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NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Luca Sala

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Working Papers

October 2012Structural and Cyclical Forces in the Labor Market During the Great Recession: Cross-Country Evidence
with Ulf Söderström, Antonella Trigari: w18434
We use an estimated monetary business cycle model with search and matching frictions in the labor market and nominal price and wage rigidities to study four countries (the U.S., the U.K., Sweden, and Germany) during the financial crisis and the Great Recession. We estimate the model over the period prior to the financial crisis and use the model to interpret movements in GDP, unemployment, vacancies, and wages in the period from 2007 until 2011. We show that contractionary financial factors and reduced efficiency in labor market matching were largely responsible for the experience in the U.S. Financial factors were also important in the U.K., but less so in Sweden and Germany. Reduced matching efficiency was considerably less important in the U.K. and Sweden than in the U.S., but matching ...

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