|May 2015||An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble: The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1845-1885|
with Ewout Frankema, Pieter Woltjer: w21213
|January 2015||Latin American Inequality: Colonial Origins, Commodity Booms, or a Missed 20th Century Leveling?|
|January 2014||American Colonial Incomes, 1650-1774|
with Peter H. Lindert: w19861
|September 2012||American Incomes 1774-1860|
with Peter H. Lindert: w18396
|July 2012||The Spread of Manufacturing to the Poor Periphery 1870---2007|
with Agustín S. Bénétrix, Kevin H. O'Rourke: w18221
Published: Agustín Bénétrix & Kevin O’Rourke & Jeffrey Williamson, 2015. "The Spread of Manufacturing to the Poor Periphery 1870–2007," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 1-37, February. citation courtesy of
|July 2011||American Incomes before and after the Revolution|
with Peter H. Lindert: w17211
Peter H. Lindert and Jeffrey G. Williamson. “American Incomes before and after the Revolution”. Forthcoming Journal of Economic History. Earlier version: NBER working paper 17211 (2011; revised February 2013). citation courtesy of
|February 2011||Industrial Catching Up in the Poor Periphery 1870-1975|
|September 2010||When, Where, and Why? Early Industrialization in the Poor Periphery 1870-1940|
|January 2010||Latin American Growth-Inequality Trade-Offs: The Impact of Insurgence and Independence|
|August 2009||Five Centuries of Latin American Inequality|
Published: *“Five Centuries of Latin American Inequality,” Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History 28, 2 (September 2010): 227-252.
|March 2009||Vanishing Third World Emigrants?|
with Timothy J. Hatton: w14785
|Ottoman De-Industrialization 1800-1913: Assessing the Shock, Its Impact and the Response|
with Sevket Pamuk: w14763
|History without Evidence: Latin American Inequality since 1491|
|February 2009||Commodity Price Volatility and World Market Integration since 1700|
with David S. Jacks, Kevin H. O'Rourke: w14748
Published: David S. Jacks & Kevin H. O'Rourke & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2011. "Commodity Price Volatility and World Market Integration since 1700," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(3), pages 800-813, 01. citation courtesy of
|January 2009||Commodity Price Shocks and the Australian Economy since Federation|
with Sambit Bhattacharyya: w14694
Published: Sambit Bhattacharyya & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2011. "Commodity Price Shocks And The Australian Economy Since Federation," Australian Economic History Review, Wiley Blackwell Asia Pty Ltd and the Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 51(2), pages 150-177, 07. citation courtesy of
|May 2008||Was It Prices, Productivity or Policy? The Timing and Pace of Latin American Industrialization after 1870|
with Aurora Gómez Galvarriato: w13990
|March 2008||Globalization and the Great Divergence: Terms of Trade Booms and Volatility in the Poor Periphery 1782-1913|
Published: Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2008. "Globalization and the Great Divergence: terms of trade booms, volatility and the poor periphery, 1782?1913," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(03), pages 355-391, December.
|October 2007||Measuring Ancient Inequality|
with Branko Milanovic, Peter H. Lindert: w13550
|April 2007||Globalization, Growth and Distribution in Spain 1500-1913|
with Joan R. Rosés, Kevin H. O'Rourke: w13055
|October 2006||Lost Decades: Lessons from Post-Independence Latin America for Today's Africa|
with Robert H. Bates, John H. Coatsworth: w12610
Published: Bates, Robert H. & Coatsworth, John H. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2007. "Lost Decades: Postindependence Performance in Latin America and Africa," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 67(04), pages 917-943, December.
|Poverty Traps, Distance, and Diversity: The Migration Connection|
|Inequality and Schooling Responses to Globalization Forces: Lessons from History|
Published: Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2006. "Inequality and schooling responses to globalization forces: lessons from history," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, pages 225-248.
|August 2006||What Determines Immigration's Impact? Comparing Two Global Centuries|
with Timothy J. Hatton: w12414
Published: Hatton, Timothy and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "The Impact of Immigration: Comparing Two Global Eras." World Development 36, 3 (March 2008): 345-61.
|June 2006||Globalization, De-Industrialization and Mexican Exceptionalism 1750-1879|
with Rafael Dobado González, Aurora Gómez Galvarriato: w12316
Published: Dobado Gonzalez, Rafael, Aurora Gomez Galvarriato, and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Mexican Exceptionalism: Globalization and De-Industrialization, 1750-1877." Journal of Economic History 68, 3 (September 2008): 758-811.
|December 2005||A Dual Policy Paradox: Why Have Trade and Immigration Policies Always Differed in Labor-Scarce Economies|
with Timothy J. Hatton: w11866
Published: Hatton, T., K. O’Rourke and A. Taylor (eds.). THE NEW COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC HISTORY. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2007.
|Did Vasco da Gama Matter for European Markets? Testing Frederick Lane's Hypotheses Fifty Years Later|
with Kevin H. O'Rourke: w11884
Published: O’Rourke, Kevin H. and Jeffrey G. Williamson. ”Did Vasco da Gama Matter to European Markets?” Economic History Review 62, 3 (August 2009): 655-84.
|November 2005||Mughal Decline, Climate Change, and Britain's Industrial Ascent: An Integrated Perspective on India's 18th and 19th Century Deindustrialization|
with David Clingingsmith: w11730
Published: Clingingsmith, David and Jeffrey G. Williamson. ”De-Industrialization in 18th and 19th Century India: Mughal Decline, Climate Shocks and British Industrial Ascent.” Explorations in Economic History 45, 3 (July 2008): 209-234.
|August 2004||Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Policy in Europe|
with Timothy J. Hatton: w10680
Published: F. Foders and R. J. Langhammer (eds.), LABOR MOBILITY AND THE WORLD ECONOMY (Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2006
|July 2004||The Impact of the Terms of Trade on Economic Development in the Periphery, 1870-1939: Volatility and Secular Change|
with Christopher Blattman, Jason Hwang: w10600
Published: Blattman, Christopher, Jason Hwang and Jeffrey G. Williamson. “The Impact of the Terms of Trade on Economic Development in the Periphery, 1870-1939: Volatility and Secular Change.” Journal of Development Economics 82, 1 (January 2007): 156-179.
|June 2004||India's De-Industrialization Under British Rule: New Ideas, New Evidence|
with David Clingingsmith: w10586
|May 2004||International Migration in the Long-Run: Positive Selection, Negative Selection and Policy|
with Timothy J. Hatton: w10529
Published: Foders, Federico and Rolf J. Langhammer (eds.) Labor Mobility and the World Economy. Berlin and New York: Springer, 2006.
|September 2003||The Terms of Trade and Economic Growth in the Periphery 1870-1938|
with Christopher Blattman, Jason Hwang: w9940
|May 2003||Globalization in Latin America Before 1940|
with Luis Bertola: w9687
Published: Bulmer-Thomas, Victor, John H. Coatsworth, and Roberto Cortes Conde. The Cambridge Economic History of Latin America. Volume 2. The Long Twentieth Century. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
|April 2003||Was It Stolper-Samuelson, Infant Industry or Something Else? World Trade Tariffs 1789-1938|
|March 2003||Freight Rates and Productivity Gains in British Tramp Shipping 1869-1950|
with Saif I. Shah Mohammed: w9531
Published: Mohammed, Saif I. and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Freight Rates And Productivity Gains In British Tramp Shipping 1869-1950," Explorations in Economic History, 2004, v41(2,Apr), 172-203. citation courtesy of
|December 2002||Closed Jaguar, Open Dragon: Comparing Tariffs in Latin America and Asia before World War II|
with Michael A. Clemens: w9401
|September 2002||What Fundamentals Drive World Migration?|
with Timothy J. Hatton: w9159
Published: Borjas, G. and J. Crips (eds.) POVERTY, INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND ASYLUM. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan for WIDER: 2005.
|Winners and Losers Over Two Centuries of Globalization|
Published: WIDER PERSPECTIVES ON GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
|Why Did the Tariff-Growth Correlation Reverse After 1950?|
with Michael A. Clemens: w9181
Published: Clemens, Michael A. and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Why Did The Tariff-Growth Correlation Change After 1950?," Journal of Economic Growth, 2004, v9(1,Mar), 5-46.
|June 2002||The Roots of Latin American Protectionism: Looking Before the Great Depression|
with John H. Coatsworth: w8999
Published: Estevadeordal, A., D. Rodrik, A. Taylor and A. Velasco (eds.) INTEGRATING THE AMERICAS: FTAA AND BEYOND. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
|Where Do U.S. Immigrants Come From, and Why?|
with Ximena Clark, Timothy J. Hatton: w8998
|May 2002||From Malthus to Ohlin: Trade, Growth and Distribution Since 1500|
with Kevin H. O'Rourke: w8955
- O'Rourke, Kevin and Jeffrey G. Williamson “From Malthus to Ohlin: Trade, Growth and Distribution Since 1500." Journal of Economic Growth 10, 1 (January 2005): 5-34.
- Brown, D. K. and R. M. Stern (eds.) THE WTO AND LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT (Elgar 2007).
|September 2001||A Tariff-Growth Paradox? Protection's Impact the World Around 1875-1997|
with Michael A. Clemens: w8459
|April 2001||Does Globalization Make the World More Unequal?|
with Peter H. Lindert: w8228
Published: Does Globalization Make the World More Unequal?, Peter H. Lindert, Jeffrey G. Williamson. in Globalization in Historical Perspective, Bordo, Taylor, and Williamson. 2003
|March 2001||After Columbus: Explaining the Global Trade Boom 1500-1800|
with Kevin H. O'Rourke: w8186
Published: O'Rourke, Kevin H. and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "After Columbus: Explaining Europe's Overseas Trade Boom, 1500-1800," Journal of Economic History, 2002, v62(2,Jun), 417-456.
|Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Performance 1870-1940: Prebisch and Singer Revisited|
with Yael S. Hadass: w8188
Published: Hadass, Yael S & Williamson, Jeffrey G, 2003. "Terms-of-Trade Shocks and Economic Performance, 1870-1940: Prebisch and Singer Revisited," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 51(3), pages 629-56, April. citation courtesy of
|February 2001||Demographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration Out of Africa|
with Timothy J. Hatton: w8124
- as "Out Of Africa? Using The Past To Project African Emigration Pressure In The Future," Review of International Economics, Vol. 10, no. 3 (August 2002): 556-573
- Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 105, no. 3 (September 2003): 465-486 citation courtesy of
|December 2000||Where did British Foreign Capital Go? Fundamentals, Failures and the Lucas Paradox: 1870-1913|
with Michael A. Clemens: w8028
|July 2000||Land, Labor and Globalization in the Pre-Industrial Third World|
Published: Williamson, Jeffrey G. "Land, Labor, And Globalization In The Third World, 1870-1940," Journal of Economic History, 2002, v62(1,Mar), 55-85.
|April 2000||When Did Globalization Begin?|
with Kevin H. O'Rourke: w7632
Published: O Rourke, Kevin H. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2002. "When did globalisation begin?," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(01), pages 23-50, April. citation courtesy of
|November 1999||The Heckscher-Ohlin Model Between 1400 and 2000: When It Explained Factor Price Convergence, When It Did Not, and Why|
with Kevin H. O'Rourke: w7411
Published: Findlay, R., L. Jonung and M. Lundahl (eds.) Bertil Ohlin: A Centennial Celebration 1899-1999. MIT Press, 2002.
|July 1999||Explaining Inequality the World Round: Cohort Size, Kuznets Curves, andOpenness|
with Matthew Higgins: w7224
Published: Higgins, Matthew and Jeffrey G. Williamson. “Explaining Inequality the World Round: Cohort Size, Kuznets Curves, and Openness." Southeast Asian Studies 40, 3 (December 2002): 268-302.
|May 1999||Capital Goods Prices, Global Capital Markets and Accumulation: 1870-1950|
with William J. Collins: w7145
Published: Collins, William J. and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Capital-Goods Prices And Investment, 1879-1950," Journal of Economic History, 2001, v61(1,Mar), 59-94.
|The Impact of Globalization on Pre-Industrial, Technologically Quiescent Economies|
Published: as "Land, Labor, and Globalization in the Third World, 1870-1940" The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 62, No. 1, Mar., 2002
|February 1999||The Impact of Globalization on Pre-Industrial, Technologically Quiescent Economies|
|Capital Goods Prices, Global Capital Markets and Accumulation, 1870-1950|
with William J. Collins: h0116
Published: Collins, William J. and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Capital-Goods Prices And Investment, 1879-1950," Journal of Economic History, 2001, v61(1,Mar), 59-94.
|November 1997||Demographic Transitions and Economic Miracles in Emerging Asia|
with David E. Bloom: w6268
Published: World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 12, no. 3 (September 1998): 419-455. citation courtesy of
|October 1997||Growth, Distribution and Demography: Some Lessons from History|
Published: Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 35, no. 3 (July 1998): 241-271. citation courtesy of
|June 1997||Were Trade and Factor Mobility Substitutes in History?|
with William J. Collins, Kevin H. O'Rourke: w6059
Published: Migration: The Controversies and the Evidence, Faini, R., J. DeMelo and K. Zimmerman, eds., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
|December 1996||Racism, Xenophobia or Markets? The Political Economy of Immigration Policy Prior to the Thirties|
with Ashley S. Timmer: w5867
Published: (Published as "Immigration Policy Prior to the Thirties: Labor Markets, Policy Interaction, and Globalization Backlash") Population and Development Review, Vol. 24, no. 4 (December 1998): 739-771.
|November 1996||Land, Labor and the Wage-Rental Ratio: Factor Price Convergence in the Late Nineteenth Century|
with Kevin O'Rourke, Alan M. Taylor: h0046
Published: "Factor Price Convergence in the Late 19th Century," International Economic Review,, vol. 37., no. 3, pp, 499-530, August 1996.
|May 1996||Asian Demography and Foreign Capital Dependence|
with Matthew Higgins: w5560
Published: Population and Development Review, Vol. 23, no. 2 (June 1997): 261-293.(Published as "Age Structure Dynamics in Asia and Dependence on Foreign Capital")
|March 1996||"Globalization and Inequality Past and Present"|
Published: World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 12, no. 2 (August 1997): 117-135. citation courtesy of
|December 1995||"Around the European Periphery 1870-1913: Globalization, Schooling and Growth"|
with Kevin H. O'Rourke: w5392
Published: European Review of Economic History, Vol. 1, no. 2 (August 1997): 153-190. citation courtesy of
|September 1995||Globalization, Convergence and History|
Published: Journal of Economic History, vol. 56, no. 2 (June 1996): pp. 1-30
|July 1995||The Impact of Imigration on American Labor Markets Prior to the Quotas|
with Timothy J. Hutton: w5185
Published: "Education, Globalization and Catch-Up: Scandinavia in the Swedish Mirror," Scandinavian Economic History Review, vol. XL111, no. 3 (1996): 287-309
|May 1995||Open Economy Forces and Late 19th Century Scandinavian Catch-Up|
with Kevin O'Rourke: w5112
Published: "Open Economy Forces and Late 19th Century Swedish Catch-Up: A Quantitative Accounting," Scandinavian Economic History Review, vol. XLIII no. 2 (1995):pp. 171-203.
|April 1994||"Convergence in the Age of Mass Migration"|
with Alan M. Taylor: w4711
Published: European review of economic history, vol. 1, no.1 (April 1997): 27-63. citation courtesy of
|June 1993||Late-Comers to Mass Emigration: The Latin Experience|
with Timothy J. Hatton: h0047
Published: T. Hatton and J. Williamson, (eds.), Migration and the International Labor Markets 1850-1939, (Routledge 1994).
|Mass Migration, Commodity Market Integration and Real Wage Convergence: The Late Nineteenth Century Atlantic Economy|
with Kevin O'Rourke, Timothy J. Hatton: h0048
Published: T. Hatton and J. Williamson, (eds.), Migration and the Internationalal Labor Market 1850-1939, (Routledge 1994)
|November 1992||What Drove the Mass Migrations from Europe in the Late Nineteenth Century?|
with Timothy J. Hatton: h0043
Published: Population and Development Review, vol. 20, no. 3 (Sept 1994): 1-27.
|September 1992||International Migration and World Development: A Historical Perspective|
with Timothy J. Hatton: h0041
Published: "International Migration: 1850-1939: An Economic Survey," Migration and the International Labor Market 1850-1939, T. Hatton and J. Williamson, eds.(London: Routledge, 1994): 3-32.
|June 1992||Were Heckscher and Ohlin Right? Putting the Factor-Price-Equalization Theorem Back into History|
with Kevin O'Rourke: h0037
Published: "Late 19th Century Anglo-American Factor Price Convergence: Were Heckscherand Ohlin Right?" Journal of Economic History, vol. 54, no. 4 (December 1994): 892-916
|February 1992||The Evolution of Global Labor Markets Since 1830 Background Evidence and Hypotheses|
Published: Explorations in Economic History, vol. 32, no. 2 (April 1995): 141-96
|December 1991||Capital Flows to the New World as an Intergenerational Transfer|
with Alan M. Taylor: h0032
Published: Journal of Political Economy, Volume 102, No.2 (April 1994), pp.348-71