NBER Working Papers by Steven D. Levitt

Contact and additional information for this authorAll papers and publicationsWorking Papers onlyWorking Papers with publication info

Working Papers

July 2012Enhancing the Efficacy of Teacher Incentives through Loss Aversion: A Field Experiment
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr, John List, Sally Sadoff: w18237
June 2012The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance
with John A. List, Susanne Neckermann, Sally Sadoff: w18165
April 2012Toward an Understanding of Learning by Doing: Evidence from an Automobile Assembly Plant
with John A. List, Chad Syverson: w18017
May 2011The Role of Skill Versus Luck in Poker: Evidence from the World Series of Poker
with Thomas J. Miles: w17023
December 2009What Happens in the Field Stays in the Field: Exploring Whether Professionals Play Minimax in Laboratory Experiments
with John A. List, David H. Reiley, Jr.: w15609
Checkmate: Exploring Backward Induction Among Chess Players
with John A. List, Sally E. Sadoff: w15610
October 2009An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr: w15430
September 2009Professionals Do Not Play Minimax: Evidence from Major League Baseball and the National Football League
with Kenneth Kovash: w15347
May 2009Was there Really a Hawthorne Effect at the Hawthorne Plant? An Analysis of the Original Illumination Experiments
with John A. List: w15016
September 2008Field Experiments in Economics: The Past, The Present, and The Future
with John A. List: w14356
July 2008The Plight of Mixed Race Adolescents
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Lisa Kahn, Jörg L. Spenkuch: w14192
September 2007Hatred and Profits: Getting Under the Hood of the Ku Klux Klan
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr: w13417
September 2006Evaluating the Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats and Seat Belts in Protecting Children from Injury
with Joseph J. Doyle: w12519
April 2006An Economist Sells Bagels: A Case Study in Profit Maximization
March 2006Testing for Racial Differences in the Mental Ability of Young Children
with Roland G. Fryer: w12066
January 2006Measurement Error, Legalized Abortion, and the Decline in Crime: A Response to Foote and Goetz (2005)
with John J. Donohue: w11987
September 2005Evidence that Seat Belts are as Effective as Child Safety Seats in Preventing Death for Children Aged Two and Up
May 2005Measuring the Impact of Crack Cocaine
with Roland G. Fryer, Paul S. Heaton, Kevin M. Murphy: w11318
January 2005The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade
with Roland G. Fryer: w11049
Market Distortions when Agents are Better Informed: The Value of Information in Real Estate Transactions
with Chad Syverson: w11053
November 2003The Effect of School Choice on Student Outcomes: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries
with Julie Berry Cullen, Brian A. Jacob: w10113
September 2003The Causes and Consequences of Distinctively Black Names
with Roland G. Fryer: w9938
March 2003Further Evidence that Legalized Abortion Lowered Crime: A Reply to Joyce
with John J. Donohue III: w9532
January 2003Testing Theories of Discrimination: Evidence from "Weakest Link"
Rotten Apples: An Investigation of the Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating
with Brian A. Jacob: w9413
Catching Cheating Teachers: The Results of an Unusual Experiment in Implementing Theory
with Brian A. Jacob: w9414
How Do Markets Function? An Empirical Analysis of Gambling on the National Football League
June 2002Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr.: w8975
September 2001An Empirical Analysis of Imprisoning Drug Offenders
with Ilyana Kuziemko: w8489
November 2000The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime
with John Donohue: w8004
September 2000The Impact of School Choice on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Chicago Public Schools
with Julie Berry Cullen, Brian Jacob: w7888
July 2000Winning Isn't Everything: Corruption in Sumo Wrestling
with Mark Duggan: w7798
July 1999Sample Selection in the Estimation of Air Bag and Seat Belt Effectiveness
with Jack Porter: w7210
February 1999Estimating the Effect of Alcohol on Driver Risk Using Only Fatal Accident Statistics
with Jack Porter: w6944
November 1998The Impact of Race on Policing, Arrest Patterns, and Crime
with John J. Donohue III: w6784
June 1998An Economic Analysis of a Drug-Selling Gang's Finances
with Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh: w6592
March 1998Using Sentence Enhancements to Distinguish between Deterrence and Incapacitation
with Daniel Kessler: w6484
September 1997Juvenile Crime and Punishment
February 1997Measuring Positive Externalities from Unobservable Victim Precaution: An Empirical Analysis of Lojack
with Ian Ayres: w5928
September 1996Crime, Urban Flight, and the Consequences for Cities
with Julie Berry Cullen: w5737
September 1995Why Do Increased Arrest Rates Appear to Reduce Crime: Deterrence, Incapacitation, or Measurement Error?
May 1995The Effect of Prison Population Size on Crime Rates: Evidence From Prison Overcrowding Litigation
January 1995Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Policeon Crime
The Impact of Federal Spending on House Election Outcomes
with James M. Snyder, Jr.: w5002
April 1994Congressional Distributive Politics and State Economic Performance
with James M. Poterba: w4721

Contact and additional information for this authorAll papers and publicationsWorking Papers onlyWorking Papers with publication info


National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us