalistic Government Preferences
w12357 Takero Doi
Toshihiro Ihori
Kiyoshi Mitsui

Sustainability, Debt Management, and Public Debt Policy in Japan
w12355 Joseph Gyourko
Christopher Mayer
Todd Sinai

Superstar Cities
w12302 Wilson Au-Yeung
Jason McDonald
Amanda Sayegh

Australian Government Balance Sheet Management
w12323 Mark Duggan
Robert Rosenheck
Perry Singleton

Federal Policy and the Rise in Disability Enrollment: Evidence for the VA's Disability Compensation Program
w12332 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Separation of Powers and the Budget Process
w12338 Dean Karlan
John A. List

Does Price Matter in Charitable Giving? Evidence From a Large-Scale Natural Field Experiment
w12339 Louis Kaplow
Optimal Control of Externalities in the Presence of Income Taxation
w12342 Zhonglan Dai
Edward Maydew
Douglas A. Shackelford
Harold H. Zhang

Capital Gains Taxes and Asset Prices: Capitalization or Lock-In?
w12344 Jerry Green
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

On the General Relativity of Fiscal Language
w12303 Axel Börsch-Supan
Hendrik Jürges

Early Retirement, Social Security and Well-Being in Germany
w12307 Alan J. Auerbach
The Choice Between Income and Consumption Taxes: A Primer
w12313 Stephen Coate
Brian Knight

Socially Optimal Districting: An Empirical Investigation
w12289 Hanming Fang
Michael P. Keane
Dan Silverman

Sources of Advantageous Selection: Evidence from the Medigap Insurance Market
w12292 Roger Gordon
Martin Dietz

Dividends and Taxes
w12294 W. Kip Viscusi
Rational Discounting for Regulatory Analysis
w12284 Louis Kaplow
Optimal Income Transfers
w12281 Geoffrey Heal
Howard Kunreuther

Supermodularity and Tipping
w12279 Martin Feldstein
Balancing the Goals of Health Care Provision
w12278 Emre Ozdenoren
Stephen Salant
Dan Silverman

Willpower and the Optimal Control of Visceral Urges
w12272 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Energy Conservation in the United States: Understanding its Role in Climate Policy
w12265 Young Jun Chun
Population Aging, Fiscal Policies, and National Saving: Predictions for Korean Economy
w12259 Louis Kaplow
Capital Levies and Transition to a Consumption Tax
w12255 Carolyn Kousky
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Private Investment and Government Protection
w12254 Daron Acemoglu
Amy Finkelstein

Input and Technology Choices in Regulated Industries: Evidence From the Health Care Sector
w12253 Leigh L. Linden
Jonah E. Rockoff

There Goes the Neighborhood? Estimates of the Impact of Crime Risk on Property Values From Megan's Laws
w12266 Joseph J. Doyle
Jr.
Krislert Samphantharak

$2.00 Gas! Studying the Effects of a Gas Tax Moratorium
w12201 Martin Feldstein
The Effect of Taxes on Efficiency and Growth
w12221 Susumu Imai
Hajime Katayama
Kala Krishna

Crime and Young Men: The Role of Arrest, Criminal Experience, and Heterogeneity
w12224 Daron Acemoglu
Michael Golosov
Aleh Tsyvinski

Markets Versus Governments: Political Economy of Mechanisms
w12225 Joel Slemrod
John D. Wilson

Tax Competition With Parasitic Tax Havens
w12227 Susan M. Dynarski
Judith E. Scott-Clayton

The Cost of Complexity in Federal Student Aid: Lessons from Optimal Tax Theory and Behavioral Economics
w12230 Robert Shimer
Iván Werning

On the Optimal Timing of Benefits with Heterogeneous Workers and Human Capital Depreciation
w12237 Rena M. Conti
Ernst R. Berndt
Richard G. Frank

Early Retirement and Public Disability Insurance Applications: Exploring the Impact of Depression
w12238 Rachel M. McCleary
Robert J. Barro

U.S.-Based Private Voluntary Organizations: Religious and Secular PVOs Engaged in International Relief & Development
w12239 Louis Kaplow
Discounting Dollars, Discounting Lives: Intergenerational Distributive Justice and Efficiency
w12240 Jagadeesh Sivadasan
Joel Slemrod

Tax Law Changes, Income Shifting and Measured Wage Inequality: Evidence from India
w12242 Glenn Ellison
Sara Fisher Ellison

Internet Retail Demand: Taxes, Geography, and Online-Offline Competition
w12204 John Y. Campbell
Yves Nosbusch

Intergenerational Risksharing and Equilibrium Asset Prices
w12205 Amy Finkelstein
James Poterba
Casey Rothschild

Redistribution by Insurance Market Regulation: Analyzing a Ban on Gender-Based Retirement Annuities
w12208 Lara Gardner
Donna Gilleskie

The Effects of State Medicaid Policies on the Dynamic Savings Patterns of the Elderly
w12190 Allan Drazen
Marcela Eslava

Pork Barrel Cycles
w12133 James A. Robinson
Ragnar Torvik

A Political Economy Theory of the Soft Budget Constraint
w12135 John B. Shoven
Sita N. Slavov

Political Risk Versus Market Risk in Social Security
w12140 Heinrich Hock
David N. Weil

The Dynamics of the Age Structure, Dependency, and Consumption
w12147 David N. Weil
Population Aging
w12150 Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat
Jonathan Gruber
Phillip B. Levine
Douglas Staiger

Abortion and Selection
w12142 Charles Yuji Horioka
The Causes of Japan's "Lost Decade": The Role of Household Consumption
w12145 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Preferences and Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in a Public School Choice Lottery
w12146 Clemens Sialm
Investment Taxes and Equity Returns
w12128 Edward Glaeser
Giacomo Ponzetto
Andrei Shleifer

Why Does Democracy Need Education?
w12112 Amy Finkelstein
James Poterba

Testing for Asymmetric Information Using 'Unused Observables' in Insurance Markets: Evidence from the U.K. Annuity Market
w12097 John A. List
Friend or Foe? A Natural Experiment of the Prisoner's Dilemma
w12100 Marco Battaglini
Stephen Coate

A Dynamic Theory of Public Spending, Taxation and Debt
w12103 Eric M. Leeper
Shu-Chun Susan Yang

Dynamic Scoring: Alternative Financing Schemes
w12104 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Jonathan A. Parker

Taxes and Growth in a Financially Underdeveloped Country: Evidence from the Chilean Investment Boom
w12106 Patrick Bayer
Nathaniel Keohane
Christopher Timmins

Migration and Hedonic Valuation: The Case of Air Quality
w12110 J. Vernon Henderson
Ari Kuncoro

"Sick of Local Government Corruption? Vote Islamic"
w12092 Steven J. Davis
Kevin M. Murphy
Robert H. Topel

War in Iraq versus Containment
w12061 Louis Kaplow
Taxation
w12063 Uri Gneezy
John A. List

Putting Behavioral Economics to Work: Testing for Gift Exchange in Labor Markets Using Field Experiments
w12067 Raj Chetty
A Bound on Risk Aversion Using Labor Supply Elasticities
w12069 Howard Kunreuther
Erwann Michel-Kerjan

Looking Beyond TRIA: A Clinical Examination of Potential Terrorism Loss Sharing
w12070 Don Fullerton
Seung-Rae Kim

Environmental Investment and Policy with Distortionary Taxes and Endogenous Growth
w12047 Nora Gordon
Brian Knight

The Causes of Political Integration: An Application to School Districts
w12049 Alberto Alesina
Silvia Ardagna
Francesco Trebbi

Who Adjusts and When? On the Political Economy of Reforms
w12054 Linda Bilmes
Joseph Stiglitz

The Economic Costs of the Iraq War: An Appraisal Three Years After the Beginning of the Conflict
w12037 Monica Singhal
Special Interest Groups and the Allocation of Public Funds
w12041 Edward Lazear
Ulrike Malmendier
Roberto Weber

Sorting, Prices, and Social Preferences
w11994 Austan Goolsbee
The Value of Broadband and the Deadweight Loss of Taxing New Technology
w12008 David McAdams
Michael Schwarz

Perverse Incentives in the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit
w12009 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

The Importance of Default Options for Retirement Savings Outcomes: Evidence from the United States
w12018 James J. Heckman
Paul LaFontaine

Bias Corrected Estimates of GED Returns
gord06-1 Roger Gordon and Hans-Werner Sinn
editors

Trans-Atlantic Public Economics Seminar (TAPES), Conference on Fiscal Federalism
w11984 Leora Friedberg
Anthony Webb

Life is Cheap: Using Mortality Bonds to Hedge Aggregate Mortality Risk
w11987 John J. Donohue
Steven D. Levitt

Measurement Error, Legalized Abortion, and the Decline in Crime: A Response to Foote and Goetz (2005)
w11991 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Vying for Foreign Direct Investment: A EU-type Model of Tax Competition
w11945 Jonathan Gruber
A Tax-Based Estimate of the Elasticity of Intertemporal Substitution
w11955 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez

The Evolution of Top Incomes: A Historical and International Perspective
w11959 Alan J. Auerbach
Kevin A. Hassett

Dividend Taxes and Firm Valuation: New Evidence
w11964 Jeffrey Brown
James Poterba

Household Ownership of Variable Annuities
w11968 V. Joseph Hotz
John Karl Scholz

Examining the Effect of the Earned Income Tax Credit on the Labor Market Participation of Families on Welfare
w11974 James Poterba
Joshua Rauh
Steven Venti
David Wise

Lifecycle Asset Allocation Strategies and the Distribution of 401(k) Retirement Wealth
w11976 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Consumption, Income, and Material Well-Being After Welfare Reform
w11977 Anthony T. Lo Sasso
Bruce D. Meyer

The Health Care Safety Net and Crowd-Out of Private Health Insurance
w11979 James Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian

Reducing the Complexity Costs of 401(k) Participation Through Quick Enrollment(TM)
w11980 Brigitte Madrian
The U.S. Health Care System and Labor Markets
w11923 Lawrence H. Goulder
William A. Pizer

The Economics of Climate Change
w11930 Tomas Philipson
Stephane Mechoulan
Anupam Jena

Health Care, Technological Change, and Altruistic Consumption Externalities
w11932 Peter Kuhn
Chris Riddell

The Long-Term Effects of a Generous Income Support Program: Unemployment Insurance in New Brunswick and Maine, 1940-1991
w11933 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

Globalization and Developing Countries - A Shrinking Tax Base?
w11935 W. Kip Viscusi
Joel Huber

Hyperbolic Discounting of Public Goods
w11910 Sendhil Mullainathan
Ebonya Washington

Sticking with Your Vote: Cognitive Dissonance and Voting
w11915 Ebonya Washington
How Black Candidates Affect Voter Turnout
w11916 Orley Ashenfelter
Measuring the Value of a Statistical Life: Problems and Prospects
w11920 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian

Early Decisions: A Regulatory Framework
a0670 James Poterba
Public Economics
2005
w11889 William Nordhaus
Life After Kyoto: Alternative Approaches to Global Warming
w11895 Peter Kuhn
Fernando Lozano

The Expanding Workweek? Understanding Trends in Long Work Hours Among U.S. Men, 1979-2004
w11863 W. Kip Viscusi
Richard Zeckhauser

The Perception and Valuation of the Risks of Climate Change: A Rational and Behavioral Blend
w11877 Peter Diamond
Pensions for an Aging Population
w11833 Christian Hagist
Laurence Kotlikoff

Who's Going Broke? Comparing Growth in Healthcare Costs in Ten OECD Countries
w11848 Charles F. Manski
Search Profiling with Partial Knowledge of Deterrence
w11856 Martin Feldstein
Monetary Policy in a Changing International Environment: The Role of Global Capital Flows
w11858 Sabine Jokisch
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Simulating the Dynamic Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Effects of the FairTax
w11811 Mark Duggan
Perry Singleton
Jae Song

Aching to Retire? The Rise in the Full Retirement Age and its Impact on the Disability Rolls
w11831 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
David Rapson

Comparing Average and Marginal Tax Rates Under the FairTax and the Current System of Federal Taxation
w11832 Michael Baker
Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan

Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being
w11789 Edward L. Glaeser
Paternalism and Psychology
w11790 Michael Greenstone
Justin Gallagher

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program
w11794 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger
Jeffrey M. Weinstein

The Effect of Randomized School Admissions on Voter Participation
w11802 Patrick Bayer
Robert McMillan

Choice and Competition in Local Education Markets
w11805 Justine S. Hastings
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Parental Preferences and School Competition: Evidence from a Public School Choice Program
w11753 Benjamin A. Olken
Monitoring Corruption: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia
w11756 Clemens Sialm
Tax Changes and Asset Pricing: Time-Series Evidence
w11760 Raj Chetty
Why do Unemployment Benefits Raise Unemployment Durations? Moral Hazard vs. Liquidity
w11767 Wojciech Kopczuk
Joseph Lupton

To Leave or Not To Leave: The Distribution of Bequest Motives
w11768 Wojciech Kopczuk
Cristian Pop-Eleches

Electronic Filing, Tax Preparers, and Participation in the Earned Income Tax Credit
w11772 Karla Hoff
Joseph E. Stiglitz

The Creation of the Rule of Law and the Legitimacy of Property Rights: The Political and Economic Consequences of a Corrupt Privatization
w11729 Nada Eissa
Hilary Hoynes

Behavioral Responses to Taxes: Lessons from the EITC and Labor Supply
w11731 Erik Hurst
Arthur Kennickell
Annamaria Lusardi
Francisco Torralba

Precautionary Savings and the Importance of Business Owners
w11742 David Autor
Susan Houseman

Temporary Agency Employment as a Way out of Poverty?
w11743 David H. Autor
Susan Houseman

Do Temporary Help Jobs Improve Labor Market Outcomes for Low-Skilled Workers? Evidence from 'Work First'
w11746 Ricardo Reis
A Dynamic Measure of Inflation
w11751 Maria Enchautegui
Richard B. Freeman

Why Don't More Puerto Rican Men Work? The Rich Uncle (Sam) Hypothesis
w11720 Stephen Calabrese
Dennis Epple
Thomas Romer
Holger Sieg

Local Public Good Provision: Voting, Peer Effects, and Mobility
w11723 David C. Grabowski
Jonathan Gruber

Moral Hazard in Nursing Home Use
w11726 Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen P. Utkus
Tongxuan (Stella) Yang

Turning Workers into Savers? Incentives, Liquidity, and Choice in 401(k) Plan Design
w11708 Raj Chetty
Adam Looney

Income Risk and the Benefits of Social Insurance: Evidence from Indonesia and the United States
w11709 Raj Chetty
Adam Looney

Consumption Smoothing and the Welfare Consequences of Social Insurance in Developing Economies
w11711 Esther Duflo
Rohini Pande

Dams
w11717 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Foreign Direct Investment and Domestic Economic Activity
w11700 Alberto Alesina
Nichola Fuchs Schuendeln

Good bye Lenin (or not?): The Effect of Communism on People's Preferences
w11681 Hilary Hoynes
Marianne Page
Ann Stevens

Poverty in America: Trends and Explanations
w11682 Jeffrey Grogger
Markov Forecasting Methods for Welfare Caseloads
w11686 Alan J. Auerbach
Who Bears the Corporate Tax? A review of What We Know
w11687 Hanno Lustig
Christopher Sleet
Sevin Yeltekin

Fiscal Hedging and the Yield Curve
w11689 Robert Shimer
Ivan Werning

Liquidity and Insurance for the Unemployed
w11630 Benjamin M. Friedman
Deficits and Debt in the Short and Long Run
w11655 Russell Cooper
Hubert Kempf
Dan Peled

Is It Is or Is It Ain't My Obligation? Regional Debt in a Fiscal Federation
w11657 Raghuram G. Rajan
Arvind Subramanian

What Undermines Aid's Impact on Growth?
w11658 Adriana Kugler
Giovanni Pica

Effects of Employment Protection on Worker and Job Flows: Evidence from the 1990 Italian Reform
w11659 Thomas J. Kniesner
W. Kip Viscusi
Christopher Woock
James P. Ziliak

How Unobservable Productivity Biases the Value of a Statistical Life
w11661 Roger Gordon
Wei Li

Puzzling Tax Structures in Developing Countries: A Comparison of Two Alternative Explanations
w11664 Matthew Gentzkow
Jesse Shapiro

Media Bias and Reputation
w11665 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Tax Reform and Environmental Taxation
w11667 Howard F. Chang
Hilary Sigman

The Effect of Joint and Several Liability Under Superfund on Brownfields
w11674 Alessandra Casella
Thomas Palfrey
Raymond Riezman

Minorities and Storable Votes
w11675 Charles F. Manski
Fractional Treatment Rules for Social Diversification of Indivisible Private Risks
w11677 M. Kate Bundorf
Bradley Herring
Mark Pauly

Health Risk, Income, and Employment-Based Health Insurance
w11680 Esther Duflo
William Gale
Jeffrey Liebman
Peter Orszag
Emmanuel Saez

Saving Incentives for Low- and Middle-Income Families: Evidence from a Field Experiment with H&R Block
w11643 Charles Himmelberg
Christopher Mayer
Todd Sinai

Assessing High House Prices: Bubbles, Fundamentals, and Misperceptions
w11635 Jennifer Hunt
Sonia Laszlo

Bribery: Who Pays, Who Refuses, What Are the Payoffs?
pote05-1 James M. Poterba
editor

Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 19
w11616 John A. List
The Behavioralist Meets the Market: Measuring Social Preferences and Reputation Effects in Actual Transactions
w11621 Jeffrey Grogger
Welfare Reform, Returns to Experience, and Wages: Using Reservation Wages to Account for Sample Selection Bias
w11622 Shinichi Nishiyama
Kent Smetters

Does Social Security Privatization Produce Efficiency Gains?
w11626 Marianne P. Bitler
Jonah B. Gelbach
Hilary W. Hoynes

Distributional Impacts of the Self-Sufficiency Project
w11591 Steven D. Levitt
Evidence that Seat Belts are as Effective as Child Safety Seats in Preventing Death for Children Aged Two and Up
w11592 Hongbin Cai
Hanming Fang
Lixin Colin Xu

Eat, Drink, Firms and Government: An Investigation of Corruption from Entertainment and Travel Costs of Chinese Firms
w11600 Alberto Alesina
Guido Tabellini

Why is Fiscal Policy Often Procyclical?
w11601 Mark Aguiar
Erik Hurst

Lifecycle Prices and Production
w11605 Amitabh Chandra
Andrew A. Samwick

Disability Risk and the Value of Disability Insurance
w11609 Amy Finkelstein
Robin McKnight

What Did Medicare Do (And Was It Worth It)?
w11611 Craig Landry
Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price
Nicholas G. Rupp

Toward an Understanding of the Economics of Charity: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w11585 Daniel da Mata
U. Deichmann
J. Vernon Henderson
Somik V. Lall
H.G. Wang

Determinants of City Growth in Brazil
w11588 Stephen H. Shore
Todd Sinai

Commitment, Risk, and Consumption: Do Birds of a Feather Have Bigger Nests?
w11566 Daniel S. Hamermesh
Joel Slemrod

The Economics of Workaholism: We Should Not Have Worked on This Paper
w11568 Mark Duggan
Melissa Schettini Kearney

The Impact of Child SSI Enrollment on Household Outcomes: Evidence from the Survey of Income and Program Participation
w11570 Raquel Fernández
Gilat Levy

Diversity and Redistribution
w11576 Rajeev Dehejia
Thomas DeLeire
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

Insuring Consumption and Happiness Through Religious Organizations
w11577 Jeffrey R. Kling
Jeffrey B. Liebman
Lawrence F. Katz

Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects
w11553 Ye Feng
Don Fullerton
Li Gan

Vehicle Choices, Miles Driven, and Pollution Policies
w11554 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

$100 Bills on the Sidewalk: Suboptimal Investment in 401(k) Plans
w11535 Roland Bénabou
Jean Tirole

Incentives and Prosocial Behavior
w11539 Joshua Aizenman
Yothin Jinjarak

The Collection Efficiency of the Value Added Tax: Theory and International Evidence
w11543 Aart Kraay
Jaume Ventura

The Dot-Com Bubble the Bush Deficits, and the U.S. Current Account
w11495 Marco Battaglini
Stephen Coate

Inefficiency in Legislative Policy-Making: A Dynamic Analysis
w11504 Edward L. Maydew
Douglas A. Shackelford

The Changing Role of Auditors in Corporate Tax Planning
w11507 Patrick Bayer
Hanming Fang
Robert McMillan

Separate When Equal? Racial Inequality and Residential Segregation
w11511 Edward L. Glaeser
Inequality
w11518 B. Douglas Bernheim
Antonio Rangel

Behavioral Public Economics: Welfare and Policy Analysis with Non-Standard Decision-Makers
w11531 Alberto Alesina
Guido Tabellini

Why Do Politicians Delegate?
w11489 Patric H. Hendershott
Gwilym Pryce

The Sensitivity of Homeowner Leverage to the Deductibility of Home Mortgage Interest
w11490 Mark Aguiar
Manuel Amador
Gita Gopinath

Efficient Fiscal Policy and Amplification
w11484 Timothy Besley
Torsten Persson
Daniel Sturm

Political Competition and Economic Performance: Theory and Evidence from the United States
w11449 Alan J. Auerbach
Kevin A. Hassett

The 2003 Dividend Tax Cuts and the Value of the Firm: An Event Study
w11452 Raj Chetty
Joseph Rosenberg
Emmanuel Saez

The Effects of Taxes on Market Responses to Dividend Announcements and Payments: What Can we Learn from the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut?
w11454 Maria Cancian
Arik Levinson

Labor Supply Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit: Evidence from Wisconsin Supplemental Benefit for Families with Three Children
w11462 Stephen Coate
Brian Knight

Socially Optimal Districting
w11464 Roland G. Fryer
Jr.
Glenn C. Loury

Affirmative Action and Its Mythology
w11469 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala
Winnie Fung

Taxation and the Evolution of Aggregate Corporate Ownership Concentration
w11438 Ian W.H. Parry
Hilary Sigman
Margaret Walls
Roberton C. Williams III

The Incidence of Pollution Control Policies
w11445 Alan Krueger
Jesse Rothstein
Sarah Turner

Race, Income, and College in 25 Years: The Continuing Legacy of Segregation and Discrimination
w11396 Gene M. Grossman
Elhanan Helpman

Party Discipline and Pork Barrel Politics
w11397 John Joseph Wallis
Barry R. Weingast

Equilibrium Impotence: Why the States and Not the American National Government Financed Economic Development in the Antebellum Era
w11399 Alberto Alesina
George-Marios Angeletos

Corruption, Inequality and Fairness
w11406 Andrew G. Biggs
Jeffrey R. Brown
Glenn Springstead

Alternative Methods of Price Indexing Social Security: Implications for Benefits and System Financing
w11408 Emmanuel Farhi
Ivan Werning

Inequality, Social Discounting and Estate Taxation
w11374 Laurence Ball
Fiscal Remedies for Japan's Slump
w11377 Jonathan Gruber
Religious Market Structure, Religious Participation, and Outcomes: Is Religion Good for You?
w11386 Raj Chetty
A General Formula for the Optimal Level of Social Insurance
w11332 Jonathan Gruber
Daniel M. Hungerman

Faith-Based Charity and Crowd Out during the Great Depression
w11311 Don Fullerton
Garth Heutel

The General Equilibrium Incidence of Environmental Taxes
w11315 William Jack
Arik Levinson
Sjamsu Rahardja

Employee Cost-Sharing and the Welfare Effects of Flexible Spending Accounts
w11329 Patric Hendershott
Robert J. Hendershott
Bryan D. MacGregor

Evidence on Rationality in Commercial Property Markets: An Interpretation and Critique
w11287 Jonathan Guryan
Melissa S. Kearney

Lucky Stores, Gambling, and Addiction: Empirical Evidence from State Lottery Sales
w11290 Jonathan Gruber
David Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Fiscal Implications, Introduction and Summary
w11300 Robert J. Shiller
The Life-Cycle Personal Accounts Proposal for Social Security: A Review
w11278 Alberto Alesina
Edward L. Glaeser
Bruce Sacerdote

Work and Leisure in the U.S. and Europe: Why So Different?
w11279 Gordon B. Dahl
Lance Lochner

The Impact of Family Income on Child Achievement
w11264 Shamena Anwar
Hanming Fang

An Alternative Test of Racial Prejudice in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence
w11267 Roger Gordon
Wei Li

Tax Structure in Developing Countries: Many Puzzles and a Possible Explanation
w11259 James J. Heckman
Edward Vytlacil

Structural Equations, Treatment Effects and Econometric Policy Evaluation
w11236 Philippe Aghion
Alberto Alesina
Francesco Trebbi

Choosing Electoral Rules: Theory and Evidence from US Cities
w11241 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala

Corporate Tax Avoidance and Firm Value
w11249 Martin Feldstein
The Euro and the Stability Pact
w11250 Martin Feldstein
Rethinking Social Insurance
w11234 Melissa S. Kearney
The Economic Winners and Losers of Legalized Gambling
w11202 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Enrico Moretti

Did Iraq Cheat the United Nations? Underpricing, Bribes, and the Oil for Food Program
w11203 Robert Inman
Financing Cities
w11208 Roland Benabou
Jean Tirole

Belief in a Just World and Redistributive Politics
w11210 H. Naci Mocan
Turan G. Bali

Asymmetric Crime Cycles
w11177 Patricia M. Anderson
Kristin F. Butcher

Reading, Writing and Raisinets: Are School Finances Contributing to Children's Obesity?
w11185 Mikhail Golosov
Aleh Tsyvinski

Optimal Taxation with Endogenous Insurance Markets
w11196 Assaf Razin
Yona Rubinstein
Efraim Sadka

Corporate Taxation and Bilateral FDI with Threshold Barriers
w11174 Don Fullerton
Li Gan

Cost-Effective Policies to Reduce Vehicle Emissions
w11160 Katherine Baicker
Amitabh Chandra

The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums
w11146 Michele Boldrin
Mariacristina De Nardi
Larry E. Jones

Fertility and Social Security
w11154 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Daniel M. O'Brien
Steven G. Rivkin

The Market for Teacher Quality
w11118 Richard Arnott
Eren Inci

An Integrated Model of Downtown Parking and Traffic Congestion
w11121 Isaac Ehrlich
Jinyoung Kim

Social Security, Demographic Trends, and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence from the International Experience
w11140 Mihir A. Desai
Robert J. Yetman

Constraining Managers without Owners: Governance of the Not-for-Profit Enterprise
w11141 Herschel I. Grossman
Daniel Mejia

The War Against Drug Producers
w11098 Martin Feldstein
Structural Reform of Social Security
w11101 Kent Smetters
Social Security Privatization with Elastic Labor Supply and Second-Best Taxes
w11108 Nada Wasi
Michelle J. White

Property Tax Limitations and Mobility: The Lock-in Effect of California's Proposition 13
w11084 Martin Feldstein
Reducing the Risk of Investment-Based Social Security Reform
w11085 Allan Drazen
Marcela Eslava

Electoral Manipulation via Expenditure Composition: Theory and Evidence
w11086 Charles T. Clotfelter
Helen F. Ladd
Jacob L. Vigdor

Federal Oversight, Local Control, and the Specter of "Resegregation" in Southern Schools
w11096 David Cutler
Grant Miller

Water, Water, Everywhere: Municipal Finance and Water Supply in American Cities
w11097 Edward L. Glaeser
Joseph Gyourko
Raven E. Saks

Urban Growth and Housing Supply
w11065 Fabio Canova
Evi Pappa

Does it Cost to be Virtuous? The Macroeconomic Effects of Fiscal Constraints
w11067 Michelle Hanlon
Terry Shevlin

Bank-Tax Conformity for Corporate Income: An Introduction to the Issues
w11074 Gabriel D. Carroll
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian
Andrew Metrick

Optimal Defaults and Active Decisions
w11075 Mihir C. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Foreign Direct Investment and the Domestic Capital Stock
w11078 Simeon Djankov
Caralee McLiesh
Andrei Shleifer

Private Credit in 129 Countries
w11080 John Joseph Wallis
Price Fishback
Shawn Kantor

Politics, Relief, and Reform: The Transformation of America's Social Welfare System during the New Deal
w11038 Kent Smetters
Insuring Against Terrorism: The Policy Challenge
w11039 Amy Finkelstein
Kathleen McGarry
Amir Sufi

Dynamic Inefficiencies in Insurance Markets: Evidence from long-term care insurance
w11044 Juan Carlos Conesa
Dirk Krueger

On the Optimal Progressivity of the Income Tax Code
w11060 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Kent Smetters

Measuring Social Security's Financial Problems
w11025 David Joulfaian
Choosing Between Gifts and Bequests: How Taxes Affect the Timing of Wealth Transfers
w11032 James J. Heckman
Dimitriy V. Masterov

Allander Series: Skill Policies for Scotland
2004
w10970 Raj Chetty
Adam Szeidl

Consumption Commitments and Habit Formation
w10988 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Happy News from the Dismal Science: Reassessing the Japanese Fiscal Policy and Sustainability
w10989 Jeffrey R. Brown
Amy Finkelstein

The Interaction of Public and Private Insurance: Medicaid and the Long-Term Care Insurance Market
w11002 Jeffrey R. Brown
Nellie Liang
Scott Weisbenner

Executive Financial Incentives and Payout Policy: Firm Responses to the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut
w11006 Mark J. Garmaise
Tobias J. Moskowitz

Bank Mergers and Crime: The Real and Social Effects of Credit Market Competition
w10967 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Aging and the Welfare State: The Role of Young and Old Voting Pivots
w10969 Antoine Bommier
Ronald Lee
Timothy Miller
Stephane Zuber

Who Wins and Who Loses? Public Transfer Accounts for US Generations Born 1850 to 2090
w10976 Gary S. Becker
Kevin M. Murphy
Michael Grossman

The Economic Theory of Illegal Goods: The Case of Drugs
w10977 Jonathan Gruber
Tax Policy for Health Insurance
w10978 Mihir A. Desai
Alexander Dyck
Luigi Zingales

Theft and Taxes
w10968 Kevin Milligan
Mark Stabile

The Integration of Child Tax Credits and Welfare: Evidence from the National Child Benefit Program
hosh04-1 Takeo Hoshi
Sadao Nagaoka and Toshiaki Tachibanaki
organizers

Financing Retirement (NBER-CEPR-TCER-RIETI conference)
w10953 Sita Nataraj
John B. Shoven

Has the Unified Budget Undermined the Federal Government Trust Funds?
w10958 Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price

Using Tontines to Finance Public Goods: Back to the Future?
w10935 Nada Eissa
Henrik Jacobsen Kleven
Claus Thustrup Kreiner

Evaluation of Four Tax Reforms in the United States: Labor Supply and Welfare Effects for Single Mothers
w10936 James R. Hines Jr.
Do Tax Havens Flourish?
w10917 Ronald Lee
Timothy Miller
Michael Anderson

Stochastic Infinite Horizon Forecasts for Social Security and Related Studies
w10905 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The social Security Retirement Earnings Test, Retirement and Benefit Claiming
w10865 Patrick Bayer
Robert McMillan
Kim Rueben

An Equilibrium Model of Sorting in an Urban Housing Market
w10841 Raj Chetty
Emmanuel Saez

Dividend Taxes and Corporate Behavior: Evidence from the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut
w10858 Joel Slemrod
The Economics of Corporate Tax Selfishness
w10859 Alberto Abadie
Poverty, Political Freedom, and the Roots of Terrorism
w10804 Christian A. L. Hilber
Christopher J. Mayer

Why Do Households Without Children Support Local Public Schools?
w10806 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines

Economic Effects of Regional Tax Havens
w10782 Jeffrey R. Brown
Amy Finkelstein

Supply or Demand: Why is the Market for Long-Term Care Insurance So Small?
w10785 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley

The Comovement of Returns and Investment Within the Multinational Firm
w10787 Alan S. Blinder
Alan B. Krueger

What Does the Public Know about Economic Policy, and How Does It Know It?
w10788 Silvia Ardagna
Francesco Caselli
Timothy Lane

Fiscal Discipline and the Cost of Public Debt Service: Some Estimates for OECD Countries
w10792 Mikhail Golosov
Aleh Tsyvinski

Designing Optimal Disability Insurance: A Case for Asset Testing
w10797 Stephen Coate
Michael Conlin
Andrea Moro

The Performance of the Pivotal-Voter Model in Small-Scale Elections: Evidence from Texas Liquor Referenda
w10798 Hans-Werner Sinn
Migration, Social Standards and Replacement Incomes: How to Protect Low-income Workers in the Industrialized Countries Against the Forces of Globalization and Market Integration
w10777 Jeffrey R. Kling
Jens Ludwig
Lawrence F. Katz

Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment
w10784 David S. Johnson
Jonathan A. Parker
Nicholas S. Souleles

Household Expenditure and the Income Tax Rebates of 2001
w10762 Nancy E. Reichman
Hope Corman
Kelly Noonan

Effects of Child Health on Sources of Public Support
w10722 Caroline M. Hoxby
Ilyana Kuziemko

Robin Hood and His Not-So-Merry Plan: Capitalization and the Self-Destruction of Texas' School Finance Equalization Plan
w10737 Robert E. Hall
Charles I. Jones

The Value of Life and the Rise in Health Spending
w10739 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren
Enrico Moretti

The Dynamics of Criminal Behavior: Evidence from Weather Shocks
w10748 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Matthew F. Mitchell
Andrea Moro

Why Do Incumbent Senators Win? Evidence from a Dynamic Selection Model
blun04-1 Richard Blundell and Roger Gordon
editors

Trans-Atlantic Public Economics Seminar (TAPES), Conference on Income Taxation
w10701 Katherine Baicker
Nora Gordon

The Effect of Mandated State Education Spending on Total Local Resources
w10711 Eric A. Hanushek
Charles Ka Yui Leung
Kuzey Yilmaz

Borrowing Constraints, College Aid, and Intergenerational Mobility
w10712 Jerry Hausman
Ephraim Leibtag

CPI Bias from Supercenters: Does the BLS Know that Wal-Mart Exists?
w10717 Hilary Sigman
Transboundary Spillovers and Decentralization of Environmental Policies
w10663 Olivier Deschenes
Michael Greenstone

The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random
w10667 Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Neighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being
w10674 J. Vernon Henderson
Ari Kuncoro

Corruption in Indonesia
w10676 David F. Bradford
The X Tax in the World Economy
w10681 Eric M. Engen
R. Glenn Hubbard

Federal Government Debt and Interest Rates
w10682 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Welfare Migration: Is the Net Fiscal Burden a Good Measure of Its Economic Impact on the Welfare of the Native Born Population?
w10690 Keith J. Crocker
Joel Slemrod

Corporate Tax Evasion with Agency Costs
w10693 Alan J. Auerbach
Young Jun Chun
Ilho Yoo

The Fiscal Burden of Korean Reunification: A Generational Accounting Approach
w10694 Alan J. Auerbach
Budget Windows, Sunsets, and Fiscal Control
pote04-1 James Poterba
editor

Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 18
w10637 Enrique G. Mendoza
P. Marcelo Oviedo

Public Debt, Fiscal Solvency and Macroeconomic Uncertainty in Latin America: The Cases of Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Mexico
w10639 Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price

Auctions with Resale When Private Values Are Uncertain: Theory and Empirical Evidence
w10645 Jon Bakija
Joel Slemrod

Do the Rich Flee from High State Taxes? Evidence from Federal Estate Tax Returns
w10647 David Card
Dean R. Hyslop

Estimating the Effects of a Time Limited Earnings Subsidy for Welfare Leavers
w10658 Thomas Kane
Evaluating the Impact of the D.C. Tuition Assistance Grant Program
w10611 Jacob L. Vigdor
Liquidity Constraints and Housing Prices: Theory and Evidence from the VA Mortgage
w10630 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Capital Income Taxation in the Globalized World
w10634 Kate L. Antonovics
Brian G. Knight

A New Look at Racial Profiling: Evidence from the Boston Police Department
w10609 John A. List
Daniel M. Sturm

How Elections Matter: Theory and Evidence from Environmental Policy
w10591 Eric A. Hanushek
Margaret E. Raymond

Does School Accountability Lead to Improved Student Performance?
w10558 Casey Mulligan
Andrei Shleifer

Conscription as Regulation
w10572 Raj Chetty
Emmanuel Saez

Do Dividend Payments Respond to Taxes? Preliminary Evidence from the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut
w10549 Marianne Bitler
Jonah Gelbach
Hilary Hoynes

Welfare Reform and Health
w10551 William M. Gentry
R. Glenn Hubbard

"Success Taxes," Entrepreneurial Entry, and Innovation
pote04-2 James M. Poterba
organizer

Tax Incentives and Saving
w10541 Thomas Lemieux
Kevin Milligan

Incentive Effects of Social Assistance: A Regression Discontinuity Approach
w10543 Daniel Bergstresser
Mihir A. Desai
Joshua Rauh

Earnings Manipulation and Managerial Investment Decisions: Evidence from Sponsored Pension Plans
card04-1 David Card
Richard Blundell and Richard B. Freeman
editors

Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000
w10509 Steven J. Davis
Magnus Henrekson

Tax Effects on Work Activity, Industry Mix and Shadow Economy Size: Evidence from Rich-Country Comparisons
w10510 Jennifer Hunt
Trust and Bribery: The Role of the Quid Pro Quo and the Link with Crime
w10512 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence Kotlikoff

The Role of Immigration in Dealing with the Developed World's Demographic Transition
w10521 Mark E. Doms
Wendy E. Dunn
Stephen D. Oliner
Daniel E. Sichel

How Fast Do Personal Computers Depreciate? Concepts and New Estimates
w10524 Willem Buiter
A Small Corner of Intertemporal Public Finance - New Developments in Monetary Economics: 2 Ghosts, 2 Eccentricities, A Fallacy, A Mirage and A Mythos
w10525 Axel Boersch-Supan
Christina B. Wilke

The German Public Pension System: How it Was, How it Will Be
w10530 Brian Knight
Bargaining in Legislatures: An Empirical Investigation
w10500 Raj Chetty
Optimal Unemployment Insurance When Income Effects are Large
w10484 Katherine Baicker
Mireille Jacobson

Finders Keepers: Forfeiture Laws, Policing Incentives, and Local Budgets
w10487 Erik Hurst
James P. Ziliak

Do Welfare Asset Limits Affect Household Saving? Evidence from Welfare Reform
w10488 Janet Currie
The Take Up of Social Benefits
w10490 Louis Kaplow
On the (Ir)Relevence of Distribution and Labor Supply Distortion of Government Policy
w10466 Gary V. Engelhardt
Jonathan Gruber

Social Security and the Evolution of Elderly Poverty
w10471 Mihir A. Desai
Dhammika Dharmapala

Corporate Tax Avoidance and High Powered Incentives
w10463 Li Gan
Roberton C. Williams III
Thomas Wiseman

A Simple Model of Optimal Hate Crime Legislation
metc04-1 Gilbert Metcalf
editor

Advances in Empirical Environmental Policy Research
w10455 Murat Iyigun
Dani Rodrik

On the Efficacy of Reforms: Policy Tinkering, Institutional Change, and Entrepreneurship
w10440 Katherine Baicker
Douglas Staiger

Fiscal Shenanigans, Targeted Federal Health Care Funds, and Patient Mortality
w10443 Olivier Blanchard
Jean Tirole

The Optimal Design of Unemployment Insurance and Employment Protection. A First Pass
w10444 Takashi Oshio
Social Security and Trust Fund Management
w10415 Christopher L. House
Matthew D. Shapiro

Phased-In Tax Cuts and Economic Activity
w10419 Jeffrey R. Brown
Nellie Liang
Scott Weisbenner

401(k) Matching Contributions in Company Stock: Costs and Benefits for Firms and Workers
w10421 Gary V. Engelhardt
Brigitte C. Madrian

Employee Stock Purchase Plans
w10429 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie
Enrico Moretti

Competition in Imperfect Markets: Does it Help California's Medicaid Mothers?
w10430 Martin Eichenbaum
Jonas Fisher

Fiscal Policy in the Aftermath of 9/11
w10400 Mervyn King
The Institutions of Monetary Policy
w10407 Louis Kaplow
On the Undesirability of Commodity Taxation Even When Income Taxation is Not Optimal
w10382 Helen Levy
Employer-Sponsored Disability Insurance: Where are the Gaps in Coverage?
w10385 Brian Knight
Legislative Representation, Bargaining Power, and the Distribution of Federal Funds: Evidence from the U.S. Senate
w10388 Jeffrey R. Brown
J. David Cummins
Christopher M. Lewis
Ran Wei

An Empirical Analysis of the Economic Impact of Federal Terrorism Reinsurance
w10395 James Poterba
Valuing Assets in Retirement Saving Accounts
w10399 Wojciech Kopczuk
Emmanuel Saez

Top Wealth Shares in the United States: 1916-2000: Evidence from Estate Tax Returns
w10371 Roland Benabou
Inequality, Technology, and the Social Contract
w10374 Jonathan Gruber
Pay or Pray? The Impact of Charitable Subsidies on Religious Attendance
w10375 Allan Drazen
Nuno Limão

Government Gains from Self-Restraint: A Bargaining Theory of Inefficient Redistribution
w10366 David Card
Alan B. Krueger

Would the Elimination of Affirmative Action Affect Highly Qualified Minority Applicants? Evidence from California and Texas
w10330 Sarah E. West
Roberton C. Williams

Empirical Estimates for Environmental Policy Making in a Second-Best Setting
w10333 Brian Knight
Are Policy Platforms Capitalized into Equity Prices? Evidence from the Bush/Gore 2000 Presidential Election
w10342 Alberto Alesina
Roberto Perotti

The European Union: A Politically Incorrect View
w10354 Raj Chetty
Interest Rates and Backward-Bending Investment
w10357 Susan M. Dynarski
Tax Policy and Education Policy: Collision or Coordination? A Case Study of the 529 and Coverdell Saving Incentives
w10339 Kohei Komamura
Atsuhiro Yamada

Who Bears the Burden of Social Insurance?
w10312 Edward L. Glaeser
Eric A. Hanushek
John M. Quigley

Opportunities, Race, and Urban Location: The Influence of John Kain
w10313 Alberto Alesina
Eliana La Ferrara

Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance
w10316 Edward C. Prescott
Why do Americans Work so Much More than Europeans?
w10320 Casey B. Mulligan
Yona Rubinstein

Household vs. Personal Accounts of the U.S. Labor Market, 1965-2000
w10321 James Poterba
Taxation and Corporate Payout Policy
w10322 Todd Sinai
Joseph Gyourko

The (Un)changing Geographical Distribution of Housing Tax Benefits: 1980 to 2000
w10324 Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel

The Illusion of Sustainability
w10301 Jennifer L. Blouin
Jana Smith Raedy
Douglas A. Shackelford

Did Dividends Increase Immediately After the 2003 Reduction in Tax Rates?
w10305 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Personal Accounts and Family Retirement
w10290 Alan Auerbach
Maurice Obstfeld

Monetary and Fiscal Remedies for Deflation
w10291 Alan J. Auerbach
How Much Equity Does the Government Hold?
w10260 John Karl Scholz
Ananth Seshadri
Surachai Khitatrakun

Are Americans Saving "Optimally" for Retirement?
w10262 Casey B. Mulligan
What do Aggregate Consumption Euler Equations Say about the Capital Income Tax Burden?
w10273 Emmanuel Saez
Reported Incomes and Marginal Tax Rates, 1960-2000: Evidence and Policy Implications
w10274 Erdal Tekin
Single Mothers Working at Night: Standard Work, Child Care Subsidies, and Implications for Welfare Reform
w10275 Zoran Ivkovich
James Poterba
Scott Weisbenner

Tax-Motivated Trading by Individual Investors
w10282 Erik Hurst
Paul Willen

Social Security and Unsecured Debt
w10283 Jeremy Lise
Shannon Seitz
Jeffrey Smith

Equilibrium Policy Experiments and the Evaluation of Social Programs
w10229 Eric A. Hanushek
Some Simple Analytics of School Quality
w10233 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

Market Reactions to Export Subsidies
w10234 Casey B. Mulligan
Andrei Shleifer

Population and Regulation
w10235 Jeffrey R. Brown
Zoran Ivkovich
Paul A. Smith
Scott Weisbenner

The Geography of Stock Market Participation: The Influence of Communities and Local Firms
w10241 Alberto Alesina
Guido Tabellini

Bureaucrats or Politicians?
w10252 Donald R. Davis
David E. Weinstein

A Search for Multiple Equilibria in Urban Industrial Structure
w10211 Raj Chetty
Consumption Commitments, Unemployment Durations, and Local Risk Aversion
w10214 Ted Joyce
Robert Kaestner
Sanders Korenman
Stanley Henshaw

Family Cap Provisions and Changes in Births and Abortions
w10219 Hugo Benitez-Silva
Moshe Buchinsky
John Rust

How Large are the Classification Errors in the Social Security Disability Award Process?
grub04-1 Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise
editors

Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation
w10203 Edward L. Glaeser
Psychology and the Market
2003
w10176 Torsten Persson
Gerard Roland
Guido Tabellini

How Do Electoral Rules Shape Party Structures, Government Coalitions, and Economic Policies?
w10179 Howard Kunreuther
Erwann Michel-Kerjan
Beverly Porter

Assessing, Managing, and Financing Extreme Events: Dealing with Terrorism
w10182 Arie Kapteyn
Constantijn Panis

The Size and Composition of Wealth Holdings in the United States, Italy, and the Netherlands
w10153 Mihir Desai
William M. Gentry

The Character and Determinants of Corporate Capital Gains
w10170 Torsten Persson
Consequences of Constitutions
w10138 Edgar Cudmore
John Whalley

Regeneration, Labour Supply and the Welfare Costs of Taxes
w10139 Don Fullerton
Li Gan

A Simulation-Based Welfare Loss Calculation for Labor Taxes with Piecewise-Linear Budgets
w10140 Don Fullerton
Ann Wolverton

The Two-Part Instrument in a Second-Best World
w10112 Katharine Abraham
Melissa A. Clark

Financial Aid and Students' College Decisions: Evidence from the District of Columbia's Tuition Assistance Grant Program
w10113 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian A. Jacob
Steven Levitt

The Effect of School Choice on Student Outcomes: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries
w10119 Marco Battaglini
Stephen Coate

Pareto Efficient Income Taxation with Stochastic Abilities
w10121 Marianne Bitler
Jonah Gelbach
Hilary Hoynes

What Mean Impacts Miss: Distributional Effects of Welfare Reform Experiments
w10096 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence Kotlikoff

The Developed World's Demographic Transition - The Roles of Capital Flows, Immigration, and Policy
w10098 Erik Hurst
Grasshoppers, Ants, and Pre-Retirement Wealth: A Test of Permanent Income
w10099 Andrew B. Abel
Optimal Taxation When Consumers Have Endogenous Benchmark Levels of Consumption
w10110 Willem Buiter
Anne C. Sibert

Cross-Border Tax Externalities: Are Budget Deficits Too Small?
w10085 Katherine Grace Carman
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

The Impact on Consumption and Saving of Current and Future Fiscal Policies
w10059 A.L. Bovenberg
Lawrence H. Goulder
Derek J. Gurney

Efficiency Costs of Meeting Industry-Distributional Constraints under Environmental Permits and Taxes
w10060 David Neumark
Donna Rothstein

School-to-Career Programs and Transitions to Employment and Higher Education
w10062 William H. Crown
Ernst R. Berndt
Onur Baser
Stan N. Finkelstein
Whitney P. Witt

Benefit Plan Design and Prescription Drug Utilization Among Asthmatics: Do Patient Copayments Matter?
w10072 Daniel Feenberg
James Poterba

The Alternative Minimum Tax and Effective Marginal Tax Rates
w10043 Patricia M. Anderson
Bruce D. Meyer

Unemployment Insurance Tax Burdens and Benefits: Funding Family Leave and Reforming the Payroll Tax
w10044 Wojciech Kopczuk
Tax Bases, Tax Rates and the Elasticity of Reported Income
w10053 Kenneth Y. Chay
Michael Greenstone

Air Quality, Infant Mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970
w10040 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Ricard Gil

Do Democracies Have Different Public Policies than Nondemocracies?
w10023 Alan J. Auerbach
Fiscal Policy, Past and Present
w10028 Todd Sinai
Joel Waldfogel

Geography and the Internet: Is the Internet a Substitute or a Complement for Cities?
w10030 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement Effects of Proposals by the President's Commision to Strengthen Social Security
w10002 Alvin E. Roth
Tayfun Sonmez
M. Utku Unver

Kidney Exchange
w9988 Raj Chetty
A New Method of Estimating Risk Aversion
w9982 Alessandra Casella
Andrew Gelman
Thomas R. Palfrey

An Experimental Study of Storable Votes
w9983 Alan J. Auerbach
Young Jun Chun

Generational Accounting in Korea
w9957 Amy Finkelstein
Kathleen McGarry

Private Information and its Effect on Market Equilibrium: New Evidence from Long-Term Care Insurance
w9913 Axel Borsch-Supan
Barbara Berkel

Pension Reform in Germany: The Impact on Retirement Decisions
w9916 Casey B. Mulligan
Capital Tax Incidence: Fisherian Impressions from the Time Series
w9919 Mark V. Pauly
Yuhui Zeng

Adverse Selection and the Challenges to Stand-Alone Prescription Drug Insurance
w9917 James Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian
Andrew Metrick

Passive Decisions and Potent Defaults
w9894 Patric H. Hendershott
Bryan D. MacGregor

Investor Rationality: Evidence from UK Property Capitalization Rates
w9895 James J. Heckman
Rosa Matzkin
Lars Nesheim

Simulation and Estimation of Nonaddative Hedonic Models
w9896 Richard B. Freeman
What, Me Vote?
w9881 Karsten Hansen
James J. Heckman
Kathleen J. Mullen

The Effect of Schooling and Ability on Achievement Test Scores
w9845 Kent Smetters
Is the Social Security Trust Fund Worth Anything?
w9852 Louis Kaplow
The Value of a Statistical Life and the Coefficient of Relative Risk Aversion
w9855 Michael Smart
Mark Stabile

Tax Credits and the Use of Medical Care
w9862 Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe
Martin Uribe

Anticipated Ramsey Reforms and the Uniform Taxation Principle: the Role of International Financial Markets
w9842 Louis Kaplow
Public Goods and the Distribution of Income
w9843 David F. Bradford
Addressing the Transfer-Pricing Problem in an Origin-Basis X Tax
w9844 Michael Greenstone
Enrico Moretti

Bidding for Industrial Plants: Does Winning a 'Million Dollar Plant' Increase Welfare?
w9812 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Insurance and the Utilization of Medical Services
w9814 Alan J. Auerbach
Maurice Obstfeld

The Case for Open-Market Purchases in a Liquidity Trap
w9818 James J. Heckman
Jeffrey A. Smith

The Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Evidence from a Prototypical Job Training Program
w9784 Brian J. Hall
Kevin J. Murphy

The Trouble with Stock Options
w9785 Jan Boone
Lans Bovenberg

The Optimal Taxation of Unskilled Labor with Job Search and Social Assistance
w9786 Craig Burnside
Martin Eichenbaum
Sergio Rebelo

Government Finance in the Wake of Currency Crises
w9798 Jeff Dominitz
Charles F. Manski
Jordan Heinz

"Will Social Security Be There For You?": How Americans Perceive Their Benefits
w9801 Per G. Fredriksson
John A. List
Daniel L. Millimet

Chasing the Smokestack: Strategic Policymaking With Multiple Instruments
w9772 Craig Burnside
Martin Eichenbaum
Jonas Fisher

Fiscal Shocks and Their Consequences
w9773 Jordi Gali
Roberto Perotti

Fiscal Policy and Monetary Integration in Europe
w9748 Brian Knight
Parochial Interests and the Centralized Provision of Local Public Goods: Evidence from Congressional Voting on Transportation Projects
w9751 Robert A. Moffitt
The Negative Income Tax and the Evolution of U.S. Welfare Policy
w9756 Simeon Djankov
Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
Andrei Shleifer
Juan Botero

The Regulation of Labor
w9760 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Measuring the Well-Being of the Poor Using Income and Consumption
w9746 Enrique G. Mendoza
Linda L. Tesar

A Quantitative Analysis of Tax Competition v. Tax Coordination under Perfect Capital Mobility
w9714 Thomas Davidoff
Jeffrey R. Brown
Peter A. Diamond

Annuities and Individual Welfare
w9715 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines
Jr.

A Multinational Perspective on Capital Structure Choice and Internal Capital Markets
w9718 Josh Ederington
Arik Levinson
Jenny Minier

Footloose and Pollution-Free
w9720 Bridget Terry Long
Does the Format of a Financial Aid Program Matter? The Effect of State In-Kind Tuition Subsidies
w9725 Manuel Trajtenberg
Defense R&D Policy in the Anti-terrorist Era
w9733 Edward L. Glaeser
Matthew E. Kahn

Sprawl and Urban Growth
w9703 Thomas J. Kane
A Quasi-Experimental Estimate of the Impact of Financial Aid on College-Going
w9674 Richard J. Rendleman
Jr.
Douglas A. Shackelford

Diversification and the Taxation of Capital Gains and Losses
w9686 Andrew F. Haughwout
Robert P. Inman
Steven Craig
Thomas Luce

Local Revenue Hills: Evidence from Four U.S. Cities
w9691 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security, Retirement, and the Single-Mindedness of the Electorate
w9693 Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt

Impacts of Eligibility Expansions and Provider Reimbursement Rate Increases on Child Care Subsidy Take-Up Rates, Welfare Use and Work
w9661 Jon Bakija
William Gale
Joel Slemrod

Charitable Bequests and Taxes on Inheritance and Estates: Aggregate Evidence from Across States and Time
w9665 David Blau
Erdal Tekin

The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidies for Single Mothers
w9651 Randall Morck
Why Some Double Taxation Might Make Sense: The Special Case of Inter-corporate Dividends
w9632 Jennifer Hunt
Teen Births Keep American Crime High
w9613 Bengt Holmstrom
Steven N. Kaplan

The State of U.S. Corporate Governance: What's Right and What's Wrong?
w9622 Louis Kaplow
Steven Shavell

Fairness Versus Welfare: Notes on the Pareto Principle, Preferences, and Distributive Justice
w9596 Louis Kaplow
Transition Policy: A Conceptual Framework
w9601 Stephen Coate
Power-hungry Candidates, Policy Favors, and Pareto Improving Campaign Finance Policy
w9602 Alma Cohen
Rajeev Dehejia

The Effect of Automobile Insurance and Accident Liability Laws in Traffic Fatalities
w9603 Jeffrey A. Groen
Michelle J. White

In-State versus Out-of State Students: The Divergence of Interest between Public Universities and State Governments
w9607 Emmanuel Saez
Michael R. Veall

The Evolution of High Incomes in Canada, 1920-2000
w9608 Simeon Djankov
Edward L. Glaeser
Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
Andrei Shleifer

The New Comparative Economics
w9567 Jonathan Gruber
Ebonya Washington

Subsidies to Employee Health Insurance Premiums and the Health Insurance Market
w9535 Roger Gordon
Laura Kalambokidis
Joel Slemrod

A New Summary Measure of the Effective Tax Rate on Investment
w9537 Kevin Lang
The Effect of the Payroll Tax on Earnings: A Test of Competing Models of Wage Determination
w9553 Bridget Terry Long
The Impact of Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education Expenses
w9554 Jonathan Meer
Douglas L. Miller
Harvey S. Rosen

Exploring the Health-Wealth Nexus
w9530 Martin Feldstein
Why is Productivity Growing Faster?
w9495 James Heckman
Pedro Carneiro

Human Capital Policy
w9496 Courtney Coile
Retirement Incentives and Couples' Retirement Decisions
w9497 James J. Heckman
Salvador Navarro-Lozano

Using Matching, Instrumental Variables and Control Functions to Estimate Economic Choice Models
w9502 Alberto Alesina
George-Marios Angeletos

Fairness and Redistribution: U.S. versus Europe
w9507 Laura Argys
Naci Mocan

Who Shall Live and Who Shall Die? An Analysis of Prisoners on Death Row in the United States
w9503 Roger H. Gordon
Taxation of Interest Income
w9492 Shinichi Nishiyama
Kent Smetters

Consumption Taxes and Economic Efficiency in a Stochastic OLG Economy
w9494 Raphael Desmet
Alain Jousten
Sergio Perelman
Pierre Pestieau

Micro-Simulation of Social Security Reforms in Belgium
w9472 Jeffrey Grogger
Welfare Transitions in the 1990s: The Economy, Welfare Policy, and the EITC
w9474 Lance Lochner
Individual Perceptions of the Criminal Justice System
w9477 Roger H. Gordon
Laura Kalambokidis
Joel Slemrod

Do We Now Collect Any Revenue From Taxing Capital Income?
w9453 Harvey S. Rosen
Stephen Wu

Portfolio Choice and Health Status
w9455 Michael Baker
Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan

Simulating the Response to Reform of Canada's Income Security Programs
w9456 James Poterba
Scott Weisbenner

Inter-Asset Differences in Effective Estate Tax Burdens
w9460 Amy Finkelstein
Health Policy and Technological Change: Evidence from the Vaccine Industry
w9451 Hilary Sigman
Letting States do the Dirty Work: State Responsibility for Federal Environmental Regulation
w9429 Bradley T. Heim
Bruce D. Meyer

Work Costs and Nonconvex Preferences in the Estimation of Labor Supply Models
w9409 Stephen Ansolabehere
John M. de Figueiredo
James M. Snyder

Why Is There So Little Money in Politics?
w9410 Dirk Krueger
Felix Kubler

Pareto Improving Social Security Reform when Financial Markets are Incomplete?
w9411 Alberto Alesina
Arnaud Devleeschauwer
William Easterly
Sergio Kurlat
Romain Wacziarg

Fractionalization
w9412 Kent A. Smetters
Trading with the Unborn: A New Perspective on Capital Income Taxation
w9413 Brian A. Jacob
Steven D. Levitt

Rotten Apples: An Investigation of the Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating
w9414 Brian A. Jacob
Steven D. Levitt

Catching Cheating Teachers: The Results of an Unusual Experiment in Implementing Theory
w9415 Gilbert E. Metcalf
George Norman

Oligopoly Deregulation and the Taxation of Commodities
w9416 Gilbert E. Metcalf
George Norman

Oligopoly Deregulation in General Equilibrium: A Tax Neutralization Result
w9418 Alan B. Krueger
Pei Zhu

Another Look at the New York City School Voucher Experiment
w9422 Steven D. Levitt
How Do Markets Function? An Empirical Analysis of Gambling on the National Football League
bacc03-1 Philippe Bacchetta and Roger Gordon
editors

Trans-Atlantic Public Economics Seminar (TAPES), Taxation of Financial Income
glae03-1 Edward L. Glaeser
editor

The Governance of Not-for-Profit Organizations
moff03-1 Robert A. Moffitt
editor

Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States
pote03-1 James Poterba
editor

Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 17
2002
w9400 Susan Dynarski
The Consequences of Merit Aid
w9405 Anthony T. LoSasso
Thomas C. Buchmueller

The Effect of the State Children's Health Insurance Program on Health Insurance Coverage
w9406 Theodore Joyce
Robert Kaestner
Sanders Korenman

Welfare Reform and Non-Marital Fertility in the 1990s: Evidence from Birth Records
w9407 Jonathan Gruber
David A. Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Micro Estimation
w9361 William D. Nordhaus
The Economic Consequences of a War in Iraq
w9367 Robert Dekle
The Deteriorating Fiscal Situation and an Aging Population
w9373 Casey B. Mulligan
Capital, Interest, and Aggregate Intertemporal Substitution
w9374 Casey B. Mulligan
Capital Tax Incidence: First Impressions from the Time Series
hosh02-1 Takeo Hoshi
Toshihiro Ihori and Sadao Nagaoka
editors

Issues in Fiscal Adjustment (NBER-CEPR-TCER conference)
w9354 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Educational Vouchers and Cream Skimming
w9334 Eckhard Janeba
Guttorm Schjelderup

Why Europe Should Love Tax Competition - and the U.S. Even More So
w9342 Louis Kaplow
Why Measure Inequality?
w9301 Clemens Sialm
Stochastic Taxation and Asset Pricing in Dynamic General Equilibrium
w9302 Michelle J. White
The "Arms Race" on American Roads: The Effect of Heavy Vehicles on Traffic Safety and the Failure of Liability Rules
w9306 Alan Auerbach
Is There a Role for Discretionary Fiscal Policy?
w9307 David N. Figlio
Lawrence S. Getzler

Accountability , Ability and Disability: Gaming the System
w9308 Matthew D. Shapiro
Joel Slemrod

Did the 2001 Tax Rebate Stimulate Spending? Evidence from Taxpayer Surveys
w9313 George J. Borjas
The Wage Structure and the Sorting of Workers into the Public Sector
w9315 David S. Lee
Enrico Moretti
Matthew J. Butler

Credibility and Policy Convergence: Evidence from U.S. House Roll Call Voting Records
w9278 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

The Stability and Growth Pact as an Impediment to Privatizing Social Security
w9283 Roberton Williams
Prices vs. Quantities vs. Tradable Quantities
w9284 Edward L. Glaeser
Jesse M. Shapiro

The Benefits of the Home Mortgage Interest Deduction
w9289 John R. Graham
Mark H. Lang
Douglas A. Shackelford

Employee Stock Options, Corporate Taxes and Debt Policy
w9290 Richard E. Baldwin
Paul Krugman

Agglomeration, Integration and Tax Harmonization
w9261 George J. Hall
Exchange Rates and Casualties During the First World War
w9262 Dennis R. Capozza
Patric H. Hendershott
Charlotte Mack
Christopher J. Mayer

Determinants of Real House Price Dynamics
w9268 Daniel Bergstresser
James Poterba

Asset Allocation and Asset Location: Household Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances
w9271 Jeffrey R. Brown
Randall S. Kroszner
Brian H. Jenn

Federal Terrorism Risk Insurance
w9256 Jeffrey R. Brown
Redistribution and Insurance: Mandatory Annuitization with Mortality Heterogeneity
w9236 George J. Borjas
Food Insecurity and Public Assistance
w9243 William Gentry
David M. Schizer

Frictions and Tax-Motivated Hedging: An Empirical Exploration of Publicly-Traded Exchangeable Securities
w9203 Martin Feldstein
The Role for Discretionary Fiscal Policy in a Low Interest Rate Environment
w9207 Patric H. Hendershott
Dr. Gwilyn Pryce
Dr. Michael White

Household Leverage and the Deductibility of Home Mortgage Interest: Evidence from UK House Purchasers
w9210 Andrew B. Abel
The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security
w9215 Darius Lakdawalla
George Zanjani

Insurance, Self-Protection, and the Economics of Terrorism
w9224 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Chains of Ownership, Regional Tax Competition, and Foreign Direct Investment
w9226 William M. Gentry
R. Glenn Hubbard

The Effects of Progressive Income Taxation on Job Turnover
w9228 David M. Linsenmeier
Harvey S. Rosen
Cecilia Elena Rouse

Financial Aid Packages and College Enrollment Decisions: An Econometric Case Study
w9141 Austan Goolsbee
The Impact and Inefficiency of the Corporate Income Tax: Evidence from State Organizational Form Data
w9145 Vincent Hogan
Roberto Rigobon

Using Heteroscedasticity to Estimate the Returns to Education
w9148 Jonathan Gruber
Jeffrey Kubik

Health Insurance Coverage and the Disability Insurance Application Decision
w9152 Sarah E. West
Roberton C. Williams III

Estimates from a Consumer Demand System: Implications for the Incidence of Environmental Taxes
w9153 Edward L. Glaeser
Bruce I. Sacerdote
Jose A. Scheinkman

The Social Multiplier
w9155 John Bound
Julie Berry Cullen
Austin Nichols
Lucie Schmidt

The Welfare Implications of Increasing Disability Insurance Benefit Generosity
w9165 Rafael Di Tella
Raymond Fisman

Are Politicians Really Paid Like Bureaucrats?
w9166 John F. Cogan
Olivia S. Mitchell

The Role of Economic Policy in Social Security Reform: Perspectives from the President's Commission
w9168 Robert Moffitt
Welfare Programs and Labor Supply
w9173 Jonathan Katz Nelson
Richard J. Zeckhauser

A Renaissance Instrument to Support Nonprofits: The Sale of Private Chapels in Florentine Churches
w9179 Antonio Rangel
How to Protect Future Generations Using Tax Base Restrictions
w9183 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The Social Security Early Entitlement Age in a Structural Model of Retirement and Wealth
w9186 Wojciech Kopczuk
Joel Slemrod
Shlomo Yitzhaki

Why World Redistribution Fails
w9187 Joel Slemrod
Trust in Public Finance
w9188 Wojciech Kopczuk
The Trick is to Live: Is the Estate Tax Social Security for the Rich?
w9189 Alessandra Casella
Storable Votes
w9195 Marie-Eve Lachance
Olivia S. Mitchell

Understanding Individual Account Guarantees
w9198 William N. Evans
Julie H. Topoleski

The Social and Economic Impact of Native American Casinos
w9199 Joseph Stiglitz
Jungyoll Yun

Integration of Unemployment Insurance with Retirement Insurance
w9200 Joel Slemrod
Peter Katuscak

Do Trust and Trustworthiness Pay Off?
w9130 Dahlia K. Remler
Joshua Graff Zivin
Sherry A. Glied

Modeling Health Insurance Expansions: Effects of Alternate Approaches
w9131 Nellie Liang
Scott Weisbenner

Investor Behavior and the Purchase of Company Stock in 401(k) Plans - The Importance of Plan Design
w9132 Alan J. Auerbach
Kevin A. Hassett

Optimal Long-Run Fiscal Policy: Constraints, Preferences and the Resolution of Uncertainty
w9135 Melvin Stephens Jr.
'3rd of tha Month': Do Social Security Recipients Smooth Consumption Between Checks?
w9136 Mustafa H. Babiker
Gilbert E. Metcalf
John Reilly

Tax Distortions and Global Climate Policy
w9115 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

International Joint Ventures and the Boundaries of the Firm
w9105 Merle Erickson
Austan Goolsbee
Edward Maydew

How Prevalent is Tax Arbitrage? Evidence from the Market for Municipal Bonds
w9088 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Randy A. Ehrenberg
Christopher L. Smith
Liang Zhang

Why Do School District Budget Referenda Fail?
w9089 Thorsten Beck
Asli Demirguc-Kunt
Ross Levine

Law, Endowment, and Finance
w9090 Austan Goolsbee
Jonathan Guryan

The Impact of Internet Subsidies in Public Schools
w9091 Mark Duggan
Does Contracting Out Increase the Efficiency of Government Programs? Evidence from Medicaid HMOs
w9093 Melissa Schettini Kearney
Is There an Effect of Incremental Welfare Benefits on Fertility Behavior? A Look at the Family Cap
w9094 Orley Ashenfelter
Michael Greenstone

Using Mandated Speed Limits to Measure the Value of a Statistical Life
w9096 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Alexi Sluchynsky

Does It Pay to Work?
w9097 Peter A. Diamond
Peter R. Orszag

An Assessment of the Proposals of the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security
w9081 Michael W. Klein
Work and Play: International Evidence of Gender Equality in Employment and Sports
w9083 James Heckman
Lance Lochner
Ricardo Cossa

Learning-By-Doing Vs. On-the-Job Training: Using Variation Induced by the EITC to Distinguish Between Models of Skill Formation
w9064 John M. de Figueiredo
Brian S. Silverman

Academic Earmarks and the Returns to Lobbying
w9067 Bruce Baker
Daniel Besendorfer
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Intertemporal State Budgeting
w9071 Eric A. Hanushek
The Long Run Importance of School Quality
w9073 Mark Coppejans
Holger Sieg

Price Uncertainty, Tax Policy, and Addiction: Evidence and Implications
w9074 Alan B. Krueger
Jitka Maleckova

Education, Poverty, Political Violence and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?
w9046 Emmanuel Saez
Optimal Progressive Capital Income Taxes in the Infinite Horizon Model
w9050 Neil Doherty
Kent Smetters

Moral Hazard in Reinsurance Markets
w9055 Pedro Carneiro
James J. Heckman

The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post-Secondary Schooling
w9057 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

Expectations and Expatriations: Tracing the Causes and Consequences of Corporate Inversions
w9058 David Card
Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

Using Discontinuous Eligibility Rules to Identify the Effects of the Federal Medicaid Expansions on Low Income Children
w9060 Charles E. McLure
Jr.
Walter Hellerstein

Does Sales-only Apportionment of Corporate Income Violate the GATT?
w9061 Hope Corman
Naci Mocan

Carrots, Sticks and Broken Windows
w9036 David M. Cutler
Employee Costs and the Decline in Health Insurance Coverage
w9040 Eric A. Hanushek
The Failure of Input-based Schooling Policies
w9044 Sarah E. Turner
John Bound

Closing the Gap or Widening the Divide: The Effects of the G.I. Bill and World War II on the Educational Outcomes of Black Americans
w9045 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The New Social Security Commission Personal Accounts: Where Is the Investment Principal?
w9031 Amy Finkelstein
The Interaction of Partial Public Insurance Programs and Residual Private Insurance Markets: Evidence from the U.S. Medicare Program
w9032 Peter MacKay
Gordon M. Phillips

Is There an Optimal Industry Financial Structure?
w9035 Amy Finkelstein
When Can Partial Public Insurance Produce Pareto Improvements?
w9006 Philippe Aghion
Alberto Alesina
Francesco Trebbi

Endogenous Political Institutions
w9012 Alan J. Auerbach
The Bush Tax Cut and National Saving
w9014 Alan B. Krueger
Bruce D. Meyer

Labor Supply Effects of Social Insurance
w9015 Roger H. Gordon
Julie Berry Cullen

Taxes and Entrepreneurial Activity: Theory and Evidence for the U.S.
w9021 Phillip B. Levine
The Impact of Social Policy and Economic Activity Throughout the Fertility Decision Tree
w8996 Frank Lichtenberg
Benefits and Costs of Newer Drugs: An Update
w9002 James Heckman
Carolyn Heinrich
Jeffrey Smith

The Performance of Performance Standards
w9003 Jayanta Bhattacharya
Steven Haider
Janet Currie

Food Insecurity or Poverty? Measuring Need-Related Dietary Adequacy
w8978 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Don Fullerton

The Distribution of Tax Burdens: An Introduction
w8973 B. Douglas Bernheim
Antonio Rangel
Luis Rayo

Democratic Policy Making with Real-Time Agenda Setting: Part 1
w8951 Robert J. Barro
Jong-Wha Lee

IMF Programs: Who is Chosen and What Are the Effects?
w8958 Casey B. Mulligan
Ricard Gil
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security and Democracy
w8962 Jonathan Gruber
Anindya Sen
Mark Stabile

Estimating Price Elasticities When there is Smuggling: The Sensitivity of Smoking to Price in Canada
w8942 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrei Shleifer

The Curley Effect
w8945 George J. Borjas
Homeownership in the Immigrant Population
w8948 Nathan D. Grawe
Casey B. Mulligan

Economic Interpretations of Intergenerational Correlations
w8949 Eric A. Hanushek
Javier A. Luque

Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World
w8917 Amy Finkelstein
Minimum Standards and Insurance Regulation: Evidence from the Medigap Market
w8921 Edward L. Glaeser
The Governance of Not-For-Profit Firms
w8924 Sebastian Edwards
Alejandra Cox Edwards

Social Security Privatization Reform and Labor Markets: The Case of Chile
w8909 James R. Hines Jr.
On the Timeliness of Tax Reform
w8911 Gary V. Engelhardt
Jonathan Gruber
Cynthia D. Perry

Social Security and Elderly Living Arrangements
w8913 Richard Arnott
Petia Petrova

The Property Tax as a Tax on Value: Deadweight Loss
w8898 Peter Temin
Teacher Quality and the Future of America
w8901 Don Fullerton
Gilbert E. Metcalf

Cap and Trade Policies in the Presence of Monopoly and Distortionary Taxation
w8906 George M. Constantinides
John B. Donaldson
Rajnish Mehra

Junior Must Pay: Pricing the Implicit Put in Privatizing Social Security
w8885 Esther Duflo
Emmanuel Saez

The Role of Information and Social Interactions in Retirement Plan Decisions: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment
w8886 Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt

Take-Up Rates and Trade Offs After the Age of Entitlement: Some Thoughts and Empirical Evidence for Child Care Subsidies
w8890 Simeon Djankov
Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
Andrei Shleifer

Courts: the Lex Mundi Project
w8871 Howard Kunreuther
Geoffrey Heal

Interdependent Security: The Case of Identical Agents
w8872 Jonathan Gruber
Sendhil Mullainathan

Do Cigarette Taxes Make Smokers Happier?
w8873 Caroline M. Hoxby
School Choice and School Productivity (or Could School Choice be a Tide that Lifts All Boats?)
w8875 Alan B. Krueger
Economic Considerations and Class Size
w8854 Roger H. Gordon
James R. Hines Jr.

International Taxation
w8855 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Cost of Accountability
w8866 Mihir A. Desai
The Corporate Profit Base, Tax Sheltering Activity, and the Changing Nature of Employee Compensation
w8837 Martin Feldstein
Economic and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies: Overview of Prevention and Management
w8840 Pedro Carneiro
Karsten T. Hansen
James J. Heckman

Removing the Veil of Ignorance in Assessing the Distributional Impacts of Social Policies
w8841 Marianne Bertrand
Esther Duflo
Sendhil Mullainathan

How Much Should We Trust Differences-in-Differences Estimates?
w8845 Kevin Milligan
Subsidizing the Stork: New Evidence on Tax Incentives and Fertility
w8851 Shinichi Nishiyama
Kent Smetters

Ricardian Equivalence with Incomplete Household Risk Sharing
w8823 Yoshiaki Azuma
Herschel I. Grossman

A Theory of the Informal Sector
w8825 Dan A. Black
Jeffrey A. Smith
Mark C. Berger
Brett J. Noel

Is the Threat of Reemployment Services More Effective than the Services Themselves? Experimental Evidence from the UI System
w8829 Don Fullerton
Gilbert E. Metcalf

Tax Incidence
w8833 Emmanuel Saez
Direct or Indirect Tax Instruments for Redistribution: Short-run versus Long-run
w8834 Bruce A. Blonigen
Ronald B. Davies

Do Bilateral Tax Treaties Promote Foreign Direct Investment?
w8835 Edward L. Glaeser
Joseph Gyourko

The Impact of Zoning on Housing Affordability
w8812 Janet Currie
John Fahr

Medicaid Managed Care: Effects on Children's Medicaid Coverage and Utilization
w8817 Jonathan Gruber
Brigitte C. Madrian

Health Insurance, Labor Supply, and Job Mobility: A Critical Review of the Literature
w8820 Rebecca M. Blank
Can Equity and Efficiency Complement Each Other?
w8799 Eric A. Hanushek
Publicly Provided Education
w8802 David M. Cutler
Health Care and the Public Sector
w8781 James M. Poterba
John B. Shoven

Exchange Traded Funds: A New Investment Option for Taxable Investors
w8784 Marianne P. Bitler
Jonah B. Gelbach
Hilary W. Hoynes

The Impact of Welfare Reform on Living Arrangements
w8772 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Social Security, Pensions and Retirement Behavior Within the Family
w8774 Casey B. Mulligan
A Century of Labor-Leisure Distortions
w8775 Casey B. Mulligan
A Dual Method of Empirically Evaluating Dynamic Competitive Equilibrium Models with Market Distortions, Applied to the Great Depression & World War II
w8777 Jonathan Gruber
Botond Koszegi

A Theory of Government Regulation of Addictive Bads: Optimal Tax Levels and Tax Incidence for Cigarette Excise Taxation
w8749 Robert Moffitt
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program
w8753 Jeffrey R. Brown
Scott J. Weisbenner

Is a Bird in Hand Worth More than a Bird in the Bush? Intergenerational Transfers and Savings Behavior
w8759 Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silane
Cristian Pop-Eleches
Andrei Shleifer

The Guarantees of Freedom
w8730 Robert Moffitt
Economic Effects of Means-Tested Transfers in the U.S.
w8731 Marie-Eve Lachance
Olivia S. Mitchell

Guaranteeing Defined Contribution Pensions: The Option to Buy-Back a Defined Benefit Promise
w8732 Kent Smetters
Controlling the Cost of Minimum Benefit Guarantees in Public Pension Conversions
w8741 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

New Evidence about Brown v. Board of Education: The Complex Effects of School Racial Composition on Achievement
w8742 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
David N. Weil

Mortality Change, the Uncertainty Effect, and Retirement
w8745 Mark Grinblatt
Matti Keloharju

Tax-Loss Trading and Wash Sales
w8747 Hans-Werner Sinn
The New Systems Competition
w8718 Jeff Dominitz
Charles F. Manski
Jordan Heinz

Social Security Expectations and Retirement Savings Decisions
w8720 Stephen Coate
Michael Conlin

Voter Turnout: Theory and Evidence from Texas Liquor Referenda
w8723 Don Fullerton
Robert D. Mohr

Suggested Subsidies are Sub-optimal Unless Combined with an Output Tax
w8698 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Dividend Policy inside the Firm
w8701 Christopher Mayer
Todd Sinai

Network Effects, Congestion Externalities, and Air Traffic Delays: Or Why All Delays Are Not Evil
w8705 Wayne B. Gray
Ronald J. Shadbegian

When Do Firms Shift Production Across States to Avoid Environmental Regulation?
w8709 Todd Sinai
Joel Waldfogel

Do Low-Income Housing Subsidies Increase Housing Consumption?
feld02-1 Martin Feldstein and Jeffrey B. Liebman
editors

The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform
feld02-2 Martin Feldstein and Horst Siebert
editors

Social Security Pension Reform in Europe
pote02-1 James M. Poterba
editor

Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 16
a0686 James M. Poterba
Public Economics
2001
w8669 Hans-Werner Sinn
Risk Taking, Limited Liability and the Competition of Bank Regulators
w8670 Elizabeth Powers
David Neumark

The Supplemental Security Income Program and Incentives to Take Up Social Security Early Retirement: Empirical Evidence from Matched SIPP and Social..
w8672 Matthew D. Shapiro
Joel Slemrod

Consumer Response to Tax Rebates
w8688 Louis Kaplow
Steven Shavell

Moral Rules and the Moral Sentiments: Toward a Theory of an Optimal Moral System
w8693 Stephen Coate
Political Competition with Campaign Contributions and Informative Advertising
w8696 Edward L. Glaeser
Jesse M. Shapiro

Cities and Warfare: The Impact of Terrorism on Urban Form
w8645 Alberto Alesina
Ignazio Angeloni
Federico Etro

The Political Economy of International Unions
w8646 Alberto Alesina
Ignazio Angeloni
Federico Etro

Institutional Rules for Federations
w8647 Alberto Alesina
Ignazio Angeloni
Ludger Schuknecht

What Does the European Union Do?
w8650 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrei Shleifer

The Rise of the Regulatory State
w8655 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
Andrew Metrick

Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Decisions, and the Path of Least Resistance
w8657 Jonathan Gruber
Taxes and Health Insurance
w8658 Michael Baker
Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan

The Retirement Incentive Effects of Canada's Income Security Programs
w8662 John Whalley
Puzzles Over International Taxation of Cross Border Flows of Capital Income
w8664 Canice Prendergast
Selection and Oversight in the Public Sector, With the Los Angeles Police Department as an Example
w8613 Edward L. Glaeser
Public Ownership in the American City
w8615 Raghabendra Chattopadhyay
Esther Duflo

Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a India-Wide Randomized Policy Experiment
w8625 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Redistribution in the Current U.S. Social Security System
w8577 Charles Yuji Horioka
Are the Japanese Selfish, Altruistic, or Dynastic?
w8585 Hilary Sigman
International Spillovers and Water Quality in Rivers: Do Countries Free Ride?
w8588 Eric Hanushek
Charles Ka Yui Leung
Kuzey Yilmaz

Redistribution through Education and Other Transfer Mechanisms
w8590 Casey B. Mulligan
Charles G. Hunter

The Empirical Frequency of a Pivotal Vote
w8591 Joydeep Bhattacharya
Casey B. Mulligan
Robert R. Reed III

Labor Market Search and Optimal Retirement Policy
w8592 Martin Feldstein
Andrew Samwick

Potential Paths of Social Security Reform
w8593 David Popp
Pollution Control Innovations and the Clean Air Act of 1990
w8598 Edward L. Glaeser
Joseph Gyourko

Urban Decline and Durable Housing
w8599 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Why Public Schools Lose Teachers
w8605 Lance Lochner
Enrico Moretti

The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports
w8608 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Aging and Housing Equity: Another Look
w8610 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Transition to Personal Accounts and Increasing Retirement Wealth: Macro and Micro Evidence
w8495 Anne Case
Does Money Protect Health Status? Evidence from South African Pensions
w8500 David F. Bradford
Reforming Budgetary Language
w8503 Hans-Werner Sinn
Silke Uebelmesser

When Will the Germans Get Trapped in their Pension System?
w8507 Mihir A. Desai
C. Fritz Foley
James R. Hines Jr.

Repatriation Taxes and Dividend Distortions
w8514 David Card
Andrew K. G. Hildreth
Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

The Measurement of Medicaid Coverage in the SIPP: Evidence from California, 1990-1996
w8524 Alberto Alesina
Edward Glaeser
Bruce Sacerdote

Why Doesn't the US Have a European-Style Welfare System?
w8532 Francesco Caselli
Massimo Morelli

Bad Politicians
w8541 Robert Kaestner
Neeraj Kaushal

Immigrant and Native Responses to Welfare Reform
w8544 B. Douglas Bernheim
Katherine Grace Carman
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

The Mismatch Between Life Insurance Holdings and Financial Vulnerabilities: Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances
w8546 Hilary Hoynes
Richard Blundell

Has "In-Work" Benefit Reform Helped the Labour Market?
w8551 Raymond Fisman
Shang-Jin Wei

Tax Rates and Tax Evasion: Evidence from "Missing Imports" in China
w8560 Robert Kaestner
Neeraj Kaushal
Gregg Van Ryzin

Migration Consequences of Welfare Reform
w8561 Axel H. Boersch-Supan
Joachim K. Winter

Population Aging, Savings Behavior and Capital Markets
w8562 Dhaval Dave
Robert Kaestner

Alcohol Taxes and Labor Market Outcomes
w8451 Martin Feldstein
Jeffrey B. Liebman

Social Security
w8455 David Cutler
Jonathan Gruber

Health Policy in the Clinton Era: Once Bitten, Twice Shy
w8456 Joshua Angrist
Alan B. Krueger

Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments
w8458 A. Lans Bovenberg
Lawrence H. Goulder

Environmental Taxation and Regulation
w8467 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez

Income Inequality in the United States, 1913-1998 (series updated to 2000 available)
w8473 Joseph G. Altonji
Ulrich Doraszelski

The Role of Permanent Income and Demographics in Black/White Differences in Wealth
w8479 Eric A. Hanushek
John F. Kain
Steven G. Rivkin

Disruption versus Tiebout Improvement: The Costs and Benefits of Switching Schools
w8481 Edward Miguel
Michael Kremer

Worms: Education and Health Externalities in Kenya
w8486 William M. Gentry
Deen Kemsley
Christopher J. Mayer

Dividend Taxes and Share Prices: Evidence from Real Estate Investment Trusts
w8487 Martin Feldstein
The Future of Social Security Pensions in Europe
w8488 Douglas W. Elmendorf
Jeffrey B. Liebman
David W. Wilcox

Fiscal Policy and Social Security Policy During the 1990s
w8489 Ilyana Kuziemko
Steven D. Levitt

An Empirical Analysis of Imprisoning Drug Offenders
w8490 Craig William Perry
Harvey S. Rosen

Insurance and the Utilization of Medical Services Among the Self-Employed
w8412 James R. Hines Jr.
Hilary W. Hoynes
Alan B. Krueger

Another Look at Whether a Rising Tide Lifts All Boats
w8420 Don Fullerton
A Framework to Compare Environmental Policies
w8431 Roland Benabou
Efe A. Ok

Mobility as Progressivity: Ranking Income Processes According to Equality of Opportunity
w8437 Rebecca M. Blank
David T. Ellwood

The Clinton Legacy for America's Poor
w8440 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

Foreign Direct Investment in a World of Multiple Taxes
w8441 David S. Lee
The Electoral Advantage to Incumbency and Voters' Valuation of Politicians' Experience: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis of Elections to the U.S...
w8444 David Card
Charles Michalopoulos
Philip K. Robins

The Limits to Wage Growth: Measuring the Growth Rate of Wages For Recent Welfare Leavers
w8355 Thomas J. Nechyba
Centralization, Fiscal Federalism and Private School Attendance
w8357 Edward L. Glaeser
Jesse Shapiro

Is There a New Urbanism? The Growth of U.S. Cities in the 1990s
w8364 Hans-Werner Sinn
Social Dumping in the Transformation Process?
w8377 Raquel Fernandez
Education, Segregation and Marital Sorting: Theory and an Application to UK Data
w8380 Melvin Stephens Jr.
Jennifer Ward-Batts

The Impact of Separate Taxation on the Intra-Household Allocation of Assets: Evidence from the UK
w8382 Katherine Baicker
The Budgetary Repercussions of Capital Convictions
w8383 Katherine Baicker
The Spillover Effects of State Spending
w8384 Katherine Baicker
Extensive or Intensive Generosity? The Price and Income Effects of Federal Grants
w8394 John P. Conley
Antonio Rangel

Intergenerational Fiscal Constitutions: How to Protect Future Generations Using Land Taxes and Federalism
w8395 Jonathan Skinner
Elliott Fisher
John E. Wennberg

The Efficiency of Medicare
w8405 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Phillip Swagel

The Aging Population and the Size of the Welfare State
w8316 Craig William Perry
Harvey S. Rosen

The Self-Employed are Less Likely to Have Health Insurance Than Wage Earners. So What?
w8329 Marianne Baxter
Social Security as a Financial Asset: Gender-Specific Risks and Returns
w8333 B. Douglas Bernheim
Robert J. Lemke
John Karl Scholz

Do Estate and Gift Taxes Affect the Timing of Private Transfers?
w8336 David H. Autor
Mark G. Duggan

The Rise in Disability Recipiency and the Decline in Unemployment
w8340 James M. Poterba
Taxation, Risk-Taking, and Household Portfolio Behavior
w8341 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Todd Neumann

Does Participating in a 401(k) Raise Your Lifetime Taxes?
w8264 Martin Feldstein
Economic Problems of Ireland in Europe
w8267 Alberto Alesina
Eliana La Ferrara

Preferences for Redistribution in the Land of Opportunities
w8270 Laurence Ball
N. Gregory Mankiw

Intergenerational Risk Sharing in the Spirit of Arrow, Debreu, and Rawls, with Applications to Social Security Design
w8278 Ngee-Choon Chia
Albert K C Tsui
John Whalley

Ownership and Use Taxes as Congestion Correcting Instruments
w8280 Jane Gravelle
Kent Smetters

Who Bears the Burden of the Corporate Tax in The Open Economy?
w8283 Price V. Fishback
William C. Horrace
Shawn Kantor

Do Federal Programs Affect Internal Migration? The Impact of New Deal Expenditures on Mobility During the Great Depression
w8288 Simeon Djankov
Caralee McLiesh
Tatiana Nenova
Andrei Shleifer

Who Owns the Media?
w8297 Leora Friedberg
The Impact of Technological Change on Older Workers: Evidence from Data on Computer Use
w8307 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Christopher L. Smith

The Sources and Uses of Annual Giving at Private Research Universities
w8198 Alberto Alesina
Rafael Di Tella
Robert MacCulloch

Inequality and Happiness: Are Europeans and Americans Different?
w8199 Robert I. Lerman
Elaine Sorensen

Child Support: Interaction Between Private and Public Transfers
w8203 Alan J. Auerbach
Taxation and Corporate Financial Policy
w8204 Ann Dryden Witte
Robert Witt

What We Spend and What We Get: Public and Private Provision of Crime Prevention
w8205 William G. Gale
Joel B. Slemrod

Rethinking the Estate and Gift Tax: Overview
w8208 Edgar O. Olsen
Housing Programs for Low-Income Households
w8214 Torsten Persson
Do Political Institutions Shape Economic Policy?
w8217 Enrique G. Mendoza
The International Macroeconomics of Taxation and the Case Against European Tax Harmonization
w8223 James M. Poterba
Taxation and Portfolio Structure: Issues and Implications
w8229 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement and Wealth
w8237 Annamaria Lusardi
Jonathan Skinner
Steven Venti

Saving Puzzles and Saving Policies in the United States
w8252 Felix Oberholzer-Gee
Joel Waldfogel

Electoral Acceleration: The Effect of Minority Population on Minority Voter Turnout
w8253 Richard Dickens
David T. Ellwood

Whither Poverty in Great Britain and the United States? The Determinants of Changing Poverty and Whether Work Will Work
w8258 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Kent Smetters
Jan Walliser

Finding a Way Out of America's Demographic Dilemma
w8259 Kent Smetters
The Equivalence of the Social Security's Trust Fund Portfolio Allocation and Capital Income Tax Policy
w8261 Douglas Holtz-Eakin
Donald Marples

Distortion Costs of Taxing Wealth Accumulation: Income Versus Estate Taxes
w8262 Kent Smetters
Jennifer Gravelle

The Exchange Theory of Teenage Smoking and the Counterproductiveness of Moderate Regulation
t0268 Estelle Cantillon
A Graphical Analysis of Some Basic Results in Social Choice
w8144 Rosanne Altshuler
Harry Grubert

Repatriation Taxes, Repatriation Strategies and Multinational Financial Policy
w8153 Jeffrey Grogger
The Effects of Time Limits and Other Policy Changes on Welfare Use, Work, and Income Among Female-Headed Families
w8154 Torsten Persson
Guido Tabellini
Francesco Trebbi

Electoral Rules and Corruption
w8156 Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

Improving School Accountability Measures
w8158 Wojciech Kopczuk
Joel Slemrod

Dying to Save Taxes: Evidence from Estate Tax Returns on the Death Elasticity
w8163 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Generational Policy
w8165 Todd Sinai
Joseph Gyourko

The Spatial Distribution of Housing-Related Tax Benefits in the United States
w8170 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Mark J. Warshawsky

Life-Cycle Saving, Limits on Contributions to DC Pension Plans, and Lifetime Tax Benefits
w8181 Alan J. Auerbach
James R. Hines Jr.

Taxation and Economic Efficiency
w8184 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrei Shleifer

A Case for Quantity Regulation
w8189 Roger H. Gordon
John D. Wilson

Expenditure Competition
w8193 Roger Gordon
Vitor Gaspar

Home Bias in Portfolios and Taxation of Asset Income
w8196 Joel Slemrod
Shlomo Yitzhaki

Integrating Expenditure and Tax Decisions: The Marginal Cost of Funds and the Marginal Benefit of Projects
w8117 Edward L. Glaeser
Matthew E. Kahn

Decentralized Employment and the Transformation of the American City
w8121 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

Exchange Rates and Tax-Based Export Promotion
w8122 Alan A. Auerbach
David F. Bradford

Generalized Cash Flow Taxation
w8125 Hans-Werner Sinn
Frank Westermann

Two Mezzogiornos
w8126 Tomas J. Philipson
Richard A. Posner

Antitrust and the Not-For-Profit Sector
w8138 Alan J. Auerbach
James R. Hines Jr.

Perfect Taxation with Imperfect Competition
w8062 Shlomo Yitzhaki
A Public Finance Approach to Assessing Poverty Alleviation
w8064 Jeffrey R. Brown
Mark J. Warshawsky

Longevity-Insured Retirement Distributions from Pension Plans: Market and Regulatory Issues
w8065 Paul A. Heidenreich
Mark McClellan
Craig Frances
Laurence C. Baker

The Relation Between Managed Care Market Share and the Treatment of Elderly Fee-For-Service Patients with Myocardial Infarction
w8074 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova

Individual Risk in an Investment-Based Social Security System
w8078 V. Joseph Hotz
John Karl Scholz

The Earned Income Tax Credit
w8091 Suzanne Doyle
Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott

Annuity Values in Defined Contribution Retirement Systems: The Case of Singapore and Australia
w8101 Raquel Fernandez
Sorting, Education and Inequality
w8103 Jonathan Gruber
David Wise

An International Perspective on Policies for an Aging Society
camp01-1 John Y. Campbell and Martin Feldstein
editors

Risk Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform
carr01-1 Carlo Carraro and Gilbert E. Metcalf
editors

Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy
pote01-1 James M. Poterba
editor

Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 15
2000
w8049 Roberton C. Williams
Environmental Tax Interactions When Pollution Affects Health or Productivity
w8037 Emmanuel Saez
The Optimal Treatment of Tax Expenditures
w8029 Emmanuel Saez
The Desirability of Commodity Taxation under Non-Linear Income Taxation and Heterogeneous Tastes
w8031 David T. Ellwood
Jeffrey B. Liebman

The Middle Class Parent Penalty: Child Benefits in the U.S. Tax Code
w8032 Eric M. Engen
William G. Gale

The Effects of 401(k) Plans on Household Wealth: Differences Across Earnings Groups
w8034 Edward L. Glaeser
Bruce Sacerdote

The Social Consequences of Housing
w8036 Timothy Besley
Stephen Coate

Issue Unbundling via Citizens' Initiatives
w8045 Amy Finkelstein
James Poterba

Adverse Selection in Insurance Markets: Policyholder Evidence from the U.K. Annuity Market
w8048 Roberton C. Williams
Health Effects in a Model of Second-Best Environmental Taxation or Reconsidering "Reconsidering the Tax-Interaction Effect"
w6820 James R. Hines
Jr.

Nonprofit Business Activity and the Unrelated Business Income Tax
w7991 James M. Poterba
John B. Shoven
Clemens Sialm

Asset Location for Retirement Savers
w7996 Jeffrey R. Brown
Austan Goolsbee

Does the Internet Make Markets More Competitive?
w7999 Charles T. Clotfelter
Interracial Contact in High School Extracurricular Activities
w8001 David F. Bradford
Rebecca Schlieckert
Stephen H. Shore

The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Exploring A Fresh Specification
w8004 John Donohue
Steven Levitt

The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime
w8009 Mihir A. Desai
James R. Hines Jr.

The Uneasy Marriage of Export Incentives and the Income Tax
w8011 Jennifer L. Blouin
Jana Smith Raedy
Douglas A. Shackelford

The Impact of Capital Gains Taxes on Stock Price Reactions to S&P 500 Inclusion
w8019 David N. Figlio
Maurice E. Lucas

What's in a Grade? School Report Cards and House Prices
w8021 Jonathan Gruber
Michael Lettau

How Elastic is the Firm's Demand for Health Insurance?
w7928 Patric H. Hendershott
Michael White

Taxing and Subsidizing Housing Investment: The Rise and Fall of Housing's Favored Status
w7929 Bruce A. Blonigen
Ronald B. Davies

The Effects of Bilateral Tax Treaties on U.S. FDI Activity
w7934 Holger Sieg
V. Kerry Smith
Spencer Banzhaf
Randy Walsh

Using Locational Equilibrium Models to Evaluate Housing Price Indexes
w7943 Saul Lach
Do R&D Subsidies Stimulate or Displace Private R&D? Evidence from Israel
w7950 James J. Heckman
Justin L. Tobias
Edward Vytlacil

Simple Estimators for Treatment Parameters in a Latent Variable Framework with an Application to Estimating the Returns to Schooling
w7956 Dennis Epple
David Figlio
Richard Romano

Competition Between Private and Public Schools: Testing Stratification and Pricing Predictions
w7960 Joel Slemrod
Wojciech Kopczuk

The Impact of the Estate Tax on the Wealth Accumulation and Avoidance Behavior of Donors
w7966 Mark Duggan
Hospital Market Structure and the Behavior of Not-for-Profit Hospitals: Evidence from Responses to California's Disproportionate Share Program
w7967 Mark Duggan
More Guns, More Crime
w7968 Jonathan Gruber
Is Making Divorce Easier Bad for Children? The Long Run Implications of Unilateral Divorce
w7973 Lawrence F. Katz
Jeffrey R. Kling
Jeffrey B. Liebman

Moving to Opportunity in Boston: Early Results of a Randomized Mobility Experiment
w7975 John Bound
Timothy Waidmann

Accounting for Recent Declines in Employment Rates among the Working-Aged Disabled
w7976 Christian Keuschnigg
Soren Bo Nielsen

Tax Policy, Venture Capital, and Entrepreneurship
w7980 Robert Carroll
Douglas Holtz-Eakin
Mark Rider
Harvey S. Rosen

Personal Income Taxes and the Growth of Small Firms
w7983 Andrew Caplin
John Leahy

The Social Discount Rate
t0260 Alberto Abadie
Semiparametric Estimation of Instrumental Variable Models for Causal Effects
w7888 Julie Berry Cullen
Brian Jacob
Steven Levitt

The Impact of School Choice on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Chicago Public Schools
w7893 Todd Sinai
Joseph Gyourko

The Asset Price Incidence of Capital Gains Taxes: Evidence from the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 and Publicly-Traded Real Estate Firms
w7894 William M. Gentry
R. Glenn Hubbard

Entrepreneurship and Household Saving
w7896 Mary Kay Gugerty
Michael Kremer

Outside Funding of Community Organizations: Benefiting or Displacing the Poor?
w7903 Rosanne Altshuler
R. Glenn Hubbard

The Effect of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 on the Location of Assets in Financial Services Firms
w7906 Karen E. Dynan
Jonathan Skinner
Stephen P. Zeldes

Do the Rich Save More?
w7911 Robert J. Barro
Jong-Wha Lee

International Data on Educational Attainment Updates and Implications
w7917 Gilbert E. Metcalf
Environmental Levies and Distortionary Taxation: Pigou, Taxation, and Pollution
w7920 Michael P. Devereux
R. Glenn Hubbard

Taxing Multinationals
w7922 Joel Slemrod
Wojciech Kopczuk

The Optimal Elasticity of Taxable Income
w7923 Jonathan Gruber
Peter Orszag

Does the Social Security Earnings Test Affect Labor Supply and Benefits Receipt?
w7820 James Heckman
Edward Vytlacil

Identifying the Role of Cognitive Ability in Explaining the Level of and Change in the Return to Schooling
w7821 Alan J. Auerbach
Kevin A. Hassett

On the Marginal Source of Investment Funds
w7823 Andrew Haughwout
Robert P. Inman

Fiscal Policies in Open Cities with Firms and Households
w7827 Jennifer L. Blouin
Jana Smith Raedy
Douglas A. Shackelford

Capital Gains Holding Periods and Equity Trading: Evidence from the 1998 Tax Act
w7829 Jonathan Gruber
Medicaid
w7830 Courtney Coile
Jonathan Gruber

Social Security and Retirement
w7831 Joseph G. Altonji
Todd E. Elder
Christopher R. Taber

Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools
w7837 Alan J. Auerbach
William G. Gale

Perspectives on the Budget Surplus
w7839 Christopher D. Carroll
'Risky Habits' and the Marginal Propensity to Consume Out of Permanent Income, or, How Much Would a Permanent Tax Cut Boost Japanese Consumption?
w7842 Nancy L. Rose
Catherine Wolfram

Regulating Executive Pay: Using the Tax Code to Influence CEO Compensation
w7850 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Neighborhood Schools, Choice, and the Distribution of Educational Benefits
w7854 Dennis Epple
Elizabeth Newlon
Richard Romano

Ability Tracking, School Competition, and the Distribution of Educational Benefits
w7859 Alberto Alesina
Reza Baqir
Caroline Hoxby

Political Jurisdictions in Heterogeneous Communities
w7861 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova

Accumulated Pension Collars: A Market Approach to Reducing the Risk of Investment-Based Social Security Reform
w7865 Nina Pavcnik
Do Pharmaceutical Prices Respond to Insurance?
w7866 Caroline Hoxby
Would School Choice Change the Teaching Profession?
w7867 Caroline Hoxby
Peer Effects in the Classroom: Learning from Gender and Race Variation
w7774 Don Fullerton
Sarah West

Tax and Subsidy Combinations for the Control of Car Pollution
w7775 Louis Kaplow
A Framework for Assessing Estate and Gift Taxation
w7780 Jonathan Gruber
Jonathan Zinman

Youth Smoking in the U.S.: Evidence and Implications
w7790 Ed Glaeser
Jed Kolko
Albert Saiz

Consumer City
w7791 B. Douglas Bernheim
Sergei Severinov

Bequests as Signals: An Explanation for the Equal Division Puzzle
w7802 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Collective Choice and Voluntary Provision of Public Goods
w7806 David M. Blau
Child Care Subsidy Programs
w7811 James M. Poterba
Scott Weisbenner

The Distributional Burden of Taxing Estates and Unrealized Capital Gains at the Time of Death
w7812 Jeffrey R. Brown
Olivia S. Mitchell
James M. Poterba

Mortality Risk, Inflation Risk, and Annuity Products
w7727 Nathaniel O. Keohane
Benjamin Van Roy
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Controlling Stocks and Flows to Promote Quality: The Environment, With Applications to Physical and Human Capital
w7735 Esther Duflo
Emmanuel Saez

Participation and Investment Decisions in a Retirement Plan: The Influence of Colleagues' Choices
w7736 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka
Chi-Wa Yuen

Do Debt Flows Crowd Out Equity Flows Or the Other Way Round?
w7739 Andrew B. Abel
The Effects of Investing Social Security Funds in the Stock Market When Fixed Costs Prevent Some Households from Holding Stocks
w7744 Holger Sieg
V. Kerry Smith
H. Spencer Banzhaf
Randy Walsh

Estimating the General Equilibrium Benefits of Large Policy Changes: The Clean Air Act Revisited
w7754 Caroline M. Hoxby
Benevolent Colluders? The Effects of Antitrust Action on College Financial Aid and Tuition
w7756 Susan Dynarski
Hope for Whom? Financial Aid for the Middle Class and Its Impact on College Attendance
w7761 Stephen Cameron
Christopher Taber

Borrowing Constraints and the Returns to Schooling
w7762 Douglas Holtz-Eakin
Mary E. Lovely
Mehmet S. Tosun

Generational Conflict, Human Capital Accumulation, and Economic Growth
w7767 Martin Feldstein
Andrew Samwick

Allocating Payroll Tax Revenue to Personal Retirement Accounts to Maintain Social Security Benefits and the Payroll Tax Rate
w7770 Assar Lindbeck
Pensions and Contemporary Socioeconomic Change
w6578 Robert Carroll
Douglas Holtz-Eakin
Mark Rider
Harvey S. Rosen

Income Taxes and Entrepreneurs' Use of Labor
w7682 Brigitte C. Madrian
Dennis F. Shea

The Power of Suggestion: Inertia in 401(k) Participation and Savings Behavior
w7698 Casey B. Mulligan
Tomas J. Philipson

Merit Motives and Government Intervention: Public Finance in Reverse
w7704 Hilary Sigman
The Pace of Progress at Superfund Sites: Policy Goals and Interest Group Influence
w7707 Andrew Mitrusi
James Poterba

The Distribution of Payroll and Income Tax Burdens, 1979-1999
w7708 Emmanuel Saez
Optimal Income Transfer Programs: Intensive Versus Extensive Labor Supply Responses
w7709 Jeff Grogger
Time Limits and Welfare Use
w7711 William Harbaugh
Arik Levinson
David Wilson

Reexamining the Empirical Evidence for an Environmental Kuznets Curve
w7716 Michael Kremer
Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part I: Rationale
w7717 Michael Kremer
Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part II: Design Issues
w7719 David Neumark
Mary Joyce

Evaluating School-To-Work Programs Using the New NLSY
w7636 Edward L. Glaeser
Matthew E. Kahn
Jordan Rappaport

Why Do the Poor Live in Cities?
w7644 Jennifer L. Blouin
Jana Smith Raedy
Douglas A. Shackelford

Capital Gains Taxes and Stock Reactions to Quarterly Earnings Announcements
w7646 Sebastian Edwards
Alejandra Cox Edwards

Economic Reforms and Labor Markets: Policy Issues and Lessons from Chile
w7648 Carlo Carraro
Gilbert E. Metcalf

Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy Introduction
w7649 Louis Kaplow
Horizontal Equity: New Measures, Unclear Principles
w7651 Courtney Coile
Jonathan Gruber

Social Security Incentives for Retirement
w7654 A. Lans Bovenberg
Lawrence H. Goulder

Neutralizing the Adverse Industry Impacts of CO2 Abatement Policies: What Does it Cost?
w7657 Brian R. Copeland
M. Scott Taylor

Free Trade and Global Warming: A Trade Theory View of the Kyoto Protocol
w7662 Alan J. Auerbach
Daniel Feenberg

The Significance of Federal Taxes as Automatic Stabilizers
w7663 David Joulfaian
Estate Taxes and Charitable Bequests by the Wealthy
w7669 John B. Shoven
Joel Dickson
Clemens Sialm

Tax Externalities of Equity Mutual Funds
w7676 Edward L. Glaeser
Bruce Sacerdote

The Determinants of Punishment: Deterrence, Incapacitation and Vengeance
w7679 Casey B. Mulligan
Induced Retirement, Social Security, and the Pyramid Mirage
w7680 Casey B. Mulligan
Can Monopoly Unionism Explain Publicly Induced Retirement?
w7574 Kathleen McGarry
Guaranteed Income: SSI and the Well-Being of the Elderly Poor
w7576 Joel Slemrod
Jon Bakija

Does Growing Inequality Reduce Tax Progressivity? Should It?
w7579 Stephen Coate
Timothy Besley

Elected versus Appointed Regulators: Theory and Evidence
w7583 Robert J. Lemke
Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt
Robert Witt

Child Care and the Welfare to Work Transition
w7586 Hans-Werner Sinn
Germany's Economic Unification: An Assessment after Ten Years
w7592 Hans-Werner Sinn
Why a Funded Pension System is Useful and Why It is Not Useful
w7595 Daniel Bergstresser
James Poterba

Do After-Tax Returns Affect Mutual Fund Inflows?
w7596 Brian J. Hall
Jeffrey B. Liebman

The Taxation of Executive Compensation
w7597 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

How Effective is Redistribution Under the Social Security Benefit Formula?
w7599 David Neumark
William Wascher

Using the EITC to Help Poor Families: New Evidence and a Comparision with the Minimum Wage
w7603 Andrew Haughwout
Robert Inman
Steven Craig
Thomas Luce

Local Revenue Hills: A General Equilibrium Specification with Evidence from Four U.S. Cities
w7619 Douglas Holtz-Eakin
Harvey S. Rosen
Robert Weathers

Horatio Alger Meets the Mobility Tables
w7620 Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopezde-Silanes
Andrei Shleifer

Government Ownership of Banks
w7621 Alberto Alesina
Eliana La Ferrara

The Determinants of Trust
w7626 Austan Goolsbee
Taxes, High-Income Executives, and the Perils of Revenue Estimation in the New Economy
w7627 Robert F. Schoeni
Rebecca M. Blank

What has Welfare Reform Accomplished? Impacts on Welfare Participation, Employment, Income, Poverty, and Family Structure
w7628 Emmanuel Saez
Using Elasticities to Derive Optimal Income Tax Rates
w7516 Lars E.O. Svensson
How Should Monetary Policy be Conducted in an Era of Price Stability?
w7518 Antonio Rangel
Forward and Backward Intergenerational Goods: A Theory of Intergenerational Exchange
w7520 Julia Lynn Coronado
Don Fullerton
Thomas Glass

The Progressivity of Social Security
w7522 Phillip B. Levine
David J. Zimmerman

Children's Welfare Exposure and Subsequent Development
w7525 Daniel R. Feenberg
James M Poterba

The Income and Tax Share of Very High Income Households, 1960-1995
w7532 Alan J. Auerbach
Jonathan M. Siegel

Capital Gains Realizations of the Rich and Sophisticated
w7543 Melissa A. Thomasson
The Importance of Group Coverage: How Tax Policy Shaped U.S. Health Insurance
w7548 Brian J. Hall
Kevin J. Murphy

Optimal Exercise Prices for Executive Stock Options
w7553 Jonathan Gruber
Tax Subsidies for Health Insurance: Evaluating the Costs and Benefits
w7555 Leemore Dafny
Jonathan Gruber

Does Public Insurance Improve the Efficiency of Medical Care? Medicaid Expansions and Child Hospitalizations
w7558 Austan Goolsbee
The Importance of Measurement Error in the Cost of Capital
w7560 Jeffrey R. Brown
Differential Mortality and the Value of Individual Account Retirement Annuities
w7562 Christopher Ruhm
Carey Borkoski

Compensation in the Nonprofit Sector
w7568 Julia Lynn Coronado
Don Fullerton
Thomas Glass

Long Run Effects of Social Security Reform Proposals on Lifetime Progressivity
w7570 Angus Deaton
Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas
Christina Paxson

Social Security and Inequality over the Life Cycle
w7463 Charles Yuji Horioka
Hideki Fujisaki
Wako Watanabe
Takatsugu Kouno

Are Americans More Altruistic than the Japanese? A U.S.-Japan Comparison of Saving and Bequest Motives
w7473 Joel Slemrod
Shlomo Yitzhaki

Tax Avoidance, Evasion, and Administration
w7476 Klaus Keller
Kelvin Tan
Francois M.M. Morel
David F. Bradford

Preserving the Ocean Circulation: Implications for Climate Policy
w7491 Bruce D. Meyer
Dan T. Rosenbaum

Making Single Mothers Work: Recent Tax and Welfare Policy and its Effects
w7492 Martin Feldstein
Jeffrey Liebman

The Distributional Effects of an Investment-Based Social Security System
w7496 Alberto Alesina
The Political Economy of the Budget Surplus in the U.S.
w7503 J. Vernon Henderson
The Effects of Urban Concentration on Economic Growth
w7505 Don Fullerton
Ann Wolverton

Two Generalizations of a Deposit-Refund System
w7507 Jonathan Gruber
Botond Koszegi

Is Addiction "Rational"? Theory and Evidence
w7512 Jon Gruber
Emmanuel Saez

The Elasticity of Taxable Income: Evidence and Implications
w7513 Simon P. Anderson
Stephen Coate

Market Provision of Public Goods: The Case of Broadcasting
borj00-1 George J. Borjas
editor

Issues in the Economics of Immigration
1999
w7433 Roger H. Gordon
Young Lee

Do Taxes Affect Corporate Debt Policy? Evidence from US Corporate Tax Return Data
w7442 Kenneth Y. Chay
Michael Greenstone

The Impact of Air Pollution on Infant Mortality: Evidence from Geographic Variation in Pollution Shocks Induced by a Recession
w7444 Daron Acemoglu
Joshua Angrist

How Large are the Social Returns to Education? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws
w7445 Trevor S. Harris
R. Glenn Hubbard
Deen Kemsley

The Share Price Effects of Dividend Taxes and Tax Imputation Credits
w7447 Simon Johnson
Andrei Shleifer

Coase v. the Coasians
w7449 John Knowles
Nicola Persico
Petra Todd

Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence
w7450 Eric A. Hanushek
Julie A. Somers

Schooling, Inequality, and the Impact of Government
w7451 Douglas A. Shackelford
Robert E. Verrecchia

Intertemporal Tax Discontinuities
w7453 Bin Ke
Kathy Petroni
Douglas A. Shackelford

The Impact of State Taxes on Self-Insurance
w7422 Susan M. Dynarski
Does Aid Matter? Measuring the Effect of Student Aid on College Attendance and Completion
w7372 B. Douglas Bernheim
Lorenzo Forni
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

The Adequacy of Life Insurance: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Survey
w7387 Alberto Alesina
Stephan Danninger
Massimo Rostagno

Redistribution Through Public Employment: The Case of Italy
w7392 James M. Poterba
Andrew Samwick

Taxation and Household Portfolio Composition: U.S. Evidence from the 1980s and 1990s
w7399 Anne Case
Motohiro Yogo

Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Schools in South Africa
w7402 Eckhard Janeba
John D. Wilson

Tax Competition and Trade Protection
w7333 James L. Heckman
Causal Parameters and Policy Analysis in Economcs: A Twentieth Century Retrospective
w7339 Axel Boersch-Supan
Incentive Effects of Social Security Under an Uncertain Disability Option
w7342 David C. King
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Congressional Vote Options
w7348 Jonathan Gruber
The Wealth of the Unemployed: Adequacy and Implications for Unemployment Insurance
w7349 Edward P. Lazear
Educational Production
w7352 Daron Acemoglu
Robert Shimer

Productivity Gains from Unemployment Insurance
w7353 Jeff Grogger
Charles Michalopoulos

Welfare Dynamics Under Time Limits
w7358 Vernon Henderson
Marshall's Economies
w7360 Douglas Holtz-Eakin
John W. Phillips
Harvey S. Rosen

Estate Taxes, Life Insurance, and Small Business
w7362 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Social Security's Treatment of Postwar Americans: How Bad Can It Get?
w7363 Bruce D. Meyer
Dan T. Rosenbaum

Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers
w7366 Emmanuel Saez
Do Taxpayers Bunch at Kink Points?
w7367 Emmanuel Saez
The Effect of Marginal Tax Rates on Income: A Panel Study of 'Bracket Creep'
w7368 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

What People Don't Know About Their Pensions and Social Security: An Analysis Using Linked Data from the Health and Retirement Study
w7369 Wolfgang Keller
Arik Levinson

Environmental Compliance Costs and Foreign Direct Investment Inflows to U.S. States
w7281 Jerry Hausman
Efficiency Effects on the U.S. Economy from Wireless Taxation
w7288 James J. Heckman
Policies to Foster Human Capital
w7290 Charles T. Clotfelter
Are Whites Still "Fleeing"? Racial Patterns and Enrollment Shifts in Urban Public Schools, 1987-1996
w7297 Arik Levinson
An Industry-Adjusted Index of State Environmental Compliance Costs
w7298 Sjak Smulders
Herman R.J. Vollebergh

Green Taxes and Administrative Costs: The Case of Carbon Taxation
w7301 Yannis Katsoulacos
Alistair Ulph
David Ulph

The Effects of Environmental Policy on the Performance of Environmental RIVs
w7304 Hans-Werner Sinn
The Crisis of Germany's Pension Insurance System and How It Can Be Resolved
w7305 Raghbendra Jha
John Whalley

The Environmental Regime in Developing Countries
w7308 Randy A. Becker
J. Vernon Henderson

Costs of Air Quality Regulation
w7314 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Pre-Retirement Cashouts and Foregone Retirement Saving: Implications for 401(k) Asset Accumulation
w7316 Stephen Coate
An Efficiency Approach to the Evaluation of Policy Changes
w7318 Courtney Coile
Peter Diamond
Jonathan Gruber
Alain Jousten

Delays in Claiming Social Security Benefits
w7326 Thomas C. Kinnaman
Don Fullterton

The Economics of Residential Solid Waste Management
w7207 Alberto Alesina
Silvia Ardagna
Roberto Perotti
Fabio Schiantarelli

Fiscal Policy, Profits, and Investment
w7210 Steven D. Levitt
Jack Porter

Sample Selection in the Estimation of Air Bag and Seat Belt Effectiveness
w7221 Alec Ian Gershberg
Michael Grossman
Fred Goldman

Health Care Capital Financing Agencies: The Intergovernmental Roles of Quasi-Government Authorities and the Impact on the Cost of Capital
w7230 James J. Heckman
Accounting for Heterogeneity, Diversity, and General Equilibriumin Evaluating Social Programs
w7239 Thomas J. Nechyba
A Model of Multiple Districts and Private Schools: The Role of Mobility, Targeting, and Private School Vouchers
w7240 Thomas J. Nechyba
Social Approval, Values, and AFDC: A Re-Examination of the Illegitimacy Debate
w7244 Roger H. Gordon
John D. Wilson

Tax Structure and Government Behavior: Implications for Tax Policy
w7249 Stephen V. Cameron
James J. Heckman

The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites
w7252 Katsunori Watanabe
Takayuki Watanabe
Tsutomu Watanabe

Tax Policy and Consumer Spending: Evidence from Japanese Fiscal Experiments
w7254 Kiyohiko G. Nishimura
Fukujyu Yamazaki
Takako Idee
Toshiaki Watanabe

Distortionary Taxation, Excessive Price Sensitivity, and Japanese Land Prices
w7259 Don Fullerton
Inkee Hong
Gilbert E. Metcalf

A Tax on Output of the Polluting Industry is Not a Tax on Pollution: The Importance of Hitting the Target
w7268 Jeffrey R. Brown
Olivia S. Mitchell
James M. Poterba
Mark J. Warshawsky

Taxing Retirement Income: Nonqualified Annuities and Distributions from Qualified Accounts
w7273 Hans-Werner Sinn
The Competition Between Competition Rules
w7150 Dani Rodrik
Tanguy van Ypersele

Capital Mobility, Distributive Conflict, and International Tax Coordination
w7155 Alberto Alesina
Eliana La Ferrara

Participation in Heterogeneous Communities
w7168 Amy Finkelstein
James Poterba

Selection Effects in the Market for Individual Annuities: New Evidence from the United Kingdom
w7173 Julie Berry Cullen
The Impact of Fiscal Incentives on Student Disability Rates
w7176 David M. Cutler
Richard J. Zeckhauser

The Anatomy of Health Insurance
w7183 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
James Sefton
Martin Weale

Simulating the Transmission of Wealth Inequity via Bequests
w7191 Jeffrey R. Brown
Private Pensions, Mortality Risk, and the Decision to Annuitize
w7192 John B. Shoven
Clemens Sialm

Asset Location in Tax-Deferred and Conventional Savings Accounts
w7193 Jeffrey R. Brown
Are the Elderly Really Over-Annuitized? New Evidence on Life Insurance and Bequests
w7200 Leora Friedberg
The Labor Supply Effects of the Social Security Earnings Test
w7108 Alberto Alesina
Beatrice Weder

Do Corrupt Governments Receive Less Foreign Aid?
w7110 Roger H. Gordon
Wei Li

Government as a Discriminating Monopolist in the Financial Market: The Case of China
w7111 Raquel Fernandez
Richard Rogerson

Equity and Resources: An Analysis of Education Finance Systems
w7115 Assaf Razin
Chi-Wa Yuen

Understanding the "Problem of Economic Development": The Role of Factor Mobility and International Taxation
w7116 Casey B. Mulligan
Microfoundations and Macro Implications of Indivisible Labor
w7117 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Gerontocracy, Retirement, and Social Security
w7118 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security in Theory and Practice (I): Facts and Political Theories
w7119 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security in Theory and Practice (II): Efficiency Theories, Narrative Theories, and Implications for Reform
w7132 Roland Benabou
Tax and Education Policy in a Heterogeneous Agent Economy: What Levels of Redistribution Maximize Growth and Efficiency?
w7138 Michael Baker
The Retirement Behavior of Married Couples: Evidence from the Spouse's Allowance
w6263 James M. Poterba
The Rate of Return to Corporate Capital and Factor Shares: New EstimatesUsing Revised National Income Accounts and Capital Stock Data
w7065 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova

The Economics of Bequests in Pensions and Social Security
w7083 Timothy Besley
Stephen Coate

The Public Critique of Welfare Economics: An Exploration
w7084 Timothy Besley
Stephen Coate

Centralized versus Decentralized Provision of Local Public Goods: A Political Economy Analysis
w7092 David F. Bradford
Daniel N. Shaviro

The Economics of Vouchers
w7096 Howard F. Chang
Hilary Sigman

Incentives to Settle Under Joint and Several Liability
w7097 Torsten Persson
Guido Tabellini

Political Economics and Public Finance
w7098 Bronwyn H. Hall
John van Reenen

How Effective are Fiscal Incentives for R&D? A New Review of the Evidence
w7099 Rebecca M. Blank
When Can Public Policy Makers Rely on Private Markets? The Effective Provision of Social Services
w6295 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Implications of Rising Personal Retirement Saving
w6340 Louis Kaplow
Transfer Motives and Tax Policy
w6517 Timothy J. Besley
Harvey S. Rosen

Vertical Externalities in Tax Setting: Evidence from Gasoline and Cigarettes
w6540 Martin Feldstein
Andrew Samwick

Maintaining Social Security Benefits and Tax Rates through Personal Retirement Accounts: An Update Based on the 1998 Social Security Trustees Report
w6989 Julia Lynn Coronado
Don Fullerton
Thomas Glass

Distributional Impacts of Proposed Changes to the Social Security System
w6991 Andrew B. Abel
The Social Security Trust Fund, the Riskless Interest Rate, and Capital Accumulation
w6995 Robert A. Moffitt
Demographic Change and Public Assistance Expenditures
w7001 Guido W. Imbens
Donald B. Rubin
Bruce Sacerdote

Estimating the Effect of Unearned Income on Labor Supply, Earnings, Savings, and Consumption: Evidence from a Survey of Lottery Players
w7005 Jeffrey R. Brown
Olivia S. Mitchell
James M. Poterba

The Role of Real Annuities and Indexed Bonds in an Individual Accounts Retirement Program
w7007 John B. Shoven
The Location and Allocation of Assets in Pension and Conventional Savings Accounts
w7015 Thomas E. MaCurdy
John B. Shoven

Asset Allocation and Risk Allocation: Can Social Security Improve Its Future Solvency Problem by Investing in Private Securities?
w7016 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova
Andrew Samwick

The Transition to Investment-Based Social Security when Portfolio Returns and Capital Profitability are Uncertain
w7030 Henning Bohn
Social Security and Demographic Uncertainty: The Risk Sharing Properties of Alternative Policies
w7031 John McHale
The Risk of Social Security Benefit Rule Changes: Some International Evidence
w7034 Lawrence H. Goulder
Roberton C. Williams III

The Usual Excess-Burden Approximation Usually Doesn't Come Close
w7035 Alan J. Auerbach
Kevin A. Hassett

A New Measure of Horizontal Equity
w7036 Alan J. Auerbach
Kevin A. Hassett

Uncertainty and the Design of Long-Run Fiscal Policy
w7041 Alan J. Auerbach
Philip Oreopoulos

Generational Accounting and Immigration in the United States
w7049 Estelle James
Gary Ferrier
James Smalhout
Dimitri Vittas

Mutual Funds and Institutional Investments: What is the Most Efficient Way to Set Up Individual Accounts in a Social Security System?
w7050 Peter Diamond
Administrative Costs and Equilibrium Charges with Individual Accounts
w7051 Louis Kaplow
Steven Shavell

Any Non-Individualistic Social Welfare Function Violates the Pareto Principle
w7059 Don Fullerton
Sarah West

Can Taxes on Cars and on Gasoline Mimic an Unavailable Tax on Emissions?
w7061 B. Douglas Bernheim
Taxation and Saving
w6922 Erkki Koskela
Ronnie Schob
Hans-Werner Sinn

Green Tax Reform and Competitiveness
w6930 Martin Feldstein
Public Policies and Private Saving in Mexico
w6941 Mark A. Hooker
Michael M. Knetter

Measuring the Economic Effects of Military Base Closures
w6944 Steven D. Levitt
Jack Porter

Estimating the Effect of Alcohol on Driver Risk Using Only Fatal Accident Statistics
w6949 Antonio Rangel
Richard Zeckhauser

Can Market and Voting Institutions Generate Optimal Intergenerational Risk Sharing?
w6951 Lucian Bebchuk
Reinier Kraakman
George Triantis

Stock Pyramids, Cross-Ownership, and the Dual Class Equity: The Creation and Agency Costs of Seperating Control from Cash Flow Rights
w6954 Rajeev Dehejia
Program Evaluation as a Decision Problem
w6960 Louis Kaplow
Steven Shavell

Economic Analysis of Law
w6970 Fred T. Goldberg
Jr.
Michael J. Graetz

Reforming Social Security: A Practical and Workable System of Personal Retirement Accounts
w6974 Kristin F. Butcher
Anne Morrison Piehl

The Role of Deportation in the Incarceration of Immigrants
w6975 Rebecca Menes
The Effect of Patronage Politics on City Government in American Cities, 1900-1910
w6976 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Jaroslava K. Mykula

Do Indirect Costs Rates Matter?
w6977 Dennis Epple
Thomas Romer
Holger Sieg

The Tiebout Hypothesis and Majority Rule: An Empirical Analysis
w6979 Hans-Werner Sinn
Inflation and Welfare: Comment on Robert Lucas
w6982 Orley Ashenfelter
David Ashmore
Olivier Deschenes

Do Unemployment Insurance Recipients Actively Seek Work? Randomized Trials in Four U.S. States
w6983 James J. Heckman
Jeffrey A. Smith

The Pre-Program Earnings Dip and the Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Implications for Simple Program Evaluation Strategies
w6988 Martin L. Weitzman
A Contribution to the Theory of Welfare Comparisons
w6881 James J. Heckman
Lance Lochner
Christopher Taber

General Equilibrium Cost Benefit Analysis of Education and Tax Policies
w6885 Mark H. Lang
Douglas A. Shackelford

Capitalization of Capital Gains Taxes: Evidence from Stock Price Reactions to the 1997 Rate Reduction
w6903 Eduardo M.R.A. Engel
James R. Hines
Jr.

Understanding Tax Evasion Dynamics
w6907 Martin Feldstein
Self-Protection for Emerging Market Economies
w6911 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Productivity of Schools and Other Local Public Goods Providers
w6917 Martin Feldstein
Prefunding Medicare
w6918 James M. Poterba
Mark J. Warshawsky

The Costs of Annuitizing Retirement Payouts from Individual Accounts
1998
w6822 Dennis Epple
Holger Sieg

Estimating Equilibrium Models of Local Jurisdictions
w6826 Kenneth Y. Chay
Michael Greenstone

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market
w6828 Eduardo M.R.A. Engel
Alexander Galetovic
Claudio E. Raddatz

Taxes and Income Distribution in Chile: Some Unpleasant Redistributive Arithmetic
w6832 Marianne Bertrand
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Sendhil Mullainathan

Network Effects and Welfare Cultures
w6837 Brian J. Hall
Regulatory Free Cash Flow and the High Cost of Insurance Company Failures
w6839 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova

Individual Risk and Intergenerational Risk Sharing in an Investment-Based Social Security Program
w6842 James Poterba
Estate and Gift Taxes and Incentives for Inter Vivos Giving in the United States
w6848 Torsten Persson
Guido Tabellini

The Size and Scope of Government: Comparative Politics with Rational Politicians
w6852 James R. Hines
Jr.

Three Sides of Harberger Triangles
w6856 Nada Eissa
Hilary Williamson Hoynes

The Earned Income Tax Credit and the Labor Supply of Married Couples
w6860 Martin Feldstein
Daniel Altman

Unemployment Insurance Savings Accounts
w6863 Austan Goolsbee
In a World Without Borders: The Impact of Taxes on Internet Commerce
w6778 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Migration and Pension
w6779 Charles T. Clotfelter
Public School Segregation in Metropolitan Areas
w6780 Axel Borsch-Supan
Incentive Effects of Social Security on Labor Force Participation: Evidence in Germany and Across Europe
w6784 John J. Donohue III
Steven D. Levitt

The Impact of Race on Policing, Arrest Patterns, and Crime
w6786 Robert Witt
Ann Dryden Witte

Crime, Imprisonment, and Female Labor Force Participation: A Time-Series Approach
w6789 Gary S. Becker
Casey B. Mulligan

Deadweight Costs and the Size of Government
w6792 Caroline M. Hoxby
All School Finance Equalizations Are Not Created Equal
w6794 Martin Feldstein
Social Security Pension Reform in China
w6795 Roland Benabou
Efe A. Ok

Social Mobility and the Demand for Redistribution: The POUM Hypothesis
w6798 Ann Dryden Witte
Magaly Queralt
Tasneem Chipty
Harriet Griesinger

Unintended Consequences? Welfare Reform and the Working Poor
w6805 David Neumark
Elizabeth Powers

Welfare for the Elderly: The Effects of SSI on Pre-Retirement Labor Supply
w6808 Patricia M. Anderson
Bruce D. Meyer

Using a Natural Experiment to Estimate the Effects of the Unemployment Insurance Payroll Tax on Wages, Employment, Claims, and Denials
w6810 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrei Shleifer

Not-For-Profit Entrepreneurs
w6813 George J. Borjas
Immigration and Welfare Magnets
w6746 Alberto Alesina
Reza Baqir
William Easterly

Redistributive Public Employment
w6759 Soren Blomquist
Matias Eklof
Whitney Newey

Tax Reform Evaluation Using Nonparametric Methods: Sweden 1980 - 1991
w6770 Martin Feldstein
Income Inequality and Poverty
a0699 James M. Poterba
Public Economics
w6719 Peter Diamond
The Economics of Social Security Reform
w6727 Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes
Andrei Shleifer
Robert Vishny

The Quality of Goverment
w6728 James R. Hines
Jr.

"Tax Sparing" and Direct Investment in Developing Countries
w6731 Austan Goolsbee
Taxes and the Quality of Capital
w6732 Thomas Lemieux
W. Bentley MacLeod

Supply Side Hysterisis: The Case of the Canadian Unemployment InsuranceSystem
w6734 Assaf Razin
Effraim Sadka
Phillip Swagel

Tax Burden and Migration: A Political Economy Theory and Evidence
w6739 James Andreoni
Arik Levinson

The Simple Analytics of the Environmental Kuznets Curve
w6684 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
The A-K Model: It's Past, Present, and Future
w6685 Clemens Fuest
Bernd Huber

Why Do Countries Subsidize Investment and Not Employment?
w6686 Daron Acemoglu
Robert Shimer

Efficient Unemployment Insurance
w6688 Kimberly A. Clausing
The Impact of Transfer Pricing on Intrafirm Trade
w6689 Eduardo M.R.A. Engel
Ronald D. Fischer
Alexander Galetovic

Least-Present-Value-of-Revenue Auctions and Highway Franchising
w6693 A. Lans Bovenberg
Johan J. Graafland
Ruud A. de Mooij

Tax Reform and the Dutch Labor Market: An Applied General Equilibrium Approach
w6699 James Heckman
Hidehiko Ichimura
Jeffrey Smith
Petra Todd