NBER Working Papers by June E. O'Neill

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Working Papers

September 2007Health Status, Health Care and Inequality: Canada vs. the U.S.
with Dave M. O'Neill: w13429
Does Canada's publicly funded, single payer health care system deliver better health outcomes and distribute health resources more equitably than the multi-payer heavily private U.S. system? We show that the efficacy of health care systems cannot be usefully evaluated by comparisons of infant mortality and life expectancy. We analyze several alternative measures of health status using JCUSH (The Joint Canada/U.S. Survey of Health) and other surveys. We find a somewhat higher incidence of chronic health conditions in the U.S. than in Canada but somewhat greater U.S. access to treatment for these conditions. Moreover, a significantly higher percentage of U.S. women and men are screened for major forms of cancer. Although health status, measured in various ways is similar in both countries, m...


April 2005What Do Wage Differentials Tell Us about Labor Market Discrimination?
with Dave M. O'Neill: w11240
We examine the extent to which non-discriminatory factors can explain observed wage gaps between racial and ethnic minorities and whites, and between women and men. In general we find that differences in productivity-related factors account for most of the between group wage differences in the year 2000. Determinants of wage gaps differ by group. Differences in schooling and in skills developed in the home and in school, as measured by test scores, are of central importance in explaining black/white and Hispanic/white wage gaps among both women and men. Immigrant assimilation is an additional factor for Asians and workers from Central and South America. The sources of the gender gap are quite different, however. Gender differences in schooling and cognitive skills as measured by the AFQT a...

Published: O'Neill, June, and Dave O'Neill. 2006 "What Do Wage Differentials Tell Us about Labor Market Discrimination?" In The Economics of Immigration and Social Policy, edited by Soloman Polachek, Carmel Chiswich, and Hillel Rapoport. Research in Labor Economics 24:293-357.

May 2002Has Welfare Reform Changed Teenage Behaviors?
with Robert Kaestner: w8932
We use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth 1979 and 1997 cohorts to compare welfare use, fertility rates, educational attainment, and marriage rates among teenage women in the years before and the years immediately following welfare reform. Our first objective is to document differences between these cohorts in welfare use and outcomes and behaviors correlated with 'entry' into welfare, and with future economic and social well-being. Our second objective is to investigate the causal role of welfare reform in behavioral change. We find significant differences between cohorts in welfare use and in outcomes related to welfare use. Further, difference-in-differences estimates suggest that welfare reform has been associated with reduced welfare receipt, reduced fertility, re...

Published: Kaestner, Robert, Sanders Korenman and June O’Neill. “Has Welfare Reform Changed Teenage Behaviors?” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 22, 2 (2003): 225-248. citation courtesy of

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

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