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NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Adam Ashcraft

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Working Papers

September 2010Two Monetary Tools: Interest Rates and Haircuts
with Nicolae Gârleanu, Lasse Heje Pedersen: w16337
We study a production economy with multiple sectors financed by issuing securities to agents who face capital constraints. Binding capital constraints propagate business cycles, and a reduction of the interest rate can increase the required return of high-haircut assets since it can increase the shadow cost of capital for constrained agents. The required return can be lowered by easing funding constraints through lowering haircuts. To assess empirically the power of the haircut tool, we study the introduction of the legacy Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF). By considering unpredictable rejections of bonds from TALF, we estimate that haircuts had a significant effect on prices. Further, unique survey evidence suggests that lowering haircuts could reduce required returns by m...

Published: Two Monetary Tools: Interest Rates and Haircuts, Adam Ashcraft, Nicolae Gârleanu, Lasse Heje Pedersen. in NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2010, Volume 25, Acemoglu and Woodford. 2011

August 2006The Consequences of Teenage Childbearing
with Kevin Lang: w12485
We examine the effect of teenage childbearing on the adult outcomes of a sample of women who gave birth, miscarried or had an abortion as teenagers. If miscarriages are (conditionally) random, then if all miscarriages occur before teenagers can obtain abortions, using the absence of a miscarriage as an instrument for a live birth provides a consistent estimate of the effect of teenage motherhood on women who give birth. If all abortions occur before any miscarriage can occur, OLS on the sample of women who either have a live birth or miscarry provides an unbiased estimate of this effect. Under reasonable assumptions, IV underestimates and OLS overestimates the effect of teenage motherhood on adult outcomes. For a variety of outcomes, the two estimates provide a narrow bound on the effect o...

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

 
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