NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Archive of NBER Papers on Aging

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2014
w20812 Keith Marzilli Ericson
Amanda Starc

Measuring Consumer Valuation of Limited Provider Networks
w20789 Amy Finkelstein
Matthew Gentzkow
Heidi Williams

Sources of Geographic Variation in Health Care: Evidence from Patient Migration
w20793 Tabea Bucher-Koenen
Annamaria Lusardi
Rob Alessie
Maarten van Rooij

How financially literate are women? An overview and new insights
w20794 John F. Helliwell
Shawn Grover

How's Life at Home? New Evidence on Marriage and the Set Point for Happiness
w20756 Robin L. Lumsdaine
Stephanie J.C. Vermeer

Retirement Timing of Women and the Role of Care Responsibilities for Grandchildren
w20738 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Does Front-Loading Taxation Increase Savings? Evidence from Roth 401(k) Introductions
w20740 Steven Venti
David A. Wise

The Long Reach of Education: Early Retirement
w20745 Lee M. Lockwood
Incidental Bequests: Bequest Motives and the Choice to Self-Insure Late-Life Risks
w20734 Wojciech Kopczuk
What Do We Know About Evolution of Top Wealth Shares in the United States?
w20631 Susan T. Stewart
David M. Cutler

The Contribution of Behavior Change and Public Health to Improved U.S. Population Health
w20653 Martha J. Bailey
Andrew Goodman-Bacon

The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans
w20614 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla
Tatjana Schimetschek

Will They Take the Money and Work? An Empirical Analysis of People's Willingness to Delay Claiming Social Security Benefits for a Lump Sum
w20625 Emmanuel Saez
Gabriel Zucman

Wealth Inequality in the United States since 1913: Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax Data
w20597 Amanda E. Kowalski
The Early Impact of the Affordable Care Act State-By-State
w20582 Maria Donovan Fitzpatrick
How Much Are Public School Teachers Willing to Pay for Their Retirement Benefits?
w20584 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Great Recession, Decline and Rebound in Household Wealth for the Near Retirement Population
w20546 Alan Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Distributional Effects of Means Testing Social Security: An Exploratory Analysis
w20547 John Laitner
Daniel Silverman
Dmitriy Stolyarov

Annuitized Wealth and Post-Retirement Saving
w20549 Hanming Fang
Insurance Markets for the Elderly
w20525 Alice Chen
Emily Oster
Heidi Williams

Why is Infant Mortality Higher in the US than in Europe?
w20496 Jonathan Zinman
Household Debt: Facts, Puzzles, Theories, and Policies
w20509 Bruce Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

Misclassification in Binary Choice Models
w20464 Jeffrey R. Brown
James Poterba
David Richardson

Do Required Minimum Distributions Matter? The Effect of the 2009 Holiday On Retirement Plan Distributions
w20470 Marika Cabral
Michael Geruso
Neale Mahoney

Does Privatized Health Insurance Benefit Patients or Producers? Evidence from Medicare Advantage
w20432 Charles F. Manski
Vaccine Approvals and Mandates Under Uncertainty: Some Simple Analytics
w20411 Neale Mahoney
E. Glen Weyl

Imperfect Competition in Selection Markets
w20381 Keith M Marzilli Ericson
On the Interaction of Memory and Procrastination: Implications for Reminders
w20366 Jessica Wolpaw Reyes
Lead Exposure and Behavior: Effects on Antisocial and Risky Behavior among Children and Adolescents
w20371 Melissa A. Boyle
Joanna N. Lahey

Spousal Labor Market Effects from Government Health Insurance: Evidence from a Veterans Affairs Expansion
w20359 Michael Geruso
Thomas G. McGuire

Tradeoffs in the Design of Health Plan Payment Systems: Fit, Power and Balance
w20360 Danny Yagan
Riding the Bubble? Chasing Returns into Illiquid Assets
w20306 Florian Heiss
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Persistence and Heterogeneity of Health among Older Americans
w20318 Brigitte C. Madrian
Applying Insights from Behavioral Economics to Policy Design
w20305 René Böheim
Thomas Leoni

Firms' Sickness Costs and Workers' Sickness Absences
w20297 David Boisclair
Annamaria Lusardi
Pierre-Carl Michaud

Financial Literacy and Retirement Planning in Canada
w20298 Lorenz Kueng
Evgeny Yakovlev

How Persistent Are Consumption Habits? Micro-Evidence from Russia
a0636 David Wise
The Economics of Aging
w20229 Annamaria Lusardi
Anya Savikhin Samek
Arie Kapteyn
Lewis Glinert
Angela Hung
Aileen Heinberg

Visual Tools and Narratives: New Ways to Improve Financial Literacy
w20222 Jeremy D. Goldhaber-Fiebert
David M. Studdert
Monica S. Farid
Jay Bhattacharya

Will Divestment from Employment-Based Health Insurance Save Employers Money? The Case of State and Local Governments
w20226 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Heidi Williams

Paying on the Margin for Medical Care: Evidence from Breast Cancer Treatments
w20203 Aileen Heinberg
Angela A. Hung
Arie Kapteyn
Annamaria Lusardi
Anya Savikhin Samek
Joanne Yoong

Five Steps to Planning Success. Experimental Evidence from U.S. Households
w20166 Ming-Jen Lin
Elaine M. Liu

Does in utero Exposure to Illness Matter? The 1918 Influenza Epidemic in Taiwan as a Natural Experiment
w20181 Christopher Afendulis
Anna Sinaiko
Richard Frank

Dominated Choices and Medicare Advantage Enrollment
w20158 Charles Yuji Horioka
Are Americans and Indians More Altruistic than the Japanese and Chinese? Evidence from a New International Survey of Bequest Plans
w20123 Per Johansson
Lisa Laun
Mårten Palme

Pathways to Retirement and the Role of Financial Incentives in Sweden
w20124 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla
Ivonne Siegelin

Accounting and Actuarial Smoothing of Retirement Payouts in Participating Life Annuities
w20125 Alexander L. Brown
Joanna N. Lahey

Small Victories: Creating Intrinsic Motivation in Savings and Debt Reduction
w20120 Courtney Coile
Kevin S. Milligan
David A. Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement - Introduction and Summary
w20137 Robert L. Clark
Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Financial Knowledge and 401(k) Investment Performance
w20114 Paul Bingley
Nabanita Datta Gupta
Michael Jorgensen
Peder Pedersen

Health, Disability Insurance and Retirement in Denmark
w20030 Luc Behaghel
Didier Blanchet
Muriel Roger

Retirement, Early Retirement and Disability: Explaining Labor Force Participation after 55 in France
w20035 Alain Jousten
Mathieu Lefebvre
Sergio Perelman

Health Status, Disability and Retirement Incentives in Belgium
w19956 Jason Abaluck
Leila Agha
Christopher Kabrhel
Ali Raja
Arjun Venkatesh

Negative Tests and the Efficiency of Medical Care: What Determines Heterogeneity in Imaging Behavior?
w19930 James M. Poterba
Retirement Security in an Aging Society
w19907 James Banks
Carl Emmerson
Gemma C. Tetlow

Effect of Pensions and Disability Benefits on Retirement in the UK
w19913 Pilar García-Gómez
Sergi Jiménez-Martín
Judit Vall Castelló

Financial Incentives, Health and Retirement in Spain
w19902 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The Role of Health in Retirement
w19835 Florian Scheuer
Kent Smetters

Could a Website Really Have Doomed the Health Exchanges? Multiple Equilibria, Initial Conditions and the Construction of the Fine
w19885 Zhiguo He
Arvind Krishnamurthy

A Macroeconomic Framework for Quantifying Systemic Risk
w19889 Hendrik Juerges
Lars Thiel
Tabea Bucher-Koenen
Johannes Rausch
Morten Schuth
Axel Boersch-Supan

Health, Financial Incentives, and Early Retirement: Micro-Simulation Evidence for Germany
w19856 Isaac Ehrlich
Yong Yin

Equilibrium Health Spending and Population Aging in a Model of Endogenous Growth - Will the GDP Share of Health Spending Keep Rising?
w19793 Timothy J. Moore
The Employment Effect of Terminating Disability Benefits
w19779 Byron Lutz
Louise Sheiner

The Fiscal Stress Arising from State and Local Retiree Health Obligations
w19787 Marika Cabral
Neale Mahoney

Externalities and Taxation of Supplemental Insurance: A Study of Medicare and Medigap
w19789 Liana Fox
Irwin Garfinkel
Neeraj Kaushal
Jane Waldfogel
Christopher Wimer

Waging War on Poverty: Historical Trends in Poverty Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure
2013
w19720 Anne E. Hall
Tina Highfill

Calculating Disease-Based Medical Care Expenditure Indexes for Medicare Beneficiaries: A Comparison of Method and Data Choices
w19724 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Social Security Windfall Elimination and Government Pension Offset Provisions for Public Employees in the Health and Retirement Study
w19732 Hugh Hoikwang Kim
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Time is Money: Life Cycle Rational Inertia and Delegation of Investment Management
w19700 Amitabh Chandra
Jonathan Holmes
Jonathan Skinner

Is This Time Different? The Slowdown in Healthcare Spending
w19685 Dora Costa
Health and the Economy in the United States, from 1750 to the Present
orrc13-02 James Poterba
Steven Venti
David Wise

The Financial Crisis and Saving in Personal Retirement Accounts
orrc13-01 Raj Chetty
John Friedman
Soren Leth-Petersen
Torben Heien Nielsen
Tore Olsen

Active vs. Passive Decisions and Crowd-out in Retirement Savings Accounts: Evidence from Denmark
w19658 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr
William F. Lincoln

Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms
w19672 Andreas I. Mueller
Jesse Rothstein
Till M. von Wachter

Unemployment Insurance and Disability Insurance in the Great Recession
orrc13-03 Martin Ljunge
Lee Lockwood
Day Manoli

The Drawdown of Assets during Retirement: Evidence from Sweden
orrc13-04 John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Recent Changes in the Gains from Delaying Social Security
orrc13-05 Suzanne B. Shu
John W. Payne

Life Expectation Judgments, Fairness, and Loss Aversion in the Psychology of Social Security Claiming Decisions
orrc13-07 Alexander M. Gelber
Damon Jones
Daniel W. Sacks

Earnings Adjustment Frictions: Evidence from the Social Security Earnings Test
w19629 Xi Wu
Li Gan

Multiple Dimensions of Private Information in Life Insurance Markets
w19638 Yuriy Gorodnichenko
Jae Song
Dmitriy Stolyarov

Macroeconomic Determinants of Retirement Timing
w19639 Anna D. Sinaiko
Christopher C. Afendulis
Richard G. Frank

Enrollment in Medicare Advantage Plans in Miami-Dade County: Evidence of Status Quo Bias?
w19591 Robert L. Clark
Jennifer A. Maki
Melinda Sandler Morrill

Can Simple Informational Nudges Increase Employee Participation in a 401(k) Plan?
w19593 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Impact of Biomedical Knowledge Accumulation on Mortality: A Bibliometric Analysis of Cancer Data
w19563 John B. Shoven
Sita Slavov

The Role of Retiree Health Insurance in the Early Retirement of Public Sector Employees
w19569 Clemens Sialm
Laura Starks
Hanjiang Zhang

Defined Contribution Pension Plans: Sticky or Discerning Money?
w19574 Jeffrey Clemens
David M. Cutler

Who Pays for Public Employee Health Costs?
w19583 Andreas Hubener
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

How Family Status and Social Security Claiming Options Shape Optimal Life Cycle Portfolios
w19547 Katherine Baicker
Amy Finkelstein
Jae Song
Sarah Taubman

The Impact of Medicaid on Labor Force Activity and Program Participation: Evidence from the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment
w19511 Robert Clark
Olivia S. Mitchell

How Does Retiree Health Insurance Influence Public Sector Employee Saving?
w19515 Guoying Deng
Li Gan
Manuel A. Hernandez

Do People Overreact? Evidence from the Housing Market After the Wenchuan Earthquake
w19524 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Retiree Health Insurance for Public School Employees: Does it Affect Retirement?
w19487 Murray L. Aitken
Ernst R. Berndt
Barry Bosworth
Iain M. Cockburn
Richard Frank
Michael Kleinrock
Bradley T. Shapiro

The Regulation of Prescription Drug Competition and Market Responses: Patterns in Prices and Sales Following Loss of Exclusivity
w19491 Alexander M. Gelber
Damon Jones
Daniel W. Sacks

Earnings Adjustment Frictions: Evidence from the Social Security Earnings Test
w19503 Jeffrey Clemens
Joshua D. Gottlieb

In the Shadow of a Giant: Medicare's Influence on Private Physician Payments
w19465 David Backus
Thomas Cooley
Espen Henriksen

Demography and Low Frequency Capital Flows
w19438 James Banks
Elaine Kelly
James P. Smith

Spousal Health Effects - the Role of Selection
w19430 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi Williams

Do firms underinvest in long-term research? Evidence from cancer clinical trials
w19433 Ori Heffetz
Katrina Ligett

Privacy and Data-Based Research
w19370 John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Recent Changes in the Gains from Delaying Social Security
w19393 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Paul Schrimpf

The Response of Drug Expenditures to Non-Linear Contract Design: Evidence from Medicare Part D
w19320 David Cutler
Jonathan Skinner
Ariel Dora Stern
David Wennberg

Physician Beliefs and Patient Preferences: A New Look at Regional Variation in Health Care Spending
w19335 David E. Bloom
Elizabeth T. Cafiero
Mark E. McGovern
Klaus Prettner
Anderson Stanciole
Jonathan Weiss
Samuel Bakkila
Larry Rosenberg

The Economic Impact of Non-Communicable Disease in China and India: Estimates, Projections, and Comparisons
w19281 Maria D. Fitzpatrick
Michael F. Lovenheim

Early Retirement Incentives and Student Achievement
w19311 Ryan D. Edwards
If My Blood Pressure Is High, Do I Take It To Heart? Behavioral Impacts of Biomarker Collection in the Health and Retirement Study
w19268 David M. Cutler
Kaushik Ghosh
Mary Beth Landrum

Evidence for Significant Compression of Morbidity In the Elderly U.S. Population
w19237 Gordon B. Dahl
Andreas Ravndal Kostol
Magne Mogstad

Family Welfare Cultures
w19231 Steven G. Allen
Robert L. Clark
Jennifer Maki
Melinda Sandler Morrill

Golden Years or Financial Fears? Decision Making After Retirement Seminars
w19206 Vanya Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

Optimal Life Cycle Portfolio Choice with Variable Annuities Offering Liquidity and Investment Downside Protection
w19211 Felix Reichling
Kent Smetters

Optimal Annuitization with Stochastic Mortality Probabilities
w19216 David Neumark
Patrick Button

Did Age Discrimination Protections Help Older Workers Weather the Great Recession?
w19193 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Who Uses the Roth 401(k), and How Do They Use It?
w19200 Amitabh Chandra
Amy Finkelstein
Adam Sacarny
Chad Syverson

Healthcare Exceptionalism? Productivity and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector
w19163 Jason Abaluck
Jonathan Gruber

Evolving Choice Inconsistencies in Choice of Prescription Drug Insurance
w19168 Jeffrey R. Brown
Arie Kapteyn
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Cognitive Constraints on Valuing Annuities
w19179 Jasmina Hasanhodzic
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Generational Risk - Is It a Big Deal?: Simulating an 80-Period OLG Model with Aggregate Shocks
w19137 Alan Auerbach
Lorenz Kueng
Ronald Lee

Propagation and Smoothing of Shocks in Alternative Social Security Systems
w19142 Young Kyung Do
Edward C. Norton
Sally Stearns
Courtney H. Van Houtven

Informal Care and Caregiver's Health
w19145 Jonathan Meer
Harvey S. Rosen

Donative Behavior at the End of Life
w19149 Martin B. Hackmann
Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

Adverse Selection and an Individual Mandate: When Theory Meets Practice
w19151 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Medicaid Insurance in Old Age
w19100 Angus Deaton
Arthur A. Stone

Grandpa and the Snapper: the Wellbeing of the Elderly who Live with Children
w19103 Robin L. Lumsdaine
Rogier J.D. Potter van Loon

Wall Street vs. Main Street: An Evaluation of Probabilities
w19088 Neeraj Kaushal
How Public Pension affects Elderly Labor Supply and Well-being: Evidence from India
w19063 Jeffrey R. Brown
Jeffrey R. Kling
Sendhil Mullainathan
Marian V. Wrobel

Framing Lifetime Income
w19070 Katherine Baicker
Michael Chernew
Jacob Robbins

The Spillover Effects of Medicare Managed Care: Medicare Advantage and Hospital Utilization
w19071 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Effects of Social Security Policies on Benefit Claiming, Retirement and Saving
w19016 Andreas Ravndal Kostøl
Magne Mogstad

How Financial Incentives Induce Disability Insurance Recipients to Return to Work
w19032 Jingjing Chai
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

Exchanging Delayed Social Security Benefits for Lump Sums: Could This Incentivize Longer Work Careers?
w19035 Liran Einav
Jonathan D. Levin

The Data Revolution and Economic Analysis
w18969 Annamaria Lusardi
Carlo de Bassa Scheresberg

Financial Literacy and High-Cost Borrowing in the United States
w18952 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

The Economic Importance of Financial Literacy: Theory and Evidence
w18927 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Alex Rees-Jones

Can Marginal Rates of Substitution Be Inferred from Happiness Data? Evidence from Residency Choices
w18900 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia Remler

Rethinking Elderly Poverty: Time for a Health Inclusive Poverty Measure?
w18902 Gopi Shah Goda
Damon Jones
Colleen Flaherty Manchester

Retirement Plan Type and Employee Mobility: The Role of Selection and Incentive Effects
w18869 Bruce D. Meyer
Wallace K.C. Mok

Disability, Earnings, Income and Consumption
w18881 Justine S. Hastings
Ali Hortaçsu
Chad Syverson

Sales Force and Competition in Financial Product Markets: The Case Of Mexico's Social Security Privatization
w18856 Edgar Vogel
Alexander Ludwig
Axel Börsch-Supan

Aging and Pension Reform: Extending the Retirement Age and Human Capital Formation
w18787 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Nichole Szembrot

Aggregating Local Preferences to Guide Marginal Policy Adjustments
w18750 Pierre Dubois
Rachel Griffith
Aviv Nevo

Do Prices and Attributes Explain International Differences in Food Purchases?
w18755 Jeffrey R. Brown
Zoran Ivković
Scott Weisbenner

Empirical Determinants of Intertemporal Choice
w18764 Veronika K. Pool
Clemens Sialm
Irina Stefanescu

It Pays to Set the Menu: Mutual Fund Investment Options in 401(k) Plans
w18743 Stephen G. Dimmock
Roy Kouwenberg
Olivia S. Mitchell
Kim Peijnenburg

Ambiguity Aversion and Household Portfolio Choice: Empirical Evidence
w18717 Joanna Lahey
Birthing a Nation: The Effect of Fertility Control Access on the 19th Century Demographic Transition
w18718 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Winning the War: Poverty from the Great Society to the Great Recession
w18687 Daniel L. McFadden
The New Science of Pleasure
w18695 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Health, Education, and the Post-Retirement Evolution of Household Assets
w18665 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

Nine Facts about Top Journals in Economics
w18669 Annamaria Lusardi
Pierre-Carl Michaud
Olivia S. Mitchell

Optimal Financial Knowledge and Wealth Inequality
2012
w18658 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Nexus of Social Security Benefits, Health, and Wealth at Death
w18642 Aviva Aron-Dine
Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein

The RAND Health Insurance Experiment, Three Decades Later
w18582 Fabian Duarte
Justine S. Hastings

Fettered Consumers and Sophisticated Firms: Evidence from Mexico's Privatized Social Security Market
w18589 Jay Bhattacharya
Christina Gathmann
Grant Miller

The Gorbachev Anti-Alcohol Campaign and Russia's Mortality Crisis
w18601 Daniel Gottlieb
Kent Smetters

Narrow Framing and Life Insurance
w18575 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
Stephen P. Zeldes

What Makes Annuitization More Appealing?
w18552 Frank R. Lichtenberg
The Effect of Pharmaceutical Innovation on Longevity: Patient-Level Evidence from the 1996-2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and Linked Mortality Public-Use Files
w18559 Edward N. Wolff
The Asset Price Meltdown and the Wealth of the Middle Class
w18565 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Soren Leth-Petersen
Torben Nielsen
Tore Olsen

Active vs. Passive Decisions and Crowdout in Retirement Savings Accounts: Evidence from Denmark
w18542 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Mismeasurement of Pensions Before and After Retirement: The Mystery of the Disappearing Pensions with Implications for the Importance of Social Security as a Source of Retirement Support
w18517 John Chalmers
Woodrow T. Johnson
Jonathan Reuter

The Effect of Pension Design on Employer Costs and Employee Retirement Choices: Evidence from Oregon
w18488 Robert L. Clark
Melinda S. Morrill
David Vanderweide

Defined Benefit Pension Plan Distribution Decisions by Public Sector Employees
w18489 Robert Novy-Marx
Joshua D. Rauh

The Revenue Demands of Public Employee Pension Promises
w18491 Robert Novy-Marx
Joshua D. Rauh

Linking Benefits to Investment Performance in US Public Pension Systems
w18475 Gabriella Conti
Andrea Galeotti
Gerrit Mueller
Stephen Pudney

Popularity
w18485 Steven J. Haider
Kathleen M. McGarry

Parental Investments in College and Later Cash Transfers
w18446 Kathleen McGarry
Dynamic Aspects of Family Transfers
w18444 Isaac Ehrlich
Yong Yin

The Problem of the Uninsured
w18412 Justine S. Hastings
Brigitte C. Madrian
William L. Skimmyhorn

Financial Literacy, Financial Education and Economic Outcomes
w18374 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Nichole Szembrot

Beyond Happiness and Satisfaction: Toward Well-Being Indices Based on Stated Preference
w18359 Keith M. Marzilli Ericson
Consumer Inertia and Firm Pricing in the Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Insurance Exchange
w18361 Courtney C. Coile
Phillip B. Levine
Robin McKnight

Recessions, Older Workers, and Longevity: How Long Are Recessions Good For Your Health?
w18371 Janet Currie
Tom Vogl

Early-Life Health and Adult Circumstance in Developing Countries
w18342 Jeffrey R. Brown
Scott Weisbenner

The Distributional Effects of the Social Security Windfall Elimination Provision
w18308 Adam Bee
Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

The Validity of Consumption Data: Are the Consumer Expenditure Interview and Diary Surveys Informative?
w18327 Jessica Wolpaw Reyes
Lead Policy and Academic Performance: Insights from Massachusetts
w18287 Takeo Hoshi
Takatoshi Ito

Defying Gravity: How Long Will Japanese Government Bond Prices Remain High?
w18282 Nathaniel Hendren
Private Information and Insurance Rejections
w18286 Leemore Dafny
Subramaniam Ramanarayanan

Does it Matter if Your Health Insurer is For-Profit? Effects of Ownership on Premiums, Insurance Coverage, and Medical Spending
w18258 Péter Hudomiet
Robert J. Willis

Estimating Second Order Probability Beliefs from Subjective Survival Data
w18235 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Pharmaceutical Innovation and Longevity Growth in 30 Developing and High-income Countries, 2000-2009
w18229 Kevin S. Milligan
David A. Wise

Health and Work at Older Ages: Using Mortality to Assess the Capacity to Work across Countries
w18220 Brigitte C. Madrian
Matching Contributions and Savings Outcomes: A Behavioral Economics Perspective
w18210 John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

When Does It Pay to Delay Social Security? The Impact of Mortality, Interest Rates, and Program Rules
w18172 David Autor
Mark Duggan
Jonathan Gruber

Moral Hazard and Claims Deterrence in Private Disability Insurance
w18166 Florian Heiss
Adam Leive
Daniel McFadden
Joachim Winter

Plan Selection in Medicare Part D: Evidence from Administrative Data
w18158 John Chalmers
Jonathan Reuter

Is Conflicted Investment Advice Better than No Advice?
w18108 Amanda E. Kowalski
Estimating the Tradeoff Between Risk Protection and Moral Hazard with a Nonlinear Budget Set Model of Health Insurance
w18051 Kevin S. Milligan
How is Economic Hardship Avoided by Those Retiring Before the Social Security Entitlement Age?
w18014 Axel H. Börsch-Supan
Michela Coppola
Anette Reil-Held

Riester Pensions in Germany: Design, Dynamics, Targetting Success and Crowding-In
w18009 Axel H. Börsch-Supan
Entitlement Reforms in Europe: Policy Mixes in the Current Pension Reform Process
w17995 Katherine L. Milkman
John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Following Through on Good Intentions: The Power of Planning Prompts
w17970 Mogens Fosgerau
Daniel L. McFadden
Michel Bierlaire

Choice Probability Generating Functions
w17973 Michael D. Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

Stock Price Expectations and Stock Trading
w17974 Michael D. Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

Measuring Total Household Spending in a Monthly Internet Survey: Evidence from the American Life Panel
w17936 Joseph J. Doyle
Jr.
John A. Graves
Jonathan Gruber
Samuel Kleiner

Do High-Cost Hospitals Deliver Better Care? Evidence from Ambulance Referral Patterns
w17938 Daniel L. McFadden
Carlos E. Noton
Pau Olivella

Remedies for Sick Insurance
w17953 Daniel L. McFadden
Mogens Fosgerau

A theory of the perturbed consumer with general budgets
w17930 Leora F. Klapper
Annamaria Lusardi
Georgios A. Panos

Financial Literacy and the Financial Crisis
w17931 Emily Oster
Ira Shoulson
E. Ray Dorsey

Limited Life Expectancy, Human Capital and Health Investments: Evidence from Huntington Disease
w17927 Gopi Shah Goda
Colleen Flaherty Manchester
Aaron Sojourner

What Will My Account Really Be Worth? An Experiment on Exponential Growth Bias and Retirement Saving
w17933 Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

Mandate-Based Health Reform and the Labor Market: Evidence from the Massachusetts Reform
w17911 Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen Utkus

Target-Date Funds in 401(k) Retirement Plans
w17901 Mark R. Cullen
Clint Cummins
Victor R. Fuchs

Geographic and Racial Variation in Premature Mortality in the US: Analyzing the Disparities
w17886 Pierluigi Balduzzi
Jonathan Reuter

Heterogeneity in Target-Date Funds: Optimal Risk-Taking or Risk Matching?
w17887 Shamena Anwar
Patrick Bayer
Randi Hjalmarsson

The Role of Age in Jury Selection and Trial Outcomes
w17857 Robin McKnight
Jonathan Reuter
Eric Zitzewitz

Insurance as Delegated Purchasing: Theory and Evidence from Health Care
w17863 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell
Vilsa Curto

Financial Sophistication in the Older Population
w17866 John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

The Decision to Delay Social Security Benefits: Theory and Evidence
w17843 James J. Choi
Emily Haisley
Jennifer Kurkoski
Cade Massey

Small Cues Change Savings Choices
w17821 Annamaria Lusardi
Numeracy, financial literacy, and financial decision-making
w17824 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Were They Prepared for Retirement? Financial Status at Advanced Ages in the HRS and AHEAD Cohorts
w17802 Aviva Aron-Dine
Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Mark R. Cullen

Moral Hazard in Health Insurance: How Important Is Forward Looking Behavior?
w17783 Xavier Gabaix
Boundedly Rational Dynamic Programming: Some Preliminary Results
w17748 Martin B. Hackmann
Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

Health Reform, Health Insurance, and Selection: Estimating Selection into Health Insurance Using the Massachusetts Health Reform
w17738 David M. Cutler
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Education and Health: Insights from International Comparisons
2011
w17703 Steven Nyce
Sylvester Schieber
John B. Shoven
Sita Slavov
David A. Wise

Does Retiree Health Insurance Encourage Early Retirement?
w17713 Douglas Almond
Bhashkar Mazumder
Reyn van Ewijk

Fasting During Pregnancy and Children's Academic Performance
w17657 Ann Huff Stevens
Douglas L. Miller
Marianne E. Page
Mateusz Filipski

The Best of Times, the Worst of Times: Understanding Pro-cyclical Mortality
w17614 Gábor Kézdi
Robert J. Willis

Household Stock Market Beliefs and Learning
w17581 Charles Yuji Horioka
Akiko Terada-Hagiwara

The Determinants and Long-term Projections of Saving Rates in Developing Asia
w17536 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Composition and Draw-down of Wealth in Retirement
w17547 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

How Did the Recession of 2007-2009 Affect the Wealth and Retirement of the Near Retirement Age Population in the Health and Retirement Study?
w17505 Vasily Kartashov
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

Lifecycle Portfolio Choice with Systematic Longevity Risk and Variable Investment-Linked Deferred Annuities
w17467 David Neumark
Joanne Song

Do Stronger Age Discrimination Laws Make Social Security Reforms More Effective?
w17439 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Effects of Changes in Women's Labor Market Attachment on Redistribution Under the Social Security Benefit Formula
w17440 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Does Widowhood Explain Gender Differences in Out-of-Pocket Medical Spending Among the Elderly?
w17451 Jeffrey Brown
Amy Finkelstein

Insuring Long Term Care In the US
w17410 Jeffrey R. Kling
Sendhil Mullainathan
Eldar Shafir
Lee Vermeulen
Marian Wrobel

Comparison Friction: Experimental Evidence from Medicare Drug Plans
w17345 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
Katherine L. Milkman

The Effect of Providing Peer Information on Retirement Savings Decisions
w17301 Andreas Fuster
Benjamin Hebert
David Laibson

Natural Expectations, Macroeconomic Dynamics, and Asset Pricing
w17320 Dayanand S. Manoli
Andrea Weber

Nonparametric Evidence on the Effects of Financial Incentives on Retirement Decisions
w17322 Robert W. Fogel
Louis Cain
Joseph Burton
Brian Bettenhausen

Was What Ail'd Ya' What Kill'd Ya'?
w17325 Ralph Koijen
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh
Motohiro Yogo

Health and Mortality Delta: Assessing the Welfare Cost of Household Insurance Choice
w17339 Maarten van Rooij
Annamaria Lusardi
Rob J. Alessie

Financial Literacy, Retirement Planning, and Household Wealth
w17287 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Erzo F.P. Luttmer

Would People Behave Differently If They Better Understood Social Security? Evidence From a Field Experiment
w17273 Till Stowasser
Florian Heiss
Daniel McFadden
Joachim Winter

"Healthy, Wealthy and Wise?" Revisited: An Analysis of the Causal Pathways from Socio-economic Status to Health
w17259 Mark A. Aguiar
Erik Hurst
Loukas Karabarbounis

Time Use During Recessions
w17244 Anneke Exterkate
Robin L. Lumsdaine

How Survey Design Affects Inference Regarding Health Perceptions and Outcomes
w17213 David Neumark
Hans P. Johnson
Marisol Cuellar Mejia

Future Skill Shortages in the U.S. Economy?
w17223 Cathy J. Bradley
David Neumark
Meryl I. Motika

The Effects of Health Shocks on Employment and Health Insurance: The Role of Employer-Provided Health Insurance
w17190 Amy Finkelstein
Sarah Taubman
Bill Wright
Mira Bernstein
Jonathan Gruber
Joseph P. Newhouse
Heidi Allen
Katherine Baicker
The Oregon Health Study Group

The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment: Evidence from the First Year
w17203 Michael D. Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

Economic Preparation for Retirement
w17128 Angus S. Deaton
The Financial Crisis and the Well-Being of Americans
w17134 Jingjing Chai
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

Lifecycle Impacts of the Financial and Economic Crisis on Household Optimal Consumption, Portfolio Choice, and Labor Supply
w17138 Paul Bingley
Nabanita Datta Gupta
Peder J. Pedersen

Disability Programs, Health and Retirement in Denmark since 1960
w17148 David M. Cutler
Mary Beth Landrum

Dimensions of Health in the Elderly Population
w17153 Arthur van Soest
Tatiana Andreyeva
Arie Kapteyn
James P. Smith

Self Reported Disability and Reference Groups
w17110 Tabea Bucher-Koenen
Annamaria Lusardi

Financial Literacy and Retirement Planning in Germany
w17114 Alain Jousten
Mathieu Lefebvre
Sergio Perelman

Disability in Belgium: There is More than Meets the Eye
w17118 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

The Availability and Utilization of 401(k) Loans
w17103 Annamaria Lusardi
Americans' Financial Capability
w17107 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Financial Literacy around the World: An Overview
w17108 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Financial Literacy and Retirement Planning in the United States
w17109 Rob J. Alessie
Maarten van Rooij
Annamaria Lusardi

Financial Literacy, Retirement Preparation and Pension Expectations in the Netherlands
w17096 James Banks
Zoe Oldfield
James P. Smith

Childhood Health and Differences in Late-Life Health Outcomes Between England and the United States
w17079 Axel H. Boersch-Supan
Hendrik Juerges

Disability, Pension Reform and Early Retirement in Germany
w17072 Annamaria Lusardi
Daniel J. Schneider
Peter Tufano

Financially Fragile Households: Evidence and Implications
w17077 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

The Outlook for Financial Literacy
w17078 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Financial Literacy and Planning: Implications for Retirement Wellbeing
w17055 Luc Behaghel
Didier Blanchet
Thierry Debrand
Muriel Roger

Disability and Social Security Reforms: The French Case
w17048 Pilar García-Gómez
Sergi Jiménez-Martín
Judit Vall Castelló

Health, Disability and Pathways to Retirement in Spain
w17049 James Banks
Richard Blundell
Antoine Bozio
Carl Emmerson

Disability, Health and Retirement in the United Kingdom
w17052 Takashi Oshio
Satoshi Shimizutani

Disability Pension Program and Labor Force Participation in Japan: A Historical Perspective
w17053 Klaas de Vos
Arie Kapteyn
Adriaan Kalwij

Disability Insurance and Labor Market Exit Routes of Older Workers in The Netherlands
w17054 Lisa Jönsson
Mårten Palme
Ingemar Svensson

Disability Insurance, Population Health and Employment in Sweden
w17015 Kent Smetters
Walter E. Theseira

A Matter of Trust: Understanding Worldwide Public Pension Conversions
w17018 Jeffrey R. Brown
Arie Kapteyn
Olivia S. Mitchell

Framing Effects and Expected Social Security Claiming Behavior
w17025 Jialun Li
Kent Smetters

Optimal Portfolio Choice with Wage-Indexed Social Security
w16991 Edward N. Wolff
Pensions in the 2000s: the Lost Decade?
w16969 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Stephen P. Ryan
Paul Schrimpf
Mark R. Cullen

Selection on Moral Hazard in Health Insurance
w16977 Jason Brown
Mark Duggan
Ilyana Kuziemko
William Woolston

How does Risk Selection Respond to Risk Adjustment? Evidence from the Medicare Advantage Program
w16953 Amitabh Chandra
Jonathan S. Skinner

Technology Growth and Expenditure Growth in Health Care
w16868 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Does Aggregated Returns Disclosure Increase Portfolio Risk-Taking?
w16857 Dalton Conley
Jason Alan Thompson

Health Shocks, Insurance Status and Net Worth: Intra- and Inter-Generational Effects
w16792 Jeffrey R. Brown
Robert Clark
Joshua Rauh

The Economics of State and Local Public Pensions
w16723 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein

Selection in Insurance Markets: Theory and Empirics in Pictures
w16728 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Behavioral Economics Perspectives on Public Sector Pension Plans
w16719 Kevin S. Milligan
David A. Wise

Social Security and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms - Introduction and Summary
w16738 Li Gan
Feng Huang
Adalbert Mayer

A Simple Test of Private Information in the Insurance Markets with Heterogeneous Insurance Demand
w16740 Justine S. Hastings
Olivia S. Mitchell

How Financial Literacy and Impatience Shape Retirement Wealth and Investment Behaviors
w16748 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Erik Hurst
Alexandra Killewald

Marital Sorting and Parental Wealth
w16705 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Günther Fink

Implications of Population Aging for Economic Growth
w16675 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Drawdown of Personal Retirement Assets
2010
w16612 Robert Clark
Melinda Sandler Morrill
Steven G. Allen

The Role of Financial Literacy in Determining Retirement Plans
w16624 Jeremy D. Goldhaber-Fiebert
Erik Blumenkranz
Alan M. Garber

Committing to Exercise: Contract Design for Virtuous Habit Formation
w16584 Dora L. Costa
Scarring and Mortality Selection Among Civil War POWs: A Long-Term Mortality, Morbidity and Socioeconomic Follow-Up
w16555 Robert T. Jensen
Nolan H. Miller

A Revealed Preference Approach to Measuring Hunger and Undernutrition
w16500 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Financial Knowledge and Financial Literacy at the Household Level
w16501 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Growth in Social Security Benefits Among the Retirement Age Population from Increases in the Cap on Covered Earnings
w16503 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Policy Effects in Hyperbolic vs. Exponential Models of Consumption and Retirement
w16489 Daniel J. Benjamin
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball
Alex Rees-Jones

Do People Seek to Maximize Happiness? Evidence from New Surveys
w16452 Jere R. Behrman
Olivia S. Mitchell
Cindy Soo
David Bravo

Financial Literacy, Schooling, and Wealth Accumulation
w16464 Michael D. Hurd
Maarten van Rooij
Joachim Winter

Stock Market Expectations of Dutch Households
w16467 John Cawley
Chad Meyerhoefer

The Medical Care Costs of Obesity: An Instrumental Variables Approach
w16442 Alicia H. Munnell
Jean-Pierre Aubry
Laura Quinby

Public Pension Funding in Practice
w16406 Gopi Shah Goda
The Impact of State Tax Subsidies for Private Long-Term Care Insurance on Coverage and Medicaid Expenditures
w16407 Michael D. Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

Effects of the Financial Crisis and Great Recession on American Households
w16382 Amitabh Chandra
Douglas O. Staiger

Identifying Provider Prejudice in Healthcare
w16389 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Asset Cost of Poor health
w16329 Jonathan Reuter
Eric Zitzewitz

How Much Does Size Erode Mutual Fund Performance? A Regression Discontinuity Approach
w16205 Dean Karlan
Margaret McConnell
Sendhil Mullainathan
Jonathan Zinman

Getting to the Top of Mind: How Reminders Increase Saving
w16211 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Does Stock Market Performance Influence Retirement Intentions?
w16212 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected from Inflation?
w16213 Heidi L. Williams
Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: Evidence from the Human Genome
w16099 Gopi Shah Goda
Colleen Flaherty Manchester

Incorporating Employee Heterogeneity into Default Rules for Retirement Plan Selection
w16170 Samuel Marshall
Kathleen M. McGarry
Jonathan S. Skinner

The Risk of Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure at End of Life
w16155 Gary V. Engelhardt
Jonathan Gruber

Medicare Part D and the Financial Protection of the Elderly
w16137 David N. Figlio
Deborah Fletcher

Suburbanization, Demographic Change and the Consequences for School Finance
w16088 Ryan D. Edwards
Trends in World Inequality in Life Span Since 1970
w16102 Robert T. Jensen
Nolan H. Miller

Do Consumer Price Subsidies Really Improve Nutrition?
w16066 Courtney C. Coile
Phillip B. Levine

Recessions, Reeling Markets, and Retiree Well-Being
w16076 Gopi Shah Goda
Ezra Golberstein
David C. Grabowski

Income and the Utilization of Long-Term Care Services: Evidence from the Social Security Benefit Notch
w16083 Daron Acemoglu
Tarek A. Hassan
James A. Robinson

Social Structure and Development: A Legacy of the Holocaust in Russia
w16051 Frank R. Lichtenberg
Are Increasing 5-Year Survival Rates Evidence of Success Against Cancer? A reexamination using data from the U.S. and Australia
w16012 Jonathan T. Kolstad
Amanda E. Kowalski

The Impact of Health Care Reform On Hospital and Preventive Care: Evidence from Massachusetts
w16021 Robert T. Jensen
Economic Opportunities and Gender Differences in Human Capital: Experimental Evidence for India
w16024 David W. Galenson
Understanding Creativity
w15998 Raj Chetty
Adam Szeidl

The Effect of Housing on Portfolio Choice
w15930 David W. Galenson
Innovators: Filmmakers
w15855 Jonathan Gruber
Samuel A. Kleiner

Do Strikes Kill? Evidence from New York State
w15838 David Galenson
Late Bloomers in the Arts and Sciences: Answers and Questions
w15843 Annamaria Lusardi
Daniel J. Schneider
Peter Tufano

The economic crisis and medical care usage
w15827 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie

Human Capital Development Before Age Five
w15805 Stavros Panageas
Optimal retirement benefit guarantees
w15741 Wojciech Kopczuk
Economics of estate taxation: a brief review of theory and evidence
w15744 Axel H. Boersch-Supan
Alexander Ludwig

Old Europe ages: Reforms and Reform Backlashes
w15778 Ryan D. Edwards
Health, Income, and the Timing of Education Among Military Retirees
w15786 Liran Einav
Jonathan D. Levin

Empirical Industrial Organization: A Progress Report
w15789 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Family Status Transitions, Latent Health, and the Post-Retirement Evolution of Assets
w15766 Jonathan Gruber
The Tax Exclusion for Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance
w15703 J. Trent Alexander
Michael Davern
Betsey Stevenson

Inaccurate age and sex data in the Census PUMS files: Evidence and Implications
w15682 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

The Effect of Uncertain Labor Income and Social Security on Life-cycle Portfolios
w15686 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Iuliana Pascu
Mark R. Cullen

How general are risk preferences? Choices under uncertainty in different domains.
w15637 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

Causes and Consequences of Early Life Health
w15640 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

The Long Reach of Childhood Health and Circumstance: Evidence from the Whitehall II Study
2009
w15617 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Tore Olsen
Luigi Pistaferri

Adjustment Costs, Firm Responses, and Micro vs. Macro Labor Supply Elasticities: Evidence from Danish Tax Records
w15601 Charles Y. Horioka
The (Dis)saving Behavior of the Aged in Japan
w15607 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier

Integrating Retirement Models
w15608 John Chalmers
Jonathan Reuter

How Do Retirees Value Life Annuities? Evidence from Public Employees
w15510 Silvia Ardagna
Annamaria Lusardi

Heterogeneity in the effect of regulation on entrepreneurship and entry size
w15469 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell
Vilsa Curto

Financial Literacy and Financial Sophistication Among Older Americans
w15435 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

What the Stock Market Decline Means for the Financial Security and Retirement Choices of the Near-Retirement Population
w15392 Florian Heiss
Daniel McFadden
Joachim Winter

Regulation of private health insurance markets: Lessons from enrollment, plan type choice, and adverse selection in Medicare Part D
w15395 Courtney Coile
Phillip B. Levine

The Market Crash and Mass Layoffs: How the Current Economic Crisis May Affect Retirement
w15352 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell
Vilsa Curto

Financial Literacy among the Young: Evidence and Implications for Consumer Policy
w15364 Beomsoo Kim
Christopher J. Ruhm

Inheritances, Health and Death
w15350 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

How Ordinary Consumers Make Complex Economic Decisions: Financial Literacy and Retirement Readiness
w15307 Motohiro Yogo
Portfolio Choice in Retirement: Health Risk and the Demand for Annuities, Housing, and Risky Assets
w15317 Ning Tang
Olivia S. Mitchell
Gary R. Mottola
Stephen Utkus

The Efficiency of Sponsor and Participant Portfolio Choices in 401(k) Plans
w15324 Alex Edmans
Xavier Gabaix
Tomasz Sadzik
Yuliy Sannikov

Dynamic Incentive Accounts
w15266 John J. McArdle
James P. Smith
Robert Willis

Cognition and Economic Outcomes in the Health and Retirement Survey
w15271 Angus S. Deaton
Aging, religion, and health
w15288 Shripad Tuljapurkar
Ryan D. Edwards

Variance in Death and Its Implications for Modeling and Forecasting Mortality
w15241 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Jonathan Levin

Beyond Testing: Empirical Models of Insurance Markets
w15245 Arie Kapteyn
James P. Smith
Arthur van Soest

Work Disability, Work, and Justification Bias in Europe and the U.S.
w15213 Samuel H. Preston
Jessica Y. Ho

Low Life Expectancy in the United States: Is the Health Care System at Fault?
w15164 David M. Cutler
Bryan Lincoln
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Selection Stories: Understanding Movement Across Health Plans
w15170 John Geanakoplos
Stephen P. Zeldes

Market Valuation of Accrued Social Security Benefits
w15122 Partha Deb
William T. Gallo
Padmaja Ayyagari
Jason M. Fletcher
Jody L. Sindelar

Job Loss: Eat, drink and try to be merry?
w15130 Jason M. Fletcher
Partha Deb
Jody L. Sindelar

Tobacco Use, Taxation and Self Control in Adolescence
w15149 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Why do the Elderly Save? The Role of Medical Expenses
w15121 Jason M. Fletcher
Jody L. Sindelar
Shintaro Yamaguchi

Cumulative Effects of Job Characteristics on Health
w15108 Olivia S. Mitchell
Gary R. Mottola
Stephen P. Utkus
Takeshi Yamaguchi

Default, Framing and Spillover Effects: The Case of Lifecycle Funds in 401(k) Plans
w15085 Amanda E. Kowalski
Censored Quantile Instrumental Variable Estimates of the Price Elasticity of Expenditure on Medical Care
w15090 Angus S. Deaton
Raksha Arora

Life at the top: the benefits of height
w15070 Jeffrey R. Brown
Julia Lynn Coronado
Don Fullerton

Is Social Security Part of the Social Safety Net?
w15079 Jingjing Chai
Wolfram Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Extending Life Cycle Models of Optimal Portfolio Choice: Integrating Flexible Work, Endogenous Retirement, and Investment Decisions with Lifetime Payouts
w15032 Anupam Jena
Tomas Philipson

Endogenous Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health Care Technology Adoption
w15000 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

The Impact of the AIDS Pandemic on Health Services in Africa: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys
w14998 Anne Case
Alicia Menendez

Requiescat in Pace? The Consequences of High Priced Funerals in South Africa
w14964 Steven J. Atlas
Jonathan S. Skinner

Education and the Prevalence of Pain
w14859 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

How Does Simplified Disclosure Affect Individuals' Mutual Fund Choices?
w14865 Jonathan Skinner
Douglas Staiger

Technology Diffusion and Productivity Growth in Health Care
w14811 Gabriel Aranovich
Jay Bhattacharya
Alan M. Garber
Thomas E. MaCurdy

Coping with Chronic Disease? Chronic Disease and Disability in Elderly American Population 1982-1999
w14820 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Günther Fink
Jocelyn E. Finlay

The Cost of Low Fertility in Europe
w14800 Chulhee Lee
Labor Force Participation of Older Males in Korea: 1955-2005
w14808 Annamaria Lusardi
Peter Tufano

Debt Literacy, Financial Experiences, and Overindebtedness
w14759 Jason T. Abaluck
Jonathan Gruber

Choice Inconsistencies Among the Elderly: Evidence from Plan Choice in the Medicare Part D Program
w14744 Daron Acemoglu
Amy Finkelstein
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

Income and Health Spending: Evidence from Oil Price Shocks
w14746 Chulhee Lee
Technological Changes and Employment of Older Manufacturing Workers in Early Twentieth Century America
w14747 Silvia Ardagna
Annamaria Lusardi

Where does regulation hurt? Evidence from new businesses across countries
w14715 Annamaria Lusardi
Punam Anand Keller
Adam M. Keller

New Ways to Make People Save: A Social Marketing Approach
w14682 Alan J. Auerbach
Ronald Lee

Welfare and Generational Equity in Sustainable Unfunded Pension Systems
w14690 Angus S. Deaton
Instruments of development: Randomization in the tropics, and the search for the elusive keys to economic development
w14667 Michael Baker
Jonathan Gruber
Kevin S. Milligan

Retirement Income Security and Well-Being in Canada
w14647 Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan
David A. Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment, Introduction and Summary
w14653 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Life Expectancy and Old Age Savings
w14637 Angus Deaton
Jane Fortson
Robert Tortora

Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa
w14639 Charles Yuji Horioka
Do Bequests Increase or Decrease Wealth Inequalities?
2008
w14580 Loretti I. Dobrescu
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Alberto F. Motta

Why Aren't Developed Countries Saving?
w14538 Justine S. Hastings
Lydia Tejeda-Ashton

Financial Literacy, Information, and Demand Elasticity: Survey and Experimental Evidence from Mexico
w14573 Kasey Buckles
Daniel M. Hungerman

Season of Birth and Later Outcomes: Old Questions, New Answers
w14527 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Dynamic Globalization and Its Potentially Alarming Prospects for Low-Wage Workers
w14540 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
David G. Seif

Labor Supply Responses to Marginal Social Security Benefits: Evidence from Discontinuities
w14498 Samuel H. Preston
Caroline Sten Hartnett

The Future of American Fertility
w14462 Dora L. Costa
The Rise of Retirement Among African Americans: Wealth and Social Security Effects
w14456 Anne Case
Anu Garrib
Alicia Menendez
Analia Olgiati

Paying the Piper: The High Cost of Funerals in South Africa
w14435 Tracy A. Falba
William T. Gallo
Jody L. Sindelar

Work Expectations, Realizations, and Depression in Older Workers
w14414 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Mark R. Cullen

Estimating Welfare in Insurance Markets Using Variation in Prices
w14428 Douglas Almond
Bhashkar Mazumder

Health Capital and the Prenatal Environment: The Effect of Maternal Fasting During Pregnancy
w14343 Robert Novy-Marx
Joshua D. Rauh

The Intergenerational Transfer of Public Pension Promises
w14317 David Neumark
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act and the Challenge of Population Aging
w14332 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ralph Rogalla

Managing Contribution and Capital Market Risk in a Funded Public Defined Benefit Plan: Impact of CVaR Cost Constraints
w14333 David M. Cutler
Adriana Lleras-Muney
Tom Vogl

Socioeconomic Status and Health: Dimensions and Mechanisms
w14257 Alan M. Garber
Jonathan Skinner

Is American Health Care Uniquely Inefficient?
w14270 Christopher F. Chabris
David Laibson
Carrie L. Morris
Jonathon P. Schuldt
Dmitry Taubinsky

Individual Laboratory-Measured Discount Rates Predict Field Behavior
w14231 John B. Shoven
Adjusting Government Policies for Age Inflation
w14174 Joseph J. Doyle
Jr.
Steven M. Ewer
Todd H. Wagner

Returns to Physician Human Capital: Analyzing Patients Randomized to Physician Teams
w14185 C.Y. Cyrus Chu
Hung-Ken Chien
Ronald D. Lee

The Evolutionary Theory of Time Preferences and Intergenerational Transfers
w14104 John Cawley
John R. Moran
Kosali I. Simon

The Impact of Income on the Weight of Elderly Americans
w14105 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier

How Changes in Social Security Affect Recent Retirement Trends
w14084 Annamaria Lusardi
Financial Literacy: An Essential Tool for Informed Consumer Choice?
w14089 Amy Finkelstein
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

What Good Is Wealth Without Health? The Effect of Health on the Marginal Utility of Consumption
w14093 Ryan D. Edwards
The Cost of Uncertain Life Span
w14078 Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott
Cagri Kumru

Managing Public Investment Funds: Best Practices and New Challenges
w14053 Dora L. Costa
Matthew E. Kahn

Health, Stress, and Social Networks: Evidence from Union Army Veterans
w14055 Wolfram J. Horneff
Raimond H. Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Michael Z. Stamos

Asset Allocation and Location over the Life Cycle with Survival-Contingent Payouts
w14012 Silvia Ardagna
Annamaria Lusardi

Explaining International Differences in Entrepreneurship: The Role of Individual Characteristics and Regulatory Constraints
w14007 Anne Case
Christina Paxson
Mahnaz Islam

Making Sense of the Labor Market Height Premium: Evidence From the British Household Panel Survey
w13976 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

How are Preferences Revealed?
w13979 John Geanakoplos
Stephen P. Zeldes

Reforming Social Security with Progressive Personal Accounts
w13966 Francisco J. Gomes
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Luis M. Viceira

Optimal Life-Cycle Investing with Flexible Labor Supply: A Welfare Analysis of Life-Cycle Funds
w13929 Michael D. Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

The Retirement Consumption Puzzle: Actual Spending Change in Panel Data
w13893 Mark Aguiar
Erik Hurst

Deconstructing Lifecycle Expenditure
w13822 Sumit Agarwal
John C. Driscoll
Xavier Gabaix
David Laibson

Learning in the Credit Card Market
w13824 Annamaria Lusardi
Household Saving Behavior: The Role of Financial Literacy, Information, and Financial Education Programs
w13789 Erik Hurst
The Retirement of a Consumption Puzzle
w13758 Jonathan Gruber
Covering the Uninsured in the U.S.
w13746 David M. Cutler
Amy Finkelstein
Kathleen McGarry

Preference Heterogeneity and Insurance Markets: Explaining a Puzzle of Insurance
w13748 Jeffrey R. Brown
Jeffrey R. Kling
Sendhil Mullainathan
Marian V. Wrobel

Why Don't People Insure Late Life Consumption: A Framing Explanation of the Under-Annuitization Puzzle
w13750 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Planning and Financial Literacy: How Do Women Fare?
w13726 Julia Coronado
Olivia S. Mitchell
Steven A. Sharpe
S. Blake Nesbitt

Footnotes Aren't Enough: The Impact of Pension Accounting on Stock Values
a0662 David A. Wise
The Economics of Aging
2007
w13715 Jody L. Sindelar
Jason Fletcher
Tracy Falba
Patricia Keenan
William T. Gallo

Impact of First Occupation on Health at Older Ages
w13683 Abhijit V. Banerjee
Esther Duflo

Aging and Death under a Dollar a Day
w13693 Todd Sinai
Nicholas S. Souleles

Net Worth and Housing Equity in Retirement
w13656 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Mental Accounting in Portfolio Choice: Evidence from a Flypaper Effect
w13626 Daniel Sullivan
Till von Wachter

Mortality, Mass-Layoffs, and Career Outcomes: An Analysis using Administrative Data
w13627 Florian Heiss
Daniel McFadden
Joachim Winter

Mind the Gap! Consumer Perceptions and Choices of Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plans
w13630 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Michael Moore

A Theory of Retirement
w13657 John Bound
Todd Stinebrickner
Timothy Waidmann

Health, Economic Resources and the Work Decisions of Older Men
w13668 David Card
Carlos Dobkin
Nicole Maestas

Does Medicare Save Lives?
w13565 Maarten van Rooij
Annamaria Lusardi
Rob Alessie

Financial Literacy and Stock Market Participation
w13519 Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren

The Impact of Research Grant Funding on Scientific Productivity
w13536 Arie Kapteyn
James P. Smith
Arthur van Soest
James Banks

Labor Market Status and Transitions during the Pre-Retirement Years: Learning from International Differences
w13537 Jeffrey R. Brown
Rational and Behavioral Perspectives on the Role of Annuities in Retirement Planning
w13541 Anne Case
Alicia Menendez

Sex Differences in Obesity Rates in Poor Countries: Evidence from South Africa
w13496 James Banks
Richard Blundell
Zoë Oldfield
James P. Smith

Housing Price Volatility and Downsizing in Later Life
w13476 John B. Shoven
New Age Thinking: Alternative Ways of Measuring Age, Their Relationship to Labor Force Participation, Goverment Policies and GDP
w13477 David M. Cutler
Edward L. Glaeser

Social Interactions and Smoking
w13478 David M. Cutler
The Lifetime Costs and Benefits of Medical Technology
w13442 Cally Ardington
Anne Case
Victoria Hosegood

Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa
w13438 Jeffrey R. Brown
Guaranteed Trouble: The Economic Effects of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
w13392 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Erik Hurst
Nikolai Roussanov

Conspicuous Consumption and Race
w13381 James Poterba
Steven Venti
David A. Wise

The Changing Landscape of Pensions in the United States
w13382 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Social Security and the Timing of Divorce
w13379 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Imperfect Knowledge of Pension Plan Type
w13384 Douglas Almond
Lena Edlund
Hongbin Li
Junsen Zhang

Long-Term Effects Of The 1959-1961 China Famine: Mainland China and Hong Kong
w13383 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

A Tax on Work for the Elderly: Medicare as a Secondary Payer
w13358 Baoping Shang
Dana P. Goldman

Prescription Drug Coverage and Elderly Medicare Spending
w13347 Douglas Almond
Lena Edlund
Mårten Palme

Chernobyl's Subclinical Legacy: Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout and School Outcomes in Sweden
w13352 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

The Impact of Employer Matching on Savings Plan Participation under Automatic Enrollment
w13317 Angus Deaton
Income, Aging, Health and Wellbeing Around the World: Evidence from the Gallup World Poll
w13301 Joseph J. Doyle
Jr.

Returns to Local-Area Health Care Spending: Using Health Shocks to Patients Far From Home
w13304 Mary Beth Landrum
Kate A. Stewart
David M. Cutler

Clinical Pathways to Disability
w13309 Daniel J. Benjamin
James J. Choi
A. Joshua Strickland

Social Identity and Preferences
w13289 Charles L. Baum II
Christopher J. Ruhm

Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth
w13273 Charles Yuji Horioka
Wataru Suzuki
Tatsuo Hatta

Aging, Saving, and Public Pensions in Japan
w13263 Andrew K. Rose
Saktiandi Supaat

Fertility and the Real Exchange Rate
w13243 Robert T. Jensen
Nolan H. Miller

Giffen Behavior: Theory and Evidence
w13221 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Günther Fink
Jocelyn E. Finlay

Does Age Structure Forecast Economic Growth?
w13228 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Paul Schrimpf

The Welfare Cost of Asymmetric Information: Evidence from the U.K. Annuity Market
w13191 Sumit Agarwal
John C. Driscoll
Xavier Gabaix
David Laibson

The Age of Reason: Financial Decisions Over the Lifecycle
w13185 Alexander Ludwig
Dirk Krueger
Axel H. Boersch-Supan

Demographic Change, Relative Factor Prices, International Capital Flows, and Their Differential Effects on the Welfare of Generations
w13168 Jeffrey R. Brown
Zoran Ivkovich
Paul A. Smith
Scott Weisbenner

Neighbors Matter: Causal Community Effects and Stock Market Participation
w13169 Jeffrey R. Brown
Nellie Liang
Scott Weisbenner

Individual Account Investment Options and Portfolio Choice: Behavioral Lessons from 401(k) Plans
w13127 Daniel S. Hamermesh
Stephen Donald

The Time and Timing Costs of Market Work
w13105 John Ameriks
Andrew Caplin
Steven Laufer
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

The Joy of Giving or Assisted Living? Using Strategic Surveys to Separate Bequest and Precautionary Motives
w13110 Gopi Shah Goda
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Removing the Disincentives in Social Security for Long Careers
w13091 James Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Rise of 401(k) Plans, Lifetime Earnings, and Wealth at Retirement
w13083 James Poterba
Steven Venti
David A. Wise

New Estimates of the Future Path of 401(k) Assets
w13059 Andrew A. Samwick
Changing Progressivity as a Means of Risk Protection in Investment-Based Social Security
w13013 David M. Cutler
Edward L. Glaeser
Allison B. Rosen

Is the US Population Behaving Healthier?
w12981 Jonathan Skinner
Are You Sure You're Saving Enough for Retirement?
w12958 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier

Projecting Behavioral Responses to the Next Generation of Retirement Policies
w12966 Carlos Bozzoli
Angus S. Deaton
Climent Quintana-Domeque

Child Mortality, Income and Adult Height
w12944 Betsey Stevenson
Justin Wolfers

Marriage and Divorce: Changes and their Driving Forces
w12942 Wolfram J. Horneff
Raimond H. Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Michael Z. Stamos

Money in Motion: Dynamic Portfolio Choice in Retirement
w12905 James Smith
Diabetes and the Rise of the SES Health Gradient
w12869 Isaac Ehrlich
Jinyoung Kim

Has Social Security Influenced Family Formation and Fertility in OECD Countries? An Economic and Econometric Analysis
w12859 Francisco J. Gomes
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Luis M. Viceira

The Excess Burden of Government Indecision
w12854 Elizabeth M. Caucutt
Thomas F. Cooley
Nezih Guner

The Farm, the City, and the Emergence of Social Security
w12834 James Poterba
Steven Venti
David A. Wise

The Decline of Defined Benefit Retirement Plans and Asset Flows
w12842 Jeffrey R. Brown
Scott J. Weisbenner

Who Chooses Defined Contribution Plans?
w12848 Nasreen Khan
Robert Kaestner
Swu Jane Lin

Prescription Drug Insurance and Its Effect on Utilization and Health of the Elderly
w12830 Li Gan
Guan Gong

Estimating Interdependence Between Health and Education in a Dynamic Model
2006
w12805 Alan J. Auerbach
Ronald Lee

Notional Defined Contribution Pension Systems in a Stochastic Context: Design and Stability
w12770 Andrew Mason
Ronald Lee
An-Chi Tung
Mun-Sim Lai
Tim Miller

Population Aging and Intergenerational Transfers: Introducing Age into National Accounts
w12762 Beth J. Soldo
Olivia S. Mitchell
Rania Tfaily
John F. McCabe

Cross-Cohort Differences in Health on the Verge of Retirement
w12764 Dhaval Dave
Robert Kaestner

Health Insurance and Ex Ante Moral Hazard: Evidence from Medicare
w12735 Angus Deaton
Global Patterns of Income and Health: Facts, Interpretations, and Policies
w12723 Charles Yuji Horioka
Junmin Wan

The Determinants of Household Saving in China: A Dynamic Panel Analysis of Provincial Data
w12688 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Michael Moore
Younghwan Song

The Effect of Subjective Survival Probabilities on Retirement and Wealth in the United States
w12696 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Ben Marx
Pietro Rizza

Americans' Dependency on Social Security
w12701 Wojciech Kopczuk
Bequest and Tax Planning: Evidence From Estate Tax Returns
w12674 James Banks
Michael Marmot
Zoe Oldfield
James P. Smith

The SES Health Gradient on Both Sides of the Atlantic
w12680 Michael D. Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

Economic Well-Being at Older Ages: Income- and Consumption-Based Poverty Measures in the HRS
w12655 Midori Wakabayashi
Charles Y. Horioka

Is the Eldest Son Different? The Residential Choice of Siblings in Japan
w12659 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Simplification and Saving
w12639 David Card
Raj Chetty
Andrea Weber

Cash-on-Hand and Competing Models of Intertemporal Behavior: New Evidence from the Labor Market
w12621 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Rick Mansfield
Michael Moore

Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, and Savings
w12595 Kosali I. Simon
Claudio Lucarelli

What Drove First Year Premiums in Stand-Alone Medicare Drug Plans?
w12597 James Poterba
Joshua Rauh
Steven Venti
David Wise

Defined Contribution Plans, Defined Benefit Plans, and the Accumulation of Retirement Wealth
w12577 Darius Lakdawalla
Tomas Philipson
Y. Richard Wang

Intellectual Property and Marketing
w12585 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Baby Boomer Retirement Security: the Roles of Planning, Financial Literacy, and Housing Wealth
w12559 Courtney C. Coile
Phillip B. Levine

Labor Market Shocks and Retirement: Do Government Programs Matter?
w12554 Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French
John Bailey Jones

Differential Mortality, Uncertain Medical Expenses, and the Saving of Elderly Singles
wise06-1 David A. Wise and Naohiro Yashiro
editors

Health Care Issues in the United States and Japan
w12533 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
David Rapson

Does It Pay, at the Margin, to Work and Save? -- Measuring Effective Marginal Taxes on Americans' Labor Supply and Saving
w12536 Jeffrey R. Brown
Norma B. Coe
Amy Finkelstein

Medicaid Crowd-Out of Private Long-Term Care Insurance Demand: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Survey
w12511 Daniel Polsky
Jalpa A. Doshi
Jose Escarce
Willard Manning
Susan M. Paddock
Liyi Cen
Jeannette Rogowski

The Health Effects of Medicare for the Near-Elderly Uninsured
w12502 Gene Amromin
Jennifer Huang
Clemens Sialm

The Tradeoff Between Mortgage Prepayments and Tax-Deferred Retirement Savings
w12466 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

Stature and Status: Height, Ability, and Labor Market Outcomes
w12444 Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott
Michael Sherris
Shaun Yow

Financial Innovation for an Aging World
w12436 David Autor
Mark Duggan

The Growth in the Social Security Disability Rolls: A Fiscal Crisis Unfolding
w12427 Tadashi Fukui
Yasushi Iwamoto

Policy Options for Financing the Future Health and Long-Term Care Costs in Japan
w12401 Alberto Arenas de Mesa
David Bravo
Jere R. Behrman
Olivia S. Mitchell
Petra E. Todd

The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons From the Social Protection Survey
w12386 Jeffrey R. Brown
Courtney C. Coile
Scott J. Weisbenner

The Effect of Inheritance Receipt on Retirement
w12391 Courtney Coile
Kevin Milligan

How Household Portfolios Evolve After Retirement: The Effect of Aging and Health Shocks
w12392 Wolfram J. Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Ivica Dus

Optimizing the Retirement Portfolio: Asset Allocation, Annuitization, and Risk Aversion
w12367 Leora Friedberg
Anthony Webb

Determinants and Consequences of Bargaining Power in Households
w12379 Ronald Lee
Sang-Hyop Lee
Andrew Mason

Charting the Economic Life Cycle
w12361 David C. Grabowski
Jonathan Gruber
Joseph J. Angelelli

Nursing Home Quality as a Public Good
w12358 Liliana E. Pezzin
Robert A. Pollak
Barbara S. Schone

Efficiency in Family Bargaining: Living Arrangements and Caregiving Decisions of Adult Children and Disabled Elderly Parents
w12351 Charles Yuji Horioka
The Dissaving of the Aged Revisited: The Case of Japan
w12352 David M. Cutler
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Education and Health: Evaluating Theories and Evidence
w12303 Axel Börsch-Supan
Hendrik Jürges

Early Retirement, Social Security and Well-Being in Germany
w12273 Kanika Kapur
Jeannette Rogowski

Love or Money? Health Insurance and Retirement Among Married Couples
w12265 Young Jun Chun
Population Aging, Fiscal Policies, and National Saving: Predictions for Korean Economy
w12237 Rena M. Conti
Ernst R. Berndt
Richard G. Frank

Early Retirement and Public Disability Insurance Applications: Exploring the Impact of Depression
w12204 John Y. Campbell
Yves Nosbusch

Intergenerational Risksharing and Equilibrium Asset Prices
w12205 Amy Finkelstein
James Poterba
Casey Rothschild

Redistribution by Insurance Market Regulation: Analyzing a Ban on Gender-Based Retirement Annuities
w12184 David M. Cutler
Mary Beth Landrum
Kate A. Stewart

Intensive Medical Care and Cardiovascular Disease Disability Reductions
w12135 John B. Shoven
Sita N. Slavov

Political Risk Versus Market Risk in Social Security
w12140 Heinrich Hock
David N. Weil

The Dynamics of the Age Structure, Dependency, and Consumption
w12147 David N. Weil
Population Aging
w12111 Karen Clay
Werner Troesken

Deprivation and Disease in Early Twentieth-Century America
w12123 Dhaval Dave
Inas Rashad
Jasmina Spasojevic

The Effects of Retirement on Physical and Mental Health Outcomes
w12124 David M. Cutler
Edward L. Glaeser

Why Do Europeans Smoke More than Americans?
w12096 Genia Long
David Cutler
Ernst R. Berndt
Jimmy Royer
Andrée-Anne Fournier
Alicia Sasser
Pierre Cremieux

The Impact of Antihypertensive Drugs on the Number and Risk of Death, Stroke and Myocardial Infarction in the United States
w12080 Alan M. Garber
Charles I. Jones
Paul M. Romer

Insurance and Incentives for Medical Innovation
w12048 Joanna Lahey
State Age Protection Laws and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act
w12057 Michael D. Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

Some Answers to the Retirement-Consumption Puzzle
w12040 David M. Cutler
Mary Beth Landrum
Kate A. Stewart

How Do the Better Educated Do It? Socioeconomic Status and the Ability to Cope with Underlying Impairment
w12009 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

The Importance of Default Options for Retirement Savings Outcomes: Evidence from the United States
w11984 Leora Friedberg
Anthony Webb

Life is Cheap: Using Mortality Bonds to Hedge Aggregate Mortality Risk
w11951 Thomas C. Buchmueller
Sabina Ohri

Health Insurance Take-up by the Near Elderly
w11963 David M. Cutler
Angus S. Deaton
Adriana Lleras-Muney

The Determinants of Mortality
w11964 Jeffrey Brown
James Poterba

Household Ownership of Variable Annuities
w11974 James Poterba
Joshua Rauh
Steven Venti
David Wise

Lifecycle Asset Allocation Strategies and the Distribution of 401(k) Retirement Wealth
w11979 James Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian

Reducing the Complexity Costs of 401(k) Participation Through Quick Enrollment(TM)
w11980 Brigitte Madrian
The U.S. Health Care System and Labor Markets
w11920 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian

Early Decisions: A Regulatory Framework
2005
w11877 Peter Diamond
Pensions for an Aging Population
w11833 Christian Hagist
Laurence Kotlikoff

Who's Going Broke? Comparing Growth in Healthcare Costs in Ten OECD Countries
w11850 Axel Boersch-Supan
Alexander Ludwig
Joachim Winter

Aging, Pension Reform, and Capital Flows: A Multi-Country Simulation Model
w11808 Leora Friedberg
Michael T. Owyang
Tara M. Sinclair

Searching for Better Prospects: Endogenizing Falling Job Tenure and Private Pension Coverage
w11811 Mark Duggan
Perry Singleton
Jae Song

Aching to Retire? The Rise in the Full Retirement Age and its Impact on the Disability Rolls
w11818 Dana Goldman
Nicole Maestas

Medical Expenditure Risk and Household Portfolio Choice
w11763 Li Gan
Tarun Sabarwal

A Simple Test of Adverse Events and Strategic Timing Theories of Consumer Bankruptcy
w11767 Wojciech Kopczuk
Joseph Lupton

To Leave or Not To Leave: The Distribution of Bequest Motives
w11731 Erik Hurst
Arthur Kennickell
Annamaria Lusardi
Francisco Torralba

Precautionary Savings and the Importance of Business Owners
w11746 Ricardo Reis
A Dynamic Measure of Inflation
w11747 Henry Hongbo Jin
Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott

Socially Responsible Investment in Japanese Pensions
w11723 David C. Grabowski
Jonathan Gruber

Moral Hazard in Nursing Home Use
w11726 Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen P. Utkus
Tongxuan (Stella) Yang

Turning Workers into Savers? Incentives, Liquidity, and Choice in 401(k) Plan Design
w11680 Esther Duflo
William Gale
Jeffrey Liebman
Peter Orszag
Emmanuel Saez

Saving Incentives for Low- and Middle-Income Families: Evidence from a Field Experiment with H&R Block
w11619 Amy Finkelstein
The Aggregate Effects of Health Insurance: Evidence from the Introduction of Medicare
w11622 Shinichi Nishiyama
Kent Smetters

Does Social Security Privatization Produce Efficiency Gains?
w11609 Amy Finkelstein
Robin McKnight

What Did Medicare Do (And Was It Worth It)?
w11612 Steven J. Haider
Kathleen McGarry

Recent Trends in Resource Sharing Among the Poor
w11605 Amitabh Chandra
Andrew A. Samwick

Disability Risk and the Value of Disability Insurance
w11554 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

$100 Bills on the Sidewalk: Suboptimal Investment in 401(k) Plans
w11558 James Banks
Arie Kapteyn
James P. Smith
Arthur van Soest

Work Disability is a Pain in the *****, Especially in England, The Netherlands, and the United States
wise05-1 David A. Wise
editor

Analyses in the Economics of Aging
w11485 Wojciech Kopczuk
Joel Slemrod

Denial of Death and Economic Behavior
w11487 Junsoo Lee
John A. List
Mark Strazicich

Nonrenewable Resource Prices: Deterministic or Stochastic Trends?
w11488 Harrison Hong
Jeffrey D. Kubik
Jeremy C. Stein

The Only Game in Town: Stock-Price Consequences of Local Bias
w11439 John Y. Campbell
Tarun Ramadorai
Tuomo O. Vuolteenaho

Caught On Tape: Institutional Order Flow and Stock Returns
w11435 Joanna Lahey
Age, Women, and Hiring: An Experimental Study
w11420 Leemore Dafny
David Dranove

Do Report Cards Tell Consumers Anything They Don't Already Know? The Case of Medicare HMOs
w11419 Daniel P. Kessler
Can Ranking Hospitals on the Basis of Patients' Travel Distances Improve Quality of Care?
w11406 Andrew G. Biggs
Jeffrey R. Brown
Glenn Springstead

Alternative Methods of Price Indexing Social Security: Implications for Benefits and System Financing
w11332 Jonathan Gruber
Daniel M. Hungerman

Faith-Based Charity and Crowd Out during the Great Depression
w11290 Jonathan Gruber
David Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Fiscal Implications, Introduction and Summary
w11300 Robert J. Shiller
The Life-Cycle Personal Accounts Proposal for Social Security: A Review
w11308 Angus Deaton
The Great Escape: A Review Essay on Fogel's 'The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700-2100'
w11271 Ivica Dus
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Betting on Death and Capital Markets in Retirement: A Shortfall Risk Analysis of Life Annuities
w11251 Jonathan Skinner
Douglas Staiger

Technology Adoption From Hybrid Corn to Beta Blockers
w11233 Robert W. Fogel
Changes in the Physiology of Aging during the Twentieth Century
w11226 Daniel P. Kessler
Jeffrey J. Geppert

The Effects of Competition on Variation in the Quality and Cost of Medical Care
w11160 Katherine Baicker
Amitabh Chandra

The Labor Market Effects of Rising Health Insurance Premiums
w11146 Michele Boldrin
Mariacristina De Nardi
Larry E. Jones

Fertility and Social Security
w11121 Isaac Ehrlich
Jinyoung Kim

Social Security, Demographic Trends, and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence from the International Experience
w11100 David Cutler
Edward Glaeser

What Explains Differences in Smoking, Drinking and Other Health-Related Behaviors
w11098 Martin Feldstein
Structural Reform of Social Security
w11101 Kent Smetters
Social Security Privatization with Elastic Labor Supply and Second-Best Taxes
w11084 Martin Feldstein
Reducing the Risk of Investment-Based Social Security Reform
w11068 John R. Moran
Kosali Ilayperuma Simon

Income and the Use of Prescription Drugs by the Elderly: Evidence from the Notch Cohorts
w11074 Gabriel D. Carroll
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian
Andrew Metrick

Optimal Defaults and Active Decisions
w11039 Amy Finkelstein
Kathleen McGarry
Amir Sufi

Dynamic Inefficiencies in Insurance Markets: Evidence from long-term care insurance
w11036 Sven Wilson
Joseph Burton
Benjamin Howell

Work and the Disability Transition in 20th Century America
2004
w10988 Christian Broda
David E. Weinstein

Happy News from the Dismal Science: Reassessing the Japanese Fiscal Policy and Sustainability
w10989 Jeffrey R. Brown
Amy Finkelstein

The Interaction of Public and Private Insurance: Medicaid and the Long-Term Care Insurance Market
w10964 Zhou Yang
Donna B. Gilleskie
Edward C. Norton

Prescription Drugs, Medical Care, and Health Outcomes: A Model of Elderly Health Dynamics
w10967 Assaf Razin
Efraim Sadka

Aging and the Welfare State: The Role of Young and Old Voting Pivots
w10969 Antoine Bommier
Ronald Lee
Timothy Miller
Stephane Zuber

Who Wins and Who Loses? Public Transfer Accounts for US Generations Born 1850 to 2090
hosh04-1 Takeo Hoshi
Sadao Nagaoka and Toshiaki Tachibanaki
organizers

Financing Retirement (NBER-CEPR-TCER-RIETI conference)
w10953 Sita Nataraj
John B. Shoven

Has the Unified Budget Undermined the Federal Government Trust Funds?
w10917 Ronald Lee
Timothy Miller
Michael Anderson

Stochastic Infinite Horizon Forecasts for Social Security and Related Studies
w10919 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Michael Moore

The Effect of Improvements in Health and Longevity on Optimal Retirement and Saving
w10905 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The social Security Retirement Earnings Test, Retirement and Benefit Claiming
w10882 Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott
Satoshi Shimizutani

Aged-Care Support in Japan: Perspectives and Challenges
w10888 Arthur Kennickell
Annamaria Lusardi

Disentangling the Importance of the Precautionary Saving Mode
w10902 Dora L. Costa
Race and Older Age Mortality: Evidence from Union Army Veterans
w10862 Susann Rohwedder
Steven J. Haider
Michael Hurd

Increases in Wealth among the Elderly in the Early 1990s: How Much is Due to Survey Design?
w10876 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Minimum Hours Constraints, Job Requirements and Retirement
w10842 Jonathan Skinner
Weiping Zhou

The Measurement and Evolution of Health Inequality: Evidence from the U.S. Medicare Population
w10851 James Poterba
The Impact of Population Aging on Financial Markets
w10860 Kevin Milligan
Life-Cycle Asset Accumulation and Allocation in Canada
w10810 Courtney C. Coile
Health Shocks and Couples' Labor Supply Decisions
w10817 David E. Bloom
David Canning

Global Demographic Change: Dimensions and Economic Significance
w10782 Jeffrey R. Brown
Amy Finkelstein

Supply or Demand: Why is the Market for Long-Term Care Insurance So Small?
w10789 Li Gan
Guan Gong
Michael Hurd
Daniel McFadden

Subjective Mortality Risk and Bequests
w10779 Courtney C. Coile
Phillip B. Levine

Bulls, Bears, and Retirement Behavior
w10781 Robert Dekle
Financing Consumption in an Aging Japan: The Role of Foreign Capital Inflows in Immigration
w10737 Robert E. Hall
Charles I. Jones

The Value of Life and the Rise in Health Spending
w10745 Jody Sindelar
Todd Olmstead

Does the Impact of Managed Care on Substance Abuse Treatment Services Vary By Profit Status?
w10714 Leora Friedberg
Michael Owyang

Explaining the Evolution of Pension Structure and Job Tenure
w10653 Anne C. Case
Christina Paxson

Sex Differences in Morbidity and Mortality
wise04-1 David A. Wise
editor

Perspectives on the Economics of Aging
w10512 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence Kotlikoff

The Role of Immigration in Dealing with the Developed World's Demographic Transition
w10525 Axel Boersch-Supan
Christina B. Wilke

The German Public Pension System: How it Was, How it Will Be
w10531 Steven G. Allen
The Value of Phased Retirement
w10486 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Plan Design and 401(k) Savings Outcomes
w10487 Erik Hurst
James P. Ziliak

Do Welfare Asset Limits Affect Household Saving? Evidence from Welfare Reform
w10466 Gary V. Engelhardt
Jonathan Gruber

Social Security and the Evolution of Elderly Poverty
w10461 Arthur van Soest
Michael Hurd

Models for Anchoring and Acquiescence Bias in Consumption Data
w10462 Arthur van Soest
Michael Hurd

A Test for Anchoring and Yea-Saying in Experimental Consumption Data
w10444 Takashi Oshio
Social Security and Trust Fund Management
w10414 Robin McKnight
Home Care Reimbursement, Long-term Care Utilization, and Health Outcomes
w10419 Jeffrey R. Brown
Nellie Liang
Scott Weisbenner

401(k) Matching Contributions in Company Stock: Costs and Benefits for Firms and Workers
w10421 Gary V. Engelhardt
Brigitte C. Madrian

Employee Stock Purchase Plans
w10395 James Poterba
Valuing Assets in Retirement Saving Accounts
w10381 Li Gan
Guan Gong

Mortality Risk and Educational Attainment of Black and White Men
w10340 Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott

Unlocking Housing Equity in Japan
w10339 Kohei Komamura
Atsuhiro Yamada

Who Bears the Burden of Social Insurance?
w10311 Robert W. Fogel
Changes in the Disparities in Chronic Disease during the Course of the Twentieth Century
w10316 Edward C. Prescott
Why do Americans Work so Much More than Europeans?
w10305 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Personal Accounts and Family Retirement
w10257 Steven Haider
Melvin Stephens Jr.

Is There a Retirement-Consumption Puzzle? Evidence Using Subjective Retirement Expectations
w10260 John Karl Scholz
Ananth Seshadri
Surachai Khitatrakun

Are Americans Saving "Optimally" for Retirement?
w10204 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Robert J. Town

Managed Care, Drug Benefits and Mortality: An Analysis of the Elderly
w10219 Hugo Benitez-Silva
Moshe Buchinsky
John Rust

How Large are the Classification Errors in the Social Security Disability Award Process?
w10228 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian
Andrew Metrick

Employees' Investment Decisions about Company Stock
grub04-1 Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise
editors

Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation
2003
w10182 Arie Kapteyn
Constantijn Panis

The Size and Composition of Wealth Holdings in the United States, Italy, and the Netherlands
w10185 Sewin Chan
Ann Huff Stevens

What You Don't Know Can't Help You: Pension Knowledge and Retirement Decision Making
w10096 Hans Fehr
Sabine Jokisch
Laurence Kotlikoff

The Developed World's Demographic Transition - The Roles of Capital Flows, Immigration, and Policy
w10098 Erik Hurst
Grasshoppers, Ants, and Pre-Retirement Wealth: A Test of Permanent Income
w10062 William H. Crown
Ernst R. Berndt
Onur Baser
Stan N. Finkelstein
Whitney P. Witt

Benefit Plan Design and Prescription Drug Utilization Among Asthmatics: Do Patient Copayments Matter?
w10030 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement Effects of Proposals by the President's Commision to Strengthen Social Security
w9999 Leora Friedberg
Anthony Webb

Retirement and the Evolution of Pension Structure
w9972 Leemore S. Dafny
How Do Hospitals Respond to Price Changes?
w9975 David McCarthy
Olivia S. Mitchell

International Adverse Selection in Life Insurance and Annuities
w9983 Alan J. Auerbach
Young Jun Chun

Generational Accounting in Korea
w9955 Daniel Kessler
Mark B. McClellan

Advance Directives and Medical Treatment at the End of Life
w9957 Amy Finkelstein
Kathleen McGarry

Private Information and its Effect on Market Equilibrium: New Evidence from Long-Term Care Insurance
w9941 Robert W. Fogel
Changes in the Process of Aging During the Twentieth Century: Findings and Procedures of the Early Indicators Project
w9913 Axel Borsch-Supan
Barbara Berkel

Pension Reform in Germany: The Impact on Retirement Decisions
w9917 James Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte Madrian
Andrew Metrick

Passive Decisions and Potent Defaults
w9892 James Poterba
Joshua Rauh
Steven Venti
David Wise

Utility Evaluation of Risk in Retirement Saving Accounts
w9897 Florian Heiss
Michael Hurd
Axel Borsch-Supan

Healthy, Wealthy, and Knowing Where to Live: Predicted Trajectories of Health, Wealth and Living Arrangements Among the Oldest Old
w9902 Axel Borsch-Supan
Lothar Essig

Household Saving in Germany: Results of the first SAVE study
w9845 Kent Smetters
Is the Social Security Trust Fund Worth Anything?
w9851 David Neumark
Elizabeth T. Powers

The Effects of Changes in State SSI Supplements on Pre-Retirement Labor Supply
w9863 Jay Bhattacharya
Dana Goldman
Neeraj Sood

Market Evidence of Misperceived Prices and Mistaken Mortality Risks
w9821 Anne C. Case
Angus Deaton

Broken Down by Work and Sex: How Our Health Declines
a0680 David A.Wise
The Economics of Aging
w9782 Michael Baker
Emily Hanna
Jasmin Kantarevic

The Married Widow: Marriage Penalties Matter!
w9771 Robert W. Fogel
Secular Trends in Physiological Capital: Implications for Equity in Health Care
w9779 Steven G. Allen
Robert L. Clark
Linda S. Ghent

Phasing Into Retirement
w9745 Audrey Light
Kathleen McGarry

Why Parents Play Favorites: Explanations for Unequal Bequests
w9714 Thomas Davidoff
Jeffrey R. Brown
Peter A. Diamond

Annuities and Individual Welfare
w9691 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security, Retirement, and the Single-Mindedness of the Electorate
w9586 Michael Hurd
Susann Rohwedder

The Retirement-Consumption Puzzle: Anticipated and Actual Declines in Spending at Retirement
w9556 Richard Disney
Carl Emmerson
Sarah Smith

Pension Reform and Economic Performance in Britain in the 1980s and 1990s
w9549 Werner Troesken
Lead Water Pipes and Infant Mortality in Turn-of-the-Century Massachusetts
w9496 Courtney Coile
Retirement Incentives and Couples' Retirement Decisions
w9494 Raphael Desmet
Alain Jousten
Sergio Perelman
Pierre Pestieau

Micro-Simulation of Social Security Reforms in Belgium
w9480 Li Gan
Michael Hurd
Daniel McFadden

Individual Subjective Survival Curves
w9455 Michael Baker
Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan

Simulating the Response to Reform of Canada's Income Security Programs
w9462 Todd Sinai
Nicholas S. Souleles

Owner-Occupied Housing as a Hedge Against Rent Risk
w9446 David Cutler
Edward Glaeser
Jesse Shapiro

Why Have Americans Become More Obese?
w9410 Dirk Krueger
Felix Kubler

Pareto Improving Social Security Reform when Financial Markets are Incomplete?
w9412 Kent A. Smetters
Trading with the Unborn: A New Perspective on Capital Income Taxation
feld03-1 Martin Feldstein
editor

Economic and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies
2002
w9396 Dora L. Costa
Matthew E. Kahn

Changes in the Value of Life: 1940-1980
w9404 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement and the Stock Market Bubble
w9407 Jonathan Gruber
David A. Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Micro Estimation
w9317 Kathleen McGarry
Health and Retirement: Do Changes in Health Affect Retirement Expectations?
w9250 Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen P. Utkus

The Role of Company Stock in Defined Contribution Plans
w9256 Jeffrey R. Brown
Redistribution and Insurance: Mandatory Annuitization with Mortality Heterogeneity
w9210 Andrew B. Abel
The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security
w9213 Anne Case
Christina Paxson
Joseph Ableidinger

Orphans in Africa
w9140 Michael D. Hurd
James P. Smith
Julie M. Zissimopoulos

The Effects of Subjective Survival on Retirement and Social Security Claiming
w9142 Michael Hurd
James P. Smith

Expected Bequests and Their Distribution
w9155 John Bound
Julie Berry Cullen
Austin Nichols
Lucie Schmidt

The Welfare Implications of Increasing Disability Insurance Benefit Generosity
w9166 John F. Cogan
Olivia S. Mitchell

The Role of Economic Policy in Social Security Reform: Perspectives from the President's Commission
w9183 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The Social Security Early Entitlement Age in a Structural Model of Retirement and Wealth
w9195 Marie-Eve Lachance
Olivia S. Mitchell

Understanding Individual Account Guarantees
w9197 Stephen E. Snyder
William N. Evans

The Impact of Income on Mortality: Evidence from the Social Security Notch
w9128 James Banks
Richard Blundell
James P. Smith

Wealth Portfolios in the UK and the US
w9135 Melvin Stephens Jr.
'3rd of tha Month': Do Social Security Recipients Smooth Consumption Between Checks?
w9092 Olivia S. Mitchell
David McCarthy

Annuities for an Ageing World
w9045 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The New Social Security Commission Personal Accounts: Where Is the Investment Principal?
w8982 Thorsten Beck
Ross Levine

Industry Growth and Capital Allocation: Does Having a Market- or Bank-Based System Matter?
w8958 Casey B. Mulligan
Ricard Gil
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security and Democracy
w8920 John Ameriks
Andrew Caplin
John Leahy

Wealth Accumulation and the Propensity to Plan
w8924 Sebastian Edwards
Alejandra Cox Edwards

Social Security Privatization Reform and Labor Markets: The Case of Chile
w8911 Gary V. Engelhardt
Jonathan Gruber
Cynthia D. Perry

Social Security and Elderly Living Arrangements
w8906 George M. Constantinides
John B. Donaldson
Rajnish Mehra

Junior Must Pay: Pricing the Implicit Put in Privatizing Social Security
w8885 Esther Duflo
Emmanuel Saez

The Role of Information and Social Interactions in Retirement Plan Decisions: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment
w8891 Robert L. Clark
Olivia S. Mitchell

Strengthening Employment-Based Pensions in Japan
w8843 Dora L. Costa
The Measure of Man and Older Age Mortality: Evidence from the Gould Sample
w8851 Shinichi Nishiyama
Kent Smetters

Ricardian Equivalence with Incomplete Household Risk Sharing
w8808 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Bryan Graham

Longevity and Life Cycle Savings
w8817 Jonathan Gruber
Brigitte C. Madrian

Health Insurance, Labor Supply, and Job Mobility: A Critical Review of the Literature
w8780 Sewin Chan
Ann Huff Stevens

How Does Job Loss Affect the Timing of Retirement?
w8772 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Social Security, Pensions and Retirement Behavior Within the Family
w8753 Jeffrey R. Brown
Scott J. Weisbenner

Is a Bird in Hand Worth More than a Bird in the Bush? Intergenerational Transfers and Savings Behavior
w8731 Marie-Eve Lachance
Olivia S. Mitchell

Guaranteeing Defined Contribution Pensions: The Option to Buy-Back a Defined Benefit Promise
w8732 Kent Smetters
Controlling the Cost of Minimum Benefit Guarantees in Public Pension Conversions
w8742 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
David N. Weil

Mortality Change, the Uncertainty Effect, and Retirement
w8718 Jeff Dominitz
Charles F. Manski
Jordan Heinz

Social Security Expectations and Retirement Savings Decisions
w8697 David Dranove
Daniel Kessler
Mark McClellan
Mark Satterthwaite

Is More Information Better? The Effects of 'Report Cards' on Health Care Providers
feld02-1 Martin Feldstein and Jeffrey B. Liebman
editors

The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform
feld02-2 Martin Feldstein and Horst Siebert
editors

Social Security Pension Reform in Europe
2001
w8670 Elizabeth Powers
David Neumark

The Supplemental Security Income Program and Incentives to Take Up Social Security Early Retirement: Empirical Evidence from Matched SIPP and Social..
w8685 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Jaypee Sevilla

Economic Growth and the Demographic Transition
w8640 Axel Boersch-Supan
Labor Market Effects of Population Aging
w8651 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
Andrew Metrick

For Better or For Worse: Default Effects and 401(k) Savings Behavior
w8655 James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
Andrew Metrick

Defined Contribution Pensions: Plan Rules, Participant Decisions, and the Path of Least Resistance
w8658 Michael Baker
Jonathan Gruber
Kevin Milligan

The Retirement Incentive Effects of Canada's Income Security Programs
w8625 Jeffrey B. Liebman
Redistribution in the Current U.S. Social Security System
w8628 Victor R. Fuchs
Mark McClellan
Jonathan Skinner

Area Differences in Utilization of Medical Care and Mortality Among U.S. Elderly
w8577 Charles Yuji Horioka
Are the Japanese Selfish, Altruistic, or Dynastic?
w8587 David E. Bloom
David Canning
Jaypee Sevilla

The Effect of Health on Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence
w8591 Joydeep Bhattacharya
Casey B. Mulligan
Robert R. Reed III

Labor Market Search and Optimal Retirement Policy
w8592 Martin Feldstein
Andrew Samwick

Potential Paths of Social Security Reform
w8608 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Aging and Housing Equity: Another Look
w8610 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Transition to Personal Accounts and Increasing Retirement Wealth: Macro and Micro Evidence
w8495 Anne Case
Does Money Protect Health Status? Evidence from South African Pensions
w8503 Hans-Werner Sinn
Silke Uebelmesser

When Will the Germans Get Trapped in their Pension System?
w8534 Angus Deaton
Christina Paxson

Mortality, Income, and Income Inequality Over Time in Britain and the United States
w8544 B. Douglas Bernheim
Katherine Grace Carman
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

The Mismatch Between Life Insurance Holdings and Financial Vulnerabilities: Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances
w8553 Axel Boersch-Supan
Alexander Ludwig
Joachim Winter

Aging and International Capital Flows
w8556 David Cutler
Ellen Meara

Changes in the Age Distribution of Mortality Over the 20th Century
w8561 Axel H. Boersch-Supan
Joachim K. Winter

Population Aging, Savings Behavior and Capital Markets
w8567 Olivia S. Mitchell
Developments in Decumulation: The Role of Annuity Products in Financing Retirement
w8451 Martin Feldstein
Jeffrey B. Liebman

Social Security
w8466 Robert Barsky
John Bound
Kerwin Charles
Joseph Lupton

Accounting for the Black-White Wealth Gap: A Nonparametric Approach
w8487 Martin Feldstein
The Future of Social Security Pensions in Europe
w8488 Douglas W. Elmendorf
Jeffrey B. Liebman
David W. Wilcox

Fiscal Policy and Social Security Policy During the 1990s
w8406 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Imperfect Knowledge, Retirement and Saving
w8415 Dov Chernichovsky
Sara Markowitz

Toward a Framework for Improving Health Care Financing for an Aging Population: The Case of Israel
w8370 Angus Deaton
Darren Lubotsky

Mortality, Inequality and Race in American Cities and States
w8395 Jonathan Skinner
Elliott Fisher
John E. Wennberg

The Efficiency of Medicare
w8318 Angus Deaton
Health, Inequality, and Economic Development
w8333 B. Douglas Bernheim
Robert J. Lemke
John Karl Scholz

Do Estate and Gift Taxes Affect the Timing of Private Transfers?
w8341 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Todd Neumann

Does Participating in a 401(k) Raise Your Lifetime Taxes?
w8298 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

The Effects of Welfare and Tax Reform: The Material Well-Being of Single Mothers in the 1980s and 1990s
w8229 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement and Wealth
w8236 Victor R. Fuchs
The Financial Problems of the Elderly: A Holistic Approach
w8237 Annamaria Lusardi
Jonathan Skinner
Steven Venti

Saving Puzzles and Saving Policies in the United States
w8241 Orazio P. Attanasio
Carl Emmerson

Differential Mortality in the UK
w8258 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Kent Smetters
Jan Walliser

Finding a Way Out of America's Demographic Dilemma
w8259 Kent Smetters
The Equivalence of the Social Security's Trust Fund Portfolio Allocation and Capital Income Tax Policy
w8152 David Neumark
Age Discrimination Legislation in the United States
w8163 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Generational Policy
w8170 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Mark J. Warshawsky

Life-Cycle Saving, Limits on Contributions to DC Pension Plans, and Lifetime Tax Benefits
w8064 Jeffrey R. Brown
Mark J. Warshawsky

Longevity-Insured Retirement Distributions from Pension Plans: Market and Regulatory Issues
w8091 Suzanne Doyle
Olivia S. Mitchell
John Piggott

Annuity Values in Defined Contribution Retirement Systems: The Case of Singapore and Australia
w8099 Angus Deaton
Relative Deprivation, Inequality, and Mortality
w8103 Jonathan Gruber
David Wise

An International Perspective on Policies for an Aging Society
camp01-1 John Y. Campbell and Martin Feldstein
editors

Risk Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform
ogur01-1 Seiritsu Ogura
Toshiaki Tachibanaki and David A. Wise
editors

Aging Issues in the United States and Japan
wise01-1 David A. Wise
editor

Themes in the Economics of Aging
2000
w8031 David T. Ellwood
Jeffrey B. Liebman

The Middle Class Parent Penalty: Child Benefits in the U.S. Tax Code
w8032 Eric M. Engen
William G. Gale

The Effects of 401(k) Plans on Household Wealth: Differences Across Earnings Groups
w8045 Amy Finkelstein
James Poterba

Adverse Selection in Insurance Markets: Policyholder Evidence from the U.K. Annuity Market
w7991 James M. Poterba
John B. Shoven
Clemens Sialm

Asset Location for Retirement Savers
w7996 Jeffrey R. Brown
Austan Goolsbee

Does the Internet Make Markets More Competitive?
w8000 Dora L. Costa
Understanding Mid-Life and Older Age Mortality Declines: Evidence from Union Army Veterans
w7963 Olivia S. Mitchell
John W.R. Phillips

Retirement Responses to Early Social Security Benefit Reductions
w7882 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Aging and Housing Equity
w7923 Jonathan Gruber
Peter Orszag

Does the Social Security Earnings Test Affect Labor Supply and Benefits Receipt?
w7830 Courtney Coile
Jonathan Gruber

Social Security and Retirement
w7861 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova

Accumulated Pension Collars: A Market Approach to Reducing the Risk of Investment-Based Social Security Reform
w7791 B. Douglas Bernheim
Sergei Severinov

Bequests as Signals: An Explanation for the Equal Division Puzzle
w7811 James M. Poterba
Scott Weisbenner

The Distributional Burden of Taxing Estates and Unrealized Capital Gains at the Time of Death
w7812 Jeffrey R. Brown
Olivia S. Mitchell
James M. Poterba

Mortality Risk, Inflation Risk, and Annuity Products
w7735 Esther Duflo
Emmanuel Saez

Participation and Investment Decisions in a Retirement Plan: The Influence of Colleagues' Choices
w7770 Assar Lindbeck
Pensions and Contemporary Socioeconomic Change
w6713 John Genakoplos
Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen P. Zeldes

Would a Privatized Social Security System Really Pay a Higher Rate of Return
w6722 John Geanakoplos
Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen P. Zeldes

Social Security Money's Worth
w7682 Brigitte C. Madrian
Dennis F. Shea

The Power of Suggestion: Inertia in 401(k) Participation and Savings Behavior
w7698 Casey B. Mulligan
Tomas J. Philipson

Merit Motives and Government Intervention: Public Finance in Reverse
w7650 Dora L. Costa
American Living Standards, 1888-1994: Evidence From Consumer Expenditures
w7669 John B. Shoven
Joel Dickson
Clemens Sialm

Tax Externalities of Equity Mutual Funds
w7679 Casey B. Mulligan
Induced Retirement, Social Security, and the Pyramid Mirage
w7680 Casey B. Mulligan
Can Monopoly Unionism Explain Publicly Induced Retirement?
w7574 Kathleen McGarry
Guaranteed Income: SSI and the Well-Being of the Elderly Poor
w7588 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement Outcomes in the Health and Retirement Study
w7592 Hans-Werner Sinn
Why a Funded Pension System is Useful and Why It is Not Useful
w7593 Kathleen McGarry
Testing Parental Altruism: Implications of a Dynamic Model
w7594 Marianne Bertrand
Douglas Miller
Sendhil Mullainathan

Public Policy and Extended Families: Evidence from South Africa
w7597 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

How Effective is Redistribution Under the Social Security Benefit Formula?
w7605 Dora L. Costa
Long-Term Declines in Disability Among Older Men: Medical Care, Public Health, and Occupational Change
w7518 Antonio Rangel
Forward and Backward Intergenerational Goods: A Theory of Intergenerational Exchange
w7520 Julia Lynn Coronado
Don Fullerton
Thomas Glass

The Progressivity of Social Security
w7521 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Choice, Chance, and Wealth Dispersion at Retirement
w7526 Hugo Benitez-Silva
Moshe Buchinsky
Hiu Man Chan
Sofia Cheidvasser
John Rust

How Large is the Bias is Self-Reported Disability?
w7533 Daniel P. Kessler
Mark B. McClellan

How Liability Law Affects Medical Productivity
w7537 Daniel P. Kessler
Mark B. McClellan

Medical Liability, Managed Care, and Defensive Medicine
w7545 Eli Berman
Zaur Rzakhanov

Fertility, Migration, and Altruism
w7549 Mark Gertler
Cara S. Lown

The Information in the High Yield Bond Spread for the Business Cycle: Evidence and Some Implications
w7560 Jeffrey R. Brown
Differential Mortality and the Value of Individual Account Retirement Annuities
w7568 Julia Lynn Coronado
Don Fullerton
Thomas Glass

Long Run Effects of Social Security Reform Proposals on Lifetime Progressivity
w7570 Angus Deaton
Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas
Christina Paxson

Social Security and Inequality over the Life Cycle
w7492 Martin Feldstein
Jeffrey Liebman

The Distributional Effects of an Investment-Based Social Security System
w7504 Victor R. Fuchs
Medicare Reform: The Larger Picture
w7507 Jonathan Gruber
Botond Koszegi

Is Addiction "Rational"? Theory and Evidence
1999
w7440 Michael Hurd
Daniel McFadden
Angela Merrill

Predictors of Mortality Among the Elderly
w7372 B. Douglas Bernheim
Lorenzo Forni
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

The Adequacy of Life Insurance: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Survey
w7380 Michael D. Hurd
James P. Smith

Anticipated and Actual Bequests
w7381 Olivia Mitchell
New Trends in Pension Benefit and Retirement Provisions
w7392 James M. Poterba
Andrew Samwick

Taxation and Household Portfolio Composition: U.S. Evidence from the 1980s and 1990s
w7339 Axel Boersch-Supan
Incentive Effects of Social Security Under an Uncertain Disability Option
w7362 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Social Security's Treatment of Postwar Americans: How Bad Can It Get?
w7368 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

What People Don't Know About Their Pensions and Social Security: An Analysis Using Linked Data from the Health and Retirement Study
w7314 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Pre-Retirement Cashouts and Foregone Retirement Saving: Implications for 401(k) Asset Accumulation
w7318 Courtney Coile
Peter Diamond
Jonathan Gruber
Alain Jousten

Delays in Claiming Social Security Benefits
w7320 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Pensions and Retiree Health Benefits in Household Wealth: Changes from 1969 to 1992
w7321 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Mark J. Warshawsky

Comparing the Economic and Conventional Approaches to Financial Planning
w7324 Mark McClellan
Douglas Staiger

Comparing Hospital Quality at For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Hospitals
w7327 Mark McClellan
Douglas Staiger

The Quality of Health Care Providers
w7243 Phillip J. Levine
Olivia S. Mitchell
John W. Phillips

Worklife Determinants of Retirement Income Differentials Between Men and Women
w7268 Jeffrey R. Brown
Olivia S. Mitchell
James M. Poterba
Mark J. Warshawsky

Taxing Retirement Income: Nonqualified Annuities and Distributions from Qualified Accounts
a0696 David A. Wise
The Economics of Aging
w6217 Dora L. Costa
A House of Her Own: Old Age Assistance and the Living Arrangements of Older Nonmarried Women
w7168 Amy Finkelstein
James Poterba

Selection Effects in the Market for Individual Annuities: New Evidence from the United Kingdom
w7174 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Employer Provided Pension Data in the NLS Mature Women's Survey and in the Health and Retirement Study
w7176 David M. Cutler
Richard J. Zeckhauser

The Anatomy of Health Insurance
w7183 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
James Sefton
Martin Weale

Simulating the Transmission of Wealth Inequity via Bequests
w7191 Jeffrey R. Brown
Private Pensions, Mortality Risk, and the Decision to Annuitize
w7192 John B. Shoven
Clemens Sialm

Asset Location in Tax-Deferred and Conventional Savings Accounts
w7193 Jeffrey R. Brown
Are the Elderly Really Over-Annuitized? New Evidence on Life Insurance and Bequests
w7199 Jeffrey R. Brown
James M. Poterba

Joint Life Annuities and Annuity Demand by Married Couples
w7200 Leora Friedberg
The Labor Supply Effects of the Social Security Earnings Test
w7117 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Gerontocracy, Retirement, and Social Security
w7118 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security in Theory and Practice (I): Facts and Political Theories
w7119 Casey B. Mulligan
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Social Security in Theory and Practice (II): Efficiency Theories, Narrative Theories, and Implications for Reform
w7138 Michael Baker
The Retirement Behavior of Married Couples: Evidence from the Spouse's Allowance
w7140 Angus Deaton
Christina Paxson

Mortality, Education, Income, and Inequality among American Cohorts
w7141 Angus Deaton
Inequalities in Income and Inequalities in Health
w7065 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova

The Economics of Bequests in Pensions and Social Security
w7089 David M. Cutler
Mark McClellan
Joseph P. Newhouse
Dahlia Remler

Pricing Heart Attack Treatments
w6295 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Implications of Rising Personal Retirement Saving
w6540 Martin Feldstein
Andrew Samwick

Maintaining Social Security Benefits and Tax Rates through Personal Retirement Accounts: An Update Based on the 1998 Social Security Trustees Report
w6991 Andrew B. Abel
The Social Security Trust Fund, the Riskless Interest Rate, and Capital Accumulation
w7005 Jeffrey R. Brown
Olivia S. Mitchell
James M. Poterba

The Role of Real Annuities and Indexed Bonds in an Individual Accounts Retirement Program
w7007 John B. Shoven
The Location and Allocation of Assets in Pension and Conventional Savings Accounts
w7015 Thomas E. MaCurdy
John B. Shoven

Asset Allocation and Risk Allocation: Can Social Security Improve Its Future Solvency Problem by Investing in Private Securities?
w7016 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova
Andrew Samwick

The Transition to Investment-Based Social Security when Portfolio Returns and Capital Profitability are Uncertain
w7031 John McHale
The Risk of Social Security Benefit Rule Changes: Some International Evidence
w7048 Michael D. Hurd
Mortality Risk and Consumption by Couples
w7049 Estelle James
Gary Ferrier
James Smalhout
Dimitri Vittas

Mutual Funds and Institutional Investments: What is the Most Efficient Way to Set Up Individual Accounts in a Social Security System?
w6949 Antonio Rangel
Richard Zeckhauser

Can Market and Voting Institutions Generate Optimal Intergenerational Risk Sharing?
w6970 Fred T. Goldberg
Jr.
Michael J. Graetz

Reforming Social Security: A Practical and Workable System of Personal Retirement Accounts
w6980 Darius Lakdawalla
Tomas Philipson

Aging and the Growth of Long-Term Care
w6918 James M. Poterba
Mark J. Warshawsky

The Costs of Annuitizing Retirement Payouts from Individual Accounts
1998
w6839 Martin Feldstein
Elena Ranguelova

Individual Risk and Intergenerational Risk Sharing in an Investment-Based Social Security Program
w6851 Scott Stern
Manuel Trajtenberg

Empirical Implications of Physician Authority in Pharmaceutical Decisionmaking
w6854 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Changing Pensions in Cross-Section and Panel Data: Analysis with Employer Provided Plan Descriptions
w6859 Dora L. Costa
Understanding the Twentieth Century Decline in Chronic Conditions Among Older Men
w6777 John Bound
Michael Schoenbaum
Todd R. Stinebrickner
Timothy Waidmann

The Dynamic Effects of Health on the Labor Force Transitions of Older Workers
w6780 Axel Borsch-Supan
Incentive Effects of Social Security on Labor Force Participation: Evidence in Germany and Across Europe
w6794 Martin Feldstein
Social Security Pension Reform in China
w6805 David Neumark
Elizabeth Powers

Welfare for the Elderly: The Effects of SSI on Pre-Retirement Labor Supply
w6748 Alan M. Garber
Thomas E. MaCurdy
Mark C. McClellan

Medical Care at the End of Life: Diseases, Treatment Patterns, and Costs
w6719 Peter Diamond
The Economics of Social Security Reform
w6681 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Effects of Pensions on Saving: Analysis with Data from the Health and Retirement Study
w6642 Victor R. Fuchs
Provide, Provide: The Economics of Aging
w6645 Andrew A. Samwick
Jonathan Skinner

How Will Defined Contribution Pension Plans Affect Retirement Income?
w6547 Darius Lakdawalla
Tomas Philipson

The Rise in Old Age Longevity and the Market for Long-Term Care
w6548 Leora Friedberg
The Effect of Old Age Assistance on Retirement
w6503 Debra Sabatini Dwyer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Health Problems as Determinants of Retirement: Are Self-Rated Measures Endogenous?
w6511 Kathleen McGarry
Robert F. Schoeni

Social Security, Economic Growth, and the Rise in Independence of Elderly Widows in the 20th Century
w6513 Jonathan Skinner
John E. Wennberg

How Much is Enough? Efficiency and Medicare Spending in the Last Six Months of Life
w6514 David Cutler
Mark McClellan
Joseph Newhouse

The Costs and Benefits of Intensive Treatment for Cardiovascular Disease
w6534 Andrew A. Samwick
New Evidence on Pensions, Social Security, and the Timing of Retirement
w6478 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Social Security Benefits of Immigrants and U.S. Born
w6346 Daniel P. Kessler
Mark McClellan

The Effects of Malpractice Pressure and Liability Reforms on Physicians' Perceptions of Medical Care
1997
w6308 Jonathan Gruber
Social Security and Retirement in Canada
w6316 Olivia S. Mitchell
Flavio Ataliba Barreto

After Chile, What? Second-Round Pension Reforms in Latin America
w6345 Kathleen McGarry
Inter vivos Transfers and Intended Bequests
w6208 Patricia M. Anderson
Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Trends in Male Labor Force Participation And Retirement: Some Evidence On The Role Of Pensions And Social Security In The 1970's And 1980's
w6214 Didier Blanchet
Louis-Paul Pele

Social Security and Retirement in France
w6219 Andrew A. Samwick
Discount Rate Heterogeneity and Social Security Reform
w6227 B. Douglas Bernheim
Jonathan Skinner
Steven Weinberg

What Accounts for the Variation in Retirement Wealth Among U.S. Households?
w6240 James F. Moore
Olivia S. Mitchell

Projected Retirement Wealth and Savings Adequacy in the Health and Retirement Study
w6249 Alan M. Garber
Thomas E. MaCurdy
Mark B. McClellan

Persistence of Medicare Expenditures Among Elderly Beneficiaries
w6155 Agar Brugiavini
Social Security and Retirement in Italy
w6156 Takashi Oshio
Naohiro Yashiro

Social Security and Retirement in Japan
w6169 Pierre Pestieau
Jean-Philippe Stijns

Social Security and Retirement in Belgium
w6171 Kathleen McGarry
Andrew Davenport

Pensions and the Distribution of Wealth
w6178 Olivia S. Mitchell
James F. Moore

Retirement Wealth Accumulation and Decumulation: New Developments and Outstanding Opportunities
w6182 Ernst R. Berndt
Iain M. Cockburn
Douglas L. Cocks
Arnold Epstein
Zvi Griliches

Is Price Inflation Different for the Elderly? An Empirical Analysis of Prescription Drugs
w6185 James M. Poterba
Andrew A. Samwick

Household Portfolio Allocation Over the Life Cycle
w6193 Michael D. Hurd
Kathleen McGarry

The Predictive Validity of Subjective Probabilities of Survival
w6134 Jonathan Gruber
David Wise

Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Introduction and Summary of Papers by...
w6135 Arie Kapteyn
Klaas de Vos

Social Security and Retirement in The Netherlands
w6136 Michele Boldrin
Sergi Jimenez-Martni
Franco Peracchi

Social Security and Retirement in Spain
w6137 Marten Palme
Ingemar Svensson

Social Security, Occupational Pensions, and Retirement in Sweden
w6149 Martin Feldstein
Transition to a Fully Funded Pension System: Five Economic Issues
w6153 Axel Borsch-Supan
Reinhold Schnabel

Social Security and Retirement in Germany
w6154 Richard Blundell
Paul Johnson

Pensions and Retirement in the UK
w6085 B. Douglas Bernheim
Daniel M. Garrett
Dean M. Maki

Education and Saving: The Long-Term Effects of High School Financial Curriculum Mandates
w6088 David Neumark
Wendy A. Stock

Age Discrimination Laws and Labor Market Efficiency
w6097 Peter Diamond
Jonathan Gruber

Social Security and Retirement in the U.S.
w6114 David M. Cutler
Ellen Meara

The Medical Costs of The Young and Old: A Forty Year Perspective
w6055 Martin Feldstein
Andrew Samwick

The Economics of Prefunding Social Security and Medicare Benefits
w6058 Hilary Williamson Hoynes
Robert Moffitt

Tax Rates and Work Incentives in the Social Security Disability Insurance Program: Current Law and Alternative Reforms
w6041 Jonathan Gruber
Aaron Yelowitz

Public Health Insurance and Private Savings
w6042 Charles Mullin
Tomas Philipson

The Future of Old-Age Longevity: Competitive Pricing of Mortality Contingent Claims
w6001 James M. Poterba
The History of Annuities in the United States
w6002 Olivia S. Mitchell
James M. Poterba
Mark J. Warshawsky

New Evidence on the Money's Worth of Individual Annuities
w6013 Mark McClellan
Jonathan Skinner

The Incidence of Medicare
w5912 Alan L. Gustman
Olivia S. Mitchell
Andrew A. Samwick
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Pension and Social Security Wealth in the Health and Retirement Study
1996
w5815 John B. Shoven
David A. Wise

The Taxation of Pensions: A Shelter can Become a Trap
w5781 David E. Bloom
Cecilia Conrad
Cynthia Miller

Child Support and Fathers' Remarriage and Fertility
w5750 David M. Cutler
Mark McClellan
Joseph P. Newhouse
Dahlia Remler

Are Medical Prices Declining?
w5751 David M. Cutler
Mark McClellan

The Determinants of Technological Change in Heart Attack Treatment
w5762 James M. Poterba
David A. Wise

Individual Financial Decisions in Retirement Saving Plans and The Provision of Resources for Retirement
w5776 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Simulating the Privatization of Social Security in General Equilibrium
w5707 Olivia Mitchell
Jan Olson
Thomas Steinmeier

Construction of the Earnings and Benefits File (EBF) for Use With the Health and Retirement Survey
w5734 Olivia S. Mitchell
Administrative Costs in Public and Private Retirement Systems
w5736 Leslie E. Papke
Are 401(k) Plans Replacing Other Employer-Provided Pensions? Evidence from Panel Data
w5655 Patrick J. Bayer
B. Douglas Bernheim
John Karl Scholz

The Effects of Financial Education in the Workplace: Evidence from a Survey of Employers
w5667 B. Douglas Bernheim
Daniel M. Garrett

The Determinants and Consequences of Financial Education in the Workplace: Evidence from a Survey of Households
w5677 James M. Poterba
Demographic Structure and the Political Economy of Public Education
a0708 David A. Wise
The Economics of Aging
w5609 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Wealth of Cohorts: Retirement Saving and the Changing Assets of Older Americans
w5568 Andrew A. Samwick
Jonathan Skinner

Abandoning the Nest Egg? 401(k) Plans and Inadequate Pension Saving
w5571 Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
John Sabelhaus

Understanding the Postwar Decline in U.S. Saving: A Cohort Analysis
w5572 Anne Case
Angus Deaton

Large Cash Transfers to the Elderly in South Africa
w5591 David M. Cutler
Public Policy for Health Care
w5599 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Personal Retirement Saving Programs and Asset Accumulation: Reconciling the Evidence
w5522 Joseph G. Altonji
Fumio Hayashi
Laurence Kotlikoff

The Effects of Income and Wealth on Time and Money Transfers between Parents and Children
w5525 David M. Cutler
Brigitte C. Madrian

Labor Market Responses to Rising Health Insurance Costs: Evidence on Hours Worked
w5512 Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen P. Zeldes

"Social Security Privatization: A Structure for Analysis"
w5409 Jay Bhattacharya
Alan M. Garber
Thomas MaCurdy

Cause-Specific Mortality among Medicare Enrollees
w5429 Dora L. Costa
Displacing the Family: Union Army Pensions and Elderly Living Arrange- ments
1995
w5362 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Privatizing Social Security: First Round Effects of a Generic, VoluntaryPrivatized U.S. Social Security System
w5287 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Effects of Special Saving Programs on Saving and Wealth
w5294 Mark B. McClellan
David A. Wise

Where the Money Goes: Medical Expenditures in a Large Corporation
w5296 Angus Deaton
Christina Paxson

Measuring Poverty Among the Elderly
w5298 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Lump-Sum Distributions from Retirement Saving Plans: Receipt and Utilization
w5301 Christina Paxson
Saving and Growth: Evidence from Micro Data
w5250 Kathleen McGarry
Factors Determining Participation of the Elderly in SSI
w5271 Olivia S. Mitchell
Roderick Carr

State and Local Pension Plans
w5223 Robin L. Lumsdaine
Factors Affecting Labor Supply Decisions and Retirement Income
t0182 Sanders Korenman
Noreen Goldman
Haishan Fu

Refining Estimates of Marital Status Differences in Mortality at Older Ages
w5169 Mary C. Daly
John Bound

Worker Adaptation and Employer Accommodation Following the Onset of a Health Impairment
w5190 Robin L. Lumsdaine
James H. Stock
David A. Wise

Why are Retirement Rates So High at Age 65?
w5193 Christopher D. Carroll
Andrew A. Samwick

The Nature of Precautionary Wealth
w5194 Christopher D. Carroll
Andrew A. Samwick

How Important is Precautionary Saving?
w5147 Jonathan Gruber
James Poterba

Tax Subsidies to Employer-Provided Health Insurance
w5159 John Bound
Michael Schoenbaum
Timothy Waidmann

Race and Education Differences in Disability Status and Labor Force Attachment
w5126 Orazio P. Attanasio
Hilary W. Hoynes

Differential Mortality and Wealth Accumulation
w5099 Kathleen McGarry
Robert F. Schoeni

Transfer Behavior within the Family: Results from the Asset and Health Dynamics Survey
w5017 Timothy Waidmann
John Bound
Michael Schoenbaum

The Illusion of Failure: Trends in the Self-Reported Health of the U.S. Elderly
w5033 Fumio Hayashi
Is the Japanese Extended Family Altruistically Linked? A Test based on Engel Curves
w4996 Alan L. Gustman
F. Thomas Juster

Income and Wealth of Older American Households: Modeling Issues for Public Policy Analysis
1994
w4925 Christopher J. Ruhm
Do Pensions Increase the Labor Supply of Older Men?
w4929 Dora L. Costa
Health and Labor Force Participation of Older Men, 1900-1991
w4941 Jonathan Gruber
Jeffrey D. Kubik

Disability Insurance Rejection Rates and the Labor Supply of Older Workers
w4895 Peter Diamond
Insulation of Pensions from Political Risk
w4813 Alan L. Gustman
Olivia S. Mitchell
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement Research Using the Health and Retirement Survey
w4665 Sylvester J. Schieber
John B. Shoven

The Consequences of Population Aging on Private Pension Fund Saving and Asset Markets
w4666 Hilary Williamson Hoynes
Daniel McFadden

The Impact of Demographics on Housing and Non-Housing Wealth in the United States
w4635 Andrea L. Kusko
James M. Poterba
David W. Wilcox

Employee Decisions with Respect to 401(k) Plans: Evidence From Individual-Level Data
w4607 Kathleen McGarry
Robert F. Schoeni

Transfer Behavior: Measurement and the Redistribution of Resources within the Family
w4613 Robin L. Lumsdaine
James H. Stock
David A. Wise

Retirement Incentives: The Interaction between Employer-Provided Pensions, Social Security, and Retiree Health Benefits
w4629 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Retirement in a Family Context: A Structural Model for Husbands and Wives
w4632 Olivia S. Mitchell
Ping Lung Hsin

"Public Sector Pension Governance and Performance"
1993
w4558 Michael Hurd
Kathleen McGarry

The Relationship Between Job Characteristics and Retirement
w4560 Michael D. Hurd
Kathleen McGarry

Evaluation of Subjective Probability Distributions in the HRS
w4572 Jonathan S. Feinstein
Elderly Health, Housing, and Mobility
w4593 John A. Ausink
David A. Wise

The Military Pension, Compensation, and Retirement of U.S. Air Force Pilots
w4600 David A. Wise
Steven F. Venti

The Wealth of Cohorts: Retirement Saving and the Changing Assets of Older Americans
w4601 Michael D. Hurd
The Effects of Demographic Trends on Consumption, Saving and Government Expenditures in the U.S.
w4516 R. Glenn Hubbard
Jonathan Skinner
Stephen P. Zeldes

The Importance of Precautionary Motives in Explaining Individual and Aggregate Saving
w4530 Axel Borsch-Supan
Aging in Germany and the United States: International Comparisons
w4552 Jonathan Skinner
Is Housing Wealth a Sideshow?
w4501 Leslie E. Papke
Mitchell Petersen
James M. Poterba

Did 401(k) Plans Replace Other Employer Provided Pensions?
w4510 Peter Diamond
Privatization of Social Security: Lessons from Chile
w4462 Michael D. Hurd
The Effect of Labor Market Rigidities on the Labor Force Behavior of Older Workers
w4469 Jonathan Gruber
Brigitte C. Madrian

Health Insurance Availability and the Retirement Decision
w4477 David N. Weil
Intergenerational Transfers, Aging, and Uncertainty
w4413 Steven G. Allen
Robert L. Clark
Ann A. McDermed

Post-Retirement Increases in Pensions in the 1980s: Did Plan Finances Matter?
w4435 Jonathan Gruber
James M. Poterba

Tax Incentives and the Decision to Purchase Health Insurance: Evidence from the Self-Employed
w4398 Axel Borsch-Supan
Daniel McFadden
Reinhold Schnabel

Living Arrangements: Health and Wealth Effects
w4391 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Do 401(k) Contributions Crowd Out Other Persoanl Saving?
w4328 Angus Deaton
Christina Paxson

Intertemporal Choice and Inequality
w4330 Angus Deaton
Christina H. Paxson

Saving, Growth, and Aging in Taiwan
w4295 Alan L. Gustman
Olivia S. Mitchell
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The Role of Pensions in the Labor Market
w4300 David M. Cutler
The Incidence of Adverse Medical Outcomes Under Prospective Payments
w4301 David M. Cutler
Why Doesn't the Market Fully Insure Long-Term Care?
w4302 David M. Cutler
Louise M. Sheiner

Policy Options for Long-Term Care
w4305 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Jagadeesh Gokhale

The Equity of Social Services Provided to Children and Senior Citizens
w4307 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Employer Provided Health Insurance and Retirement Behavior
w4283 David M. Cutler
Douglas W. Elmendorf
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Demographic Characteristics and the Public Bundle
a0722 David A. Wise
The Economics of Aging
1992
w4181 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

401(k) Plans and Tax-Deferred Saving
w4182 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
David N. Weil

The Increasing Annuitization of the Elderly- Estimates and Implications for Intergenerational Tranfers, Inequality, and National Saving
w4199 Leslie E. Papke
Participation in and Contributions to 401(k) Pension Plans: Evidence om Plan Data
w4201 Robin L. Lumsdaine
James H. Stock
David A. Wise

Pension Plan Provisions and Retirement: Men & Women, Medicare, and Models
w4147 Daniel Feenberg
Jonathan Skinner

The Risk and Duration of Catastrophic Health Care Expenditures
w4115 Louise Sheiner
David N. Weil

The Housing Wealth of the Aged
w4107 Andrew Dick
Alan M. Garber
Thomas MaCurdy

Forecasting Nursing Home Utilization of Elderly Americans
w4080 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Economic Exchange and Support Within U.S. Families
w3973 David E. Bloom
Richard B. Freeman

The Fall in Private Pension Coverage in the U.S.
1991
w3938 Jonathan Skinner
Individual Retirement Accounts: A Review of the Evidence
w3898 Olivia S. Mitchell
Robert S. Smith

Pension Funding in the Public Sector
w3908 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Pension COLAs
w3915 Alan J. Auerbach
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Social Security and Medicare Policy From the Perspective of Generational Accounting
w3843 Michael D. Hurd
David A. Wise

Changing Social Security Survivorship Benefits and the Poverty of Widows
w3765 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence Kotlikoff

Life Insurance Inadequacy - Evidence From a Sample of Older Widows
w3744 Olivia S. Mitchell
Trends in Pension Benefit Formulas and Retirement Provisions
w3745 Leslie E. Papke
The Asset Allocation of Private Pension Plans
w3757 Ray C. Fair
How Fast Do Old Men Slow Down?
r1559 David M. Cutler
James M. Poterba
Louise M. Sheiner
Lawrence H. Summers

An Aging Society: Opportunity or Challenge?
w3639 Alan M. Garber
Thomas E. MaCurdy

Nursing Home Discharges and Exhaustion of Medicare Benefits
w3589 Alan J. Auerbach
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Generational Accounts - A Meaningful Alternative to Deficit Accounting
w3593 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

The Effects of Pensions and Retirement Policies on Retirement in Higher Education
1990
w3547 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Aging and the Income Value of Housing Wealth
w3558 Robin L. Lumsdaine
James H. Stock
David A. Wise

Three Models of Retirement: Computational Complexity Versus Predictive Validity
w3517 Michael D. Bordo
Eugene N. White

British and French Finance During the Napoleonic Wars
w3472 Michael D. Hurd
Wealth Depletion and Life Cycle Consumption by the Elderly
w3436 Angus Deaton
Christina H. Paxson

Patterns of Aging in Thailand and Cote D'Ivoire
w3437 John Bound
Disability Transfers and the Labor Force Attachment of Older Men: Evidence from the Historical Record
w3420 David A. Wise
Robin L. Lumsdaine

Aging and Labor Force Participation: A Review of Trends and Explanations
w3354 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Robert W. Rosenthal

Some Inefficiency Implication of Generational Politics and Exchange
w3363 Axel Borsch-Supan
Jagadeesh Gokhale
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
John N. Morris

The Provision of Time to the Elderly by Their Children
w3369 Robin L. Lumsdaine
James H. Stock
David A. Wise

Efficient Windows and Labor Force Reduction
r1373 Neil G. Bennett
David E. Bloom
Patricia H. Craig

The Divergence of Black and White Marriage Patterns
w3343 Axel Borsch-Supan
Vassilis Hajivassiliou
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
John N. Morris

Health, Children, and Elderly Living Arrangements: A Multiperiod-Multinomial Probit Model with Unobserved Heterogeneity and Autocorrelated Errors
1989
w3150 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Demographics, Fiscal Policy, and U.S. Saving in the 1980s and Beyond
w3063 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

How Rational Is the Purchase of Life Insurance?
w2997 John Bound
Self-Reported vs. Objective Measures of Health in Retirement Models
w3018 Michael D. Hurd
Issues and Results from Research on the Elderly I: Economic Status (Part I of III Parts)
w2892 David T. Ellwood
Thomas J. Kane

The American Way of Aging: An Event History Analysis
w2797 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Robert Hagemann
Giuseppe Nicoletti

The Dynamics of an Aging Population: The Case of Four OECD Countries
w2843 Alan M. Garber
Thomas E. MaCurdy

Predicting Nursing Home Utilization Among the High-Risk Elderly
w2859 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

But They Don't Want to Reduce Housing Equity
w2808 Axel Borsch-Supan
A Dynamic Analysis of Household Dissolution and Living Arrangement Transitions by Elderly Americans
1988
w2787 Axel Borsch-Supan
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
John N. Morris

The Dynamics of Living Arrangements of the Elderly
w2788 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Estimating The Age-Productivity Profile Using Lifetime Earnings
w2802 Edward P. Lazear
Adjusting to an Aging Labor Force
w2803 Michael D. Hurd
The Joint Retirement Decision of Husbands and Wives
w2734 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
John Morris

Why Don't the Elderly Live With Their Children? A New Look
w2735 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Assaf Razin

Making Bequests Without Spoiling Children: Bequests as an Implicit Optimal Tax Structure and the Possibility That Altruistic Bequests are not Equaliz
w2719 B. Douglas Bernheim
How Do the Elderly Form Expectations? An Analysis of Responses to New Information
w2686 James H. Stock
David A. Wise

Pensions, The Option Value of Work, and Retirement
w2660 James H. Stock
David A. Wise

The Pension Inducement to Retire: An Option Value Analysis
1987
w2463 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
David A. Wise

Pension Backloading, Wage Taxes, and Work Disincentives
w2470 John Rust
A Dynamic Programming Model of Retirement Behavior
w2471 Jonathan Feinstein
Daniel McFadden

The Dynamics of Housing Demand by the Elderly: Wealth, Cash Flow, and Demographic Effects
r0934 James M. Poterba
Lawrence H. Summers

Public Policy Implications of Declining Old-Age Mortality
w2411 Michael D. Hurd
The Marginal Value of Social Security
w2414 Olivia S. Mitchell
Worker Knowledge of Pension Provisions
w2415 Michael D. Hurd
B. Gabriela Mundaca

The Importance of Gifts and Inheritances Among the Affluent
w2391 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
John N. Morris

How Much Care Do the Aged Receive from Their Children? A Bimodal Picture of Contact and Assistance
w2338 Axel Borsch-Supan
Household Dissolution and the Choice of Alternative Living Arrangements Among Elderly Americans
w2323 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
David A. Wise

Employee Retirement and a Firm's Pension Plan
w2324 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Aging, Moving, and Housing Wealth
w2325 Michael D. Hurd
David A. Wise

The Wealth and Poverty of Widows: Assets Before and After the Husband's Death
w2326 Michael D. Hurd
The Poverty of Widows: Future Prospects
w2328 Alan M. Garber
Long-Term Care, Wealth, and Health of the Disabled Elderly Living in the Community
a0744 David A. Wise
The Economics of Aging
w2291 B. Douglas Bernheim
The Timing of Retirement: A Comparison of Expectations and Realizations
w2234 John B. Shoven
Jeffrey O. Sundberg
John P. Bunker

The Social Security Cost of Smoking
w2257 B. Douglas Bernheim
Social Security Benefits: An Empirical Study of Expectations and Realizations
w2217 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Have IRAs Increased U.S. Saving?: Evidence from Consumer Expenditure Surveys
w2183 Stephen Johnson
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
William Samuelson

Can People Compute? An Experimental Test of the Life Cycle Consumption Model
1986
w2008 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Health Expenditures and Precautionary Savings
w1879 Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

IRAs and Saving
w1891 Michael J. Boskin
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Douglas J. Puffert
John B. Shoven

Social Security: A Financial Appraisal Across and Within Generations
w1873 Andrew B. Abel
Aggregate Savings in the Presence of Private and Social Insurance
r0680 Michael D. Hurd
John B. Shoven

Inflation Vulnerability, Income, and Wealth of the Elderly, 1969-1979
w1827 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Lawrence H. Summers

The Contribution of Intergenerational Transfers to Total Wealth: A Reply
w1826 Michael D. Hurd
Savings and Bequests
1985
a0752 David A. Wise
Pensions and Industrial and Corporate Behavior
1983
w1212 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier

Social Security Reform and Labor Supply
a0759 David A. Wise
Pensions and the Labor Market
1981
a0770 John B. Shoven
Pensions
1979
w0372 Robert J. Willis
The Old Age Security Hypothesis and Population Growth

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