NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Jim Airola

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Working Papers

July 2010Did Trade Liberalization Help Women? The Case of Mexico in the 1990s
with Ernesto Aguayo-Tellez, Chinhui Juhn: w16195
With the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, Mexico entered a bilateral free trade agreement which not only lowered its own tariffs on imports but also lowered tariffs on its exports to the U.S. We find that women's relative wage increased, particularly during the period of liberalization. Both between and within-industry shifts also favored female workers. With regards to between-industry shifts, tariff reductions expanded sectors which were initially female intensive. With regards to within-industry shifts, we find a positive association between reductions in export tariffs (U.S. tariffs on Mexican goods) and hiring of women in skilled blue-collar occupations. Finally, we find suggestive evidence that household bargaining power shifted in favor of wome...

Did Trade Liberalization Help Women? The Case of Mexico in the 1990s,” (with Jim Airola, Ernesto Aguayo, and Carolina Villegas-Sanchez), Research in Labor Economics, forthcoming.

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