NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Klaas de Vos

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Working Papers

February 2016Work Capacity at Older Ages in the Netherlands
with Adriaan Kalwij, Arie Kapteyn: w21976
Over the last two decades policy reforms in the Netherlands have increased work incentives, resulting in rising employment rates at older ages. Over the same period health of the population has increased as well. A natural question is how much people could work taking into account their health status. As the other chapters in this volume, we use two approaches to answering this question. The first approach takes the relation between mortality and employment in 1981 as a base and then estimates what employment rates could be in 2010 if the relation between mortality and employment were the same in 1981 and 2010. The estimated additional work capacity based on this approach is about 50 percentage points for males at age 65. A second approach estimates the relation between health and employm...
May 2011Disability Insurance and Labor Market Exit Routes of Older Workers in The Netherlands
with Arie Kapteyn, Adriaan Kalwij: w17053
This paper presents information on labor market participation of the elderly, mortality and health, pathways to retirement and rates of participation in various earnings replacing programs in the Netherlands. It presents an overview of reforms to Disability Insurance (DI) and other income maintenance and early retirement programs over the past few decades, and examines to what extent these reforms have affected labor market exit routes of older workers. The overall picture that emerges is that DI receipt appears unrelated to the general health of the population and that over the last two decades relatively fewer older workers exit the labor market through DI. This reduction may, arguably, in part be attributed to stricter DI eligibility rules.

Published: Disability Insurance and Labor Market Exit Routes of Older Workers in the Netherlands, Klaas de Vos, Arie Kapteyn, Adriaan Kalwij. in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms, Wise. 2012

August 1997Social Security and Retirement in The Netherlands
with Arie Kapteyn: w6135
Compared to other industrialized countries, the labor force participation of the elderly in the Netherlands is very low. Moreover, it has fallen very fast over recent years. We discuss the incentives for employees to retire, arising from public schemes such as social security and disability insurance, and from private arrangements, such as early retirement and occupational pensions. In general, the generous replacement rates offered by these schemes act as powerful stimuli for retirement. Although Dutch research into the retirement effects of the earnings replacing schemes for the elderly was limited until the early nineties, there is now a fast growing literature on this. This literature confirms the findings in the current paper.

Published:

  • Van Praag, Bernard M. S. and Arie Kapteyn as "Further Evidence on the Individual Welfare Function of Income: An Empirical Investigation in the Netherlands," European Economic Review, Vol. 4, no. 1 (April 1973): 33-62
  • van Soest, Arthur, Isolde Woittiez, and Arie Kapteyn as "Labor Supply, Income Taxes, and Hours Restrictions in the Netherlands", Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 25, no. 3 (Summer 1990): 517-558
  • "Social Security and Labor-Force Participation in the Netherlands," American Economic Review, Vol. 88, no. 2 (May 1998): 164-167
  • Social Security and Retirement in the Netherlands, Arie Kapteyn, Klaas de Vos. in Social Security and Retirement around the World, Gruber and Wise. 1999

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

 
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