NBER Working Papers by Veronica Cacdac Warnock

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Working Papers

August 2010Emerging Local Currency Bond Markets
with John D. Burger, Francis E. Warnock: w16249
We assess the development of local currency bond markets in emerging market economies (EMEs). Supported by policies and laws that helped to improve macroeconomic stability and creditor rights, many local currency EME bond markets have grown substantially over the past decade and have also provided USD-based investors with attractive returns. U.S. investors have responded by increasing their holdings of EME local currency bonds from less than $2 billion in 2001 to over $27 billion by end-2008. While the increase in U.S. investment spanned many EMEs, empirical tests suggest that relatively more went to those with identifiable investor-friendly institutions and policies.

Published: Burger, J., F. Warnock, and V. Warnock, 2012. "Emerging local currency bond markets." Financial Analysts Journal 68(4): 73-93

June 2010External Capital Structures and Oil Price Volatility
with John D. Burger, Alessandro Rebucci, Francis E. Warnock: w16052
We assess the extent to which a country’s external capital structure can aid in mitigating the macroeconomic impact of oil price shocks. We study two Caribbean economies highly vulnerable to oil price shocks, an oil-importer (Jamaica) and an oil-exporter (Trinidad and Tobago). From a risk-sharing perspective, a desirable external capital structure is one that, through international capital gains and losses, helps offset responses of the current account balance to external shocks. We find that both countries could alter their international portfolio to provide a more effective buffer against such shocks.

Published: Burger, J., A. Rebucci, F. Warnock, and V. Warnock, 2010. External Capital Structures and Oil Price Volatility. Journal of Business, Finance and Economics in Emerging Economies. 5(2): 1-37.

May 2007Markets and Housing Finance
with Francis E. Warnock: w13081
We examine the extent to which markets enable the provision of housing finance across a wide range of countries. Housing is a major purchase requiring long-term financing, and the factors that are associated with well functioning housing finance systems are those that enable the provision of long-term finance. Across all countries, controlling for country size, we find that countries with stronger legal rights for borrowers and lenders (through collateral and bankruptcy laws), deeper credit information systems, and a more stable macroeconomic environment have deeper housing finance systems. These same factors also help explain the variation in housing finance across emerging market economies. Across developed countries, which tend to have low macroeconomic volatility and relatively extensi...

Published: Warnock, V., and F. Warnock, 2008. "Markets and Housing Finance." Journal of Housing Economics 17: 239-251

October 2006International Capital Flows and U.S. Interest Rates
with Francis E. Warnock: w12560
Foreign official purchases of U.S. government bonds have an economically large and statistically significant impact on long-term interest rates. Federal Reserve credibility, as evidenced by dramatic reductions in both long-term inflation expectations and the volatility of long rates, contributed much to the decline of long rates in the 1990s. More recently, however, foreign flows have become important. Controlling for various factors given by a standard macroeconomic model, we estimate that had there been no foreign official flows into U.S. government bonds over the past year, the 10-year Treasury yield would currently be 90 basis points higher. Our results are robust to a number of alternative specifications.

Published: Warnock, Francis E., and Veronica Cacdac Warnock, 2009, International Capital Flows and U.S. Interest Rates, Journal of International Money and Finance 28: 903-919.

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