NBER Working Papers by Dani Rodrik

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

Working Papers

June 2017Populism and the Economics of Globalization
May 2017Structural Change, Fundamentals and Growth: A Framework and Case Studies
with Margaret McMillan, Claudia Sepulveda: w23378
February 2017The Recent Growth Boom in Developing Economies: A Structural Change Perspective
with Xinshen Diao, Margaret McMillan: w23132
September 2015The Political Economy of Liberal Democracy
with Sharun Mukand: w21540
February 2015Premature Deindustrialization

Published: Dani Rodrik, 2016. "Premature deindustrialization," Journal of Economic Growth, vol 21(1), pages 1-33. citation courtesy of

June 2014An African Growth Miracle?
November 2013When Ideas Trump Interests: Preferences, World Views, and Policy Innovations


October 2011Unconditional Convergence

Published: “Unconditional Convergence in Manufacturing,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 128 (1), February 2013, 165-204.

September 2011The Future of Economic Convergence


June 2011Globalization, Structural Change and Productivity Growth
with Margaret S. McMillan: w17143

Published: “Globalization, Structural Change and Productivity Growth,” 2011. In Making Globalization Socially Sustainable, edited by Mark Bachetta and Marion Jansen, International Labor Organization, Geneva Switzerland. (with Dani Rodrik)

June 2008Second-Best Institutions

Published: Dani Rodrik, 2008. "Second-Best Institutions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(2), pages 100-104, May. citation courtesy of

October 2006Understanding South Africa's Economic Puzzles

Published: Dani Rodrik, 2008. "Understanding South Africa's economic puzzles ," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 16(4), pages 769-797, October. citation courtesy of

January 2006What's So Special about China's Exports?

Published: Rodrik, Dani. "What's So Special about China's Exports?." China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences 14, 5 (2006) 1-19. citation courtesy of

The Social Cost of Foreign Exchange Reserves

Published: Rodrik, Dani. “The Social Cost of Foreign Exchange Reserves.” International Economic Journal 20, 3 (September 2006). citation courtesy of

December 2005What You Export Matters
with Ricardo Hausmann, Jason Hwang: w11905

Published: Ricardo Hausmann & Jason Hwang & Dani Rodrik, 2007. "What you export matters," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-25, March. citation courtesy of

September 2004Rule of Law, Democracy, Openness, and Income: Estimating the Interrelationships
with Roberto Rigobon: w10750

Published: Rigobon, Roberto and Dani Rodrik. "Rule of Law, Democracy, Openness, and Income: Estimating the Interrelationships." The Economics of Transition 13, 3 (2005): 533-64.

June 2004Growth Accelerations
with Ricardo Hausmann, Lant Pritchett: w10566

Published: Ricardo Hausmann & Lant Pritchett & Dani Rodrik, 2005. "Growth Accelerations," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 303-329, December. citation courtesy of

April 2004On the Efficacy of Reforms: Policy Tinkering, Institutional Change, and Entrepreneurship
with Murat Iyigun: w10455

Published: Eicher, Theo S. and Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa (eds.) Institutions, Development, and Economic Growth CESifo Seminar Series. Cambridge and London: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

March 2004From "Hindu Growth" to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition
with Arvind Subramanian: w10376

Published: Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian, 2005. "From "Hindu Growth" to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan Journals, vol. 52(2), pages 193-228, September. citation courtesy of

October 2003Growth Strategies

Published: Rodrik, Dani, 2005. "Growth Strategies," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 14, pages 967-1014 Elsevier.

November 2002Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development
with Arvind Subramanian, Francesco Trebbi: w9305

Published: Rodrik, Dani, Arvind Subramanian and Francesco Trebbi. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy Of Institutions Over Geography And Integration In Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, 2004, v9(2,Jun), 131-165. citation courtesy of

August 2002Feasible Globalizations

Published: Della Giusta, Marina, Uma S. Kambhampati, and Robert Hunter Wade (eds.) Critical Perspectives on Globalization, Globalization of the World Economy series, vol. 17. An Elgar Reference Collection. Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, Mass.: Elgar, 2006.

In Search of the Holy Grail: Policy Convergence, Experimentation, and Economic Performance
with Sharun Mukand: w9134

Published: Mukand, Sharun W. and Dani Rodrik. "In Search Of The Holy Grail: Policy Convergence, Experimentation, And Economic Performance," American Economic Review, 2005, v95(1,Mar), 374-383. citation courtesy of

When Economic Reform Goes Wrong: Cashews in Mozambique
with Margaret McMillan, Karen Horn Welch: w9117

Published: McMillan, Margaret, Dani Rodrik and Karen Welch. “When Economic Reform Goes Wrong: Cashew in Mozambique." Brookings Trade Forum 2003.

May 2002Economic Development as Self-Discovery
with Ricardo Hausmann: w8952

Published: Hausmann, Ricardo and Dani Rodrik. "Economic Development As Self-Discovery," Journal of Development Economics, 2003, v72(2,Dec), 603-633. citation courtesy of

September 2001Why Are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist Than Others?
with Anna Maria Mayda: w8461

Published: Mayda, Anna Maria and Dani Rodrik. "Why Are Some People (And Countries) More Protectionist Than Others?," European Economic Review, 2005, v49(6,Aug), 1393-1430. citation courtesy of

February 2001Did the Malaysian Capital Controls Work?
with Ethan Kaplan: w8142

Published: Did the Malaysian Capital Controls Work?, Ethan Kaplan, Dani Rodrik. in Preventing Currency Crises in Emerging Markets, Edwards and Frankel. 2002

February 2000Institutions for High-Quality Growth: What They are and How to Acquire Them

Published: Roy, Kartik C. and Jorn Sideras (eds.) Institutions, Globalisation and Empowerment. Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, MA: Elgar, 2006.

September 1999Short-Term Capital Flows
with Andres Velasco: w7364

Published: Pleskovic, Boris and Joseph E. Stiglitz. Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 2000.

June 1999Capital Mobility, Distributive Conflict, and International Tax Coordination
with Tanguy van Ypersele: w7150

Published: Rodrik, Dani and Tanguy Van Ypersele. "Capital Mobility, Distributive Conflict And International Tax Coordination," Journal of International Economics, 2001, v54(1,Jun), 57-73. citation courtesy of

April 1999Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic's Guide to Cross-National Evidence
with Francisco Rodriguez: w7081

Published: Bernanke, Ben and Kenneth S. Rogoff (eds.) NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15. Cambrodge, MA: The MIT Press, 2001.

May 1998Trade Policy and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published: Rodrik, Dani. Stockholm: Expert Group on Development Issues. Almqvist and Wiksell International, 1999.

January 1998Where Did All The Growth Go? External Shocks, Social Conflict, and Growth Collapses

Published: Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 4 (December 1999): 358-412. citation courtesy of

Democracies Pay Higher Wages

Published: (Revised and expanded version) Quarterly Journal of Economics (August 1999). citation courtesy of

August 1997What Drives Public Employment?

Published: Rodrik, Dani. "What Drives Public Employment In Developing Countries?," Review of Development Economics, 2000, v4(3,Oct), 229-243.

February 1997TFPG Controversies, Institutions, and Economic Performance in East Asia

Published: The Institutional Foundations of East Asian Economic Development, Hayami, Y. and M. Aoki, eds., London: MacMillan, 1998.

January 1997Trade, Social Insurance, and the Limits to Globalization
April 1996Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?

Published: Journal of Political Economy (October 1998). citation courtesy of

November 1995Trade Strategy, Investment, and Exports: Another Look at East Asia

Published: Rodrik, Dan. "Trade Strategy, Investment And Export: Another Look At East Asia," Pacific Economic Review, 1997, v2(1,Feb), 1-24.

June 1995Why is there Multilateral Lending?

Published: Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference in Development Economics 19 95, World Bank, 1996.

December 1994Getting Interventions Right: How South Korea and Taiwan Grew Rich

Published: Economic Policy, No. 20, 1995.

September 1994What Does the Political Economy Literature on Trade Policy (Not) Tell UsThat We Ought To Know?

Published: "The Political Economy of Trade Policy," 1996, in G. Grossman and K.Rogoff,eds., Handbook of International Economics, Vol. III, North-Holland, Amsterdam.

December 1993Taking Trade Policy Seriously: Export Subsidization as a Case Study in Policy Effectiveness

Published: Alan Dearforf, et al, eds. New Directions in Trade Theory, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1995.

September 1993Do Low-Income Countries have a High-Wage Option?

Published: "Coordination Failures and Government Policy: A Model with Applications to East Asia and Eastern Europe," Journal of International Economics, 1996.

August 1993Trade and Industrial Policy Reform in Developing Countries: A Review of Recent Theory and Evidence


  • Rodrik, Rani, 1995. "Trade and industrial policy reform," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery† & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 45, pages 2925-2982 Elsevier.
  • J. Berhman and T.N. Snkivosan (eds.), Handbook of Development Economics, vol III, Amsterdam, North-Holland, 1996.

Trade Liberalization in Disinflation

Published: P.B. Kenen (ed.), Understanding Interdependence: The Macroeconomics of the Open Economy, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1995

June 1992Making Sense of the Soviet Trade Shock in Eastern Europe: A Framework and Some Estimates

Published: M. Blejer et. al. (ed.), Eastern Europe in Transition: From Recession to Growth?, Washington, D.C., The World Bank, 1993

May 1992Foreign Trade in Eastern Europe's Transition: Early Results


March 1992Debt Reduction, Adjustment Lending, and Burden Sharing
with Ishac Diwan: w4007

Published: External Debt Adjustment and Burden Sharing: A Unified Framework, Princeton Studies in International Finance, 1992

January 1992The Rush to Free Trade in the Developing World: Why So Late? Why Now? Will it Last?

Published: S. Haggard and S. Webb eds., "Voting for Reform: Democracy, Political Liberalization, and Economic Adjustment" New York, Oxford University Press, 1994. pp. 61-88

External Shocks, Politics and Private Investment: Some Theory and Empirical Evidence
with Sule Ozler: w3960

Published: Journal of Development Economics July, 1992 citation courtesy of

June 1991Do the Benefits of Fixed Exchange Rates Outweigh Their Costs? The Franc Zone in Africa
with Shantayanan Devarajan: w3727

Published: I. Goldin and A. Winters, eds., International Dimensions of Structural Adjustment. London: Cambridge University Press for CEPR, 1992

March 1991Political-Economy Arguments for a Uniform Tariff
with Arvind Panagariya: w3661

Published: International Economic Review, August 1993 citation courtesy of

Distributive Politics and Economic Growth
with Alberto Alesina: w3668

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics, forthcomgin 1994 citation courtesy of

March 1990Premature Liberalization, Incomplete Stabilization: the Ozal Decade in Turkey

Published: Michael Bruno, et al, editors. Lessons of Economic Stabilization and Its Aftermath. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1991.

February 1990Why is Trade Reform so Unpopular? On Status Quo Bias in Policy Reforms
with Raquel Fernandez: w3269

Published: "Resistance to Reform: Status Quo Bias in the Presence of Individual-Specific Uncertainty," The American Economic Review, December 1991.

November 1989Pro-Competitive Effects of Trade Reform: Results from a CGE Model of Cameroon
with Shantayanan Devarajan: w3176

Published: European Economic Review, July 1991. citation courtesy of

June 1989Policy Uncertainty and Private Investment in Developing Countries

Published: Journal of Development Economics, November 1991. citation courtesy of

May 1989Patents, Appropriate Technology, and North-South Trade
with Ishac Diwan: w2974

Published: Journal of International Economics, February 1991. citation courtesy of

April 1989Strategic Trade Policy When Domestic Firms Compete Against Vertically Integrated Rivals
with Chang-Ho Yoon: w2916

Published: "Strategic Trade Policy with Potential for Import Substitution," Journal of Economic Development, Vol. 20, #1, 1995.

September 1988Industrial Organization and Product Quality: Evidence From South Korean and Taiwanese Exports


July 1988Closing the Technology Gap: Does Trade Liberalization Really Help?

Published: Gerald K. Helleiner, ed., Trade Policy, Industrialization and Development: A Reconsideration. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1991.

The Welfare Economics of Debt Service

Published: "The Transfer Problem in Small Open Economies: Exchange Rate and Fiscal Policies for Debt Service," Ricerche Economiche, November 1990.

May 1988Promises, Promises: Credible Policy Reform via Signaling

Published: The Economic Journal, September 1989. citation courtesy of

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us