NBER Papers on Development Economics

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w24383 Adnan Q. Khan
Asim Ijaz Khwaja
Benjamin A. Olken

Making Moves Matter: Experimental Evidence on Incentivizing Bureaucrats through Performance-Based Postings
w24384 Victor Couture
Benjamin Faber
Yizhen Gu
Lizhi Liu

E-Commerce Integration and Economic Development: Evidence from China
w24391 Shilpa Aggarwal
Eilin Francis
Jonathan Robinson

Grain Today, Gain Tomorrow: Evidence from a Storage Experiment with Savings Clubs in Kenya
w24403 Alberto Abadie
Statistical Non-Significance in Empirical Economics
w24379 Dean Karlan
Adam Osman
Jonathan Zinman

Dangers of a Double-Bottom Line: A Poverty Targeting Experiment Misses Both Targets
w24348 Carsten Fink
Bronwyn H. Hall
Christian Helmers

Intellectual Property Use in Middle Income Countries: The Case of Chile
w24359 Emily Breza
Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Alireza Tahbaz-Salehi

Seeing the Forest for the Trees? An Investigation of Network Knowledge
w24329 Emily Breza
Cynthia Kinnan

Measuring the Equilibrium Impacts of Credit: Evidence from the Indian Microfinance Crisis
w24330 Shang-Jin Wei
Managing Financial Globalization: Insights from the Recent Literature
w24341 Ofer Malamud
Andreea Mitrut
Cristian Pop-Eleches

The Effect of Education on Mortality and Health: Evidence from a Schooling Expansion in Romania
w24291 Anke Becker
Benjamin Enke
Armin Falk

Ancient Origins of the Global Variation in Economic Preferences
w24313 Achyuta Adhvaryu
Namrata Kala
Anant Nyshadham

The Skills to Pay the Bills: Returns to On-the-job Soft Skills Training
w24309 Achyuta Adhvaryu
James E. Fenske
Gaurav Khanna
Anant Nyshadham

Resources, Conflict, and Economic Development in Africa
w24303 Susan W. Parker
Tom Vogl

Do Conditional Cash Transfers Improve Economic Outcomes in the Next Generation? Evidence from Mexico
w24314 Achyuta Adhvaryu
Namrata Kala
Anant Nyshadham

The Light and the Heat: Productivity Co-benefits of Energy-saving Technology
w24271 Abhijit Banerjee
Dean Karlan
Robert Darko Osei
Hannah Trachtman
Christopher Udry

Unpacking a Multi-Faceted Program to Build Sustainable Income for the Very Poor
w24272 Dean Karlan
Sendhil Mullainathan
Benjamin N. Roth

Debt Traps? Market Vendors and Moneylender Debt in India and the Philippines
w24278 Gharad T. Bryan
James J. Choi
Dean Karlan

Randomizing Religion: The Impact of Protestant Evangelism on Economic Outcomes
w24247 Hoyt Bleakley
Longevity, Education, and Income: How Large is the Triangle?
w24251 James E. Anderson
N-S Trade with Weak Institutions
w24256 John B. Donaldson
Christos Koulovatianos
Jian Li
Rajnish Mehra

Demographics and FDI: Lessons from China's One-Child Policy
w24260 Raluca Dragusanu
Nathan Nunn

The Effects of Fair Trade Certification: Evidence from Coffee Producers in Costa Rica
w24264 Sebastian Galiani
Paul J. Gertler
Raimundo Undurraga

Aspiration Adaptation in Resource-Constrained Environments
w24225 Titus J. Galama
Adriana Lleras-Muney
Hans van Kippersluis

The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence.
w24230 Zheng Michael Song
Wei Xiong

Risks in China's Financial System
w24206 Michael Kremer
Christopher M. Snyder

Preventives Versus Treatments Redux: Tighter Bounds on Distortions in Innovation Incentives with an Application to the Global Demand for HIV Pharmaceuticals
w24209 Jacob Moscona
Nathan Nunn
James A. Robinson

Social Structure and Conflict: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa
w24194 Jessica Leight
Dana Foarta
Rohini Pande
Laura Ralston

Value for Money? Community Targeting in Vote-Buying and Politician Accountability
w24193 David Lagakos
Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak
Michael E. Waugh

The Welfare Effects of Encouraging Rural-Urban Migration
w24192 Kelsey Jack
Seema Jayachandran
Sarojini Rao

Environmental Externalities and Free-riding in the Household
w24177 Martin Ravallion
Global Inequality when Unequal Countries Create Unequal People
w24096 Xavier Gabaix
Behavioral Inattention
w24099 A.V. Chari
Elaine M. Liu
Shing-Yi Wang
Yongxiang Wang

Property Rights, Land Misallocation and Agricultural Efficiency in China
w24065 Xi Chen
Lipeng Hu
Jody L. Sindelar

Leaving Money on the Table? Suboptimal Enrollment in the New Social Pension Program in China
w24066 Murat Iyigun
Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

The Long-run Effects of Agricultural Productivity on Conflict, 1400-1900
w24072 Tatyana Deryugina
Solomon Hsiang

The Marginal Product of Climate
w24088 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

Spatial Patterns of Development: A Meso Approach
w24090 Titus J. Galama
Robson Morgan
Juan E. Saavedra

Wealthier, Happier and More Self-Sufficient: When Anti-Poverty Programs Improve Economic and Subjective Wellbeing at a Reduced Cost to Taxpayers
w24047 Caitlin S. Brown
Martin Ravallion
Dominique van de Walle

Are Poor Individuals Mainly Found in Poor Households? Evidence using Nutrition Data for Africa
w24052 Yang Jiao
Shang-Jin Wei

Intrinsic Openness and Endogenous Institutional Quality
w24041 Andrew D. Foster
Esther Gehrke

Consumption Risk and Human Capital Accumulation in India
w24028 Victor Lavy
Adi Boiko

Management Quality in Public Education: Superintendent Value-Added, Student Outcomes and Mechanisms
w24032 Monica Martinez-Bravo
Gerard Padró I Miquel
Nancy Qian
Yang Yao

The Rise and Fall of Local Elections in China: Theory and Empirical Evidence on the Autocrat's Trade-off
w24034 Chaoran Chen
Diego Restuccia
Raül Santaeulàlia-Llopis

The Effects of Land Markets on Resource Allocation and Agricultural Productivity
w24036 Shuai Chen
Paulina Oliva
Peng Zhang

The Effect of Air Pollution on Migration: Evidence from China
w24003 Alberto Abadie
Susan Athey
Guido W. Imbens
Jeffrey Wooldridge

When Should You Adjust Standard Errors for Clustering?
w24009 Melissa Dell
Benjamin A. Olken

The Development Effects of the Extractive Colonial Economy: The Dutch Cultivation System in Java
w24012 Juan Saavedra
Dario Maldonado
Lucrecia Santibanez
Luis Omar Herrera Prada

Premium or Penalty? Labor Market Returns to Novice Public Sector Teachers
w24015 Sebastian Galiani
Guillermo Cruces
Pablo Acosta
Leonardo C. Gasparini

Educational Upgrading and Returns to Skills in Latin America: Evidence from a Supply-Demand Framework
w23970 Burak R. Uras
Ping Wang

Production Flexibility, Misallocation and Total Factor Productivity
w23978 Maria Paula Gerardino
Stephan Litschig
Dina Pomeranz

Can Audits Backfire? Evidence from Public Procurement in Chile
w23979 Margarida Duarte
Diego Restuccia

Relative Prices and Sectoral Productivity
w23982 Francisco Gallego
Ofer Malamud
Cristian Pop-Eleches

Parental Monitoring and Children's Internet Use: The Role of Information, Control, and Cues
w23943 Armin Falk
Anke Becker
Thomas Dohmen
Benjamin Enke
David B. Huffman
Uwe Sunde

Global Evidence on Economic Preferences
w23946 Benjamin Marx
Vincent Pons
Tavneet Suri

The Perils of Voter Mobilization
w23949 Christopher Hansman
Jonas Hjort
Gianmarco León
Matthieu Teachout

Vertical Integration, Supplier Behavior, and Quality Upgrading among Exporters
w23952 Qihua Qiu
Jaesang Sung
Will Davis
Rusty Tchernis

Using Spatial Factor Analysis to Measure Human Development
w23957 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus

Experimentation at Scale
w23929 Agha Ali Akram
Shyamal Chowdhury
Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak

Effects of Emigration on Rural Labor Markets
w23934 Davide Cantoni
Jeremiah Dittmar
Noam Yuchtman

Religious Competition and Reallocation: The Political Economy of Secularization in the Protestant Reformation
w23936 Raphaël Franck
Stelios Michalopoulos

Emigration during the French Revolution: Consequences in the Short and Longue Durée
w23939 Pei-Ju Liao
Ping Wang
Yin-Chi Wang
Chong Kee Yip

Educational Choice, Rural-urban Migration and Economic Development
w23941 Christopher Blattman
Donald Green
Daniel Ortega
Santiago Tobón

Pushing Crime Around the Corner? Estimating Experimental Impacts of Large-Scale Security Interventions
w23897 Trevor Burnard
Laura Panza
Jeffrey G. Williamson

The Social Implications of Sugar: Living Costs, Real Incomes and Inequality in Jamaica c1774
w23893 Shang-Jin Wei
Ziru Wei
Jianhuan Xu

Sizing up Market Failures in Export Pioneering Activities
w23909 Andrew D. Foster
Mark R. Rosenzweig

Are There Too Many Farms in the World? Labor-Market Transaction Costs, Machine Capacities and Optimal Farm Size
w23911 Tomás Rau
Miguel Sarzosa
Sergio S. Urzúa

The Children of the Missed Pill
w23916 Douglas Gollin
Martina Kirchberger
David Lagakos

In Search of a Spatial Equilibrium in the Developing World
w23867 Abhijit Banerjee
Sylvain Chassang
Sergio Montero
Erik Snowberg

A Theory of Experimenters
w23868 Martin Guzman
Jose Antonio Ocampo
Joseph E. Stiglitz

Real Exchange Rate Policies for Economic Development
w23870 Felipe Barrera-Osorio
David S. Blakeslee
Matthew Hoover
Leigh Linden
Dhushyanth Raju
Stephen P. Ryan

Delivering Education to the Underserved Through a Public-Private Partnership Program in Pakistan
w23878 Nina Pavcnik
The Impact of Trade on Inequality in Developing Countries
w23882 Solomon Hsiang
Paulina Oliva
Reed Walker

The Distribution of Environmental Damages
w23838 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus
Sandip Sukhtankar

General Equilibrium Effects of (Improving) Public Employment Programs: Experimental Evidence from India
w23807 Nava Ashraf
Edward Glaeser
Abraham Holland
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Water, Health and Wealth
w23819 Carlos Garriga
Aaron Hedlund
Yang Tang
Ping Wang

Rural-Urban Migration, Structural Transformation, and Housing Markets in China
w23826 Isaiah Andrews
Emily Oster

Weighting for External Validity
w23780 Joseph E. Stiglitz
The Revolution of Information Economics: The Past and the Future
w23797 Martín Caruso
Sebastian Galiani
Pablo Ibarrarán

Long-Term Care in Latin America and the Caribbean? Theory and Policy Considerations
w23800 Ross Levine
Chen Lin
Wensi Xie

The Origins of Financial Development: How the African Slave Trade Continues to Influence Modern Finance
w23749 Felipe A. Dunsch
David K. Evans
Ezinne Eze-Ajoku
Mario Macis

Management, Supervision, and Health Care: A Field Experiment
w23756 Parag Mahajan
Dean Yang

Taken by Storm: Hurricanes, Migrant Networks, and U.S. Immigration
w23727 Liang Bai
Benjamin Handel
Edward Miguel
Gautam Rao

Self-Control and Demand for Preventive Health: Evidence from Hypertension in India
w23728 Isaac Ehrlich
Dunli Li
Zhiqiang Liu

The Role of Entrepreneurial Human Capital as a Driver of Endogenous Economic Growth
w23739 Martin Ravallion
Shaohua Chen

Welfare-Consistent Global Poverty Measures
w23712 Filip Novokmet
Thomas Piketty
Gabriel Zucman

From Soviets to Oligarchs: Inequality and Property in Russia, 1905-2016
w23717 Daniel Aaronson
Rajeev Dehejia
Andrew Jordan
Cristian Pop-Eleches
Cyrus Samii
Karl Schulze

The Effect of Fertility on Mothers' Labor Supply over the Last Two Centuries
w23721 Richard Akresh
Sonia Bhalotra
Marinella Leone
Una O. Osili

First and Second Generation Impacts of the Biafran War
w23656 John R. Logan
Andrew Foster
Jun Ke
Fan Li

The Uptick in Income Segregation: Real Trend or Random Sampling Variance
w23625 Victor Stango
Joanne Yoong
Jonathan Zinman

Quicksand or Bedrock for Behavioral Economics? Assessing Foundational Empirical Questions
w23631 Marcelo L. Bérgolo
Rodrigo Ceni
Guillermo Cruces
Matias Giaccobasso
Ricardo Perez-Truglia

Tax Audits as Scarecrows: Evidence from a Large-Scale Field Experiment
w23598 Zhuo Chen
Zhiguo He
Chun Liu

The Financing of Local Government in China: Stimulus Loan Wanes and Shadow Banking Waxes
w23604 Lucia Corno
Nicole Hildebrandt
Alessandra Voena

Age of Marriage, Weather Shocks, and the Direction of Marriage Payments
w23576 Sebastian Galiani
Paul Gertler
Mauricio Romero

Incentives for Replication in Economics
w23578 Tom Krebs
Pravin Krishna
William F. Maloney

Income Mobility, Income Risk and Welfare
w23582 Jonas Hjort
Jonas Poulsen

The Arrival of Fast Internet and Employment in Africa
w23589 Gustavo J. Bobonis
Paul Gertler
Marco Gonzalez-Navarro
Simeon Nichter

Vulnerability and Clientelism
w23590 Joshua Blumenstock
Michael Callen
Tarek Ghani

Why Do Defaults Affect Behavior? Experimental Evidence from Afghanistan
w23594 Sandra García
Juan Saavedra

Educational Impacts and Cost-Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in Developing Countries: A Meta-Analysis
w23595 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Brian K. Kovak

Margins of Labor Market Adjustment to Trade
w23550 Richard J. Murnane
Marcus R. Waldman
John B. Willett
Maria Soledad Bos
Emiliana Vegas

The Consequences of Educational Voucher Reform in Chile
w23564 Victor Chernozhukov
Denis Chetverikov
Mert Demirer
Esther Duflo
Christian Hansen
Whitney Newey
James Robins

Double/Debiased Machine Learning for Treatment and Structural Parameters
w23558 Uttara Balakrishnan
Johannes Haushofer
Pamela Jakiela

How Soon Is Now? Evidence of Present Bias from Convex Time Budget Experiments
w23540 Gharad Bryan
Melanie Morten

The Aggregate Productivity Effects of Internal Migration: Evidence from Indonesia
w23544 Michael L. Anderson
Jeremy Magruder

Split-Sample Strategies for Avoiding False Discoveries
w23486 Joshua D. Angrist
Victor Lavy
Jetson Leder-Luis
Adi Shany

Maimonides Rule Redux
w23491 Emily Breza
Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Tyler H. McCormick
Mengjie Pan

Using Aggregated Relational Data to Feasibly Identify Network Structure without Network Data
w23508 Eric Avis
Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan
Carlos Varjão

Money and Politics: The Effects of Campaign Spending Limits on Political Competition and Incumbency Advantage
w23470 Jonathan de Quidt
Johannes Haushofer
Christopher Roth

Measuring and Bounding Experimenter Demand
w23475 Francesco Trebbi
Eric Weese
Austin L. Wright
Andrew Shaver

Insurgent Learning
w23447 Sebastian Galiani
Ramiro H. Gálvez

The Life Cycle of Scholarly Articles across Fields of Research
w23414 Leonardo Bursztyn
Bruno Ferman
Stefano Fiorin
Martin Kanz
Gautam Rao

Status Goods: Experimental Evidence from Platinum Credit Cards
w23416 Laura Panza
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Australian Squatters, Convicts, and Capitalists: Dividing Up a Fast-Growing Frontier Pie 1821-1871
w23422 Diego Restuccia
Richard Rogerson

The Causes and Costs of Misallocation
w23400 Rafael Dix-Carneiro
Rodrigo R. Soares
Gabriel Ulyssea

Economic Shocks and Crime: Evidence from the Brazilian Trade Liberalization
w23403 Adrienne M. Lucas
Nicholas L. Wilson

Can at Scale Drug Provision Improve the Health of the Targeted in Sub-Saharan Africa?
w23378 Margaret McMillan
Dani Rodrik
Claudia Sepulveda

Structural Change, Fundamentals and Growth: A Framework and Case Studies
w23377 Kaiji Chen
Jue Ren
Tao Zha

The Nexus of Monetary Policy and Shadow Banking in China
w23383 Pia M. Basurto
Pascaline Dupas
Jonathan Robinson

Decentralization and Efficiency of Subsidy Targeting: Evidence from Chiefs in Rural Malawi
w23347 Elizabeth Frankenberg
Duncan Thomas

Human Capital and Shocks: Evidence on Education, Health and Nutrition
w23350 Michael Carlos Best
Jonas Hjort
David Szakonyi

Individuals and Organizations as Sources of State Effectiveness, and Consequences for Policy
w23358 Arielle Bernhardt
Erica Field
Rohini Pande
Natalia Rigol

Household Matters: Revisiting the Returns to Capital among Female Micro-entrepreneurs
w23368 Thomas Piketty
Li Yang
Gabriel Zucman

Capital Accumulation, Private Property and Rising Inequality in China, 1978-2015
w23375 Alberto Bisin
Thierry Verdier

On the Joint Evolution of Culture and Institutions
w23339 José-María Da-Rocha
Marina Mendes Tavares
Diego Restuccia

Policy Distortions and Aggregate Productivity with Endogenous Establishment-Level Productivity
w23289 Sandra Sequeira
Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

Migrants and the Making of America: The Short- and Long-Run Effects of Immigration during the Age of Mass Migration
w23295 Rema Hanna
Gabriel Kreindler
Benjamin A. Olken

Citywide Effects of High-Occupancy Vehicle Restrictions: Evidence from the Elimination of '3-in-1' in Jakarta
w23264 Paloma Acevedo
Guillermo Cruces
Paul Gertler
Sebastian Martinez

Living Up to Expectations: How Job Training Made Women Better Off and Men Worse Off
w23275 Felipe Barrera-Osorio
Leigh L. Linden
Juan Saavedra

Medium- and Long-Term Educational Consequences of Alternative Conditional Cash Transfer Designs: Experimental Evidence from Colombia
w23279 Edward L. Glaeser
Wentao Xiong

Urban Productivity in the Developing World
w23252 Pierre Bachas
Paul Gertler
Sean Higgins
Enrique Seira

How Debit Cards Enable the Poor to Save More
w23253 Joan Hamory Hicks
Marieke Kleemans
Nicholas Y. Li
Edward Miguel

Reevaluating Agricultural Productivity Gaps with Longitudinal Microdata
w23239 Sonia R. Bhalotra
Alberto Diaz-Cayeros
Grant Miller
Alfonso Miranda
Atheendar S. Venkataramani

Urban Water Disinfection and Mortality Decline in Developing Countries
w23209 Christian Dippel
Robert Gold
Stephan Heblich
Rodrigo Pinto

Instrumental Variables and Causal Mechanisms: Unpacking The Effect of Trade on Workers and Voters
w23207 Nathan Nunn
Raul Sanchez de la Sierra

Why Being Wrong can be Right: Magical Warfare Technologies and the Persistence of False Beliefs
w23208 Melissa Dell
Nathaniel Lane
Pablo Querubin

The Historical State, Local Collective Action, and Economic Development in Vietnam
w23213 Esther Duflo
The Economist as Plumber
w23214 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis
Paola Salardi

Economic Development and the Regulation of Morally Contentious Activities
w23169 Enrique Alberola
Gianluca Benigno

Revisiting the Commodity Curse: A Financial Perspective
w23195 Marcel Fafchamps
Di Mo

Peer Effects in Computer Assisted Learning: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment
w23196 Jacob Moscona
Nathan Nunn
James A. Robinson

Keeping It in the Family: Lineage Organization and the Scope of Trust in Sub-Saharan Africa
w23178 Benjamin Feigenberg
Steven Rivkin
Rui Yan

Illusory Gains from Chile's Targeted School Voucher Experiment
w23181 Ryan Brown
Verónica Montalva
Duncan Thomas
Andrea Velásquez

Impact of Violent Crime on Risk Aversion: Evidence from the Mexican Drug War
w23120 Ernesto Dal Bó
Frederico Finan
Olle Folke
Torsten Persson
Johanna Rickne

Who Becomes a Politician?
w23122 Robert Jensen
Nolan H. Miller

Keepin' 'em Down on the Farm: Migration and Strategic Investment in Children's Schooling
w23132 Xinshen Diao
Margaret McMillan
Dani Rodrik

The Recent Growth Boom in Developing Economies: A Structural Change Perspective
w23123 Elwyn Davies
Marcel Fafchamps

When No Bad Deed Goes Punished: Relational Contracting in Ghana versus the UK
w23126 Xuehui Han
Shang-Jin Wei

Re-examining the Middle-Income Trap Hypothesis (MITH): What to Reject and What to Revive?
w23128 Diego Restuccia
Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis

Land Misallocation and Productivity
w23130 Raymond Fisman
Jing Shi
Yongxiang Wang
Rong Xu

Social Ties and Favoritism in Chinese Science
w23098 Raymond Fisman
Yongxiang Wang

The Distortionary Effects of Incentives in Government: Evidence from China's "Death Ceiling" Program
w23106 Nicholas Ryan
The Competitive Effects of Transmission Infrastructure in the Indian Electricity Market
w23110 Davide Cantoni
David Y. Yang
Noam Yuchtman
Y. Jane Zhang

Are Protests Games of Strategic Complements or Substitutes? Experimental Evidence from Hong Kong's Democracy Movement
w23081 Tom Vogl
Aggregating the Fertility Transition: Intergenerational Dynamics in Quality and Quantity
w23033 Murat Iyigun
Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

Winter is Coming: The Long-Run Effects of Climate Change on Conflict, 1400-1900
w23035 Christopher Blattman
Mathilde Emeriau
Nathan Fiala

Do Anti-Poverty Programs Sway Voters? Experimental Evidence from Uganda
w23039 Tasso Adamopoulos
Loren Brandt
Jessica Leight
Diego Restuccia

Misallocation, Selection and Productivity: A Quantitative Analysis with Panel Data from China
w23050 Juan Saavedra
Emma Näslund-Hadley
Mariana Alfonso

Targeted Remedial Education: Experimental Evidence from Peru
w23052 B. Zorina Khan
Related Investing: Corporate Ownership and Capital Mobilization during Early Industrialization
w23056 Eoin McGuirk
Marshall Burke

The Economic Origins of Conflict in Africa
w23021 Xinshen Diao
Kenneth Harttgen
Margaret McMillan

The Changing Structure of Africa's Economies

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