NBER Working Papers by Barry Eichengreen

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

Working Papers

February 2017Aftershocks of Monetary Unification: Hysteresis with a Financial Twist
with Tamim Bayoumi: w23205
January 2016Cables, Sharks and Servers: Technology and the Geography of the Foreign Exchange Market
with Romain Lafarguette, Arnaud Mehl: w21884
November 2015RMBI or RMBR: Is the Renminbi Destined to Become a Global or Regional Currency?
with Domenico Lombardi: w21716

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Domenico Lombardi, 2017. "RMBI or RMBR? Is the Renminbi Destined to Become a Global or Regional Currency?," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 16(1), pages 35-59, February. citation courtesy of

September 2015The Global Productivity Slump: Common and Country-Specific Factors
with Donghyun Park, Kwanho Shin: w21556
January 2015Secular Stagnation: The Long View

Published: Barry Eichengreen, 2015. "Secular Stagnation: The Long View," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 105(5), pages 66-70, May. citation courtesy of

July 2014A Surplus of Ambition: Can Europe Rely on Large Primary Surpluses to Solve its Debt Problem?
with Ugo Panizza: w20316

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Ugo Panizza, 2016. "A surplus of ambition: can Europe rely on large primary surpluses to solve its debt problem?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 31(85), pages 5-49. citation courtesy of

June 2014Mutual Assistance between Federal Reserve Banks, 1913-1960 as Prolegomena to the TARGET2 Debate
with Arnaud J. Mehl, Livia Chițu, Gary Richardson: w20267

Published: Eichengreen, Barry & Mehl, Arnaud & Chitu, Livia & Richardson, Gary, 2015. "Mutual Assistance between Federal Reserve Banks: 1913–1960 as Prolegomena to the TARGET2 Debate," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 75(03), pages 621-659, September. citation courtesy of

October 2013The Mother of All Sudden Stops: Capital Flows and Reversals in Europe, 1919-32
with Olivier Accominotti: w19580

Published: Olivier Accominotti & Barry Eichengreen, 2016. "The mother of all sudden stops: capital flows and reversals in Europe, 1919-32," The Economic History Review, vol 69(2), pages 469-492. citation courtesy of

September 2013Does the Federal Reserve Care About the Rest of the World?

Published: Barry Eichengreen, 2013. "Does the Federal Reserve Care about the Rest of the World?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 27(4), pages 87-104, Fall. citation courtesy of

January 2013History, Gravity and International Finance
with Livia Chițu, Arnaud J. Mehl: w18697

Published: Chiţu, Livia & Eichengreen, Barry & Mehl, Arnaud, 2014. "History, gravity and international finance," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 104-129. citation courtesy of

Growth Slowdowns Redux: New Evidence on the Middle-Income Trap
with Donghyun Park, Kwanho Shin: w18673

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Donghyun Park & Kwanho Shin, 2014. "Growth slowdowns redux," Japan and the World Economy, vol 32, pages 65-84.

May 2012When did the dollar overtake sterling as the leading international currency? Evidence from the bond markets
with Livia Chitu, Arnaud J. Mehl: w18097

Published: "When Did the Dollar Overtake Sterling as the Leading International Currency? Evidence from the Bond Markets", Journal of Development Economics (2013). citation courtesy of

February 2012Right-Wing Political Extremism in the Great Depression
with Alan de Bromhead, Kevin H. O'Rourke: w17871

Published: "Political Extremism in the 1920s and 1930s: Do the German Lessons Generalize?" (with Alan de Bromhead and Keven O'Rourke), Journal of Economic History (July 2013).

December 2011International Policy Coordination: The Long View

Published: International Policy Coordination: The Long View, Barry Eichengreen. in Globalization in an Age of Crisis: Multilateral Economic Cooperation in the Twenty-First Century, Feenstra and Taylor. 2014

November 2011The External Impact of China's Exchange Rate Policy: Evidence from Firm Level Data
with Hui Tong: w17593

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Hui Tong, 2011. "The External Impact of China's Exchange Rate Policy: Evidence from Firm Level Data," IMF Working Papers, vol 11(155).

October 2011A Forensic Analysis of Global Imbalances
with Menzie D. Chinn, Hiro Ito: w17513

Published: "A Forensic Analysis of Global Imbalances," Oxford Economic Papers (2013), (March 2013 version) (with Barry Eichengreen and Hiro Ito). citation courtesy of

How Reliable are De Facto Exchange Rate Regime Classifications?
with Raul Razo-Garcia: w17318

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Raul Razo‐Garcia, 2013. "How Reliable Are De Facto Exchange Rate Regime Classifications?," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(3), pages 216-239, 07. citation courtesy of

September 2011Who Should Supervise? The Structure of Bank Supervision and the Performance of the Financial System
with Nergiz Dincer: w17401

Published: “ The Architecture and Governance of Financial Supervision: Sources and Implications ” International Finance, Vol. 15, No. 3: 309 - 325, Winter 2012. A lso, NBER Working Paper, 17401, 2011 (with Barry Eichengreen).

August 2011International Financial Crises and the Multilateral Response: What the Historical Record Shows
with Bergljot Barkbu, Ashoka Mody: w17361

Published: Financial Crises and the Multilateral Response: What the Historical Record Shows, Bergljot Barkbu, Barry Eichengreen, Ashoka Mody. in Global Financial Crisis, Engel, Forbes, and Frankel. 2012

March 2011When Fast Growing Economies Slow Down: International Evidence and Implications for China
with Donghyun Park, Kwanho Shin: w16919

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Donghyun Park & Kwanho Shin, 2012. "When Fast-Growing Economies Slow Down: International Evidence and Implications for China," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 11(1), pages 42-87, February. citation courtesy of

February 2011The Service Sector as India's Road to Economic Growth
with Poonam Gupta: w16757

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Poonam Gupta, 2011. "The Service Sector as India’s Road to Economic Growth?," India Policy Forum, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 7(1), pages 1-42. citation courtesy of

July 2010Fetters of Gold and Paper
with Peter Temin: w16202

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Peter Temin, 2010. "Fetters of gold and paper," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(3), pages 370-384, Autumn. citation courtesy of

November 2009From Great Depression to Great Credit Crisis: Similarities, Differences and Lessons
with Miguel Almunia, Agustín S. Bénétrix, Kevin H. O'Rourke, Gisela Rua: w15524

Published: Miguel Almunia & Agustín Bénétrix & Barry Eichengreen & Kevin H. O'Rourke & Gisela Rua, 2010. "From Great Depression to Great Credit Crisis: similarities, differences and lessons," Economic Policy, CEPR, CES, MSH, vol. 25, pages 219-265, 04. citation courtesy of

July 2009The Slide to Protectionism in the Great Depression: Who Succumbed and Why?
with Douglas A. Irwin: w15142

Published: Eichengreen, Barry & Irwin, Douglas A., 2010. "The Slide to Protectionism in the Great Depression: Who Succumbed and Why?," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 70(04), pages 871-897, December. citation courtesy of

May 2009The Two Waves of Service Sector Growth
with Poonam Gupta: w14968

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Poonam Gupta, 2013. "The two waves of service-sector growth," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 65(1), pages 96-123, January. citation courtesy of

April 2009How the Subprime Crisis Went Global: Evidence from Bank Credit Default Swap Spreads
with Ashoka Mody, Milan Nedeljkovic, Lucio Sarno: w14904

Published: Eichengreen, Barry & Mody, Ashoka & Nedeljkovic, Milan & Sarno, Lucio, 2012. "How the Subprime Crisis went global: Evidence from bank credit default swap spreads," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 1299-1318. citation courtesy of

March 2009Central Bank Transparency: Causes, Consequences and Updates
with Nergiz Dincer: w14791

Published: Theoretical Inquiries in Law. Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 75–123, ISSN (Online) 1565-3404, DOI: 10.2202/1565-3404.1237, January 2010

December 2008Bretton Woods and the Great Inflation
with Michael D. Bordo: w14532

Published: Bretton Woods and the Great Inflation, Michael Bordo, Barry Eichengreen. in The Great Inflation: The Rebirth of Modern Central Banking, Bordo and Orphanides. 2013

October 2008Is Poland at Risk of a Boom-and-Bust Cycle in the Run-Up to Euro Adoption?
with Katharina Steiner: w14438
July 2008The Rise and Fall of the Dollar, or When Did the Dollar Replace Sterling as the Leading International Currency?
with Marc Flandreau: w14154

Published: Eichengreen, Barry & Flandreau, Marc, 2009. "The rise and fall of the dollar (or when did the dollar replace sterling as the leading reserve currency?)," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(03), pages 377-411, December.

June 2008Exchange Rate Regimes and Capital Mobility: How Much of the Swoboda Thesis Survives?
March 2008International Economic Policy: Was There a Bush Doctrine?
with Douglas A. Irwin: w13831
January 2008Sui Generis EMU
September 2007The Breakup of the Euro Area

Published: The Breakup of the Euro Area, Barry Eichengreen. in Europe and the Euro, Alesina and Giavazzi. 2010

March 2007Central Bank Transparency: Where, Why, and with What Effects?
with N. Nergiz Dincer: w13003
August 2006Democracy and Globalization

Published: Barry Eichengreen & David Leblang, 2008. "Democracy And Globalization," Economics and Politics, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 20(3), pages 289-334, November. citation courtesy of

Insurance Underwriter or Financial Development Fund: What Role for Reserve Pooling in Latin America?

Published: Barry Eichengreen, 2007. "Insurance Underwriter or Financial Development Fund: What Role for Reserve Pooling in Latin America?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 27-52, February. citation courtesy of

Bond Markets as Conduits for Capital Flows: How Does Asia Compare?
with Pipat Luengnaruemitchai: w12408

Published: Bond Markets as Conduits for Capital Flows: How Does Asia Compare?, Barry Eichengreen, Pipat Luengnaruemitchai. in International Financial Issues in the Pacific Rim: Global Imbalances, Financial Liberalization, and Exchange Rate Policy (NBER-EASE Volume 17), Ito and Rose. 2008

May 2006Sudden Stops and IMF-Supported Programs
with Poonam Gupta, Ashoka Mody: w12235

Published: Sudden Stops and IMF-Supported Programs, Barry Eichengreen, Poonam Gupta, Ashoka Mody. in Financial Markets Volatility and Performance in Emerging Markets, Edwards and Garcia. 2008

September 2005Current Account Reversals: Always a Problem?
with Muge Adalet: w11634

Published: Current Account Reversals: Always a Problem?, Muge Adalet, Barry Eichengreen. in G7 Current Account Imbalances: Sustainability and Adjustment, Clarida. 2007

Can a Rapidly-Growing Export-Oriented Economy Smoothly Exit an Exchange Rate Peg? Lessons for China from Japan's High-Growth Era
with Mariko Hatase: w11625
May 2005Is China's FDI Coming at the Expense of Other Countries?
with Hui Tong: w11335

Published: Eichengreen, Barry & Tong, Hui, 2007. "Is China's FDI coming at the expense of other countries?," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 153-172, June. citation courtesy of

Sterling's Past, Dollar's Future: Historical Perspectives on Reserve Currency Competition
March 2005The IMF in a World of Private Capital Markets
with Kenneth Kletzer, Ashoka Mody: w11198

Published: Eichengreen, Barry, Kenneth Kletzer and Ashoka Mody. "The IMF In A World Of Private Capital Markets," Journal of Banking and Finance, 2006, v30(5,May), 1335-1357. citation courtesy of

September 2004The Impact of China on the Exports of Other Asian Countries
with Yeongseop Rhee, Hui Tong: w10768
June 2004Why Doesn't Asia Have Bigger Bond Markets?
with Pipat Luengnaruemitchai: w10576

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Pipat Luengnaruemitchai, 2006. "Why doesn’t Asia have bigger bond markets?," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Asian bond markets: issues and prospects, volume 30, pages 40-77 Bank for International Settlements.

May 2004Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods


November 2003Crisis Resolution: Next Steps
with Kenneth Kletzer: w10095
October 2003Currency Mismatches, Debt Intolerance and Original Sin: Why They Are Not the Same and Why it Matters
with Ricardo Hausmann, Ugo Panizza: w10036

Published: Collier, Paul an Jan Willem Gunning (eds.) Globalization and Poverty. Volume 1. What Has Happened? Volume 2. What Are the Channels of Transmission? Volume 3. Policy Responses. Volume 2. Elgar Reference Collection. Globalization of the World Economy series, vol. 19. Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, MA: Elgar, 2008.

May 2003The Monetary Consequences of a Free Trade Area of the Americas
with Alan M. Taylor: w9666

Published: Estevadeordal, A., D. Rodrik, A. M. Taylor, and A. Velasco (eds.) Integrating the Americas: FTAA and Beyond. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.

January 2003Capital Account Liberalization and Growth: Was Mr. Mahathir Right?
with David Leblang: w9427

Published: Eichengreen, Brry and David Leblang. "Capital Account Liberalization And Growth: Was Mr. Mahathir Right?," International Journal of Finance and Economics, 2003, v8(3,Jul), 205-224. citation courtesy of

October 2002Still Fettered After All These Years
January 2002Crises Now and Then: What Lessons from the Last Era of Financial Globalization
with Michael D. Bordo: w8716

Published: Mizen, Paul (ed.) Monetary History, Exchange Rates and Financial Markets: Essays in Honor of Charles Goodhart, Vol 2. London: Edward Elgar Publisher, 2003.

August 2001When Does Capital Account Liberalization Help More than It Hurts?
with Carlos Arteta, Charles Wyplosz: w8414
Between Meltdown and Moral Hazard: The International Monetary and Financial Policies of the Clinton Administration
with J. Bradford DeLong: w8443

Published: Frankel, Jeffrey A. and Peter R. Orszag (eds.) American Economic Policy in the 1990s. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002.

December 2000The EMS Crisis in Retrospect

Published: Eichengreen, Barry (ed.) Capital flows and crises. Cambridge and London: MIT Press, 2003.

April 2000The Bail-In Problem: Systematic Goals, Ad Hoc Means
with Christof Ruehl: w7653

Published: Eichengreen, Barry & Ruhl, Christof, 2001. "The bail-in problem: systematic goals, ad hoc means," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 3-32, March. citation courtesy of

March 2000From Benign Neglect to Malignant Preoccupation: U.S. Balance-of-Payments Policy in the 1960s

Published: Perry, George L. and James Tobin (eds.) Economic events, ideas, and policies: The 1960s and after. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2000.

January 2000Would Collective Action Clauses Raise Borrowing Costs?
with Ashoka Mody: w7458

Published: Eichengreen, Barry and Ashoka Mody. "Do Collective Action Clauses Raise Borrowing Costs?," Economic Journal, 2004, v114(495,Apr), 247-264.

November 1999Exchange Rates and Financial Fragility
with Ricardo Hausmann: w7418

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann, 1999. "Exchange rates and financial fragility," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 329-368. citation courtesy of

June 1999Is Globalization Today Really Different than Globalization a Hunderd Years Ago?
with Michael D. Bordo, Douglas A. Irwin: w7195


  • Collins, Susan and Robert Lawrence (eds.) Brookings Trade Policy Forum. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1999.
  • Shorter version in Austrian Economic Papers, Vol. 1 & 2 (2000).

May 1999Lending Booms, Reserves, and the Sustainability of Short-Term Debt: Inferences from the Pricing of Syndicated Bank Loans
with Ashoka Mody: w7113

Published: Eichengreen, Barry and Ashoka Mody. "Lending Booms, Reserves And The Sustainability Of Short-Term Debt: Inferences From The Pricing Of Syndicated Bank Loans," Journal of Development Economics, 2000, v63(1,Oct), 5-44. citation courtesy of

December 1998Does Mercosur Need a Single Currency
September 1998Was There Really an Earlier Period of International Financial Integration Comparable to Today?
with Michael D. Bordo, Jongwoo Kim: w6738

Published: The Implications of the Globalization of World Financial Markets, Seoul: Bank of Korea (1999).

May 1998Currency Crisis and Unemployment: Sterling in 1931
with Olivier Jeanne: w6563

Published: Currency Crisis and Unemployment: Sterling in 1931, Barry Eichengreen, Olivier Jeanne. in Currency Crises, Krugman. 2000

March 1998The Rise and Fall of a Barbarous Relic: The Role of Gold in the International Monetary SYstem
with Michael D. Bordo: w6436

Published: Published as "Is There a Good Case for a New Bretton Woods International Monetary System?", American Economic Review, Vol. 85, no. 2 (1995): 317-322 .

February 1998What Explains Changing Spreads on Emerging-Market Debt: Fundamentals or Market Sentiment?
with Ashoka Mody: w6408

Published: Barry Eichengreen & Ashoka Mody, 2000. "What Explains Changing Spreads on Emerging Market Debt?," NBER Chapters, in: Capital Flows and the Emerging Economies: Theory, Evidence, and Controversies, pages 107-136 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

January 1998Staying Afloat When the Wind Shifts: External Factors and Emerging-Market Banking Crises
with Andrew K. Rose: w6370

Published: Calvo, Guillermo, Maurice Obstfeld, and Rudiger Dornbusch (eds.) Money, Capital Mobility, and Trade: Essays in Honor of Robert A. Mundell. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2004.

June 1997The Gold Standard and the Great Depression
with Peter Temin: w6060

Published: Eichengreen, Barry and Peter Temin. "The Gold Standard and the Great Depression." Contemporary European History 9, 2 (2000): 183-207.

January 1997Implications of the Great Depression for the Development of the International Monetary System
with Michael D. Bordo: w5883


July 1996Contagious Currency Crises
with Andrew K. Rose, Charles Wyplosz: w5681


  • Scandinavian Journal of Economics (1996).
  • Barry Eichengreen & Andrew K. Rose, 1999. "Contagious Currency Crises: Channels of Conveyance," NBER Chapters, in: Changes in Exchange Rates in Rapidly Development Countries: Theory, Practice, and Policy Issues (NBER-EASE volume 7), pages 29-56 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

May 1996The Role of History in Bilateral Trade Flows
with Douglas A. Irwin: w5565

Published: The Role of History in Bilateral Trade Flows, Barry Eichengreen, Douglas A. Irwin. in The Regionalization of the World Economy, Frankel. 1998

March 1996Fiscal Policy and Monetary Union: Is There a Tradeoff between Federalism and Budgetary Restrictions?
with Jurgen von Hagen: w5517

Published: American Economic Review (May 1996).

October 1995Is Regionalism Simply a Diversion? Evidence From the Evolution of the EC and EFTA
with Tamim Bayoumi: w5283


October 1994Speculative Attacks on Pegged Exchange Rates: An Empirical Exploration with Special Reference to the European Monetary System
with Andrew K. Rose, Charles Wyplosz: w4898


  • Economic Policy, October 1995
  • The New Transatlantic Economy, Canzoneri, Matthew, William Ethier and Vittorio Grilli, eds., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

April 1994Can Foreign Aid Accelerate Stabilization?
with Alessandra Casella: w4694

Published: Economic Journal, June 1996 citation courtesy of

August 1993Trade Blocs, Currency Blocs and the Disintegration of World Trade in the 1930s
with Douglas A. Irwin: w4445

Published: Journal of International Economics, February 1995

May 1993The Endogeneity of Exchange Rate Regimes

Published: Peter B. Kenen, ed., Understanding Interdependence, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995

September 1992Macroeconomic Adjustment Under Bretton Woods and the Post-Bretton Woods Float: An Impulse-Response Analysis
with Tamim Bayoumi: w4169

Published: Economic Journal, July 1994, pp. 813-827 citation courtesy of

August 1992Three Perspectives on the Bretton Woods System


  • Barry Eichengreen, 1993. "Epilogue: Three Perspectives on the Bretton Woods System," NBER Chapters, in: A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lessons for International Monetary Reform, pages 621-658 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System Eds. Michael Bordo and Barry Eichengreen UCP 1993

January 1992Shocking Aspects of European Monetary Unification
with Tamim Bayoumi: w3949

Published: Published in "Adjustment and Growth in the European Monetary Union", Fransisco Torres and Francesco Giavazzi eds, Cambridge University Press; Cambridge, 1993

Is There a Conflict Between EC Enlargement and European Monetary Unification?
with Tamim Bayoumi: w3950

Published: Greek Economic Review, 1993

November 1991The Marshall Plan: History's Most Successful Structural Adjustment Program
with J. Bradford De Long: w3899

Published: in Rudiger Dornbusch, et. al. (eds.) Post-World Warr II Economic Reconstru-ction and its Lessons for Eastern Europe Today, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993

September 1991Designing a Central Bank for Europe: A Cautionary Tale From the Early Years of the Federal Reserve System

Published: Establishing a Central Bank Matthew Canzoner; et al eds., Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1992

Halting Inflation in Italy and France After World War II
with Alessandra Casella: w3852

Published: Monetary Regimes in Transition Michael Bordo and Forrest Capie eds., Cambridge University Press: Cambridge , 1992

January 1991Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area?

Published: Silvo Borger and Berber Grubel eds, The European Community after 1992, Perspectives from the Outside, London: Macmillan, 1992.

August 1990Relaxing the External Constraint: Europe in the 1930s

Published: George Alogosfousis, Lucas Papademos and Richard Portes, eds., External Constrints on Macroeconomic Performance. Cambridge, 1991.

Trends and Cycles in Foreign Lending

Published: Capital Flows and the World Economy Horst Siebert ed., Kiel: World Institute of Economics, 1992.

June 1990Before the Accord: U.S. Monetary-Financial Policy 1945-51
with Peter Garber: w3380


The Impact of Permanent and Temporary Import Surcharges on the U.S. Trade Deficit
with Lawrence H. Goulder: w3391


September 1989The Capital Levy in Theory and Practice

Published: Public Debt Management: Theory and History, edited by Dornbusch and Dreghi , pp. 191-220. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

The Comparative Performance of Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rate Regimes : Interwar Evidence

Published: in Niels Thysgesen et al (eds.) Business Cycles: Theories, Evidence and Analysis, London: Macmillan, 1992

The Gold Standard Since Alec Ford


  • Capital, Labor and Gold: Essays in Honor of Alec Ford; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992
  • The Gold Standard in Theory and History, Eichengreen, Barry and Marc Flandreau, eds., second edition, Rowdedge, 1997 (abridged version reprinted

International Monetary Instability Between the Wars: Structural Flaws or Misguided Policies?

Published: The Evolution of the International Monetary System, edited by Yoshio Suzuki , Junichi Miyake, and Mitsuaki Okabe, pp. 71-116. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1990.

May 1989Trade Liberalization in General Equilibrium: Intertemporal and Inter-Industry Effects
with Lawrence H. Goulder: w2965

Published: Canadian Journal of Economics, June 1992 citation courtesy of

February 1989Dealing With Debt: The 1930s and the 1980s
with Richard Portes: w2867

Published: Dealing with the Debt Crisis, edited by Ishrat Husain and Ishac Diwan, pp. 69-86. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1989.

June 1988Savings Promotion, Investment Promotion, and International Competitiveness
with Lawrence H. Goulder: w2635


April 1988Resolving Debt Crises: An Historical Perspective

Published: Debt, Adjustment and Recovery, edited by Sebastian Edwards and Felipe Larrain, pp. 68-96. Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd., 1989.

November 1987Trade Deficits in the Long Run


  • Barry J. Eichengreen, 1987. "Trade deficits in the long run," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, pages 239-285. citation courtesy of
  • U.S. Trade Deficit: Causes, Consequences and Cures, edited by Albert E. Burger, pp. 239-278. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989.

October 1987Til Debt Do Us Part: The U.S. Capital Market and Foreign Lending, 1920-1955


March 1987International Competition in the Products of U.S. Basic Industries


Hegemonic Stability Theories of the International Monetary System

Published: From Can Nations Agree? Essays on International Economic Cooperation,edited by Ralph Bryant, pp. 255-298. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1989.

The Gold-Exchange Standard and the Great Depression

Published: Eichengreen, Barry. Elusive Stability: Essays in the History of International Finance 1919-1939. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

1987The Anatomy of Financial Crises
with Richard Portes: w2126

Published: "Anatomy of Financial Crises." From Threats to International Financial Stability, edited by Richard Portes and Alexander K. Swoboda, pp. 10-58. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

November 1986The Economic Consequences of the Franc Poincare
with Charles Wyplosz: w2064

Published: "Economic Consequences of the Franc Poincare." From Economic Effects ofthe Government Budget, edited by Elhanan Helpman, Assaf Razin, and Efraim Sadka, pp. 257-286. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988.

August 1986The Political Economy of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff


  • in "Research in Economic History" Roger L. Ransom, Peter H. Lindert (eds) December 1989, pp. 1-35.
  • in Frieden, Jeffry and David Lake (eds.) "International Political Economy." Bedford/St. Martin's Press, (August 13, 1999)

December 1985Debt and Default in the 1930s: Causes and Consequences
with Richard Portes: w1772


  • Eichengreen, Barry and Richard Portes. "Debt and Default in the 1930s: Causes and Consequences," European Economic Review, Vol. 30, June 1986, pp. 599-640. citation courtesy of
  • Translated: "Deuda y suspensión de pagos en los años treinta" Barry Eichengreen, Richard Portes: Cuadernos económicos de ICE, No 43, 1989 , pages. 79-120
  • Reprinted in "International Debt," Bird, Giraham and P.N. Snowden, eds., Elsevier Science B.V. 1995
  • Reprinted in "The Disintigration of the World Economy Between the Wars," Thomas, Mark (ed.), Edward Elgar,1996.

November 1984Exchange Rates and Economic Recovery in the 1930s
with Jeffrey Sachs: w1498


  • Eichengreen, Barry and Jeffrey Sachs. "Exchange Rates and Economic Recovery in the 1930s," Journal of Economic History, Vol. XLV, No. 4, (December 1 985), pp. 925-946.*Reprinted in Depressions & New Deal, Burwood, Stephen, ed., Garland, 1989. citation courtesy of
  • *Reprinted in The Disintegration of the World Economy Between the Wars, Thomas, Mark, ed., Edward Elgen, 1995.

September 1984International Policy Coordination in Historical Perspective: A View from the Interwar Years


March 1983U.S. Antidumping Policies: The Case of Steel
with Hans Van der Ven: w1098


Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers onlyInformation about this author at RePEc

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