NBER Working Papers by B. Andrew Chupp

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Working Papers

July 2015The Market for Sulfur Dioxide Allowances: What Have We Learned from the Grand Policy Experiment?
with H. Ron Chan, Maureen L. Cropper, Nicholas Z. Muller: w21383
We quantify the cost savings from the Acid Rain Program (ARP) by comparing compliance costs for non-NSPS coal-fired generating units under the ARP with compliance costs under a uniform performance standard that achieves the same aggregate emissions. In 2002 we find cost savings of approximately $250 million (1995$). We also compare health damages associated with observed SO2 emissions from all ARP units with damages from a no-trade counterfactual. Damages under the no-trade scenario are $2.4 billion (2000$) lower than under the ARP, reflecting allowance transfers from units in the western to units in the eastern US with higher exposed populations.
January 2010Heterogeneous Harm vs. Spatial Spillovers: Environmental Federalism and US Air Pollution
with H. Spencer Banzhaf: w15666
The economics of environmental federalism identifies two book-end departures from the first-best, which equates marginal costs and benefits in all local jurisdictions. Local governments may respond to local conditions, but ignore inter-jurisdictional spillovers. Alternatively, central governments may internalize spillovers, but impose uniform regulations ignoring local hetero-geneity. We provide a simple model that demonstrates that the choice of policy depends crucial-ly on the shape of marginal abatement costs. If marginal costs are increasing and convex, then abatement cost elasticities will tend to be higher around the local policies. This increases the deadweight loss of those policies relative to the centralized policy, ceteris paribus. Using a large simulation model, we then...

Published: "Fiscal Federalism and Interjurisdictional Extern alities: New Results and an Application to US Air Pollution," Journal of Public Economics 96, 2012, pp. 449-464 (with B.A. Chupp).

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