NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Publications by Gang Liu

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September 2013Measuring the Stock of Human Capital for International and Inter-temporal Comparisons
in Measuring Economic Sustainability and Progress, Dale W. Jorgenson, J. Steven Landefeld, and Paul Schreyer, editors
This paper summarizes the outcomes of the OECD human capital project. In so doing, it discusses the feasibility of applying the lifetime income approach to measuring human capital for comparative analysis, both across countries and over time. It also examines the feasibility of applying the methodology to the categorical data (i.e. by 5-year or 10-year age group) that are available within the OECD statistics system, rather than to data by single year of age required by the original Jorgenson-Fraumeni methodology. The results in this paper indicate that the estimated value of human capital is substantially larger than that of conventional produced capital. Ratios of human capital to GDP are in a range from around eight to over ten across countries, in line with those reported in a number of...

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