NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Richard B. Freeman

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

Working Papers

February 2014Collaborating With People Like Me: Ethnic co-authorship within the US
with Wei Huang: w19905

Forthcoming: Collaborating With People Like Me: Ethnic Co-authorship within the US, Richard B. Freeman, Wei Huang. in High-Skill Immigration, Turner and Kerr. 2014

January 2014Why and Wherefore of Increased Scientific Collaboration
with Ina Ganguli, Raviv Murciano-Goroff: w19819

Forthcoming: Why and Wherefore of Increased Scientific Collaboration, Richard B. Freeman, Ina Ganguli, Raviv Murciano-Goroff. in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy, Jaffe and Jones. 2014

October 2013Failing the Test? The Flexible U.S. Job Market in the Great Recession
w19587
August 2013One Ring to Rule Them All? Globalization of Knowledge and Knowledge Creation
w19301

Forthcoming: Nordic Economic Policy Review: Globalization, Labour Market Institutions and Wage Structure, 6th Issue, 2013

July 2013How Does China's New Labor Contract Law Affect Floating Workers?
with Xiaoying Li: w19254
January 2012Does Linking Worker Pay to Firm Performance Help the Best Firms Do Even Better?
with Douglas L. Kruse, Joseph R. Blasi: w17745
Adjusting to Really Big Changes: The Labor Market in China, 1989-2009
with Wei Chi, Hongbin Li: w17721
August 2010To Join or Not to Join? Factors Influencing Employee Share Plan Membership in a Multinational Corporation
with Alex Bryson: w16292

Published: Bryson, A. and Freeman, R. B. (2010) 'To join or not to join? Factors influencing employee share plan membership in a multinational corporation', in T. Kato (ed.) Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory & Labor - Managed Firms, Volume 11 , pp.1 - 22, Emerald Group Publishing Limited (previously NBER Working Paper No. 16292, CEP Discussion Paper No. 1001 and NIESR Discussion Paper No. 361)

Variation in Educational Outcomes and Policies across Countries and of Schools within Countries
with Stephen Machin, Martina Viarengo: w16293

Published: 'Inequality of Educational Outcomes: International Evidence From PISA', Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Special Issue on PISA, (with R. F reeman and M. Viarengo), 11, 5-20 (2011)

May 2009What Does Global Expansion of Higher Education Mean for the US?
w14962
March 2009Labor Regulations, Unions, and Social Protection in Developing Countries: Market distortions or Efficient Institutions?
w14789

Published: Handbook of Development Economics Volume 5, 2010, Pages 4657–4702 Handbooks in Economics Cover image Chapter 70 – Labor Regulations, Unions, and Social Protection in Developing Countries: Market Distortions or Efficient Institutions?

August 2008Complementarity of Shared Compensation and Decision-Making Systems: Evidence from the American Labor Market
with Arindrajit Dube: w14272

Published: Arindrajit Dube & Richard B. Freeman, 2010. "Complementarity of Shared Compensation and Decision-Making Systems: Evidence from the American Labor Market," NBER Chapters, in: Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-based Stock Options, pages 167-199 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

WORKER RESPONSES TO SHIRKING UNDER SHARED CAPITALISM
with Douglas Kruse, Joseph Blasi: w14227

Published: Worker Responses to Shirking under Shared Capitalism, Richard B. Freeman, Douglas L. Kruse, Joseph R. Blasi. in Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-based Stock Options , Kruse, Freeman, and Blasi. 2010

Creating a Bigger Pie? The Effects of Employee Ownership, Profit Sharing, and Stock Options on Workplace Performance
with Joseph R. Blasi, Chris Mackin, Douglas L. Kruse: w14230

Published: Joseph R. Blasi & Richard B. Freeman & Christopher Mackin & Douglas L. Kruse, 2010. "Creating a Bigger Pie? The Effects of Employee Ownership, Profit Sharing, and Stock Options on Workplace Performance," NBER Chapters, in: Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-based Stock Options, pages 139-165 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

Do Workers Gain by Sharing? Employee Outcomes under Employee Ownership, Profit Sharing, and Broad-based Stock Options
with Douglas Kruse, Joseph Blasi: w14233

Published: Douglas L. Kruse & Richard B. Freeman & Joseph R. Blasi, 2010. "Do Workers Gain by Sharing? Employee Outcomes under Employee Ownership, Profit Sharing, and Broad-Based Stock Options," NBER Chapters, in: Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-based Stock Options, pages 257-289 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

How Does Shared Capitalism Affect Economic Performance in the UK?
with Alex Bryson: w14235
May 2008Searching for Optimal Inequality/Incentives
with Anders Björklund: w14014

Published: Searching for Optimal Inequality/Incentives, Anders Björklund, Richard B. Freeman. in Reforming the Welfare State: Recovery and Beyond in Sweden, Freeman, Swedenborg, and Topel. 2010

March 2008Helping Workers Online and Offline: Innovations in Union and Worker Organization Using the Internet
with M. Marit Rehavi: w13850

Published: Helping Workers Online and Offline: Innovations in Union and Worker Organization Using the Internet, Richard B. Freeman, M. Marit Rehavi. in Studies of Labor Market Intermediation , Autor. 2009

July 2007The Same Yet Different: Worker Reports on Labour Practices and Outcomes in a Single Firm Across Countries
with Douglas Kruse, Joseph Blasi: w13233

Published: Freeman, Richard B. & Kruse, Douglas & Blasi, Joseph, 2008. "The same yet different: Worker reports on labour practices and outcomes in a single firm across countries," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 749-770, August. citation courtesy of

Labor Market Institutions Around the World
w13242

Published: Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: October 01, 2010 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781849200431 | Print ISBN: 9781412911542 | Online ISBN: 9781849200431 | Publisher:SAGE Publications Ltd

January 2007Adoption and Termination of Employee Involvement Programs
with Wei Chi, Morris M. Kleiner: w12878

Published: Chi, Wei, Richard Freeman, and Morris Kleiner. “Adoption and Termination of Employee Involvement Programs." Labour 25, 1 (2011): 45-62. citation courtesy of

October 2006Optimal Inequality/Optimal Incentives: Evidence from a Tournament
w12588
September 2006Is A Great Labor Shortage Coming? Replacement Demand in the Global Economy
w12541
June 2006Searching for the EU Social Dialogue Model
w12306

Published: Acocella, Nicola and Riccardo Leoni (eds.) Social Pacts, Employment and Growth: A Reappraisal of Ezio Tarantelli's Thought. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag, 2007.

Worker Needs and Voice in the US and the UK
with Alex Bryson: w12310
People Flows in Globalization
w12315

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "People Flows In Globalization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2006, v20(2,Spring), 145-170. citation courtesy of

March 2006Learning from Other Economies: The Unique Institutional and Policy Experiments Down Under
w12116

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "Learning From Other Economies: The Unique Institutional And Policy Experiments Down Under," Economic Record, 2006, v82(257,Jun), 195-206. citation courtesy of

November 2005Why Don't More Puerto Rican Men Work? The Rich Uncle (Sam) Hypothesis
with Maria Enchautegui: w11751

Published: Collins, Susan M., Barry Bosworth, and Miguel A. Soto (eds.) The Economy of Puerto Rico: Restoring Growth. Brookings Institution Press, 2006.

September 2005Supporting "The Best and Brightest" in Science and Engineering: NSF Graduate Research Fellowships
with Tanwin Chang, Hanley Chiang: w11623

Published: Supporting "The Best and Brightest" in Science and Engineering: NSF Graduate Research Fellowships, Richard B. Freeman, Tanwin Chang, Hanley Chiang. in Science and Engineering Careers in the United States: An Analysis of Markets and Employment, Freeman and Goroff. 2009

The 2004 Global Labor Survey: Workplace Institutions and Practices Around the World
with Davin Chor: w11598
July 2005Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?
w11457

Published: Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?, Richard B. Freeman. in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 6, Jaffe, Lerner, and Stern. 2006

June 2005What Do Unions Do?: The 2004 M-Brane Stringtwister Edition
w11410

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "What Do Unions Do? The 2004 M-Brance Stringtwister Edition," Journal of Labor Research, 2005, v26(4,Fall), 641-668. citation courtesy of

May 2005Labour Market Institutions Without Blinders: The Debate over Flexibility and Labour Market Performance
w11286

Published: Richard Freeman, 2005. "Labour market institutions without blinders: The debate over flexibility and labour market performance," International Economic Journal, Korean International Economic Association, vol. 19(2), pages 129-145, June. citation courtesy of

From the Webbs to the Web: The Contribution of the Internet to Reviving Union Fortunes
w11298

Published: Fernie, Sue and David Metcalf (eds.) Trade Unions: Resurgence or Demise? Leverhulme Series Volume 3 on The Future of Trade Unions. London: Routledge, 2005.

June 2004Where Do New US-Trained Science-Engineering PhDs come from?
with Emily Jin, Chia-Yu Shen: w10554

Published: Ehrenberg, Ronald G. and Paula E. Stephan (eds.) Science and the University. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2007.

December 2003Motivating Employee-Owners in ESOP Firms: Human Resource Policies and Company Performance
with Douglas Kruse, Joseph Blasi, Robert Buchele, Adria Scharf: w10177

Published: Perotin, Virginie (ed.) Advances in the Economic Analysis of Participatory and Self- managed Firms. New York: Elsevier Science Ltd, 2004.

October 2003Trade Wars: The Exaggerated Impact of Trade in Economic Debate
w10000

Published: Richard B. Freeman, 2004. "Trade Wars: The Exaggerated Impact of Trade in Economic Debate," The World Economy, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(1), pages 1-23, 01. citation courtesy of

September 2003What Do Unions Do ... to Voting?
w9992
Can a Work Organization Have an Attitude Problem? The Impact of Workplaces on Employee Attitudes and Economic Outcomes
with Ann Bartel, Casey Ichniowski, Morris M. Kleiner: w9987
August 2003What, Me Vote?
w9896

Published: Neckerman, Kathryn (ed.) Social Inequality, Vol 1. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2004.

October 2002The Labour Market in the New Information Economy
w9254

Published: Richard B. Freeman, 2002. "The Labour Market in the New Information Economy," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(3), pages 288-305. citation courtesy of

February 2002Marketization of Production and the US-Europe Employment Gap
with Ronald Schettkat: w8797

Published: Freeman, Richard B & Schettkat, Ronald, 2001. " Marketization of Production and the US-Europe Employment Gap," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 63(0), pages 647-70, Special I. citation courtesy of

What Have Two Decades of British Economic Reform Delivered?
with David Card: w8801

Published:

September 2001Will Unionism Prosper in Cyber-Space? The Promise of the Internet for Employee Organization
with Wayne J. Diamond: w8483

Published: Diamond, W. J. and R. B. Freeman. "Will Unionism Prosper In CyberSpace? The Promise Of The Internet For Employee Organization," British Journal of Industrial Relations, 2002, v40(3,Sep), 569-596. citation courtesy of

August 2001Shared Modes of Compensation and Firm Performance: UK Evidence
with Martin J. Conyon: w8448

Published: Shared Modes of Compensation and Firm Performance U.K. Evidence, Martin Conyon, Richard B. Freeman. in Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000, Card, Blundell, and Freeman. 2004

March 2001The Rising Tide Lifts...?
w8155
February 2001Does Inequality in Skills Explain Inequality in Earnings Across Advanced Countries?
with Dan Devroye: w8140
January 2001White Hats or Don Quixotes? Human Rights Vigilantes in the Global Economy
with Kimberly Ann Elliott: w8102

Published: White Hats or Don Quixotes? Human Rights Vigilantes in the Global Economy, Kimberly Ann. Elliott, Richard B. Freeman. in Emerging Labor Market Institutions for the Twenty-First Century, Freeman, Hersch, and Mishel. 2005

December 2000The Anatomy of Employee Involvement and Its Effects on Firms and Workers
with Morris M. Kleiner, Cheri Ostroff: w8050
The Incentive for Working Hard: Explaining Hours Worked Differences in the U.S. and Germany
with Linda A. Bell: w8051

Published: Labour Economics, Vol. 8, no. 2 (May 2001): 181-202 citation courtesy of

Wages Around the World: Pay Across Occupations and Countries
with Remco Oostendorp: w8058

Published: Freeman, Richard (ed.) Inequality Around the World. London, UK: Palgrave, 2002.

June 2000The US Economic Model at Y2K: Lodestar for Advanced Capitalism?
w7757

Published: Freeman, Ricahrd B. "The US Economic Model at Y2K: Lodestar for Advanced Capitalism?" Canadian Public Policy / Analyse de Politiques, Vol. 26, Supplement: Structural Aspects of Unemployment in Canada (Jul., 2000): S187-S200.

March 2000Skill Compression, Wage Differentials and Employment: Germany vs. the US
with Ronald Schettkat: w7610

Published: Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 53, no. 3 (July 2001): 582-603 citation courtesy of

Low Wage Services: Interpreting the US - German Difference
with Ronald Schettkat: w7611

Published: Gregory, S. Bazen and W. Salverda (eds.) Labour Market Inequalities: Problems and Policies of Low-Wage Employment in International Perspective. Oxford University Press, 2000.

February 2000Single Peaked Vs. Diversified Capitalism: The Relation Between Economic Institutions and Outcomes
w7556

Published: Dreze, Jacques (ed.) Advances in Macroeconomic Theory. London, UK: Palgrave, in association with the IEA, Conf. Vol #133, 2002.

January 2000The Role of Wage and Skill Differences in US-German Employment Differences
with Ronald Schettkat: w7474

Published: Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), vol. 219/1-2 (July 1999): 49-66 citation courtesy of

April 1999Area Economic Conditions and the Labor Market Outcomes of Young Men in the 1990s Expansion
with William M. Rodgers III: w7073

Published: Cherry, Robert and William M. Rodgers III (eds.) Prosperity for All? The Economic Boom and African Americans. NY: Russell Sage Foundation, 2000.

February 1999Why Not Africa?
with David L. Lindauer: w6942
October 1998The Last American Shoe Manufacturers: Changing the Method of Pay to Survive Foreign Competition
with Morris M. Kleiner: w6750

Published: Freeman, Richard B. and Morris M. Kleiner. “The Last American Shoe Manufacturers: Decreasing Productivity and Increasing Profits in the Shift from Piece Rates to Continuous Flow Production." Industrial Relations 44, 2 (April 2005).

July 1998Dunning Delinquent Dads: The Effects of Child Support Enforcement on Child Support Receipt by Never Married Women
with Jane Waldfogel: w6664

Published: Freeman, Richard B. and Jane Waldfogel. "Dunning Delinquent Dads: The Effect Of Child Support Enforcement Policy On Child Support Receipt By Never Married Women, Dunning Delinquent Dads: The Effect Of Child Support Enforcement Policy On Child Support Receipt By Never Married Women," Journal of Human Resources, 2001, v36(2,Spring), 207-225.

April 1997Spurts in Union Growth: Defining Moments and Social Processes
w6012

Published:

February 1996Why Do So Many Young American Men Commit Crimes and What Might We Do About It?
w5451

Published: The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 10, no.1 (Winter 1996): 25-42. citation courtesy of

Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market
with George J. Borjas, Lawrence F. Katz: w5454

Published: American Economic Review, 86, pp.246-251, May 1996. citation courtesy of

January 1996Working for Nothing: The Supply of Volunteer Labor
w5435

Published: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 15, no. 1, part 2 (January 1997): S140-S166. citation courtesy of

Relational Investing: The Worker's Perspective
with Edward P. Lazear: w5436

Published: Gilson, Ronald, John C. Coffee, and Louis Lowenstein (eds.) Meaningful Relationships: Institutional Investors, Relational Investing, and the Future of Corporate Governance? NY: Oxford University Press, 1997.

December 1994Generating Equality and Eliminating Poverty, The Swedish Way
with Anders Bjorklund: w4945

Published: Generating Equality and Eliminating Poverty, the Swedish Way, Anders Bjorklund, Richard B. Freeman. in The Welfare State in Transition: Reforming the Swedish Model, Freeman, Topel, and Swedenborg. 1997

November 1994An Economic Analysis of Works Councils
with Edward P. Lazear: w4918

Published:

October 1994Crime and the Job Market
w4910
July 1994Do Unions Make Enterprises Insolvent?
with Morris M. Kleiner: w4797

Published: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol.52, no.4 (July 1999): 510-527. citation courtesy of

Why Do Americans and Germans Work Different Hours?
with Linda Bell: w4808

Published: Bell, Linda and Richard B. Freeman. "The Incentive For Working Hard: Explaining Hours Worked Differences In The US And Germany," Labor Economics, 2001, v8(2,May), 181-202.

May 1994The Legacy of Communist Labor Relations
with David G. Blanchflower: w4740

Published: Blanchflower, David G. and Richard B. Freeman. "The Attitudinal Legacy Of Communist Labor Relations," International Labor Relations Review, 1997, v50(3,Apr), 438-459.

September 1993Getting Together and Breaking Apart: The Decline of Centralised Collective Bargaining
with Robert Gibbons: w4464

Published:

June 1993Did the Thatcher Reforms Change British Labour Performance?
with David G. Blanchflower: w4384

Published: Is the British Labour Market Different, ed. R. Barrell, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

April 1993Evaluating the Connection Between Social Protection and Economic Flexib ility
with Rebecca M. Blank: w4338

Published:

November 1992What Directions for Labor Market Institutions in Eastern and Central Europe?
w4209

Published:

January 1992The Fall in Private Pension Coverage in the U.S.
with David E. Bloom: w3973

Published: Published as "The Fall in Private Pension Coverage in the United States", American Economic Review, Vol. 82, no. 2 (1992): 539-545.

November 1991Changes in Earnings Differentials in the 1980s: Concordance, Convergence, Causes, and Consequences
with McKinley L. Blackburn, David E. Bloom: w3901

Published: Papadimitriou, Dimitri B. and Edward N. Wolff (eds.) Poverty and Prosperity in the USA in the late Twentieth Century. London: Macmillan, 1993.

October 1991Crime and the Employment of Disadvantaged Youths
w3875

Published: Peterson, George and Wayne Vroman (eds.) Urban Labor Markets and Job Opportunity. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 1992.

September 1991Skill Differentials in Canada in an Era of Rising Labor Market Inequality
with Karen Needels: w3827

Published:

August 1991How Much Has De-Unionisation Contributed to the Rise in Male Earnings Inequality?
w3826

Published: Danziger, Sheldon and Peter Gottschalk (eds.) Uneven Tides. NY: Sage Press, 1992,

July 1991What Went Wrong? The Erosion of Relative Earnings and Employment Among Young Black Men in the 1980s
with John Bound: w3778

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107: 201-232, February 1992 citation courtesy of

June 1991Minimum Wages in Puerto Rico: Textbook Case of a Wage Floor?
with Alida Castillo Freeman: w3759
On the Labor Market Effects of Immigration and Trade
with George J. Borjas, Lawrence F. Katz: w3761

Published:

September 1990Employment and Earnings of Disadvantaged Young Men in a Labor Shortage Economy
w3444

Published: Jencks, Christopher and Paul E. Peterson (eds.) The Urban Underclass. Washington DC: Brookings Institution, 1991.

August 1990Jobfinding and Wages when Longrun Unemployment is Really Long: The Case of Spain
with Alfonso Alba-Ramirez: w3409

Published: Published as "Self-Employment in the Midst of Unemployment: The Case of Spain and the United States", AE, Vol. 26, no. 3 (1994): 189-204.

April 1990The Internationalization of the U.S. Labor Market
with John M. Abowd: w3321

Published: Abowd, J.M. and R.B. Freeman (eds.) Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market. Chicago: NBER, 1991.

Going Different Ways: Unionism in the U.S. and Other Advanced O.E.C.D. Countries
with David G. Blanchflower: w3342

Published: Industrial Relations, 1992 p. 56-79

November 1989The Impact of Industrial Relations Legislation on British Union Density
with Jeffrey Pelletier: w3167

Published: British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 141-164, (July 1990).

The Declining Economic Position of Less-Skilled American Males
with McKinley L. Blackburn, David E. Bloom: w3186
May 1989Crumbling Pillar? Declining Union Density in Japan
with Marcus E. Rebick: w2963

Published: Freeman, Richard B. & Rebick, Marcus E., 1989. "Crumbling pillar? Declining union density in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 578-605, December. citation courtesy of

1989On the Divergence in Unionism among Developed Countries
w2817

Published: "On the Divergence of Unionism among Developed Countries." From Labour Relations and Economic Performance, edited by Renato Brunetta and Carlo Dell' Aringa, pp. 304-322. London: Macmillan Press, 1990.

December 1988Employer Behavior in the Face of Union Organizing Drives
with Morris M. Kleiner: w2805

Published: Industrial & Labor Relations Review, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 351-365, (April 1990). citation courtesy of

April 1988Labor Market Institutions, Constraints, and Performance
w2560
Evaluating the European View that the US has No Unemployment Problem
w2562

Published: Freeman, Richard. "Evaluating the European View that the US has No Unemployment Problem," from American Economic Review, Vol. 78, No. 2, pp. 294-299 , May 1988.

The Impact Of New Unionization On Wages And Working Conditions: A Longitudinal Study Of Establishments Under NLRB Elections
with Morris M. Kleiner: w2563

Published: "The Impact of New Unionization on Wages and Working Conditions." From Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 8, No. 1, Part 2, pp. S8-S25, (January 1990).

November 1987Economic Development and the Timing and Components of Population Growth
with David E. Bloom: w2448

Published: Journal of Policy Modeling, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 57-81, (April 1988). citation courtesy of

October 1987Contraction and Expansion: The Divergence of Private Sector and Public Sector Unionism in tht U.S.
w2399

Published: Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 2, No. 2, Spring 1988, pp. 63-88.

June 1987The Effect of Public Sector Labor laws on Collective Bargaining, Wages, and Employment
with Robert G. Valletta: w2284

Published: Freeman, R. and Valletta, R. "The Effect of Public Sector Labor Laws on Collective Bargaining, Wages, and Employment," in When Public Sector Workers Unionize, ed. by Richard Freeman and Casey Ichniowski, Chicago: UCP, 1988.

September 1986Permanent Homelessness in America?
with Brian Hall: w2013

Published: Freeman, Richard B. and Brian Hall. "Permanent Homelessness in America?" Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 6, (1987), pp. 3-27.

April 1986Bonuses and Employment in Japan
with Martin L. Weitzman: w1878

Published: Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Vol. 1, pp. 168-194,(1987). citation courtesy of

February 1986The "Youth Problem": Age or Generational Crowding?
with David E. Bloom: w1829

Published: "The Labour-Market Consequences of Generational Crowding." From European Journal of Population, Vol. 3, pp. 131-176, (1987).

Population Growth, Labor Supply, and Employment in Developing Countries
with David E. Bloom: w1837

Published: Bloom, David E. and Richard B. Freeman. "The Effects of Rapid Population Growth on Labor Supply and Employment in Developing Countries," Population and Development Review, September 1986, pp. 381-414.

October 1985The Effect of the Union Wage Differential on Management Opposition and Union Organizing Success
w1748

Published: Freeman, Richard B."The Effect of the Union Wage Differential on Management Opposition and Union Organizing Success," American Economic Review, May 1986. citation courtesy of

June 1985Union Maids: Unions and the Female Workforce
with Jonathan S. Leonard: w1652

Published: Freeman, Richard B. and Jonathan S. Leonard. "Union Maids: Unions and the Female Workforce," Gender in the Workplace, C. Brown and J. Peckman (eds), Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1987, pp. 189-212.

How do Public Sector Wages and Employment Respond to Economic Conditions
w1653

Published: How Do Public Sector Wages and Employment Respond to Economic Conditions?, Richard B. Freeman. in Public Sector Payrolls, Wise. 1987

Who Escapes? The Relation of Church-Going & Other Background Factors to the Socio-Economic Performance of Blk. Male Yths. from Inner-City Pvrty Tracts
w1656

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "Who Escapes?: The Relation of Churchgoing and Other Background Factors to the Socioeconomic Performance of Black Male Youths from Inner-City Poverty Tracts," The Black Youth Employment Crisis, eds. Richard B. Freeman and Harry J. Holzer, pp. 353-376, Chicago: UCP, 1986.

April 1985Does a Flexible Industry Wage Structure Increase Employment?: The U.S. Experience
with Linda A. Bell: w1604

Published: Published as "Wage Rigidity in West Germany: A Comparison with the U.S. Experience", FRBNY, Vol. 11, no. 3 (1986): 11-21.

March 1985Collective Bargaining Laws and Threat Effects of Unionism in the Determination of Police Compenstation
with Casey Ichniowski, Harrison Lauer: w1578

Published: "Collective Bargaining Laws, Threat Effects, and the Determination of Police Compensation" From Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2,pp. 191-209, (April 1989).

September 1984Unionism Comes to the Public Sector
w1452

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "Unionism Comes to the Public Sector." Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 24, (March 1986), pp. 41-86. citation courtesy of

December 1983Trade Unions and Productivity: Some New Evidence on an Old Issue
with James L. Medoff: w1249

Published: Freeman, Richard B. and James L. Medoff. "Trade Unions and Productivity: Some New Evidence on an Old Issue." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 473, The Future of American Unionism (May, 1984): 149-164.

November 1983Unions, Pensions, and Union Pension Funds
w1226

Published:

September 1983Longitudinal Analyses of the Effects of Trade Unions
w1207

Published: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 2, no. 1, (January 1984): pp. 1-26. citation courtesy of

July 1983Unionism, Price-Cost Margins, and the Return to Capital
w1164
December 1982Elasticities of Demand for Educated Labor and Elasticities of Supply of Educated Labor
w1042
November 1982Crime and the Labor Market
w1031
August 1982The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences
with David A. Wise: r0308

Published: Freeman, Richard B. and Wise, David A. "The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences," The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, edited by Richard B. Freeman and David A. Wise, pp. 1-16. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

July 1982Economic Determinants of Geographic and Individual Variation in the Labor Market Position of Young Persons
r0275

Published: Freeman R. B. "Economic Determinants of Geographic and Individual Variationin the Labor Market Position of Young Persons." The Youth Labor Market Problem: It's Nature, Causes and Consequences, edited by R. B. Freeman and D. A. Wise, pp. 115-154. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Why Does the Rate of Youth Labor Force Activity Differ Across Surveys?
with James L. Medoff: r0276

Published:

The Youth Labor Market Problem in the United States: An Overview
with James L. Medoff: r0277

Published: The Youth Labor Market Problem in the United States: An Overview, Richard B. Freeman, James L. Medoff. in The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, Freeman and Wise. 1982

Public Policy and Employment Discrimination in the U.S.
w0928

Published: Glazer, Nathan and Ken Young (eds.) Ethnic Pluralism and Public Policy, 1984.

April 1982What! Another Minimum Wage Study?
with Mary Eccles: w0878

Published: Eccles, Mary, Richard B. Freeman, and Daniel S. Hamermesh. "Economic Policy Assessment: The Labor Market." From The American Economic Review, Vol. 72, No. 2, pp. 226-232 AND 237-241, (May 1982). (NOTE: Reprint 274is based on BOTH W0878 and W0771.) citation courtesy of

1982The Impact of Collective Bargaining: Can the New Facts Be Explained by Monopoly Unionism?
with James L. Medoff: w0837

Published: Published as "The Impact of the Percentage Organized On Union and Nonunion Wages", Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 63, no. 4 (1981): 561-572.(With M. Kleiner) "The Impact of New Unionization on Wages and Working Conditions", JLE, Vol. 8, no. 1 (1990): S8-S25.

December 1981Troubled Workers in the Labor Market
w0816

Published: Published as "The Exit-Voice Tradeoff in the Labor Market: Unionism, Job Tenure, Quits, and Separations", Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 94,no. 4 (1980): 643-674.

The Changing Economic Value of Higher Education in Developed Economies: A Report to the O.E.C.D.
w0820
September 1981Career Patterns of College Graduates in a Declining Job Market
w0750
Have Black Labor Market Gains Post-1964 Been Permanent or Transitory?
w0751
Union Wage Practices and Wage Dispersion within Establishments
w0752

Published: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 36, no. 1 (October 1982): 3-21. citation courtesy of

Low-Cost Student Labor: The Use and Effects of the Subminimum Wage Provisions for Full-time Students
with Wayne B. Gray, Casey Ichniowski: w0765
August 1981The Impact of Collective Bargaining: Illusion or Reality?
with James L. Medoff: w0735

Published: in "U.S. Industrial Relations 1950-1980: A Critical Assessment" edited by J. Stieber, R. B. McKersie, and D. Q. Mills , pp. 47-97. Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1981.

June 1981Implications of the Changing U.S. Labor Market for Higher Education
w0697
November 1980The Exit-Voice Tradeoff in the Labor Market: Unionism, Job Tenure, Quits
w0242

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "The Exit-Voice Tradeoff in the Labor Market: Unionism, Job Tenure, Quits, and Separations." The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol XCIV, No. 4, (June 1980), pp. 643- 673.

September 1980Le Syndicalisme a Deux Visages
with James L. Medoff: r0088

Published:

  • English version "The Two Faces of Unionism." The Public Interest , Vol. 57, (Fall 1979), pp. 69-93.
  • Freeman, Richard B., and James L. Medoff. "le Syndicalisme a Deux Visages." Revue Economique, Vol. 31, No.3, (May 1980).

February 1980The Evolution of the American Labor Market 1948-1980
w0446

Published:

October 1979The Effect of Unionism on Worker Attachment to Firms
w0400

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "The Effect of Unionism on Worker Attachment to Firms." Journal of Labor Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, (Spring 1980), pp. 29-61.

June 1979The Two Faces of Unionism
with James L. Medoff: w0364

Published:

  • Freeman, Richard B. and Medoff James L. "The Two Faces of Unionism." The Public Interest, Vol. 57, (Fall 1979), pp. 69-93.
  • (French version R88 -Revue Economique, Vol. 31, No. 3, May 1980.)
  • Le Syndicalisme a Deux Visages, Richard B. Freeman, James L. Medoff.

Why is There A Youth Labor Market Problem?
w0365

Published:

February 1979An Empirical Analysis of the Fixed Coefficient 'Manpower Requirements' Model, 1960-1970
w0315

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "An Empirical Analysis of the Fixed Coefficient 'Manpower Requirements' Model, 1960-1970." Journal of Human Resources, Vol. XV, No . 2, (Spring 1980), pp. 176-199. citation courtesy of

The Effect of Demographic Factors on Age-Earnings Profiles
w0316

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "The Effect of Demographic Factors on Age-Earnings Profiles." Journal of Human Resources, Vol XIV, No. 3, (1979), pp. 289-318. citation courtesy of

1979How Elastic is The Demand for Labor?
with Kim B. Clark: w0309

Published: Clark, Kim B. and Freeman, Richard B. "How Elastic is the Demand for Labor?" The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. LXII, No. 4, (November 1980) , pp. 509-520. citation courtesy of

December 1978The Percent Organized Wage (POW) Relationship for Union and for NonunionWorkers
with James L. Medoff: w0305

Published: Freeman, Richard B. and James L. Medoff. "The Impact Of The Percentage Organized On Union And Nonunion Wages," Review of Economics and Statistics, 1981, v63(4), 561-572.

November 1978Should We Organize? Effects of Faculty Unionism on Academic Compensation
w0301
October 1978Unionism and the Dispersion of Wages
w0248

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "Unionism and the Dispersion of Wages." Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 34, No. 1, (October 1980), pp. 3-23. citation courtesy of

Black Economic Progress after 1964: Who Has Gained and Why?
w0282

Published: Black Economic Progress after 1964: Who Has Gained and Why?, Richard B. Freeman. in Studies in Labor Markets, Rosen. 1981

The Effect of Trade Unionism on Fringe Benefits
w0292

Published: Freeman, Richard B. "The Effect of Unionism on Fringe Benefits." Industrial& Labor Relations Review, Vol. 34, No. 4, (July 1981), pp. 489-509.

September 1978A Fixed Effect Logit Model of the Impact Of Unionism on Quits
w0280
August 1978New Estimates of the Industrial Locus of Unionism in the United States
with James L. Medoff: w0273

Published: ILRR, Vol. 32, no. 2 (1979): 143-174.

December 1977Job Satisfaction as an Economic Variable
w0225

Published: Freeman, R. B. "Job Satisfaction As An Economic Variable," American Economic Review, 1978, v68(2), 135-141. citation courtesy of

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