NBER Working Papers by Phillip B. Levine

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Working Papers

June 2015Early Childhood Education by MOOC: Lessons from Sesame Street
with Melissa S. Kearney: w21229
June 2014Income Inequality, Social Mobility, and the Decision to Drop Out of High School
with Melissa S. Kearney: w20195
January 2014Media Influences on Social Outcomes: The Impact of MTV's 16 and Pregnant on Teen Childbearing
with Melissa S. Kearney: w19795
September 2012Recessions, Older Workers, and Longevity: How Long Are Recessions Good For Your Health?
with Courtney C. Coile, Robin McKnight: w18361

Published: Courtney C. Coile & Phillip B. Levine & Robin McKnight, 2014. "Recessions, Older Workers, and Longevity: How Long Are Recessions Good for Your Health?," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 6(3), pages 92-119, August. citation courtesy of

March 2012Explaining Recent Trends in the U.S. Teen Birth Rate
with Melissa Schettini Kearney: w17964
Why is the Teen Birth Rate in the United States so High and Why Does it Matter?
with Melissa Schettini Kearney: w17965

Published: Melissa S. Kearney & Phillip B. Levine, 2012. "Why Is the Teen Birth Rate in the United States So High and Why Does It Matter?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 141-63, Spring. citation courtesy of

June 2011Income Inequality and Early Non-Marital Childbearing: An Economic Exploration of the "Culture of Despair"
with Melissa Schettini Kearney: w17157

Published: Kearney, Melissa S. and Phillip Levine. “Income Inequality and Early, Non-Marital Childbearing,” Journal of Human Resources 49, Winter 2014: 1-31

June 2010Recessions, Reeling Markets, and Retiree Well-Being
with Courtney C. Coile: w16066
October 2009The Market Crash and Mass Layoffs: How the Current Economic Crisis May Affect Retirement
with Courtney Coile: w15395

Published: Courtney C. Coile & Phillip B. Levine, 2011. "The Market Crash and Mass Layoffs: How the Current Economic Crisis May Affect Retirement," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Berkeley Electronic Press, vol. 11(1), pages 22. citation courtesy of

June 2009Public Policy, Health Insurance and the Transition to Adulthood
with Robin McKnight, Samantha Heep: w15114
January 2009The Impact of Children's Public Health Insurance Expansions on Educational Outcomes
with Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach: w14671


September 2007Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Early Childbearing
with Melissa S. Kearney: w13436

Published: Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Early Childbearing, Melissa S. Kearney, Phillip B. Levine. in The Problems of Disadvantaged Youth: An Economic Perspective, Gruber. 2009

April 2007Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior
with Melissa S. Kearney: w13045

Published: Melissa S Kearney & Phillip B Levine, 2009. "Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(1), pages 137-151, October. citation courtesy of

October 2006Labor Market Shocks and Retirement: Do Government Programs Matter?
with Courtney C. Coile: w12559

Published: Coile, Courtney C. and Phillip B. Levine. “Labor Market Shocks and Retirement: Do Government Programs Matter?Journal of Public Economics 91(10):1902-1919, November 2007. citation courtesy of

April 2006Abortion and Selection
with Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat, Jonathan Gruber, Douglas Staiger: w12150

Published: Ananat, Elizabeth, Jonathan Gruber, Phillip Levine, and Douglas Staiger. “Abortion and Selection.” Review of Economics and Statistics 91,1 (2009): 124–136. citation courtesy of

September 2004Bulls, Bears, and Retirement Behavior
with Courtney C. Coile, Phillip B. Levine: w10779

Published: Courtney C. Coile & Phillip B. Levine, 2006. "Bulls, bears, and retirement behavior," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 59(3), pages 408-429, April. citation courtesy of

August 2004Abortion Legalization and Lifecycle Fertility
with Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat, Jonathan Gruber: w10705

Published: Ananat, Elizabeth Oltmans, Jonathan Gruber and Phillip Levine. “Abortion Legalization and Lifecycle Fertility." Journal of Human Resources 42, 2 (2007): 375-397. citation courtesy of

June 2002The Impact of Social Policy and Economic Activity Throughout the Fertility Decision Tree
February 2002Abortion as Insurance
with Douglas Staiger: w8813
Maternal Employment and Overweight Children
with Patricia M. Anderson, Kristin F. Butcher: w8770

Published: Anderson, Patricia M., Phillip Levine, and Kristin Butcher. "Maternal Emplyment and Overweight Children." Journal of Health Economics 22 (May 2003): 477-504. citation courtesy of

March 2000The Sexual Activity and Birth Control Use of American Teenagers


February 2000Children's Welfare Exposure and Subsequent Development
with David J. Zimmerman: w7522

Published: Levine, Phillip B. and David J. Zimmerman. "Children's Welfare Exposure And Subsequent Development," Journal of Public Economics, 2005, v89(1,Jan), 31-56. citation courtesy of

July 1999Worklife Determinants of Retirement Income Differentials Between Men and Women
with Olivia S. Mitchell, John W. Phillips: w7243

Published: Published as "The Benefit of Additional High-School Math and Science Classes for Young Men and Women", JBES, Vol. 13, no. 2 (1995): 137-149.

March 1999Child Care and Mothers' Employment Decisions
with Patricia M. Anderson: w7058

Published: Finding Jobs: Work and Welfare Reform, Card, David and Rebecca Blank,eds., New York: Russell Sage, 2000.

December 1998Discrimination in the Small Business Credit Market
with David G. Blanchflower, David J. Zimmerman: w6840

Published: David G. Blanchflower & Phillip B. Levine & David J. Zimmerman, 2003. "Discrimination in the Small-Business Credit Market," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 85(4), pages 930-943, 09. citation courtesy of

August 1998Extended Benefits and the Duration of UI Spells: Evidence from the New Jersey Extended Benefit Program
with David Card: w6714

Published: Card, David and Phillip B. Levine. "Extended Benefits And The Duration Of UI Spells: Evidence From The New Jersey Extended Benefit Program," Journal of Public Economics, 2000, v78(1-2,Oct), 107-138. citation courtesy of

March 1998Less-Skilled Workers, Welfare Reform, and the Unemployment Insurance System
with Cynthia K. Gustafson: w6489

Published: Polachek, Solomon W. (ed.) Worker wellbeing in a changing labor market, Research in Labor Economics, vol. 20. Amsterdam; London and New York: Elsevier Science, JAI, 2001.

May 1997Abortion Legalization and Child Living Circumstances: Who is the "Marginal Child?"
with Jonathan Gruber, Douglas Staiger: w6034

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 114, no. 1 (1999): 263-291. citation courtesy of

June 1996Roe v. Wade and American Fertility
with Douglas Staiger, Thomas J. Kane, David J. Zimmerman: w5615

Published: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 89, no. 2 (1999): 199-203.

September 1995An Empirical Analysis of the Welfare Magnet Debate Using the NLSY
with David J. Zimmerman: w5264

Published: Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 12, no. 3 (1999): 391-409. citation courtesy of

More Bad News for Smokers? The Effects of Cigarette Smoking on Labor Market Outcomes
with Tara A. Gustafson, Ann D. Velenchik: w5270

Published: Industrial and Labor Relations Review (April 1997): 493-509.

March 1995The Effect of Medicaid Abortion Funding Restrictions on Abortions, Pregnancies, and Births
with Amy B. Trainor, David J. Zimmerman: w5066

Published: Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 15 (1996): 555-578. citation courtesy of

March 1992Unemployment Insurance Taxes and the Cyclical and Seasonal Properties of Unemployment
with David Card: w4030

Published: Journal of Public Economics, vol 53, no. 1 (February 1994) citation courtesy of

June 1991Expected Changes in the Workforce and Implications for Labor Markets
with Olivia S. Mitchell: w3743

Published: Levine, Philip B. and Olivia S. Mitchell. "Expected Changes in the Work- Force and Implications for Labor Markets." Demography and Retirement: The 21st Century. Edited by A. Rappaport and R. Scheiber. Pension Research Concil, Praeger, 1993, P. 73-96.

1988The Baby Boom's Legacy: Relative Wages in the 21st Century
with Olivia S. Mitchell: w2501

Published: Levine, Phillip B., and Olivia S. Mitchell, "The Baby Boom's Legacy: Relative Wages in the 21st Century," American Economic Review, Vol. 78 , pp. 66-9, May 1988.

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

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