NBER Publications by Zoe McLaren

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March 2011HIV Status and Labor Market Participation in South Africa
with James A. Levinsohn, Olive Shisana, Khangelani Zuma: w16901
Because individuals with HIV are more likely to fall into poverty, and the poor may be at higher risk of contracting HIV, simple estimates of the effect of HIV status on economic outcomes will tend to be biased. In this paper, we use two econometric methods based on the propensity score to estimate the causal effect of HIV status on employment outcomes in South Africa. We rely on rich data on sexual behavior and knowledge of HIV from a large national household-based survey, which included HIV testing, to control for systematic differences between HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals. This paper provides the first nationally representative estimates of the impact of HIV status on labor market outcomes for southern Africa. We find that being HIV-positive is associated with a 6 to 7 perc...

Published: March 2013, Vol. 95, No. 1, Pages 98-108 Posted Online March 19, 2013. (doi:10.1162/REST_a_00237) © 2013 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology HIV Status and Labor Market Participation in South Africa James Levinsohn Yale University and NBER Zoë M. McLaren University of Michigan Olive Shisana Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa Khangelani Zuma HSRC, Pretoria, South Africa

June 2007Why Has Unemployment Risen in the New South Africa
with Abhijit Banerjee, Sebastian Galiani, Jim Levinsohn, Ingrid Woolard: w13167
We document the rise in unemployment in South Africa since the transition in 1994. We describe the likely causes of this increase and analyze whether the increase in unemployment is due to structural changes in the economy (resulting in a new equilibrium unemployment rate) or to negative shocks (that temporarily have increased unemployment). We conclude the former are more important. Our analysis includes a multinomial logit approach to understanding transitions in individual-level changes in labor market status using the first nationally representative panel in South Africa. Our analysis highlights several key constraints to addressing unemployment in South Africa.

Published: Abhijit Banerjee & Sebastian Galiani & Jim Levinsohn & Zoë McLaren & Ingrid Woolard, 2008. "Why has unemployment risen in the New South Africa?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 16(4), pages 715-740, October. citation courtesy of

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