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NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Luzi Hail

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Working Papers

January 2011Capital-Market Effects of Securities Regulation: Prior Conditions, Implementation, and Enforcement
with Hans B. Christensen, Christian Leuz: w16737
This paper examines the capital-market effects of changes in securities regulation. We analyze two key directives in the European Union (EU) that tightened market abuse and transparency regulation. All EU member states were required to adopt these directives, but for plausibly exogenous reasons did so at different times. We exploit this staggered introduction to estimate causal effects of tighter securities regulation for the population of European firms, and find significant increases in market liquidity. Examining cross-sectional variation, we find larger treatment effects in countries that implement and enforce the directives more strictly. They are also stronger in countries with traditionally stricter securities regulation and a better track record of implementing regulation. The cros...

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