NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Publications by Lee Fleming

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July 2014Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy
with Ramana Nanda, Ken Younge
in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy, Adam Jaffe and Benjamin Jones, editors
We document three facts related to innovation and entrepreneurship in renewable energy. Using data from the US Patent and Trademark Office, we first show that patenting in renewable energy remains highly concentrated in a few large energy firms. In 2009, the top 20% firms accounted for over 40% of renewable energy patents in our data. Second, we compare patenting by venture capital-backed startups and incumbent firms. Using a variety of measures, we find that VC-backed startups are engaged in more novel and more highly cited innovations, compared to incumbent firms. Incumbent firms also have a higher share of patents that are completely un-cited or self-cited, suggesting that incumbents are more likely to engage in incremental innovation compared to VC-backed startups. Third, we document a...
April 2012Non-compete Agreements: Barriers to Entry…and Exit?
with Matt Marx
in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 12, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, editors

Contact and additional information for this authorAll NBER papers and publicationsNBER Working Papers only

 
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