NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Damien de Walque

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Working Papers

April 2017The Effect of Stress on Later-Life Health: Evidence from the Vietnam Draft
with John Cawley, Daniel Grossman: w23334
A substantial literature has examined the impact of stress during early childhood on later-life health. This paper contributes to that literature by examining the later-life health impact of stress during adolescence and early adulthood, using a novel proxy for stress: risk of military induction during the Vietnam War. We estimate that a 10 percentage point (2 standard deviation) increase in induction risk in young adulthood is associated with a 1.5 percentage point (8%) increase in the probability of being obese and a 1 percentage point (10%) increase in the probability of being in fair or poor health later in life. This does not appear to be due to cohort effects; these associations exist only for men who did not serve in the war, and are not present for women or men who did serve. ...
February 2012Stimulating Demand for AIDS Prevention: Lessons from the RESPECT Trial
with William H. Dow, Carol Medlin, Rose Nathan: w17865
HIV-prevention strategies have yielded only limited success so far in slowing down the AIDS epidemic. This paper examines novel intervention strategies that use incentives to discourage risky sexual behaviors. Widely-adopted conditional cash transfer programs that offer payments conditioning on easily monitored behaviors, such as well-child health care visits have shown positive impact on health outcomes. Similarly, contingency management approaches have successfully used outcome-based rewards to encourage behaviors that aren't easily monitored, such as stopping drug abuse. These strategies have not been used in the sexual domain, so we assess how incentives can be used to reduce risky sexual behavior. After discussing theoretical pathways, we discuss the use of sexual-behavior incentives...

Published: Stimulating Demand for AIDS Prevention: Lessons from the RESPECT Trial, Damien de Walque, William H. Dow, Carol Medlin, Rose Nathan. in African Successes, Volume II: Human Capital, Edwards, Johnson, and Weil. 2016

January 2012Alternative Cash Transfer Delivery Mechanisms: Impacts on Routine Preventative Health Clinic Visits in Burkina Faso
with Richard Akresh, Harounan Kazianga: w17785
We conducted a unique randomized experiment to estimate the impact of alternative cash transfer delivery mechanisms on household demand for routine preventative health services in rural Burkina Faso. The two-year pilot program randomly distributed cash transfers that were either conditional or unconditional and were given to either mothers or fathers. Families under the conditional cash transfer schemes were required to obtain quarterly child growth monitoring at local health clinics for all children under 60 months old. There were no such requirements under the unconditional programs. Compared with control group households, we find that conditional cash transfers significantly increase the number of preventative health care visits during the previous year, while unconditional cash transfe...

Published: Alternative Cash Transfer Delivery Mechanisms: Impacts on Routine Preventative Health Clinic Visits in Burkina Faso, Richard Akresh, Damien de Walque, Harounan Kazianga. in African Successes, Volume II: Human Capital, Edwards, Johnson, and Weil. 2016

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers only

 
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