NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Working Papers by Steven D. Levitt

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

Working Papers

November 2014The Economic Impact of Hurricane Katrina on its Victims: Evidence from Individual Tax Returns
with Tatyana Deryugina, Laura Kawano, Steven Levitt: w20713
July 2012Enhancing the Efficacy of Teacher Incentives through Loss Aversion: A Field Experiment
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Steven D. Levitt, John List, Sally Sadoff: w18237
June 2012The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List, Susanne Neckermann, Sally Sadoff: w18165
April 2012Toward an Understanding of Learning by Doing: Evidence from an Automobile Assembly Plant
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List, Chad Syverson: w18017

Published: Steven D. Levitt & John A. List & Chad Syverson, 2013. "Toward an Understanding of Learning by Doing: Evidence from an Automobile Assembly Plant," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 121(4), pages 643 - 681. citation courtesy of

May 2011The Role of Skill Versus Luck in Poker: Evidence from the World Series of Poker
with Steven D. Levitt, Thomas J. Miles: w17023

Published: “The Role of Skill Versus Luck in Poker Evidence from the World Series of Poker,” Journal of Sports Economics : 2012 (with Thomas J. Miles). DOI: 10.1177/15270 02512449471

December 2009What Happens in the Field Stays in the Field: Exploring Whether Professionals Play Minimax in Laboratory Experiments
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List, David H. Reiley, Jr.: w15609

Published: Steven D. Levitt & John A. List & David H. Reiley, 2010. "What Happens in the Field Stays in the Field: Exploring Whether Professionals Play Minimax in Laboratory Experiments," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(4), pages 1413-1434, 07. citation courtesy of

Checkmate: Exploring Backward Induction Among Chess Players
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List, Sally E. Sadoff: w15610

Published: Steven D. Levitt & John A. List & Sally E. Sadoff, 2011. "Checkmate: Exploring Backward Induction among Chess Players," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(2), pages 975-90, April. citation courtesy of

October 2009An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Steven D. Levitt: w15430

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2010. "An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 210-40, April. citation courtesy of

September 2009Professionals Do Not Play Minimax: Evidence from Major League Baseball and the National Football League
with Kenneth Kovash, Steven D. Levitt: w15347
May 2009Was there Really a Hawthorne Effect at the Hawthorne Plant? An Analysis of the Original Illumination Experiments
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List: w15016

Published: Steven D. Levitt & John A. List, 2011. "Was There Really a Hawthorne Effect at the Hawthorne Plant? An Analysis of the Original Illumination Experiments," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 224-38, January. citation courtesy of

September 2008Field Experiments in Economics: The Past, The Present, and The Future
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List: w14356

Published: Levitt, Steven D. & List, John A., 2009. "Field experiments in economics: The past, the present, and the future," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 1-18, January. citation courtesy of

July 2008The Plight of Mixed Race Adolescents
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Lisa Kahn, Steven D. Levitt, Jörg L. Spenkuch: w14192

Published: Roland G. Fryer Jr. & Lisa Kahn & Steven D. Levitt & Jörg L. Spenkuch, 2012. "The Plight of Mixed-Race Adolescents," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(3), pages 621-634, August. citation courtesy of

September 2007Hatred and Profits: Getting Under the Hood of the Ku Klux Klan
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Steven D. Levitt: w13417

Published: The Quarterly Journal of Economics (2012) doi: 10.1093/qje/qjs028 First published online: August 30, 2012

September 2006Evaluating the Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats and Seat Belts in Protecting Children from Injury
with Steven D. Levitt, Joseph J. Doyle: w12519

Published: Doyle, Joseph J., Jr. and Steven D. Levitt. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of Child Safety Seats and Seat Belts in Protecting Children from Injury." Economic Inquiry 48, 3 (July 2010): 521-36. citation courtesy of

April 2006An Economist Sells Bagels: A Case Study in Profit Maximization
w12152
March 2006Testing for Racial Differences in the Mental Ability of Young Children
with Roland G. Fryer, Steven D. Levitt: w12066
January 2006Measurement Error, Legalized Abortion, and the Decline in Crime: A Response to Foote and Goetz (2005)
with John J. Donohue, Steven D. Levitt: w11987

Published: Donohue, John J. and Steven D. Levitt. "Measurement Error, Legalized Abortion, and the Decline in Crime: A Response to Foote and Goetz." Quarterly Journal of Economics 123, 1 (2008): 425-440.

September 2005Evidence that Seat Belts are as Effective as Child Safety Seats in Preventing Death for Children Aged Two and Up
w11591

Published: Steven D. Levitt, 2008. "Evidence that Seat Belts Are as Effective as Child Safety Seats in Preventing Death for Children Aged Two and Up," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(1), pages 158-163, 07. citation courtesy of

May 2005Measuring the Impact of Crack Cocaine
with Roland G. Fryer, Paul S. Heaton, Steven D. Levitt, Kevin M. Murphy: w11318
January 2005The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade
with Roland G. Fryer, Steven D. Levitt: w11049

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2006. "The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade," American Law and Economics Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(2), pages 249-281. citation courtesy of

Market Distortions when Agents are Better Informed: The Value of Information in Real Estate Transactions
with Steven D. Levitt, Chad Syverson: w11053

Published: Steven D. Levitt & Chad Syverson, 2008. "Market Distortions When Agents Are Better Informed: The Value of Information in Real Estate Transactions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 599-611, 08. citation courtesy of

November 2003The Effect of School Choice on Student Outcomes: Evidence from Randomized Lotteries
with Julie Berry Cullen, Brian A. Jacob, Steven Levitt: w10113

Published: Cullen, Julie Berry, Brian A. Jacob, and Steven D. Levitt. “The effect of school choice on participants: evidence from randomized lotteries." Econometrica 74, 5 (2006): 1191-1230.

September 2003The Causes and Consequences of Distinctively Black Names
with Roland G. Fryer, Steven D. Levitt: w9938

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2004. "The Causes and Consequences of Distinctively Black Names," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 119(3), pages 767-805, August. citation courtesy of

March 2003Further Evidence that Legalized Abortion Lowered Crime: A Reply to Joyce
with John J. Donohue III, Steven D. Levitt: w9532

Published: Donohue III, John J. and Steven Levitt. “Further Evidence that Legalized Abortion Lowered Crime: A Reply To Joyce." 39 Journal of Human Resources 29 (Winter 2004). citation courtesy of

January 2003Testing Theories of Discrimination: Evidence from "Weakest Link"
w9449

Published: Levitt, Steven D. "Testing Theories Of Discrimination: Evidence From Weakest Link," Journal of Law and Economics, 2004, v47(2,Oct), 431-452. citation courtesy of

Rotten Apples: An Investigation of the Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating
with Brian A. Jacob, Steven D. Levitt: w9413

Published: Jacob, Brian A. and Steven D. Levitt. "Rotten Apples: An Investigation Of The Prevalence And Predictors Of Teacher Cheating," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2003, v118(3,Aug), 843-878. citation courtesy of

Catching Cheating Teachers: The Results of an Unusual Experiment in Implementing Theory
with Brian A. Jacob, Steven D. Levitt: w9414

Published: Gale, William G. and Janet Rothenberg Pack (eds.) Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs 2003. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2003.

How Do Markets Function? An Empirical Analysis of Gambling on the National Football League
w9422

Published: Levitt, Steven D. "Why Are Gambling Markets Organised So Differently From Financial Markets?," Economic Journal, 2004, v114(495,Apr), 223-246.

June 2002Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School
with Roland G. Fryer, Jr., Steven D. Levitt: w8975

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2004. "Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(2), pages 447-464, 06. citation courtesy of

September 2001An Empirical Analysis of Imprisoning Drug Offenders
with Ilyana Kuziemko, Steven D. Levitt: w8489

Published: Kuziemko, Ilyana and Steven D. Levitt. "An Empirical Analysis Of Imprisoning Drug Offenders," Journal of Public Economics, 2004, v88(9-10,Aug), 2043-2066. citation courtesy of

November 2000The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime
with John Donohue, Steven Levitt: w8004

Published: Donohue, John J., III and Steven D. Levitt. "The Impact Of Legalized Abortion On Crime," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2001, v116(2,May), 379-420. citation courtesy of

September 2000The Impact of School Choice on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Chicago Public Schools
with Julie Berry Cullen, Brian Jacob, Steven Levitt: w7888

Published: Cullen, Julie Berry & Jacob, Brian A. & Levitt, Steven D., 2005. "The impact of school choice on student outcomes: an analysis of the Chicago Public Schools," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(5-6), pages 729-760, June. citation courtesy of

July 2000Winning Isn't Everything: Corruption in Sumo Wrestling
with Mark Duggan, Steven D. Levitt: w7798

Published: Duggan, Mark and Steven D. Levitt. "Winning Isn't Everything: Corruption In Sum Sumo Wrestling," American Economic Review, 2002, v92(5,Dec), 1594-1605. citation courtesy of

July 1999Sample Selection in the Estimation of Air Bag and Seat Belt Effectiveness
with Steven D. Levitt, Jack Porter: w7210

Published: Levitt, Steven D. and Jack Porter. "Sample Selection In The Estimation Of Air Bag And Seat Belt Effectiveness," Review of Economics and Statistics, 2001, v83(4,Nov), 603-615. citation courtesy of

February 1999Estimating the Effect of Alcohol on Driver Risk Using Only Fatal Accident Statistics
with Steven D. Levitt, Jack Porter: w6944
November 1998The Impact of Race on Policing, Arrest Patterns, and Crime
with John J. Donohue III, Steven D. Levitt: w6784

Published: Published as "Continuous Versus Episodic Change: The Impact of Civil Rights Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks", Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 29, no. 4 (1991): 1603-

June 1998An Economic Analysis of a Drug-Selling Gang's Finances
with Steven D. Levitt, Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh: w6592

Published: Levitt, Steven D. and Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh. "An Economic Analysis Of A Drug-Selling Gang's Finances," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2000, v115(3,Aug), 755-789. citation courtesy of

March 1998Using Sentence Enhancements to Distinguish between Deterrence and Incapacitation
with Daniel Kessler, Steven D. Levitt: w6484

Published: Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 42, no. 1, part 2 (April 1999):343-363. citation courtesy of

September 1997Juvenile Crime and Punishment
w6191

Published: Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 106, no. 6 (December 1998): 1156-1185. citation courtesy of

February 1997Measuring Positive Externalities from Unobservable Victim Precaution: An Empirical Analysis of Lojack
with Ian Ayres, Steven D. Levitt: w5928

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 108, no. 1 (February 1998): 43- citation courtesy of

September 1996Crime, Urban Flight, and the Consequences for Cities
with Julie Berry Cullen, Steven D. Levitt: w5737

Published: Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 81, no. 2 (May 1999): 159-169. citation courtesy of

September 1995Why Do Increased Arrest Rates Appear to Reduce Crime: Deterrence, Incapacitation, or Measurement Error?
w5268

Published: Levitt, Steven D. "Why Do Increased Arrest Rates Appear To Reduce Crime: Deterrence, Incapacitation, Or Measurement Error?," Economic Inquiry, 1998, v36(3,Jul), 353-372. citation courtesy of

May 1995The Effect of Prison Population Size on Crime Rates: Evidence From Prison Overcrowding Litigation
w5119

Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 1996, vol.111, pp.319-352. citation courtesy of

January 1995Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Policeon Crime
w4991

Published: Levitt, Steven D. "Using Electoral Cycles In Police Hiring To Estimate The Effects Of Police On Crime: Reply," American Economic Review, 2002, v92(4,Sep), 1244-1250. citation courtesy of

The Impact of Federal Spending on House Election Outcomes
with Steven D. Levitt, James M. Snyder, Jr.: w5002

Published: Journal of Political Economy, February 1997, 105, pp.30-53 citation courtesy of

April 1994Congressional Distributive Politics and State Economic Performance
with Steven D. Levitt, James M. Poterba: w4721

Published: Public Choice, Vol. 99 (April 1999): 185-216. citation courtesy of

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

 
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