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NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Publications by Jan Ostermann

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February 2005Are Alcohol Excise Taxes Good For Us? Short and Long-Term Effects on Mortality Rates
with Philip J. Cook, Frank A. Sloan: w11138
Regression results from a 30-year panel of the state-level data indicate that changes in alcohol-excise taxes cause a reduction in drinking and lower all-cause mortality in the short run. But those results do not fully capture the long-term mortality effects of a permanent change in drinking levels. In particular, since moderate drinking has a protective effect against heart disease in middle age, it is possible that a reduction in per capita drinking will result in some people drinking "too little" and dying sooner than they otherwise would. To explore that possibility, we simulate the effect of a one percent reduction in drinking on all-cause mortality for the age group 35-69, using several alternative assumptions about how the reduction is distributed across this population. We find tha...

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