NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers on Public Economics

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2016
w22878 Daniel Green
Brian T. Melzer
Jonathan A. Parker
Arcenis Rojas

Accelerator or Brake? Cash for Clunkers, Household Liquidity, and Aggregate Demand
w22876 Francesco Decarolis
Andrea Guglielmo

Insurers' Response to Selection Risk: Evidence from Medicare Enrollment Reforms
w22881 Julie Berry Cullen
Eric A. Hanushek
Gregory Phelan
Steven G. Rivkin

Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals
w22882 Paolo Sodini
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh
Roine Vestman
Ulf von Lilienfeld-Toal

Identifying the Benefits from Home Ownership: A Swedish Experiment
w22884 Alex Rees-Jones
Dmitry Taubinsky

Heuristic Perceptions of the Income Tax: Evidence and Implications for Debiasing
w22886 Robert Hahn
Robert D. Metcalfe
David Novgorodsky
Michael K. Price

The Behavioralist as Policy Designer: The Need to Test Multiple Treatments to Meet Multiple Targets
w22888 Annette Alstadsæter
Martin Jacob
Wojciech Kopczuk
Kjetil Telle

Accounting for Business Income in Measuring Top Income Shares: Integrated Accrual Approach Using Individual and Firm Data from Norway
w22892 François Gerard
Miikka Rokkanen
Christoph Rothe

Bounds on Treatment Effects in Regression Discontinuity Designs under Manipulation of the Running Variable, with an Application to Unemployment Insurance in Brazil
w22895 B. Kelsey Jack
Grant Smith

Charging Ahead: Prepaid Electricity Metering in South Africa
w22902 Jonathan Meer
David H. Miller
Elisa Wulfsberg

The Great Recession and Charitable Giving
w22853 Gila Bronshtein
Jason Scott
John B. Shoven
Sita N. Slavov

Leaving Big Money on the Table: Arbitrage Opportunities in Delaying Social Security
w22860 Edward L. Glaeser
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Transforming Cities: Does Urbanization Promote Democratic Change?
w22867 Catherine C. Eckel
David H. Herberich
Jonathan Meer

It's Not the Thought that Counts: A Field Experiment on Gift Exchange and Giving at a Public University
w22845 Tatyana Deryugina
Barrett Kirwan

Does The Samaritan's Dilemma Matter? Evidence From U.S. Agriculture
w22850 David Card
Ana Rute Cardoso
Jörg Heining
Patrick Kline

Firms and Labor Market Inequality: Evidence and Some Theory
w22814 Francesco Decarolis
Giancarlo Spagnolo
Riccardo Pacini

Past Performance and Procurement Outcomes
w22815 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Affordable Care Act as Retiree Health Insurance: Implications for Retirement and Social Security Claiming
w22817 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

Gender, Marriage, and Life Expectancy
w22818 Joanna Lahey
Ryan Beasley

Technical Aspects of Correspondence Studies
w22821 David P. Baron
Renee Bowen
Salvatore Nunnari

Durable Coalitions and Communication: Public versus Private Negotiations
w22823 David Albouy
Kristian Behrens
Frédéric Robert-Nicoud
Nathan Seegert

The Optimal Distribution of Population across Cities
w22824 James Andreoni
Marta Serra-Garcia

Time-Inconsistent Charitable Giving
w22832 Michael Geruso
Timothy J. Layton
Daniel Prinz

Screening in Contract Design: Evidence from the ACA Health Insurance Exchanges
w22794 George-Marios Angeletos
Fabrice Collard
Harris Dellas

Public Debt as Private Liquidity: Optimal Policy
w22807 Robert S. Pindyck
The Social Cost of Carbon Revisited
w22797 Patrick Bayer
Kerwin Kofi Charles

Divergent Paths: Structural Change, Economic Rank, and the Evolution of Black-White Earnings Differences, 1940-2014
w22798 Emmanuel Saez
Taxing the Rich More: Preliminary Evidence from the 2013 Tax Increase
w22805 Julie Berry Cullen
Cory Koedel
Eric Parsons

The Compositional Effect of Rigorous Teacher Evaluation on Workforce Quality
w22808 Martin R. West
Ludger Woessmann
Philipp Lergetporer
Katharina Werner

How Information Affects Support for Education Spending: Evidence from Survey Experiments in Germany and the United States
w22770 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Darryl R. Koehler
Manni Yu

Is Uncle Sam Inducing the Elderly to Retire?
w22772 T. Renee Bowen
George Georgiadis
Nicolas S. Lambert

Collective Choice in Dynamic Public Good Provision
w22773 Hanming Fang
Zenan Wu

Multidimensional Private Information, Market Structure and Insurance Markets
w22776 Yanbo Ge
Christopher R. Knittel
Don MacKenzie
Stephen Zoepf

Racial and Gender Discrimination in Transportation Network Companies
w22778 Conor Clarke
Wojciech Kopczuk

Business Income and Business Taxation in the United States Since the 1950s
w22781 David Card
David S. Lee
Zhuan Pei
Andrea Weber

Regression Kink Design: Theory and Practice
w22782 Gizem Kosar
Robert A. Moffitt

Trends in Cumulative Marginal Tax Rates Facing Low-Income Families, 1997-2007
w22759 Marina Agranov
Thomas R. Palfrey

The Effects of Income Mobility and Tax Persistence on Income Redistribution and Inequality
w22752 Geoffrey Heal
Notes on the Economics of Energy Storage
w22763 Samuel G. Hanson
David S. Scharfstein
Adi Sunderam

Fiscal Risk and the Portfolio of Government Programs
w22731 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Andrey Polbin
Andrey Zubarev

Will the Paris Accord Accelerate Climate Change?
w22733 Louis Kaplow
A Distribution-Neutral Perspective On Tax Expenditure Limitations
w22740 Steven J. Davis
An Index of Global Economic Policy Uncertainty
w22742 Benjamin J. Keys
Jialan Wang

Minimum Payments and Debt Paydown in Consumer Credit Cards
w22745 Leemore Dafny
Christopher Ody
Matthew Schmitt

When Discounts Raise Costs: The Effect of Copay Coupons on Generic Utilization
w22711 Will Dobbie
Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham
Neale Mahoney
Jae Song

Bad Credit, No Problem? Credit and Labor Market Consequences of Bad Credit Reports
w22713 Judith Scott-Clayton
Lauren Schudde

Performance Standards in Need-Based Student Aid
w22717 Vanya Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Putting the Pension Back in 401(k) Plans: Optimal versus Default Longevity Income Annuities
w22722 Robert Gordon
David Joulfaian
James M. Poterba

Choosing Between an Estate Tax and a Basis Carryover Regime: Evidence from 2010
w22684 Mathias Dolls
Philipp Doerrenberg
Andreas Peichl
Holger Stichnoth

Do Savings Increase in Response to Salient Information about Retirement and Expected Pensions?
w22687 Yoko Niimi
Charles Yuji Horioka

The Impact of Intergenerational Transfers on Household Wealth Inequality in Japan and the United States
w22690 David M. Cutler
Wei Huang
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Economic Conditions and Mortality: Evidence from 200 Years of Data
w22700 Maya Rossin-Slater
Miriam Wüst

What is the Added Value of Preschool? Long-term Impacts and Interactions with a Health Intervention
w22664 Emmanuel Saez
Stefanie Stantcheva

A Simpler Theory of Optimal Capital Taxation
w22669 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Atul Gupta

Is American Pet Health Care (Also) Uniquely Inefficient?
w22671 Robert French
Philip Oreopoulos

Applying Behavioral Economics to Public Policy in Canada
w22673 Nicola Lacetera
Incentives and Ethics in the Economics of Body Parts
w22676 Pol Antràs
Alonso de Gortari
Oleg Itskhoki

Globalization, Inequality and Welfare
w22680 Joanna Lahey
Understanding why black women are not working longer
w22682 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes
Elira Kuka

Child Poverty, the Great Recession, and the Social Safety Net in the United States
w22638 Marco Di Maggio
Amir Kermani
Christopher Palmer

How Quantitative Easing Works: Evidence on the Refinancing Channel
w22646 Dominik Sachs
Aleh Tsyvinski
Nicolas Werquin

Nonlinear Tax Incidence and Optimal Taxation in General Equilibrium
w22648 Manudeep Bhuller
Gordon B. Dahl
Katrine V. Løken
Magne Mogstad

Incarceration, Recidivism and Employment
w22657 Eric A. Hanushek
Guido Schwerdt
Simon Wiederhold
Ludger Woessmann

Coping with Change: International Differences in the Returns to Skills
w22658 Allison Shertzer
Tate Twinam
Randall P. Walsh

Zoning and the Economic Geography of Cities
w22612 Benjamin L. Collier
Andrew F. Haughwout
Howard C. Kunreuther
Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan
Michael A. Stewart

Firm Age and Size and the Financial Management of Infrequent Shocks
w22620 Kayleigh Barnes
Arnab Mukherji
Patrick Mullen
Neeraj Sood

Financial Risk Protection from Social Health Insurance
w22621 Francis DiTraglia
Camilo García-Jimeno

A Framework for Eliciting, Incorporating, and Disciplining Identification Beliefs in Linear Models
w22625 Marco Di Maggio
Amir Kermani

The Importance of Unemployment Insurance as an Automatic Stabilizer
w22627 Peter Cohen
Robert Hahn
Jonathan Hall
Steven Levitt
Robert Metcalfe

Using Big Data to Estimate Consumer Surplus: The Case of Uber
w22632 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis

Efficiency-Morality Trade-Offs in Repugnant Transactions: A Choice Experiment
w22585 Jesse Rothstein
Till von Wachter

Social Experiments in the Labor Market
w22589 Glenn Ellison
Parag A. Pathak

The Efficiency of Race-Neutral Alternatives to Race-Based Affirmative Action: Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22600 Mark Shepard
Hospital Network Competition and Adverse Selection: Evidence from the Massachusetts Health Insurance Exchange
w22601 John F. Helliwell
Aneta Bonikowska
Hugh Shiplett

Migration as a Test of the Happiness Set Point Hypothesis: Evidence from Immigration to Canada
w22602 Debraj Ray
Arthur Robson

Certified Random: A New Order for Co-Authorship
w22608 François Gerard
Gustavo Gonzaga

Informal Labor and the Efficiency Cost of Social Programs: Evidence from the Brazilian Unemployment Insurance Program
w22610 Samuel R. Bondurant
Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen

Substance Abuse Treatment Centers and Local Crime
w22606 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Older Women's Labor Market Attachment, Retirement Planning, and Household Debt
w22553 Brian Beach
Werner Troesken
Nicola Tynan

Who Should Own and Control Urban Water Systems? Historical Evidence from England and Wales
w22556 Kirk Hamilton
John F. Helliwell
Michael Woolcock

Social Capital, Trust and Well-being in the Evaluation of Wealth
w22558 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie
Peter Simon
Patrick Vivier

Do Low Levels of Blood Lead Reduce Children's Future Test Scores?
w22561 Dayanand S. Manoli
Andrea Weber

The Effects of the Early Retirement Age on Retirement Decisions
w22563 Francesco D’Acunto
Daniel Hoang
Michael Weber

The Effect of Unconventional Fiscal Policy on Consumption Expenditure
w22564 Johannes F. Schmieder
Till von Wachter

The Effects of Unemployment Insurance Benefits: New Evidence and Interpretation
w22566 Stefano DellaVigna
Devin Pope

Predicting Experimental Results: Who Knows What?
w22568 Benjamin Hansen
Glen R. Waddell

Legal Access to Alcohol and Criminality
w22571 Mitchell Hoffman
Elizabeth Lyons

A Time to Make Laws and a Time to Fundraise? On the Relation between Salaries and Time Use for State Politicians
w22575 Bryan S. Graham
Identifying and Estimating Neighborhood Effects
w22577 Shu Wang
David Merriman
Frank J. Chaloupka

Relative Tax Rates, Proximity and Cigarette Tax Noncompliance: Evidence from a National Sample of Littered Cigarette Packs
w22580 Don Fullerton
Nirupama S. Rao

The Lifecycle of the 47%
w22583 Marika Cabral
Mark R. Cullen

Estimating the Value of Public Insurance Using Complementary Private Insurance
w22524 Antony Millner
Geoffrey Heal

Collective Intertemporal Choice: the Possibility of Time Consistency
w22526 Daniel B. Jones
Randall Walsh

How Do Voters Matter? Evidence from US Congressional Redistricting
w22530 Stefan Pichler
Nicolas R. Ziebarth

The Pros and Cons of Sick Pay Schemes: Testing for Contagious Presenteeism and Noncontagious Absenteeism Behavior
w22536 Kyle C. Meng
Estimating Path Dependence in Energy Transitions
w22537 Gilbert E. Metcalf
The Impact of Removing Tax Preferences for U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Production: Measuring Tax Subsidies by an Equivalent Price Impact Approach
w22540 Pauline Leung
Alexandre Mas

Employment Effects of the ACA Medicaid Expansions
w22545 Dmitry Taubinsky
Alex Rees-Jones

Attention Variation and Welfare: Theory and Evidence from a Tax Salience Experiment
w22549 Simon Halphen Boserup
Wojciech Kopczuk
Claus Thustrup Kreiner

Born with a Silver Spoon? Danish Evidence on Wealth Inequality in Childhood
w22507 Zhao Chen
Matthew E. Kahn
Yu Liu
Zhi Wang

The Consequences of Spatially Differentiated Water Pollution Regulation in China
w22502 Will S. Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Charter Schools and Labor Market Outcomes
w22504 Christopher J. Ruhm
Taking the Measure of a Fatal Drug Epidemic
w22511 Will Dobbie
Jacob Goldin
Crystal Yang

The Effects of Pre-Trial Detention on Conviction, Future Crime, and Employment: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges
w22487 Steven D. Levitt
Heads or Tails: The Impact of a Coin Toss on Major Life Decisions and Subsequent Happiness
w22499 Satadru Das
Naci Mocan

Analyzing the Impact of the World's Largest Public Works Project on Crime
w22472 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction
w22455 Jonathan D. Cohen
Keith Marzilli Ericson
David Laibson
John Myles White

Measuring Time Preferences
w22457 T. Renee Bowen
Ying Chen
Hülya K. Eraslan
Jan Zápal

Efficiency of Flexible Budgetary Institutions
w22462 Matthew Weinzierl
Popular Acceptance of Inequality due to Brute Luck and Support for Classical Benefit-Based Taxation
w22458 Dirk Krueger
Kurt Mitman
Fabrizio Perri

On the Distribution of the Welfare Losses of Large Recessions
w22467 Hans-Werner Sinn
Buffering Volatility: A Study on the Limits of Germany's Energy Revolution
w22470 Dajun Lin
Randall Lutter
Christopher J. Ruhm

Cognitive Performance and Labor Market Outcomes
w22440 Michael Geruso
Demand Heterogeneity in Insurance Markets: Implications for Equity and Efficiency
w22443 Eric Avis
Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan

Do Government Audits Reduce Corruption? Estimating the Impacts of Exposing Corrupt Politicians
w22446 Joshua D. Gottlieb
Richard R. Townsend
Ting Xu

Experimenting with Entrepreneurship: The Effect of Job-Protected Leave
w22447 Ioana Marinescu
The General Equilibrium Impacts of Unemployment Insurance: Evidence from a Large Online Job Board
w22450 John F. Helliwell
Haifang Huang
Shun Wang

New Evidence on Trust and Well-being
w22452 Nicole Maestas
Kathleen J. Mullen
David Powell

The Effect of Population Aging on Economic Growth, the Labor Force and Productivity
w22417 Nava Ashraf
Natalie Bau
Nathan Nunn
Alessandra Voena

Bride Price and Female Education
w22408 Michael Keen
Joel Slemrod

Optimal Tax Administration
w22411 Andrew C. Johnston
Alexandre Mas

Potential Unemployment Insurance Duration and Labor Supply: The Individual and Market-Level Response to a Benefit Cut
w22419 Kathleen Mullen
Stefan Staubli

Disability Benefit Generosity and Labor Force Withdrawal
w22420 Jean-Noel Barrot
Ramana Nanda

Can Paying Firms Quicker Affect Aggregate Employment?
w22424 Alan Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Distributional Effects of Means Testing Social Security: Income Versus Wealth
w22425 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Philippe Wingender

Estimating Local Fiscal Multipliers
w22398 C. Kirabo Jackson
Alexey Makarin

Simplifying Teaching: A Field Experiment with Online "Off-the-Shelf" Lessons
w22376 Marius Brülhart
Jonathan Gruber
Matthias Krapf
Kurt Schmidheiny

Taxing Wealth: Evidence from Switzerland
w22363 Amanda E. Kowalski
Doing More When You're Running LATE: Applying Marginal Treatment Effect Methods to Examine Treatment Effect Heterogeneity in Experiments
w22369 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Paul Schrimpf

Bunching at The Kink: Implications for Spending Responses to Health Insurance Contracts
w22373 George Wehby
Dhaval Dave
Robert Kaestner

Effects of the Minimum Wage on Infant Health
w22347 Eric Bettinger
Oded Gurantz
Laura Kawano
Bruce Sacerdote

The Long Run Impacts of Merit Aid: Evidence from California's Cal Grant
w22353 David Besanko
David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite

Insurance and the High Prices of Pharmaceuticals
w22359 Alisdair McKay
Ricardo Reis

Optimal Automatic Stabilizers
w22318 Olesya Fomenko
Jonathan Gruber

Claims-Shifting: The Problem of Parallel Reimbursement Regimes
w22319 Dirk Krueger
Kurt Mitman
Fabrizio Perri

Macroeconomics and Household Heterogeneity
w22321 Jeffrey Brinkman
Daniele Coen-Pirani
Holger Sieg

The Political Economy of Underfunded Municipal Pension Plans
w22316 Greer K. Gosnell
John A. List
Robert Metcalfe

A New Approach to an Age-Old Problem: Solving Externalities by Incenting Workers Directly
w22330 Harold Cole
Daniel Neuhann
Guillermo Ordoñez

Debt Crises: For Whom the Bell Tolls
w22344 Christina DePasquale
Kevin Stange

Labor Supply Effects of Occupational Regulation: Evidence from the Nurse Licensure Compact
w22303 Roberton C. Williams III
Environmental Taxation
w22301 James R. Hines Jr.
Niklas Potrafke
Marina Riem
Christoph Schinke

Inter Vivos Transfers of Ownership in Family Firms
w22305 Casey B. Mulligan
Kevin K. Tsui

The Upside-down Economics of Regulated and Otherwise Rigid Prices
w22312 Michal Bauer
Christopher Blattman
Julie Chytilová
Joseph Henrich
Edward Miguel
Tamar Mitts

Can War Foster Cooperation?
w22314 Solomon Hsiang
Nitin Sekar

Does Legalization Reduce Black Market Activity? Evidence from a Global Ivory Experiment and Elephant Poaching Data
w22288 Carlos Dobkin
Amy Finkelstein
Raymond Kluender
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

The Economic Consequences of Hospital Admissions
w22292 Kenneth Lee
Edward Miguel
Catherine Wolfram

Experimental Evidence on the Demand for and Costs of Rural Electrification
w22295 Emmanuel Farhi
Matteo Maggiori

A Model of the International Monetary System
w22257 Stefano DellaVigna
Attila Lindner
Balázs Reizer
Johannes F. Schmieder

Reference-Dependent Job Search: Evidence from Hungary
w22258 Michael Bailey
Ruiqing Cao
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel

Social Networks and Housing Markets
w22260 Rodney J. Andrews
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Recruiting and Supporting Low-Income, High-Achieving Students at Flagship Universities
w22269 Marc A. C. Hafstead
Roberton C. Williams III

Unemployment and Environmental Regulation in General Equilibrium
w22272 Tatyana Deryugina
The Fiscal Cost of Hurricanes: Disaster Aid Versus Social Insurance
w22277 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Maria Polyakova

Private Provision of Social Insurance: Drug-specific Price Elasticities and Cost Sharing in Medicare Part D
w22281 Sharat Ganapati
Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Energy Prices, Pass-Through, and Incidence in U.S. Manufacturing
w22240 Cuicui Chen
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Collective Action in an Asymmetric World
w22246 Matthew J. Kotchen
Which Social Cost of Carbon? A Theoretical Perspective
w22249 Norma B. Coe
Jing Guo
R. Tamara Konetzka
Courtney Harold Van Houtven

What is the Marginal Benefit of Payment-Induced Family Care?
w22255 Kyle C. Meng
Using a Free Permit Rule to Forecast the Marginal Abatement Cost of Proposed Climate Policy
w22221 Mitchell Hoffman
Gianmarco León
María Lombardi

Compulsory Voting, Turnout, and Government Spending: Evidence from Austria
w22222 C. Kirabo Jackson
The Effect of Single-Sex Education on Academic Outcomes and Crime: Fresh Evidence from Low-Performing Schools in Trinidad and Tobago
w22226 C. Kirabo Jackson
What Do Test Scores Miss? The Importance of Teacher Effects on Non-Test Score Outcomes
w22227 Maya Rossin-Slater
Miriam Wüst

Parental Responses to Child Support Obligations: Evidence from Administrative Data
w22234 James C. Cox
John A. List
Michael Price
Vjollca Sadiraj
Anya Samek

Moral Costs and Rational Choice: Theory and Experimental Evidence
w22193 Stefano DellaVigna
Devin Pope

What Motivates Effort? Evidence and Expert Forecasts
w22200 Petri Böckerman
John Cawley
Jutta Viinikainen
Terho Lehtimäki
Suvi Rovio
Ilkka Seppälä
Jaakko Pehkonen
Olli Raitakari

The Effect of Weight on Labor Market Outcomes: an Application of Genetic Instrumental Variables
w22203 S. Nageeb Ali
Roland Bénabou

Image Versus Information: Changing Societal Norms and Optimal Privacy
w22204 Rebecca Diamond
Timothy McQuade

Who Wants Affordable Housing in their Backyard? An Equilibrium Analysis of Low Income Property Development
w22206 René Böheim
Thomas Leoni

Disability policies: Reform strategies in a comparative perspective
w22207 Rebecca Diamond
Petra Persson

The Long-term Consequences of Teacher Discretion in Grading of High-stakes Tests
w22209 Jeffrey Hoopes
Patrick Langetieg
Stefan Nagel
Daniel Reck
Joel Slemrod
Bryan Stuart

Who Sold During the Crash of 2008-9? Evidence from Tax-Return Data on Daily Sales of Stock
w22213 Molly Frean
Jonathan Gruber
Benjamin D. Sommers

Premium Subsidies, the Mandate, and Medicaid Expansion: Coverage Effects of the Affordable Care Act
w22167 Abhijit Banerjee
Sylvain Chassang
Erik Snowberg

Decision Theoretic Approaches to Experiment Design and External Validity
w22161 Zhi Da
Borja Larrain
Clemens Sialm
José Tessada

Coordinated Noise Trading: Evidence from Pension Fund Reallocations
w22163 Gabriel Chodorow-Reich
Loukas Karabarbounis

The Limited Macroeconomic Effects of Unemployment Benefit Extensions
w22126 Michael J. Kottelenberg
Steven F. Lehrer

Targeted or Universal Coverage? Assessing Heterogeneity in the Effects of Universal Childcare
w22127 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton

Tax Benefits for College Attendance
w22132 Daniel K. Fetter
Lee M. Lockwood

Government Old-Age Support and Labor Supply: Evidence from the Old Age Assistance Program
w22124 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrew Hillis
Scott Duke Kominers
Michael Luca

Crowdsourcing City Government: Using Tournaments to Improve Inspection Accuracy
w22109 Umut Dur
Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

Explicit vs. Statistical Preferential Treatment in Affirmative Action: Theory and Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22090 Robert Gordon
David Joulfaian
James Poterba

Revenue and Incentive Effects of Basis Step-Up at Death: Lessons from the 2010 "Voluntary" Estate Tax Regime
w22088 Rhiannon Jerch
Matthew E. Kahn
Shanjun Li

Efficient Local Government Service Provision: The Role of Privatization and Public Sector Unions
w22099 Tova Levin
Steven D. Levitt
John A. List

A Glimpse into the World of High Capacity Givers: Experimental Evidence from a University Capital Campaign
w22076 Florian Scheuer
Iván Werning

Mirrlees meets Diamond-Mirrlees
w22080 Hilary Hoynes
Jesse Rothstein

Tax Policy Toward Low-Income Families
w22084 Hanming Fang
Qing Gong

Detecting Potential Overbilling in Medicare Reimbursement via Hours Worked
w22052 Dhaval M. Dave
Hope Corman
Nancy Reichman

Effects of Welfare Reform on Women's Voting Participation
w22055 Brian Knight
Ana Tribin

The Limits of Propaganda: Evidence from Chavez's Venezuela
w22061 Derek Laing
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman
Jason Ward

Decentralized Governance and the Quality of School Leadership
w22063 Mark R. Jacobsen
Christopher R. Knittel
James M. Sallee
Arthur A. van Benthem

Sufficient Statistics for Imperfect Externality-Correcting Policies
w22065 Patrick Bayer
Kyle Mangum
James W. Roberts

Speculative Fever: Investor Contagion in the Housing Bubble
w22013 Brian Jacob
Susan Dynarski
Kenneth Frank
Barbara Schneider

Are Expectations Alone Enough? Estimating the Effect of a Mandatory College-Prep Curriculum in Michigan
w22025 John Y. Campbell
Restoring Rational Choice: The Challenge of Consumer Financial Regulation
w22030 Michael F. Lovenheim
Randall Reback
Leigh Wedenoja

How Does Access to Health Care Affect Teen Fertility and High School Dropout Rates? Evidence from School-based Health Centers
w22032 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Darryl R. Koehler

U.S. Inequality, Fiscal Progressivity, and Work Disincentives: An Intragenerational Accounting
w22033 Jonathan Meer
Does Fundraising Create New Giving?
w22043 Stefano DellaVigna
John A. List
Ulrike Malmendier
Gautam Rao

Estimating Social Preferences and Gift Exchange at Work
w22047 Pablo Kurlat
The Social Value of Financial Expertise
w22048 J. Ignacio García-Pérez
Judit Vall Castelló
Ioana Marinescu

Can Fixed-Term Contracts Put Low Skilled Youth on a Better Career Path? Evidence from Spain
w22004 Patrick Bayer
Fernando Ferreira
Stephen L. Ross

What Drives Racial and Ethnic Differences in High Cost Mortgages? The Role of High Risk Lenders
w21998 Hitoshi Shigeoka
Katsunori Yamada

Income-comparison Attitudes in the US and the UK: Evidence from Discrete-choice Experiments
w22003 Briggs Depew
Ozkan Eren
Naci Mocan

Judges, Juveniles and In-group Bias
w22007 Dan Cao
Iván Werning

Dynamic Savings Choices with Disagreements
w22011 Julien Lafortune
Jesse Rothstein
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

School Finance Reform and the Distribution of Student Achievement
w21991 Richard V. Burkhauser
Nicolas Hérault
Stephen P. Jenkins
Roger Wilkins

What has Been Happening to UK Income Inequality Since the Mid-1990s? Answers from Reconciled and Combined Household Survey and Tax Return Data
w21990 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia K. Remler

Including Health Insurance in Poverty Measurement: The Impact of Massachusetts Health Reform on Poverty
w21961 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah Rockoff

Using Lagged Outcomes to Evaluate Bias in Value-Added Models
w21963 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Xiao Yu Wang
Shuang Zhang

The Limits of Meritocracy: Screening Bureaucrats Under Imperfect Verifiability
w21966 Nicholas Z. Muller
Paul Ruud

What Forces Dictate the Design of Pollution Monitoring Networks?
w21968 David A. Bielen
Richard G. Newell
William A. Pizer

Who Did the Ethanol Tax Credit Benefit? An Event Analysis of Subsidy Incidence
w21927 Benjamin B. Lockwood
Matthew C. Weinzierl

Positive and Normative Judgments Implicit in U.S. Tax Policy, and the Costs of Unequal Growth and Recessions
w21928 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Julia Cagé
William R. Kerr

Taxation, Corruption, and Growth
w21929 John Cawley
Andrew S. Hanks
David R. Just
Brian Wansink

Incentivizing Nutritious Diets: A Field Experiment of Relative Price Changes and How They are Framed
w21934 James Andreoni
Michael A. Kuhn
Larry Samuelson

Starting Small: Endogenous Stakes and Rational Cooperation
w21936 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Frina Lin
Jeremy Majerovitz
Benjamin Scuderi

Childhood Environment and Gender Gaps in Adulthood
w21951 Harvey S. Rosen
Alexander J. W. Sappington

To Borrow or Not to Borrow? An Analysis of University Leverage Decisions
w21900 Leonard Goff
John F. Helliwell
Guy Mayraz

The Welfare Costs of Well-being Inequality
w21903 Gary D. Libecap
Coasean Bargaining to Address Environmental Externalities
w21904 John Guyton
Dayanand S. Manoli
Brenda Schafer
Michael Sebastiani

Reminders & Recidivism: Evidence from Tax Filing & EITC Participation among Low-Income Nonfilers
w21915 Michael Kremer
Jack Willis

Guns, Latrines, and Land Reform: Private Expectations and Public Policy
w21912 Matthew E. Kahn
Nils Kok
Peng Liu

Is California More Energy Efficient than the Rest of the Nation? Evidence from Commercial Real Estate
w21916 David Albouy
Mike Zabek

Housing Inequality
w21917 Mariacristina De Nardi
Giulio Fella
Gonzalo Paz Pardo

The Implications of Richer Earnings Dynamics for Consumption and Wealth
w21873 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French

Rich, Poor, Singles, and Couples. Who Receives Medicaid in Old Age and Why?
w21875 John A. List
Azeem M. Shaikh
Yang Xu

Multiple Hypothesis Testing in Experimental Economics
w21876 Eric Zwick
James Mahon

Tax Policy and Heterogeneous Investment Behavior
w21877 Arthur Alik-Lagrange
Martin Ravallion

Social Frictions to Knowledge Diffusion: Evidence from an Information Intervention
w21889 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi L. Williams

Patents and Research Investments: Assessing the Empirical Evidence
w21896 Simon H. Boserup
Wojciech Kopczuk
Claus T. Kreiner

The Role of Bequests in Shaping Wealth Inequality: Evidence from Danish Wealth Records
w21843 Emmanuel Farhi
Jean Tirole

Deadly Embrace: Sovereign and Financial Balance Sheets Doom Loops
w21848 Xavier Gabaix
Behavioral Macroeconomics Via Sparse Dynamic Programming
w21849 Eli Berman
Mitch Downey
Joseph Felter

Expanding Governance as Development: Evidence on Child Nutrition in the Philippines
w21851 Alexander Gelber
Timothy Moore
Alexander Strand

The Effect of Disability Insurance Payments on Beneficiaries' Earnings
2015
w21830 Jeffrey Clemens
The Minimum Wage and the Great Recession: Evidence from the Current Population Survey
w21835 Hugh Macartney
Robert McMillan
Uros Petronijevic

Incentive Design in Education: An Empirical Analysis
w21839 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Parag A. Pathak
Christopher R. Walters

School Vouchers and Student Achievement: Evidence from the Louisiana Scholarship Program
w21825 Frederico Finan
Benjamin A. Olken
Rohini Pande

The Personnel Economics of the State
w21828 Jason M. Lindo
Peter M. Siminski
Isaac D. Swensen

College Party Culture and Sexual Assault
w21810 Hanming Fang
You Suk Kim
Wenli Li

The Dynamics of Adjustable-Rate Subprime Mortgage Default: A Structural Estimation
w21818 Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Andrew A. Samwick

The Welfare Cost of Perceived Policy Uncertainty: Evidence from Social Security
w21819 Nathaniel Hendren
Knowledge of Future Job Loss and Implications for Unemployment Insurance
w21787 Evan Herrnstadt
Erich Muehlegger

Air Pollution and Criminal Activity: Evidence from Chicago Microdata
w21794 Edward L. Glaeser
Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto
Yimei Zou

Urban Networks: Connecting Markets, People, and Ideas
w21797 Keith Marzilli Ericson
Philipp Kircher
Johannes Spinnewijn
Amanda Starc

Inferring Risk Perceptions and Preferences using Choice from Insurance Menus: Theory and Evidence
w21806 Joppe de Ree
Karthik Muralidharan
Menno Pradhan
Halsey Rogers

Double for Nothing? Experimental Evidence on the Impact of an Unconditional Teacher Salary Increase on Student Performance in Indonesia
w21770 Eric A. Hanushek
Jens Ruhose
Ludger Woessmann

Economic Gains for U.S. States from Educational Reform
w21772 Lorenz Kueng
Explaining Consumption Excess Sensitivity with Near-Rationality: Evidence from Large Predetermined Payments
w21759 Benjamin R. Handel
Jonathan T. Kolstad
Johannes Spinnewijn

Information Frictions and Adverse Selection: Policy Interventions in Health Insurance Markets
w21757 Kory Kroft
Kavan J. Kucko
Etienne Lehmann
Johannes F. Schmieder

Optimal Income Taxation with Unemployment and Wage Responses: A Sufficient Statistics Approach
w21760 Pablo D. Fajgelbaum
Eduardo Morales
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Owen M. Zidar

State Taxes and Spatial Misallocation
w21767 Stefano Giglio
Matteo Maggiori
Johannes Stroebel
Andreas Weber

Climate Change and Long-Run Discount Rates: Evidence from Real Estate
w21736 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Declining Wealth and Work Among Male Veterans in the Health and Retirement Study
w21751 Robert Moffitt
Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs: Introduction
w21746 Peter B. Berg
Mary K. Hamman
Matthew M. Piszczek
Christopher J. Ruhm

The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany
w21747 Ann Bartel
Maya Rossin-Slater
Christopher Ruhm
Jenna Stearns
Jane Waldfogel

Paid Family Leave, Fathers' Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households
w21725 Gregory Colman
Dhaval Dave

It's About Time: Effects of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Mandate On Time Use
w21730 Mariacristina De Nardi
Giulio Fella
Fang Yang

Piketty's Book and Macro Models of Wealth Inequality
w21703 Ilyana Kuziemko
Ebonya Washington

Why did the Democrats Lose the South? Bringing New Data to an Old Debate
w21705 Atila Abdulkadiroglu
Joshua D. Angrist
Yusuke Narita
Parag A. Pathak

Research Design Meets Market Design: Using Centralized Assignment for Impact Evaluation
w21680 Gerald Carlino
Robert P. Inman

Fiscal Stimulus in Economic Unions: What Role for States?
w21682 James Poterba
Steven Venti
David A. Wise

What Determines End-of-Life Assets? A Retrospective View
w21683 Hanming Fang
Rongzhu Ke
Li-An Zhou

Rosca Meets Formal Credit Market
w21687 Daniel M. Hungerman
Kevin Rinz

Where Does Voucher Funding Go? How Large-Scale Subsidy Programs Affect Private-School Revenue, Enrollment, and Prices
w21651 Michael Cooper
John McClelland
James Pearce
Richard Prisinzano
Joseph Sullivan
Danny Yagan
Owen Zidar
Eric Zwick

Business in the United States: Who Owns it and How Much Tax Do They Pay?
w21652 Jason Gush
Adam B. Jaffe
Victoria Larsen
Athene Laws

The Effect of Public Funding on Research Output: the New Zealand Marsden Fund
w21655 Joseph G. Altonji
Peter Arcidiacono
Arnaud Maurel

The Analysis of Field Choice in College and Graduate School: Determinants and Wage Effects
w21656 Theodore J. Joyce
Sean Crockett
David A. Jaeger
Onur Altindag
Stephen D. O'Connell
Dahlia K. Remler

Do Students Know Best? Choice, Classroom Time, and Academic Performance
w21658 Patrick Kline
Christopher Walters

Evaluating Public Programs with Close Substitutes: The Case of Head Start
w21659 Burt S. Barnow
Jeffrey Smith

Employment and Training Programs
w21660 Marco Battaglini
Levon Barseghyan

Political Economy of Debt and Growth
w21665 Itzik Fadlon
Jessica A. Laird
Torben Heien Nielsen

Do Employer Pension Contributions Reflect Employee Preferences? Evidence from a Retirement Savings Reform in Denmark
w21666 Bhaven Sampat
Heidi L. Williams

How Do Patents Affect Follow-On Innovation? Evidence from the Human Genome
w21667 David Berger
Veronica Guerrieri
Guido Lorenzoni
Joseph Vavra

House Prices and Consumer Spending
w21668 Lubos Pastor
Pietro Veronesi

Income Inequality and Asset Prices under Redistributive Taxation
w21669 David Neumark
Ian Burn
Patrick Button

Is It Harder for Older Workers to Find Jobs? New and Improved Evidence from a Field Experiment
w21671 Hunt Allcott
Judd B. Kessler

The Welfare Effects of Nudges: A Case Study of Energy Use Social Comparisons
w21676 Bruce D. Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

Using Linked Survey and Administrative Data to Better Measure Income: Implications for Poverty, Program Effectiveness and Holes in the Safety Net
w21642 Jeffrey Clemens
Joshua D. Gottlieb
Tímea Laura Molnár

The Anatomy of Physician Payments: Contracting Subject to Complexity
w21643 Brian Jacob
When Evidence is Not Enough: Findings from a Randomized Evaluation of Evidence-Based Literacy Instruction (EBLI)
w21645 Alessandra Casella
Thomas Palfrey

Trading Votes for Votes. A Decentralized Matching Algorithm
w21650 Mark Duggan
Jonathan Gruber
Boris Vabson

The Efficiency Consequences of Health Care Privatization: Evidence from Medicare Advantage Exits
w21615 Richard G. Newell
Daniel Raimi

Oil and Gas Revenue Allocation to Local Governments in Eight States
w21617 Jason Abaluck
Jonathan Gruber

The Robustness of Tests for Consumer Choice Inconsistencies
w21628 Steven D. Levitt
Ming-Jen Lin

Catching Cheating Students
w21629 Richard V. Burkhauser
Jeff Larrimore
Sean Lyons

Measuring Health Insurance Benefits: The Case of People with Disabilities
w21632 Zarek C. Brot-Goldberg
Amitabh Chandra
Benjamin R. Handel
Jonathan T. Kolstad

What Does a Deductible Do? The Impact of Cost-Sharing on Health Care Prices, Quantities, and Spending Dynamics
w21633 Scott R. Baker
Nicholas Bloom
Steven J. Davis

Measuring Economic Policy Uncertainty
w21601 Theodore Figinski
David Neumark

Does Eliminating the Earnings Test Increase the Incidence of Low Income Among Older Women?
w21603 Amitabh Chandra
Amy Finkelstein
Adam Sacarny
Chad Syverson

Healthcare Exceptionalism? Performance and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector
w21604 Christopher J. Ruhm
Health Effects of Economic Crises
w21605 Jonathan Smith
Kevin Stange

A New Measure of College Quality to Study the Effects of College Sector and Peers on Degree Attainment
w21585 Frank N. Caliendo
Aspen Gorry
Sita Slavov

The Cost of Uncertainty about the Timing of Social Security Reform
w21586 Casey B. Mulligan
In-Kind Taxes, Behavior, and Comparative Advantage
w21591 Neeraj Kaushal
Yao Lu
Nicole Denier
Julia Shu-Huah Wang
Stephen J. Trejo

Immigrant Employment and Earnings Growth in Canada and the U.S.: Evidence from Longitudinal Data
w21596 Lorenzo Almada
Ian M. McCarthy
Rusty Tchernis

What Can We Learn About the Effects of Food Stamps on Obesity in the Presence of Misreporting?
w21598 Margaret Brehm
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Achievement Effects of Individual Performance Incentives in a Teacher Merit Pay Tournament
w21567 Sumit Agarwal
Souphala Chomsisengphet
Neale Mahoney
Johannes Stroebel

Do Banks Pass Through Credit Expansions to Consumers Who Want to Borrow?
w21568 Lester Lusher
Doug Campbell
Scott Carrell

TAs Like Me: Racial Interactions between Graduate Teaching Assistants and Undergraduates
w21578 Michael L. Anderson
As the Wind Blows: The Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution on Mortality
w21544 Gopi Shah Goda
Shanthi Ramnath
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

The Financial Feasibility of Delaying Social Security: Evidence from Administrative Tax Data
w21550 Andrew B. Abel
Crowding Out in Ricardian Economies
w21551 Michael L. Anderson
Fangwen Lu
Yiran Zhang
Jun Yang
Ping Qin

Superstitions, Street Traffic, and Subjective Well-Being
w21552 Nikolaos Artavanis
Adair Morse
Margarita Tsoutsoura

Tax Evasion across Industries: Soft Credit Evidence from Greece
w21554 Caroline M. Hoxby
George B. Bulman

The Effects of the Tax Deduction for Postsecondary Tuition: Implications for Structuring Tax-Based Aid
w21542 Richard G. Newell
Daniel Raimi

Shale Public Finance: Local Government Revenues and Costs Associated with Oil and Gas Development
w21515 Paco Martorell
Kevin M. Stange
Isaac McFarlin

Investing in Schools: Capital Spending, Facility Conditions, and Student Achievement
w21516 Aspen Gorry
Kevin A. Hassett
R. Glenn Hubbard
Aparna Mathur

The Response of Deferred Executive Compensation to Changes in Tax Rates
w21523 Dennis Epple
Richard E. Romano
Miguel Urquiola

School Vouchers: A Survey of the Economics Literature
w21524 Emmanuel Farhi
Xavier Gabaix

Optimal Taxation with Behavioral Agents
w21525 Christopher Avery
Parag A. Pathak

The Distributional Consequences of Public School Choice
w21529 Vivekinan Ashok
Ilyana Kuziemko
Ebonya Washington

Support for Redistribution in an Age of Rising Inequality: New Stylized Facts and Some Tentative Explanations
w21534 Xavier Giroud
Joshua Rauh

State Taxation and the Reallocation of Business Activity: Evidence from Establishment-Level Data
w21538 Dirk Krueger
Alexander Ludwig

On the Optimal Provision of Social Insurance: Progressive Taxation versus Education Subsidies in General Equilibrium
w21540 Sharun Mukand
Dani Rodrik

The Political Economy of Liberal Democracy
w21541 Maria Polyakova
Regulation of Insurance with Adverse Selection and Switching Costs: Evidence from Medicare Part D.
w21512 Sumit Agarwal
Gene Amromin
Souphala Chomsisengphet
Tomasz Piskorski
Amit Seru
Vincent Yao

Mortgage Refinancing, Consumer Spending, and Competition: Evidence from the Home Affordable Refinancing Program
w21474 John Beshears
James J. Choi
Christopher Harris
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
Jung Sakong

Self Control and Commitment: Can Decreasing the Liquidity of a Savings Account Increase Deposits?
w21478 Peter Berg
Mary K. Hamman
Matthew Piszczek
Christopher J. Ruhm

Can Policy Facilitate Partial Retirement? Evidence from Germany
w21481 Manuela Angelucci
Silvia Prina
Heather Royer
Anya Samek

When Incentives Backfire: Spillover Effects in Food Choice
w21482 Gopi Shah Goda
Matthew R. Levy
Colleen Flaherty Manchester
Aaron Sojourner
Joshua Tasoff

The Role of Time Preferences and Exponential-Growth Bias in Retirement Savings
w21483 Norma B. Coe
Gopi Shah Goda
Courtney Harold Van Houtven

Family Spillovers of Long-Term Care Insurance
w21484 Padmaja Ayyagari
David Frisvold

The Impact of Social Security Income on Cognitive Function at Older Ages
w21485 H. Spencer Banzhaf
Panel Data Hedonics: Rosen's First Stage and Difference-in-Differences as "Sufficient Statistics"
w21456 Cristina Arellano
Andrew Atkeson
Mark Wright

External and Public Debt Crises
w21460 Shuaizhang Feng
Yingyao Hu
Robert Moffitt

Long Run Trends in Unemployment and Labor Force Participation in China
w21463 Mark C. Freeman
Ben Groom
Richard Zeckhauser

Better Predictions, Better Allocations: Scientific Advances and Adaptation to Climate Change
w21465 John Cawley
David Frisvold

The Incidence of Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: The Case of Berkeley, California
w21467 James J. Choi
Contributions to Defined Contribution Pension Plans
w21412 Joel Slemrod
Brett Collins
Jeffrey Hoopes
Daniel Reck
Michael Sebastiani

Does Credit-card Information Reporting Improve Small-business Tax Compliance?
w21422 Elliott Ash
Massimo Morelli
Richard Van Weelden

Elections and Divisiveness: Theory and Evidence
w21425 Thomas Buchmueller
John C. Ham
Lara D. Shore-Sheppard

The Medicaid Program
w21432 Yan Lau
Harvey S. Rosen

Are Universities Becoming More Unequal?
w21437 Severin Borenstein
Lucas W. Davis

The Distributional Effects of U.S. Clean Energy Tax Credits
w21441 James M. Sallee
Sarah West
Wei Fan

Do Consumers Recognize the Value of Fuel Economy? Evidence from Used Car Prices and Gasoline Price Fluctuations
w21394 Martin Ravallion
Inequality when Effort Matters
w21391 Damon Jones
The Economics of Exclusion Restrictions in IV Models
w21393 Markus Nagler
Marc Piopiunik
Martin R. West

Weak Markets, Strong Teachers: Recession at Career Start and Teacher Effectiveness
w21398 Matthew J. Kotchen
Do Building Energy Codes Have a Lasting Effect on Energy Consumption? New Evidence From Residential Billing Data in Florida
w21399 Bruce D. Meyer
Wallace K.C. Mok
James X. Sullivan

Household Surveys in Crisis
w21405 Jishnu Das
Alaka Holla
Aakash Mohpal
Karthik Muralidharan

Quality and Accountability in Healthcare Delivery: Audit-Study Evidence from Primary Care in India
w21360 Stefano DellaVigna
Eliana La Ferrara

Economic and Social Impacts of the Media
w21365 Miles Kimball
Ryan Nunn
Dan Silverman

Accounting for Adaptation in the Economics of Happiness
w21369 Jonathan Parker
Why Don't Households Smooth Consumption? Evidence from a 25 Million Dollar Experiment
w21373 Mark Dincecco
Ugo Troiano

Broadening the State: Policy Responses to the Introduction of the Income Tax
w21378 Siqi Zheng
Weizeng Sun
Jianfeng Wu
Matthew E. Kahn

The Birth of Edge Cities in China: Measuring the Spillover Effects of Industrial Parks
w21381 Stefanie Stantcheva
Learning and (or) Doing: Human Capital Investments and Optimal Taxation
w21385 Robert L. Clark
Emma Hanson
Olivia S. Mitchell

Lessons for Public Pensions from Utah's Move to Pension Choice
w21323 Florian Scheuer
Iván Werning

The Taxation of Superstars
w21320 Manuel Adelino
Antoinette Schoar
Felipe Severino

Loan Originations and Defaults in the Mortgage Crisis: Further Evidence
w21322 Pascal Michaillat
Emmanuel Saez

The Optimal Use of Government Purchases for Stabilization
w21340 Hilary W. Hoynes
Ankur J. Patel

Effective Policy for Reducing Inequality? The Earned Income Tax Credit and the Distribution of Income
w21346 Jing Wu
Joseph Gyourko
Yongheng Deng

Evaluating the Risk of Chinese Housing Markets: What We Know and What We Need to Know
w21352 Itzik Fadlon
Torben Heien Nielsen

Household Responses to Severe Health Shocks and the Design of Social Insurance
w21353 Prashant Bharadwaj
Petter Lundborg
Dan-Olof Rooth

Health and Unemployment during Macroeconomic Crises
w21355 Garth Heutel
Juan Moreno Cruz
Soheil Shayegh

Solar Geoengineering, Uncertainty, and the Price of Carbon
w21358 Casey B. Mulligan
Fiscal Policies and the Prices of Labor: A Comparison of the U.K. and U.S.
w21316 Atif Mian
Amir Sufi
Nasim Khoshkhou

Government Economic Policy, Sentiments, and Consumption
w21313 Susan Athey
Dean Eckles
Guido W. Imbens

Exact P-values for Network Interference
w21304 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Raymond Kluender
Paul Schrimpf

Beyond Statistics: The Economic Content of Risk Scores
w21308 Amy Finkelstein
Nathaniel Hendren
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

The Value of Medicaid: Interpreting Results from the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment
w21290 Craig Garthwaite
Tal Gross
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

Hospitals as Insurers of Last Resort
w21293 Jeffrey R. Brown
Richard F. Dye

Illinois Pensions in a Fiscal Context: A (Basket) Case Study
w21295 Eric A. Hanushek
Jens Ruhose
Ludger Woessmann

Human Capital Quality and Aggregate Income Differences: Development Accounting for U.S. States
w21297 Naci H. Mocan
Luiza Pogorelova

Why Work More? The Impact of Taxes, and Culture of Leisure on Labor Supply in Europe
w21298 Francesco Decarolis
Maria Polyakova
Stephen P. Ryan

The Welfare Effects of Supply-Side Regulations in Medicare Part D
w21300 Justine Hastings
Christopher A. Neilson
Seth D. Zimmerman

The Effects of Earnings Disclosure on College Enrollment Decisions
w21264 Ricardo Perez-Truglia
Ugo Troiano

Shaming Tax Delinquents: Theory and Evidence from a Field Experiment in the United States
w21257 Robert A. Moffitt
Brian J. Phelan
Anne E. Winkler

Welfare Rules, Incentives, and Family Structure
w21261 Fernando Ferreira
Joseph Gyourko

A New Look at the U.S. Foreclosure Crisis: Panel Data Evidence of Prime and Subprime Borrowers from 1997 to 2012
w21269 Seth G. Benzell
Eugene Goryunov
Maria Kazakova
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Guillermo LaGarda
Kristina Nesterova
Andrey Zubarev

Simulating Russia's and Other Large Economies' Challenging and Interconnected Transitions
w21268 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John B. Jones

Savings After Retirement: A Survey
w21270 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones
Jeremy McCauley

Medical Spending of the U.S. Elderly
w21271 Harvey S. Rosen
Alexander J. W. Sappington

What Do University Endowment Managers Worry About? An Analysis of Alternative Asset Investments and Background Income
w21272 Damon Jones
Aprajit Mahajan

Time-Inconsistency and Saving: Experimental Evidence from Low-Income Tax Filers
w21276 Jeffrey R. Brown
George G. Pennacchi

Discounting Pension Liabilities: Funding versus Value
w21275 Jason M. Lindo
Analisa Packham

How Much Can Expanding Access to Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives Reduce Teen Birth Rates?
w21228 Nicola Fuchs-Schuendeln
Tarek Alexander Hassan

Natural Experiments in Macroeconomics
w21231 Stephen Calabrese
Dennis Epple
Richard Romano

Majority Choice of Tax Systems in Single- and Multi-Jurisdictional Economies
w21232 Dario Cestau
Dennis Epple
Holger Sieg

Admitting Students to Selective Education Programs: Merit, Profiling, and Affirmative Action
w21247 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Antonin Bergeaud
Richard Blundell
David Hémous

Innovation and Top Income Inequality
w21248 Melvin Stephens
Jr.
Takashi Unayama

Estimating the Impacts of Program Benefits: Using Instrumental Variables with Underreported and Imputed Data
w21252 Regis Barnichon
Andrew Figura

Declining Desire to Work and Downward Trends in Unemployment and Participation
w21209 Mark Duggan
Melissa S. Kearney
Stephanie Rennane

The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Program
w21210 Michael Hallsworth
John A. List
Robert D. Metcalfe
Ivo Vlaev

The Making of Homo Honoratus: From Omission to Commission
w21211 Austin Nichols
Jesse Rothstein

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
w21217 Nathaniel G. Hilger
The Great Escape: Intergenerational Mobility in the United States Since 1940
w21220 Claudia R. Sahm
Matthew D. Shapiro
Joel Slemrod

Balance-Sheet Households and Fiscal Stimulus: Lessons from the Payroll Tax Cut and Its Expiration
w21222 Michael Geruso
Timothy Layton

Upcoding: Evidence from Medicare on Squishy Risk Adjustment
w21185 Lorenzo Casaburi
Ugo Troiano

Ghost-House Busters: The Electoral Response to a Large Anti Tax Evasion Program
w21194 Jeremy West
Mark Hoekstra
Jonathan Meer
Steven L. Puller

Vehicle Miles (Not) Traveled: Why Fuel Economy Requirements Don't Increase Household Driving
w21197 Jeffrey Grogger
Soda Taxes and the Prices of Sodas and Other Drinks: Evidence from Mexico
w21199 Jae Song
David J. Price
Fatih Guvenen
Nicholas Bloom
Till von Wachter

Firming Up Inequality
w21207 Stefanie Stantcheva
Optimal Taxation and Human Capital Policies over the Life Cycle
w21208 Matthew E. Kahn
Kyle Barron

The Political Economy of State and Local Investment in Pre-K Programs
w21183 Xiaodong Fan
Hanming Fang
Simen Markussen

Mothers' Employment and Children's Educational Gender Gap
w21171 Jason M. Lindo
María Padilla-Romo

Kingpin Approaches to Fighting Crime and Community Violence: Evidence from Mexico's Drug War
w21177 Stefanie Stantcheva
Optimal Income, Education, and Bequest Taxes in an Intergenerational Model
w21184 Michael Geruso
Dean Spears

Neighborhood Sanitation and Infant Mortality
w21141 Daniel R. Feenberg
Ina Ganguli
Patrick Gaule
Jonathan Gruber

It's Good to be First: Order Bias in Reading and Citing NBER Working Papers
w21144 David H. Autor
Mark Duggan
Kyle Greenberg
David S. Lyle

The Impact of Disability Benefits on Labor Supply: Evidence from the VA's Disability Compensation Program
w21154 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Enrico Moretti

Why Do Cities Matter? Local Growth and Aggregate Growth
w21156 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Lawrence F. Katz

The Effects of Exposure to Better Neighborhoods on Children: New Evidence from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment
w21157 Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Solomon M. Hsiang
Matthew J. Neidell

Temperature and Human Capital in the Short- and Long-Run
w21158 Philippe Bacchetta
Elena Perazzi
Eric van Wincoop

Self-Fulfilling Debt Crises: Can Monetary Policy Really Help?
w21135 Dylan Conger
Lesley J. Turner

The Impact of Tuition Increases on Undocumented College Students' Attainment
w21120 Enrico Moretti
Daniel Wilson

The Effect of State Taxes on the Geographical Location of Top Earners: Evidence from Star Scientists
w21100 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Effects of Fiscal Shocks in a Globalized World
w21101 Lauren E. Jones
Kevin S. Milligan
Mark Stabile

Child Cash Benefits and Family Expenditures: Evidence from the National Child Benefit
w21102 Timothy (Jun) Lu
Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen P. Utkus
Jean A. Young

Borrowing from the Future: 401(k) Plan Loans and Loan Defaults
w21111 Martin Ravallion
Shaohua Chen

Benefit Incidence with Incentive Effects, Measurement Errors and Latent Heterogeneity: A Case Study for China
w21105 Roland Bénabou
Davide Ticchi
Andrea Vindigni

Forbidden Fruits: The Political Economy of Science, Religion, and Growth
w21106 Mariacristina De Nardi
Quantitative Models of Wealth Inequality: A Survey
w21109 Louis Kaplow
Government Policy and Labor Supply with Myopic or Targeted Savings Decisions
w21080 María F. Prada
Graciana Rucci
Sergio S. Urzúa

The Effect of Mandated Child Care on Female Wages in Chile
w21088 Fan Fei
James R. Hines Jr.
Jill R. Horwitz

Are PILOTs Property Taxes for Nonprofits?
w21091 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Seth G. Benzell
Guillermo LaGarda

Robots: Curse or Blessing? A Basic Framework
w21059 Orazio Attanasio
Costas Meghir
Corina Mommaerts

Insurance in extended family networks
w21060 Clemens Sialm
Hanjiang Zhang

Tax-Efficient Asset Management: Evidence from Equity Mutual Funds
w21061 Eli Berman
Aila M. Matanock

The Empiricists' Insurgency
w21062 Magnus Carlsson
Gordon B. Dahl
Dan-Olof Rooth

Do Politicians Change Public Attitudes?
w21071 Robert Collinson
Ingrid Gould Ellen
Jens Ludwig

Low-Income Housing Policy
w21073 Dora L. Costa
Matthew E. Kahn

Death and the Media: Asymmetries in Infectious Disease Reporting During the Health Transition
w21046 Atila Abdulkadiroğlu
Nikhil Agarwal
Parag A. Pathak

The Welfare Effects of Coordinated Assignment: Evidence from the NYC HS Match
w21047 Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

Wealth Inequality, Family Background, and Estate Taxation
w21048 Daniel Gottlieb
Olivia S. Mitchell

Narrow Framing and Long-Term Care Insurance
w21050 Joseph Doyle
John Graves
Jonathan Gruber

Uncovering Waste in U.S. Healthcare
w21057 Hilary W. Hoynes
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

U.S. Food and Nutrition Programs
w21032 Will Dobbie
Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham
Crystal Yang

Consumer Bankruptcy and Financial Health
w21033 Denis Chetverikov
Bradley Larsen
Christopher Palmer

IV Quantile Regression for Group-level Treatments, with an Application to the Distributional Effects of Trade
w21035 Owen M. Zidar
Tax Cuts For Whom? Heterogeneous Effects of Income Tax Changes on Growth and Employment
w21038 James P. Ziliak
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
w21015 Darius Lakdawalla
Anup Malani
Julian Reif

The Insurance Value of Medical Innovation
w21020 Jeffrey R. Brown
Joshua M. Pollet
Scott J. Weisbenner

The In-State Equity Bias of State Pension Plans
w21023 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Lance Lochner
Youngmin Park

Correlation, Consumption, Confusion, or Constraints: Why do Poor Children Perform so Poorly?
w21024 Ufuk Akcigit
Salomé Baslandze
Stefanie Stantcheva

Taxation and the International Mobility of Inventors
w21025 Michael Gelman
Shachar Kariv
Matthew D. Shapiro
Dan Silverman
Steven Tadelis

How Individuals Smooth Spending: Evidence from the 2013 Government Shutdown Using Account Data
w20997 Paul Gertler
Manisha Shah
Maria Laura Alzua
Lisa Cameron
Sebastian Martinez
Sumeet Patil

How Does Health Promotion Work? Evidence From The Dirty Business of Eliminating Open Defecation
w21000 Austan D. Goolsbee
Alan B. Krueger

A Retrospective Look at Rescuing and Restructuring General Motors and Chrysler
w21003 Danny Yagan
Capital Tax Reform and the Real Economy: The Effects of the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut
w21009 Jimmy Charité
Raymond Fisman
Ilyana Kuziemko

Reference Points and Redistributive Preferences: Experimental Evidence
w20969 Richard G. Newell
Juha V. Siikamaki

Individual Time Preferences and Energy Efficiency
w20977 Alberto F. Alesina
Ugo Troiano
Traviss Cassidy

Old and Young Politicians
w20978 Christopher A. Hennessy
Ilya A. Strebulaev

Beyond Random Assignment: Credible Inference of Causal Effects in Dynamic Economies
w20982 Uri Gneezy
Alex Imas
John List

Estimating Individual Ambiguity Aversion: A Simple Approach
w20988 Ali Hortaçsu
Seyed Ali Madanizadeh
Steven L. Puller

Power to Choose? An Analysis of Consumer Inertia in the Residential Electricity Market
w20990 Scott A. Imberman
Michael Naretta
Margaret O’Rourke

Capitalization of Charter Schools into Residential Property Values
w20949 Jeffrey R. Brown
Anne M. Farrell
Scott J. Weisbenner

Decision-Making Approaches and the Propensity to Default: Evidence and Implications
w20960 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Great Recession, Retirement and Related Outcomes
w20962 Peter Arcidiacono
Michael Lovenheim

Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff
w20923 Abhijit Banerjee
Rema Hanna
Jordan C. Kyle
Benjamin A. Olken
Sudarno Sumarto

The Power of Transparency: Information, Identification Cards and Food Subsidy Programs in Indonesia
w20928 Raj Chetty
Behavioral Economics and Public Policy: A Pragmatic Perspective
w20929 Laura R. Wherry
Sarah Miller
Robert Kaestner
Bruce D. Meyer

Childhood Medicaid Coverage and Later Life Health Care Utilization
w20932 Courtney Coile
Mark Duggan
Audrey Guo

Veterans' Labor Force Participation: What Role Does the VA's Disability Compensation Program Play?
w20937 Kai Yuan Kuan
Mark R. Cullen
Sepideh Modrek

Racial Disparities in Savings Behavior for a Continuously Employed Cohort
w20941 Seth G. Benzell
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Guillermo LaGarda
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Robots Are Us: Some Economics of Human Replacement
w20940 Scott E. Carrell
Mark Hoekstra
James E. West

The Impact of Intergroup Contact on Racial Attitudes and Revealed Preferences
w20897 Daniel Houser
John A. List
Marco Piovesan
Anya Savikhin Samek
Joachim Winter

On the Origins of Dishonesty: From Parents to Children
w20910 Koichiro Ito
Takanori Ida
Makoto Tanaka

The Persistence of Moral Suasion and Economic Incentives: Field Experimental Evidence from Energy Demand
w20873 Feng Huang
Li Gan

Impact of China's Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance on Health Care Expenditure and Health Outcomes
w20877 Omar Al-Ubaydli
John A. List

Do Natural Field Experiments Afford Researchers More or Less Control than Laboratory Experiments? A Simple Model
w20879 Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

Why is Pollution from U.S. Manufacturing Declining? The Roles of Trade, Regulation, Productivity, and Preferences
w20887 Amanda E. Kowalski
What Do Longitudinal Data on Millions of Hospital Visits Tell us About The Value of Public Health Insurance as a Safety Net for the Young and Privately Insured?
w20889 Pierre Azoulay
Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Danielle Li
Bhaven N. Sampat

Public R&D Investments and Private-sector Patenting: Evidence from NIH Funding Rules
w20849 Lance Lochner
Alexander Monge-Naranjo

Student Loans and Repayment: Theory, Evidence and Policy
w20845 Bryan Hong
Lorenz Kueng
Mu-Jeung Yang

Estimating Management Practice Complementarity between Decentralization and Performance Pay
w20847 C. Kirabo Jackson
Rucker C. Johnson
Claudia Persico

The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic Outcomes: Evidence from School Finance Reforms
w20850 Benjamin M. Marx
Lesley J. Turner

Borrowing Trouble? Student Loans, the Cost of Borrowing, and Implications for the Effectiveness of Need-Based Grant Aid
w20859 Christopher Costello
Corbett Grainger

Property Rights, Regulatory Capture, and Exploitation of Natural Resources
w20861 Caroline Hoxby
Sarah Turner

What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College
w20862 Martin S. Feldstein
Ending the Euro Crisis?
w20871 Alan J. Auerbach
Kevin Hassett

Capital Taxation in the 21st Century
w20864 Celeste K. Carruthers
Marianne H. Wanamaker

Municipal Housekeeping: The Impact of Women's Suffrage on Public Education
w20866 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis

Sacred Values? The Effect of Information on Attitudes toward Payments for Human Organs
w20869 David Card
Andrew Johnston
Pauline Leung
Alexandre Mas
Zhuan Pei

The Effect of Unemployment Benefits on the Duration of Unemployment Insurance Receipt: New Evidence from a Regression Kink Design in Missouri, 2003-2013
w20848 Manuel Adelino
Antoinette Schoar
Felipe Severino

Loan Originations and Defaults in the Mortgage Crisis: The Role of the Middle Class
w20835 David W. Brown
Amanda E. Kowalski
Ithai Z. Lurie

Medicaid as an Investment in Children: What is the Long-Term Impact on Tax Receipts?
w20823 Monika Piazzesi
Martin Schneider
Johannes Stroebel

Segmented Housing Search
w20833 George B. Bulman
Caroline M. Hoxby

The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education
w20838 Patrick Kline
Melissa Tartari

Bounding the Labor Supply Responses to a Randomized Welfare Experiment: A Revealed Preference Approach
w20840 David H. Autor
Nicole Maestas
Kathleen J. Mullen
Alexander Strand

Does Delay Cause Decay? The Effect of Administrative Decision Time on the Labor Force Participation and Earnings of Disability Applicants
w20842 Taryn Dinkelman
Sam Schulhofer-Wohl

Migration, Congestion Externalities, and the Evaluation of Spatial Investments

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