NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Aurora Gomez

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Working Papers

May 2008Was It Prices, Productivity or Policy? The Timing and Pace of Latin American Industrialization after 1870
with Jeffrey G. Williamson: w13990
Brazil, Mexico and a few other Latin American republics enjoyed faster industrialization after 1870 than did the rest of Latin America and even faster than the rest of the poor periphery (except East Asia). How much of this economic performance was due to more accommodating institutions and greater political stability, changes that would have facilitated greater technology transfer and accumulation? That is, how much to changing fundamentals? How much instead to a cessation in the secular rise in the net barter terms of trade which reversed de-industrialization forces, thus favoring manufacturing? How much instead to cheaper foodstuffs coming from more open commercial policies ('grain invasions'), and from railroad-induced integration of domestic grain markets, serving to keep urban grain...
June 2006Globalization, De-Industrialization and Mexican Exceptionalism 1750-1879
with Rafael Dobado González, Jeffrey G. Williamson: w12316
Like the rest of the poor periphery, Mexico had to deal with de-industrialization forces between 1750 and 1913, those critical 150 years when the economic gap between the industrial core and the primary-product-producing periphery widened to such huge dimensions. Yet, from independence to mid-century Mexico did better on this score than did most countries around the periphery. This paper explores the sources of Mexican exceptionalism with de-industrialization. It decomposes those sources into those attributable to productivity events in the core and to globalization forces connecting core to periphery, and to those attributable to domestic forces specific to Mexico. It uses a neo-Ricardian model (with non-tradable foodstuffs) to implement the decomposition, and advocates a price dual appro...

Published: Dobado Gonzalez, Rafael, Aurora Gomez Galvarriato, and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Mexican Exceptionalism: Globalization and De-Industrialization, 1750-1877." Journal of Economic History 68, 3 (September 2008): 758-811.

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