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NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Publications by William Masters

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Working Papers and Chapters

July 2014Demographic Pressure and Institutional Change: Village-Level Response to Rural Population Growth in Burkina Faso
with Margaret S. McMillan, Harounan Kazianga
in African Successes: Government and Institutions, Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors
July 2013Disease Control, Demographic Change and Institutional Development in Africa
with Margaret S. McMillan, Harounan Kazianga: w19245
This paper addresses the role of tropical disease in rural demography and land use rights, using data from Onchocerciasis (river blindness) control in Burkina Faso. We combine a new survey of village elders with historical census data for 1975-2006 and geocoded maps of treatment under the regional Onchocerciasis Control Program (OCP). The OCP ran from 1975 to 2002, first spraying rivers to stop transmission and then distributing medicine to help those already infected. Controlling for time and village fixed effects, we find that villages in treated areas acquired larger populations and also had more cropland transactions, fewer permits required for cropland transactions, and more regulation of common property pasture and forest. These effects are robust to numerous controls and tests for h...

Published: Kazianga, Harounan & Masters, William A. & McMillan, Margaret S., 2014. "Disease control, demographic change and institutional development in Africa," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 313-326. citation courtesy of

December 2011Rural Demography, Public Services and Land Rights in Africa: A Village-Level Analysis in Burkina Faso
with Margaret S. McMillan, Harounan Kazianga: w17718
This paper uses historical census data from Burkina Faso to characterize local demographic pressures associated with internal migration into river valleys after Onchocerciasis eradication, combined with a new survey of village elders to document change over time and differences across villages in local public goods provision, market institutions and land use rights. We hypothesize that higher local population densities are associated with more public goods and a transition from open-access to regulated land use. Controlling for province or village fixed effects, we find that villages' variance in population associated with proximity to rivers is closely correlated with higher levels of infrastructure, markets and individual land rights, as opposed to familial or communal rights. Respondin...

"Disease Control, Demographic Change and Institutional Development in Africa," forthcoming Journal of Development Economics (with Harounan Kazianga and William Masters)

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers only

 
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