NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by James J. Heckman

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers only

Working Papers

March 2014Education, Health and Wages
with John Eric Humphries, Greg Veramendi, Sergio S. Urzua: w19971
February 2014The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility
with Stefano Mosso: w19925

Published: James J. Heckman & Stefano Mosso, 2014. "The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 6(1), pages 689-733, 08. citation courtesy of

November 2013Fostering and Measuring Skills: Interventions That Improve Character and Cognition
with Tim Kautz: w19656
September 2013Causal Analysis after Haavelmo
with Rodrigo Pinto: w19453
August 2013Econometric Mediation Analyses: Identifying the Sources of Treatment Effects from Experimentally Estimated Production Technologies with Unmeasured and Mismeasured Inputs
with Rodrigo Pinto: w19314
Measuring Investment in Human Capital Formation: An Experimental Analysis of Early Life Outcomes
with Orla Doyle, Colm Harmon, Caitriona Logue, Seong Moon: w19316
June 2013Labor Market Returns to Early Childhood Stimulation: a 20-year Followup to an Experimental Intervention in Jamaica
with Paul Gertler, Rodrigo Pinto, Arianna Zanolini, Christel Vermeersch, Susan Walker, Susan M. Chang, Sally Grantham-McGregor: w19185
May 2013Intergenerational Long Term Effects of Preschool - Structural Estimates from a Discrete Dynamic Programming Model
with Lakshmi K. Raut: w19077
December 2012The Developmental Approach to Child and Adult Health
with Gabriella Conti: w18664
November 2012Understanding the Mechanisms through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes
with Rodrigo Pinto, Peter A. Savelyev: w18581

Published: James Heckman & Rodrigo Pinto & Peter Savelyev, 2013. "Understanding the Mechanisms through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(6), pages 2052-86, October. citation courtesy of

October 2012The Economics of Child Well-Being
with Gabriella Conti: w18466
June 2012Hard Evidence on Soft Skills
with Tim D. Kautz: w18121

Published: Heckman, James J. & Kautz, Tim, 2012. "Hard evidence on soft skills," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 451-464. citation courtesy of

May 2012Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China
with Junjian Yi: w18100

Human Capital, Economic Growth, and Inequality in China,” (with J. Yi). Forthcoming in The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China on Human Capital, Shenggen Fan, Ravi Kanbur, Shang-Jin Wei and Xiaobo Zhang, editors. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. (2014).

April 2012Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity
with Gabriella Conti, Christopher Hansman, Matthew F. X. Novak, Angela Ruggiero, Stephen J. Suomi: w18002

Published: “Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity” (with C. Hansman, J.J. Heckman, M. Novak, A.M. Ruggiero and S.J. Suomi). PNAS, 21 May 2012. Also available as NBER Working Paper no. 18002 and as IZA Discussion Paper no. 6495. Featured in the TIME and in The Science of Being Human.

August 2011Integrating Personality Psychology into Economics
w17378
April 2011Inference with Imperfect Randomization: The Case of the Perry Preschool Program
with Rodrigo Pinto, Azeem M. Shaikh, Adam Yavitz: w16935
March 2011Identification Problems in Personality Psychology
with Lex Borghans, Bart H.H. Golsteyn, John Eric Humphries: w16917

Published: “Identification Problems in Personality Psychology,” (with L. Borghans, B. Golsteyn, and J.E. Humphries), Personality and Individual Differences , 51 (3):315–320. (2011).

The American Family in Black and White: A Post-Racial Strategy for Improving Skills to Promote Equality
w16841

Published: “The American Family in Black & White: A Post-Racial Strategy for Improving Skills to Promote Equality,” Daedalus , 140 (2):70–89. (2011).

February 2011Personality Psychology and Economics
with Mathilde Almlund, Angela Lee Duckworth, Tim D. Kautz: w16822

Published: “Personality Psychology and Economics,” (with A. Duckworth, M. Almlund and T. Kautz). In E. Hanushek, S. Machin, and L. Woessman, eds., Handbook of the Economics of Educa- tion , Amsterdam: Elsevier. pp. 1-181. (2011)

November 2010Policies To Promote Growth and Economic Efficiency in Mexico
with Javier Arias, Oliver Azuara, Pedro Bernal, Cajeme Villarreal: w16554
October 2010Estimating Marginal Returns to Education
with Pedro Carneiro, Edward J. Vytlacil: w16474

Published: Pedro Carneiro & James J. Heckman & Edward J. Vytlacil, 2011. "Estimating Marginal Returns to Education," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(6), pages 2754-81, October. citation courtesy of

September 2010Tests of Hypotheses Arising in the Correlated Random Coefficient Model
with Daniel A. Schmierer: w16421

Published: Heckman, James J. & Schmierer, Daniel, 2010. "Tests of hypotheses arising in the correlated random coefficient model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 1355-1367, November. citation courtesy of

July 2010Analyzing Social Experiments as Implemented: A Reexamination of the Evidence From the HighScope Perry Preschool Program
with Seong Hyeok Moon, Rodrigo Pinto, Peter A. Savelyev, Adam Yavitz: w16238

Published: James Heckman & Seong Hyeok Moon & Rodrigo Pinto & Peter Savelyev & Adam Yavitz, 2010. "Analyzing social experiments as implemented: A reexamination of the evidence from the HighScope Perry Preschool Program," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 1(1), pages 1-46, 07. citation courtesy of

Investing in Our Young People
with Flavio Cunha: w16201

Published: Flavio Cunha & James J. HECKMAN, 2009. "Investing in our Young People," Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, vol. 117(3), pages 387-418. citation courtesy of

A New Cost-Benefit and Rate of Return Analysis for the Perry Preschool Program: A Summary
with Seong Hyeok Moon, Rodrigo Pinto, Peter Savelyev, Adam Yavitz: w16180

Published: “The Rate of the Return to the HighScope Perry Preschool Program,” (with S. H. Moon, R. Pinto, P. A. Savelyev, A. Yavitz). Journal of Public Economics , 94 : 114–128, (2010).

June 2010Building Bridges Between Structural and Program Evaluation Approaches to Evaluating Policy
w16110

Published: James J. Heckman, 2010. "Building Bridges between Structural and Program Evaluation Approaches to Evaluating Policy," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 48(2), pages 356-98, June. citation courtesy of

The GED
with John Eric Humphries, Nicholas S. Mader: w16064

Published: “The GED,” (with J. E. Humphries and N. S. Mader). In, E. A. Hanushek, S. Machin, and L. W ̈ oßmann (eds.) Handbook of the Economics Of Education, Volume 3 . Amsterdam: North-Holland. pp. 423-484. (2011).

February 2010Policies to Create and Destroy Human Capital in Europe
with Bas Jacobs: w15742

Published: Heckman, James J., and Bas Jacobs (2011), "Policies to Create and Destroy Human Capital in Europe", in: Edmund Phelps and Hans-Werner Sinn (eds) (2011), Perspectives on the Performance on the Continent's Economies, Cambridge-MA: MIT-Press, 253-323.

Estimating the Technology of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skill Formation
with Flavio Cunha, Susanne Schennach: w15664

Published: Flavio Cunha & James J. Heckman & Susanne M. Schennach, 2010. "Estimating the Technology of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skill Formation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(3), pages 883-931, 05. citation courtesy of

November 2009The Rate of Return to the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program
with Seong Hyeok Moon, Rodrigo Pinto, Peter A. Savelyev, Adam Yavitz: w15471

Published: Heckman, James J. & Moon, Seong Hyeok & Pinto, Rodrigo & Savelyev, Peter A. & Yavitz, Adam, 2010. "The rate of return to the HighScope Perry Preschool Program," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1-2), pages 114-128, February. citation courtesy of

October 2009Testing the Correlated Random Coefficient Model
with Daniel A. Schmierer, Sergio S. Urzua: w15463

Published: Heckman, James J. & Schmierer, Daniel & Urzua, Sergio, 2010. "Testing the correlated random coefficient model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 158(2), pages 177-203, October. citation courtesy of

August 2009Nonparametric Identification and Estimation of Nonadditive Hedonic Models
with Rosa L. Matzkin, Lars Nesheim: w15226

Published: James J. Heckman & Rosa L. Matzkin & Lars Nesheim, 2010. "Nonparametric Identification and Estimation of Nonadditive Hedonic Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(5), pages 1569-1591, 09. citation courtesy of

Evaluating Marginal Policy Changes and the Average Effect of Treatment for Individuals at the Margin
with Pedro Carneiro, Edward J. Vytlacil: w15211

Published: Pedro Carneiro & James J. Heckman & Edward Vytlacil, 2010. "Evaluating Marginal Policy Changes and the Average Effect of Treatment for Individuals at the Margin," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(1), pages 377-394, 01. citation courtesy of

July 2009A Note on Adapting Propensity Score Matching and Selection Models to Choice Based Samples
with Petra E. Todd: w15179

Published: James J. Heckman & Petra E. Todd, 2009. "A note on adapting propensity score matching and selection models to choice based samples," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 12(s1), pages S230-S234, 01. citation courtesy of

February 2009Gender Differences in Risk Aversion and Ambiguity Aversion
with Lex Borghans, Bart H.H. Golsteyn, Huub Meijers: w14713

Published: Lex Borghans & Bart H. H. Golsteyn & James J. Heckman & Huub Meijers, 2009. "Gender Differences in Risk Aversion and Ambiguity Aversion," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 7(2-3), pages 649-658, 04-05. citation courtesy of

Comparing IV With Structural Models: What Simple IV Can and Cannot Identify
with Sergio Urzua: w14706

Published: Heckman, James J. & Urzúa, Sergio, 2010. "Comparing IV with structural models: What simple IV can and cannot identify," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 156(1), pages 27-37, May. citation courtesy of

January 2009The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human Development
with Flavio Cunha: w14695

Published: Flavio Cunha & James J. Heckman, 2009. "The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human DEvelopment," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 7(2-3), pages 320-364, 04-05. citation courtesy of

June 2008Schools, Skills, and Synapses
w14064

Published: James J. Heckman, 2008. "Schools, Skills, And Synapses," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 46(3), pages 289-324, 07. citation courtesy of

May 2008Taking the Easy Way Out: How the GED Testing Program Induces Students to Drop Out
with John Eric Humphries, Paul A. LaFontaine, Pedro L. Rodriguez: w14044

Published: James J. Heckman & John Eric Humphries & Paul A. LaFontaine & Pedro L. Rodr�guez, 2012. "Taking the Easy Way Out: How the GED Testing Program Induces Students to Drop Out," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 30(3), pages 495 - 520. citation courtesy of

Identification of Treatment Effects Using Control Functions in Models with Continuous, Endogenous Treatment and Heterogeneous Effects
with Jean-Pierre Florens, Costas Meghir, Edward J. Vytlacil: w14002

Published: J. P. Florens & J. J. Heckman & C. Meghir & E. Vytlacil, 2008. "Identification of Treatment Effects Using Control Functions in Models With Continuous, Endogenous Treatment and Heterogeneous Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(5), pages 1191-1206, 09. citation courtesy of

April 2008Econometric Causality
w13934

Published: James J. Heckman, 2008. "Econometric Causality," International Statistical Review, International Statistical Institute, vol. 76(1), pages 1-27, 04. citation courtesy of

February 2008The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits
with Lex Borghans, Angela Lee Duckworth, Bas ter Weel: w13810

Published: Lex Borghans & Angela Lee Duckworth & James J. Heckman & Bas ter Weel, 2008. "The Economics and Psychology of Personality Traits," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(4). citation courtesy of

Earnings Functions and Rates of Return
with Lance J. Lochner, Petra E. Todd: w13780

Published: James J. Heckman & Lance J. Lochner & Petra E. Todd, 2008. "Earnings Functions and Rates of Return," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(1), pages 1-31. citation courtesy of

December 2007The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels
with Paul A. LaFontaine: w13670

Published: James J Heckman & Paul A LaFontaine, 2010. "The American High School Graduation Rate: Trends and Levels," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 92(2), pages 244-262, 01. citation courtesy of

October 2007The Evolution of Inequality, Heterogeneity and Uncertainty in Labor Earnings in the U.S. Economy
with Flavio Cunha: w13526
July 2007The Identification and Economic Content of Ordered Choice Models with Stochastic Thresholds
with Flavio Cunha, Salvador Navarro: t0340

Published: THE IDENTIFICATION AND ECONOMIC CONTENT OF ORDERED CHOICE MODELS WITH STOCHASTIC THRESHOLDS† Flavio Cunha, James J. Heckman, Salvador Navarro‡ Article first published online: 11 DEC 2007 DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2354.2007.00462.x International Economic Review Volume 48, Issue 4, pages 1273–1309, November 2007

June 2007The Economics, Technology and Neuroscience of Human Capability Formation
w13195

Published: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August 14, 2007 vol. 104 no. 33 13250-13255

April 2007The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children
with Dimitriy V. Masterov: w13016

Published: James J. Heckman & Dimitriy V. Masterov, 2007. "The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children," Review of Agricultural Economics, American Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 29(3), pages 446-493, 09.

January 2007The Technology of Skill Formation
with Flavio Cunha: w12840

Published: Flavio Cunha & James Heckman, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 31-47, May. citation courtesy of

October 2006Understanding Instrumental Variables in Models with Essential Heterogeneity
with Sergio Urzua, Edward J. Vytlacil: w12574

Published: Heckman, James J., Sergio Urzua and Edward Vytlacil. "Understanding Instrumental Variables In Models With Essential Heterogeneity," Review of Economics and Statistics, 2006, v88(3,Aug), 389-432. citation courtesy of

September 2006A New Framework for the Analysis of Inequality
with Flavio Cunha: w12505

Published: Cunha, Flavio & Heckman, James, 2008. "A New Framework For The Analysis Of Inequality," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(S2), pages 315-354, September. citation courtesy of

June 2006Contributions of Zvi Griliches
w12318

Published:

Economic, Neurobiological and Behavioral Perspectives on Building America's Future Workforce
with Eric I. Knudsen, Judy L. Cameron, Jack P. Shonkoff: w12298

Published:

  • Knudsen, E., J. Heckman, J. Cameron and J. Shonkoff. “Economic, Neurobiological, and Behavioral Perspectives on Building America’s Future Workforce." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103, 27 (July 2006): 10155-10162.
  • Eric Knudsen & James J. Heckman & Judy Cameron & Jack P. Shonkoff, 2006. "Economic, Neurobiological and Behavioral Perspectives on Building America’s Future Workforce," World Economics, World Economics, Economic & Financial Publishing, PO Box 69, Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, RG9 1GB, vol. 7(3), pages 17-41, July.

February 2006The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior
with Jora Stixrud, Sergio Urzua: w12006

Published: Heckman, James J., Jora Stixrud and Sergio Urzua. "The Effects Of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities On Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior," Journal of Labor Economics, 2006, v24(3,Jul), 411-482. citation courtesy of

Bias Corrected Estimates of GED Returns
with Paul LaFontaine: w12018

Published: Heckman, James J. and Paul A. LaFontaine. "Bias-Corrected Estimates Of GED Returns," Journal of Labor Economics, 2006, v24(3,Jul), 661-800. citation courtesy of

October 2005Dynamic Discrete Choice and Dynamic Treatment Effects
with Salvador Navarro: t0316
August 2005Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond
with Lance J. Lochner, Petra E. Todd: w11544

Published: Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance J. & Todd, Petra E., 2006. "Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.

May 2005Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation
with Flavio Cunha, Lance Lochner, Dimitriy V. Masterov: w11331

Published: Cunha, Flavio & Heckman, James J. & Lochner, Lance, 2006. "Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.

April 2005Structural Equations, Treatment Effects and Econometric Policy Evaluation
with Edward Vytlacil: t0306
Structural Equations, Treatment Effects and Econometric Policy Evaluation
with Edward Vytlacil: w11259

Published: Heckman, James J. and Edward Vytlacil. "Structural Equations, Treatment Effects, And Econometric Policy Evaluation," Econometrica, v73(3,May), 2005, 669-738. citation courtesy of

February 2005Lessons from the Technology of Skill Formation
w11142
January 2005Separating Uncertainty from Heterogeneity in Life Cycle Earnings
with Flavio Cunha, Salvador Navarro: w11024

Published: Cunha, Flavio, James Heckman and Salvador Navarro. "Separating Uncertainty From Heterogeneity In Life Cycle Earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, 2005, v57(2,Apr), 191-261. citation courtesy of

Allander Series: Skill Policies for Scotland
with Dimitriy V. Masterov: w11032

Published: Coyle, D., W. Alexander and B. Ashcroft (eds.) New Wealth for Old Nations: Scotland’s Economic Prospects. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005.

December 2004Measuring Disparate Impacts and Extending Disparate Impact Doctrine to Organ Transplantation
with Robert Bornholz: w10946

Published: Bornholz, Robert and James J. Heckman. "Measuring Disparate Imparct and Extending Disparate Impact Doctrine to Organ Transplantation." Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48, 1 (2005): S95-S122.

December 2003Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean
with Carmen Pages: w10129

Published:

November 2003Labor Market Discrimination and Racial Differences in Premarket Factors
with Pedro Carneiro, Dimitriy V. Masterov: w10068

Published: Carneiro, Pedro, James J. Heckman and Dimitriy V. Masterov. "Labor Market Discrimination and Racial Differences In Premarket Factors," Journal of Law and Economics, 2005, v48(1,Apr), 1-39. citation courtesy of

August 2003Simulation and Estimation of Nonaddative Hedonic Models
with Rosa Matzkin, Lars Nesheim: w9895

Published: Kehoe, T., T.N. Srinivasan, J. Whalley (eds.) Frontiers in Applied General Equilibrium Modeling. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Identification and Estimation of Hedonic Models
with Ivar Ekeland, Lars P. Nesheim: w9910

Published: Ekeland, Ivar, James J. Heckman and Lars Nesheim. "Identification And Estimation Of Hedonic Models," Journal of Political Economy, 2004, v112(2,Part2), S60-S109. citation courtesy of

Selection Bias, Comparative Advantage and Heterogeneous Returns to Education
with Xuesong Li: w9877

Published: Heckman, James J. and Xuesong Li. "Selection Bias, Comparative Advantage And Heterogeneous Returns To Education: Evidence From China In 2000," Pacific Economic Review, 2004, v9(3,Oct), 155-171.

The Effect of Schooling and Ability on Achievement Test Scores
with Karsten Hansen, Kathleen J. Mullen: w9881

Published: Hansen, Karsten T. & Heckman, James J. & Mullen, K.J.Kathleen J., 2004. "The effect of schooling and ability on achievement test scores," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 39-98. citation courtesy of

July 2003The Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Evidence from a Prototypical Job Training Program
with Jeffrey A. Smith: w9818

Published: James J. Heckman & Jeffrey A. Smith, 2004. "The Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Evidence from a Prototypical Job Training Program," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(2), pages 243-298, April. citation courtesy of

May 2003Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions
with Lance J. Lochner, Petra E. Todd: w9732

Published: Hanushek, E. and F. Welch (eds.) Handbook of Education Economics, Vol. 1. The Netherlands: Elsevier, 2006.

March 2003Estimating Distributions of Treatment Effects with an Application to the Returns to Schooling and Measurement of the Effects of Uncertainty on College
with Pedro Carneiro, Karsten T. Hansen: w9546

Published: Carneiro, Pedro, Karsten T. Hansen and James J. Heckman. "2001 Lawrence R. Klein Lecture Estimating Distributions Of Treatment Effects With An Application To The Returns To Schooling And Measurement Of The Effects Of Uncertainty On College Choice," International Economic Review, 2003, v44(2,May), 631-422.

February 2003Human Capital Policy
with Pedro Carneiro: w9495

Published: Heckman, J. and A. Krueger (eds.) Inequality in America: What Role for Human Capital Policy? MIT Press, 2003.

Using Matching, Instrumental Variables and Control Functions to Estimate Economic Choice Models
with Salvador Navarro-Lozano: w9497

Published: James Heckman & Salvador Navarro-Lozano, 2004. "Using Matching, Instrumental Variables, and Control Functions to Estimate Economic Choice Models," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 30-57, 08. citation courtesy of

October 2002China's Investment in Human Capital
w9296

Published:

  • Heckman, James J. "China's Human Capital Investment," China Economic Review 16(1): 50-70, March 2005
  • Heckman, James J. "China's Investment in Human Capital," Economic Development and Cultural Change 51(4): 795-804, July 2003 citation courtesy of

September 2002Flexibility and Job Creation: Lessons for Germany
w9194

Published: Aghion, Philippe (ed.) Knowledge, information, and expectations in modern macroeconomics: In honor of Edmund S. Phelps. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2003.

July 2002Learning-By-Doing Vs. On-the-Job Training: Using Variation Induced by the EITC to Distinguish Between Models of Skill Formation
with Lance Lochner, Ricardo Cossa: w9083

Published: Phelps. E. (ed.) Designing Inclusion: Tools to Raise Low-end Pay and Employment in Private Enterprise. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post-Secondary Schooling
with Pedro Carneiro: w9055

Published: Carneiro, P. and J. J. Heckman. "The Evidence On Credit Constraints In Post-Secondary Schooling," Economic Journal, 2002, v112(482,Oct), 705-734. citation courtesy of

June 2002The Performance of Performance Standards
with Carolyn Heinrich, Jeffrey Smith: w9002

Published: Heckman, James J., Carolyn Heinrich and Jeffrey Smith. "The Performance Of Performance Standards," Journal of Human Resources, 2002, v37(4,Fall), 778-811. citation courtesy of

March 2002Removing the Veil of Ignorance in Assessing the Distributional Impacts of Social Policies
with Pedro Carneiro, Karsten T. Hansen: w8840

Published: Carneiro, Pedro, Karsten T. Hansen, and James J. Heckman. "Removing the Veil of Ignorance in Assessing the Distributional Impacts of Social Policies." Swedish Economic Policy Review 8, 2 (Fall 2001): 273-301.

October 2000Simple Estimators for Treatment Parameters in a Latent Variable Framework with an Application to Estimating the Returns to Schooling
with Justin L. Tobias, Edward Vytlacil: w7950

Published: Heckman, James J., Justin L. Tobias, and Edward Vytlacil. "Simple Estimators for Treatment Parameters within a Latent Variable Framework." Review of Economics and Statistics 85, 3 (2003).

September 2000Treatment Effects for Discrete Outcomes when Responses to Treatment Vary Among Observationally Identical Persons: An Application to Norwegian ...
with Arild Aakvik, Edward J. Vytlacil: t0262

Published: Aakvik, Arild, James J. Heckman and Edward J. Vytlacil. "Estimating Treatment Effects For Discrete Outcomes When Responses To Treatment Vary: An Application To Norwegian Vocational Rehabilitation Programs," Journal of Econometrics, 2005, v125(1-2,Mar-Apr), 15-51.

August 2000Instrumental Variables, Selection Models, and Tight Bounds on the Average Treatment Effect
with Edward J. Vytlacil: t0259
Identifying the Role of Cognitive Ability in Explaining the Level of and Change in the Return to Schooling
with Edward Vytlacil: w7820

Published: Heckman, James and Edward Vytlacil. "Identifying The Role Of Cognitive Ability In Explaining The Level Of And Change In The Return To Schooling," Review of Economics and Statistics, 2001, v83(1,Feb), 1-12. citation courtesy of

June 2000The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets
with Carmen Pages: w7773

Published: Heckman, James J. and Carmen Pages-Serra. “The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from the Latin American Labor Markets." Journal of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association 1, 1 (Fall 2000): 109-154.

April 2000Local Instrumental Variables
with Edward J. Vytlacil: t0252
September 1999Causal Parameters and Policy Analysis in Economcs: A Twentieth Century Retrospective
w7333

Published: Heckman, James J. "Causal Parameters And Policy Analysis In Economics: A Twentieth Century Retrospective," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2000, v115(1,Feb), 45-97. citation courtesy of

August 1999Policies to Foster Human Capital
w7288

Published: James Heckman, 2011. "Policies to foster human capital," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 73-137. citation courtesy of

July 1999Accounting for Heterogeneity, Diversity, and General Equilibriumin Evaluating Social Programs
w7230

Published: Heckman, James. "Accounting For Heterogeneity, Diversity And General Equilibrium In Evaluating Social Programmes," Economic Journal, 2001, v111(475,Nov), 654-699.

The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites
with Stephen V. Cameron: w7249

Published: Cameron, Stephen V. and James J. Heckman. "The Dynamics Of Educational Attainment For Black Hispanic, And White Males," Journal of Political Economy, 2001, v109(3,Jun), 455-499.

February 1999The Pre-Program Earnings Dip and the Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Implications for Simple Program Evaluation Strategies
with Jeffrey A. Smith: w6983

Published: Economic Journal, Vol. 109, no. 457 (1999): 313-348.

January 1999General Equilibrium Cost Benefit Analysis of Education and Tax Policies
with Lance Lochner, Christopher Taber: w6881

Published: Ranis, G. and L. K. Raut (eds.) Trade, Growth and Development: Essays in Honor of Professor T. N. Srinivasan. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B. V., 1999.

August 1998Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data
with Hidehiko Ichimura, Jeffrey Smith, Petra Todd: w6699

Published: Econometrica, Vol. 66, no. 5 (1999): 1017-1098. citation courtesy of

May 1998Evaluating the Welfare State
with Jeffrey A. Smith: w6542

Published: Econometrics and Economic Theory in the 20th Century: The Ragnar Frisch Centennial, Strom, Steiner, ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, pp. 241-318.

March 1998Meritocracy in America: An Examination of Wages Within and Across Occupations
with John Cawley, Edward Vytlacil: w6446

Published: Cawley, John, James Heckman and Edward Vytlacil. "Meritocracy in America: An Examination of Wages Within and Across Occupations." Industrial Relations, July 1999, 38(3): 250-296.

Tax Policy and Human Capital Formation
with Lance Lochner, Christopher Taber: w6462

Published: American Economic Review, Vol. 88, no. 2 (May 1998): 293-297. Published as "Human Capital Formation and General Equilibrium Treatment Effects: A Study of Tax and Tuition Policy", FS, Vol. 20, no. 1 (March 1999): 25-40. citation courtesy of

February 1998Social Action, Private Choice, and Philanthropy: Understanding the Sources of Improvements in Black Schooling in Georgia, 1911-1960
with John Donohue III, Petra E. Todd: w6418

Published: Donohue, John J., III, James J. Heckman and Petra E. Todd. "The Schooling Of Southern Blacks: The Roles Of Legal Activism And Private Philanthropy, 1910-1960," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2002, v107(1,Feb), 225-268.

General Equilibrium Treatment Effects: A Study of Tuition Policy
with Lance Lochner, Christopher Taber: w6426

Published: American Economic Review, Vol. 88, no. 2 (May 1998): 381-386. Published as "Human Capital Formation and General Equilibrium Treatment Effects: A Study of Tax and Tuition Policy", FS, Vol. 20, no. 1 (March 1999): 25-40. citation courtesy of

January 1998Explaining Rising Wage Inequality: Explorations with a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model of Labor Earnings with Heterogeneous Agents
with Lance Lochner, Christopher Taber: w6384

Published: Heckman, James J., Lance Lochner and Christopher Taber. "Explaining Rising Wage Inequality: Explorations With A Dynamic General Equilibrium Model Of Labor Earnings With Heterogeneous Agents," Review of Economic Dynamics, 1998, v1(1,Jan), 1-58. citation courtesy of

Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts
with Stephen V. Cameron: w6385

Published: Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 106, no. 2 (April 1998).

Understanding the Role of Cognitive Ability in Accounting for the Recent Rise in the Economic Return to Education
with John Cawley, Edward Vytlacil: w6388

Published: Meritocracy and Economic Inequality, Arrow, Kenneth, Samuel Bowles, and Steven Durlauf, eds., Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.

July 1997The Sensitivity of Experimental Impact Estimates: Evidence from the National JTPA Study
with Jeffrey A. Smith: w6105

Published:

October 1996Linear Probability Models of the Demand for Attributes with an Empirical Application to Estimating the Preferences of Legislators
with James M. Snyder, Jr.: w5785
July 1996Cognitive Ability, Wages, and Meritocracy
with John Cawley, Karen Conneely, Edward Vytlacil: w5645

Published: Cawley, John, Karen Conneely, James Heckman, and Edward Vytlacil. "Cognitive Ability, Wages, and Meritocracy." In Intelligence, Genes, and Success: Scientists Respond to The Bell Curve, edited by Bernie Devlin, Stephen Fienberg, Daniel Resnick, and Kathryn Roeder. (Springer Verlag: New York), 1997.

April 1996What Do Bureaucrats Do? The Effects of Performance Standards and Bureaucratic Preferences on Acceptance into the JTPA Program
with Jeffrey A. Smith, Christopher Taber: w5535

Published: Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth: Reinventing Government and the Problem of Bureaucracy, Vol. 7, Libecap, Gary, ed., Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1996, pp. 191-217.

October 1995The Schooling Quality-Earnings Relationship: Using Economic Theory to Interpret Functional Forms Consistent with the Evidence
with Anne Layne-Farrar, Petra Todd: w5288
September 1995Randomization as an Instrumental Variable
t0184

Published: Heckman, James J. "Randomization As An Instrumental Variable," Review of Economics and Statistics, 1996, v78(2,May), 336-341.

Instrumental Variables: A Cautionary Tale
t0185
Does Measured School Quality Really Matter? An Examination of the Earnings-Quality Relationship
with Anne Layne-Farrar, Petra Todd: w5274

Published: Burtless, G. (ed.) Does Money Matter? The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Success. Brookings, July 1996.

September 1994Accounting for Dropouts in Evaluations of Social Experiments
with Jeffrey Smith, Christopher Taber: t0166

Published: Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 80, no. 1 (1998): 1-14.

June 1994Econometric Mixture Models and More General Models for Unobservables in Duration Analysis
with Christopher R. Taber: t0157
January 1994Making the Most Out Of Social Experiments: Reducing the Intrinsic Uncertainty in Evidence from Randomized Trials with an Application to the JTPA Exp
with Nancy Clements, Jeffrey Smith: t0149

Published: Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 64, no. 4 (1997): 487-536.

August 1993Assessing Clinton's Program on Job Training, Workfare, and Education in the Workplace
w4428
April 1993Determinants of Young Male Schooling and Training Choices
with Stephen V. Cameron: w4327

Published: Determinants of Young Males’ Schooling and Training Choices, Stephen Cameron, James J. Heckman. in Training and the Private Sector, Lynch. 1994

November 1991Continuous Versus Episodic Change: The Impact of Civil Rights Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks
with John J. Donohue III: w3894

Published: Journal of Economic Literature, vol.XXIX, pp.1603-1643, (Dec.1991) citation courtesy of

August 1991The Nonequivalence of High School Equivalents
with Stephen V. Cameron: w3804

Published: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 11, no. 1 (January 1993): 1-47. citation courtesy of

July 1991Randomization and Social Policy Evaluation
t0107
October 1989Forecasting Aggregate Period Specific Birth Rates: The Time Series Properties of a Microdynamic Neoclassical Model of Fertility
with James R. Walker: w3133

Published: Heckman, James J. and James R. Walker. "Forecasting Aggregate Period-Specific Birth Rates: The Time Series Properties Of A Microdynamic Neoclassical Model Of Fertility," Journal of the American Statistical Association, 1989, v84(408), 958-965.

February 1989Determining the Impact of Federal Antidiscrimination Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks: A Study of South Carolina
with Brook S. Payner: w2854

Published: The American Economic Review, Vol. 79, No. 1 (Mar., 1989), pp. 138-177 citation courtesy of

The Impact of Government on the Economic Status of Black Americans
w2860

Published: "Determining the Impact of Federal Antidiscrimination Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks: A Study of South Carolina" The American Economic Review, Vol. 79, No. 1, Mar., 1989

Choosing Among Alternative Nonexperimental Methods for Estimating the Impact of Social Programs: The Case of Manpower Training
w2861

Published: Heckman, James J. and V. Joseph Hotz. "Choosing Among Alternative Nonexperimental Methods For Estimating The Impact Of Social Programs: The Case Of Manpower Training: Rejoinder," Journal of the American Statistical Association, 1989, v84(408), 878-880.

September 1982Are Unemployment and Out of the Labor Force Behaviorally Distinct Labor Force States?
with Christopher J. Flinn: w0979

Published: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 1, no. 1 (January 1983): pp. 28-42. citation courtesy of

August 1982Heterogeneity and State Dependence
r0298

Published:

February 1982New Methods for Analyzing Structural Models of Labor Force Dynamics
with Christopher J. Flinn: w0856

Published: Flinn, C. & Heckman, J., 1982. "New methods for analyzing structural models of labor force dynamics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 115-168, January. citation courtesy of

Models for the Analysis of Labor Force Dynamics
with Christopher J. Flinn: w0857

Published: Flinn, C. and J. Heckman. "New Methods For Analyzing Structural Models Of Labor Force Dynamics," Journal of Econometrics, 1982, v18(1), 115-168.

New Methods for Estimating Labor Supply Functions: A Survey
with Thomas E. MaCurdy: w0858
November 1978Labor Supply Estimates For Public Policy Evaluation
with George J. Borjas: w0299

Published: Borjas, George and James Heckman. “Labor Supply Estimates for Public Policy Evaluation." Proceedings of The Industrial and Labor Relations Research Association, Chicago meetings, 1978.

June 1977The Government's Impact on the Labor Market Status of Black Americans: A Critical Review
with Richard Butler: w0183
May 1977Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System
w0177

Published: Econometrica, Vol. 46, no. 4 (1978): 931-960. citation courtesy of

March 1977Sample Selection Bias As a Specification Error (with an Application to the Estimation of Labor Supply Functions)
w0172

Published: Heckman, James J. "Sample Bias As A Specification Error," Econometrica, 1979, v47(1), 153-162.

November 1975A Beta-Logistic Model for the Analysis of Sequential Labor Force Participation by Married Women
with Robert J. Willis: w0112

Published: Heckman, James J. and Robert J. Willis. "A Betalogistic Model for the Analysis of Sequential Labor Force Participation by Married Women." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 85, No. 1 (1977), pp. 27-58. citation courtesy of

August 1974Measuring the Effect of an Anti-Discrimination Program
with Orley Ashenfelter: w0050

Published: Ashenfelter, Orley and James Heckman. "Measuring the Effect of an Anti-Discrimination Program." Evaluating the Labor-Market Effects of Social Programsedited by Orley Ashenfelter and James Blum, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976, pp. 46-89.

February 1974Estimation of a Stochastic Model of Reproduction: An Econometric Approach
with Robert J. Willis: w0034

Published: Estimation of a Stochastic Model of Reproduction: An Econometric Approach, James J. Heckman, Robert J. Willis. in Household Production and Consumption, Terleckyj. 1976

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