NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Gregoire Rota-Graziosi

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Working Papers

June 2012Decentralisation in Africa and the Nature of Local Governments' Competition: Evidence from Benin
with Emilie Caldeira, Martial Foucault: w18126
Decentralization has been put forward as a powerful tool to reduce poverty and improve governance in Africa. The aim of this paper is to study the existence, and identify the nature, of spillovers resulting from local expenditure policies. These spillovers impact the efficiency of decentralization. We develop a two-jurisdiction model of public expenditure, which differs from existing literature by capturing the extreme poverty of some local governments in developing countries through a generalized notion of the Nash equilibrium, namely, the constrained Nash equilibrium. We show how and under which conditions spillovers among jurisdictions induce strategic behaviours from local officials. By estimating a spatial lag model for a panel data analysis of the 77 communes in Benin from 2002 to 20...
Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin
with Emilie Caldeira, Martial Foucault: w18118
We study the effect of decentralization on the access to some poverty-related public services in Benin. Compiling panel data from local governments' accounts and from surveys on 18,000 Beninese households performed in 2006 and 2007, our study suggests that decentralization has a positive overall effect on access to basic services. However, this effect appears to be nonmonotone following an inverted U-shaped curve. It varies according to local jurisdictions' wealth and to the nature of basic services. Decentralization in Benin contributes positively to the reduction of poverty by improving the average access to poverty-related services. However, the devil is in the details, as decentralization seems to increase inequality among local governments in terms of access. Another result relying on...

Forthcoming: Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin, Emilie Caldeira, Martial Foucault, Grégoire Rota-Graziosi. in African Successes: Government and Institutions, Edwards, Johnson, and Weil. 2014

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