NBER Working Papers by Stephanie von Hinke Kessler Scholde

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January 2014Alcohol Exposure In Utero and Child Academic Achievement
with George L. Wehby, Sarah Lewis, Luisa Zuccolo: w19839
We examine the effect of alcohol exposure in utero on child academic achievement. As well as studying the effect of any alcohol exposure, we investigate the effect of the dose, pattern, and duration of exposure. We use a genetic variant in the maternal alcohol-metabolism gene ADH1B as an instrument for alcohol exposure, whilst controlling for the child's genotype on the same variant. We show that the instrument is unrelated to an extensive range of maternal and paternal characteristics and behaviours. OLS regressions suggest an ambiguous association between alcohol exposure in utero and children's academic attainment, but there is a strong social gradient in maternal drinking, with mothers in higher socio-economic groups more likely to drink. In stark contrast to the OLS, the IV estimates ...

Published: Stephanie Hinke Kessler Scholder & George L. Wehby & Sarah Lewis & Luisa Zuccolo, 2014. "Alcohol Exposure In Utero and Child Academic Achievement," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 0(576), pages 634-667, 05. citation courtesy of

February 2013The Demand for Cigarettes as Derived from the Demand for Weight Control
with John Cawley: w18805
We provide new evidence on the extent to which the demand for cigarettes is derived from the demand for weight control (i.e. weight loss or avoidance of weight gain). We utilize nationally representative data that provide the most direct evidence to date on this question: individuals are directly asked whether they smoke to control their weight. We find that, among teenagers who smoke frequently, 46% of girls and 30% of boys are smoking in part to control their weight. This practice is significantly more common among youths who describe themselves as too fat than those who describe themselves as about the right weight. The derived demand for cigarettes has important implications for tax policy. Under reasonable assumptions, the demand for cigarettes is less price elastic among those who s...

Published: THE DEMAND FOR CIGARETTES AS DERIVED FROM THE DEMAND FOR WEIGHT LOSS: A THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION John Cawley1,2,3,*, Davide Dragone4 andStephanie Von Hinke Kessler Scholder5 Article first published online: 26 OCT 2014 DOI: 10.1002/hec.3118 Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Issue Cover image for Vol. 24 Issue 9 Health Economics Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue)

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