NBER Working Papers and Publications by Anne E. Winkler

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Working Papers and Chapters and Reporter Articles

August 2017Women, Work, and Family
with Francine D. Blau: w23644
This chapter focuses on women, work, and family, with a particular focus on differences by educational attainment. First, we review long-term trends regarding family structure, participation in the labor market, and time spent in household production, including time with children. In looking at family, we focus on mothers with children. Next we examine key challenges faced by mothers as they seek to combine motherhood and paid work: workforce interruptions associated with childbearing, the impact of home and family responsibilities, and constraints posed by workplace culture. We also consider the role that gendered norms play in shaping outcomes for mothers. We conclude by discussing policies that have the potential to increase gender equality in the workplace and mitigate the considerabl...
June 2015Welfare Rules, Incentives, and Family Structure
with Robert A. Moffitt, Brian J. Phelan: w21257
We provide a new examination of the incentive effects of welfare rules on family structure among low-income women by emphasizing that the eligibility and benefit rules in the AFDC and TANF programs are based more on the biological relationship between the children and any male in the household than on marriage or cohabitation per se. Using data from 1996 through 2008, we analyze the effects of 1990s welfare reforms on family structure categories that incorporate the biological status of the male. Like past work, we find that most policies did not affect family structure. However, we do find that several work-related reforms increased single parenthood and decreased marriage to biological fathers. These results are especially evident when multiple work-related policies were implemented toge...
August 2009The Impact of Information Technology on Scientists' Productivity, Quality and Collaboration Patterns
with Waverly W. Ding, Sharon G. Levin, Paula E. Stephan: w15285
This study advances the prior literature concerning the impact of information technology on productivity in academe in two important ways. First, it utilizes a dataset that combines information on the diffusion of two noteworthy and early innovations in IT -- BITNET and the Domain Name System (DNS) -- with career history data on research-active life scientists. This research design allows for proper identification of the availability of access to IT as well as a means to directly identify causal effects. Second, the fine-grained nature of the data set allows for an investigation of three publishing outcomes: counts, quality, and co-authorship. Our analysis of a random sample of 3,771 research-active life scientists from 430 U.S. institutions over a 25-year period supports the hypothesis ...

Published: Ding, Waverly W., Sharon G. Levin, Paula E. Stepha n, and Anne E. Winkler. 2010. “ The Impact of Information Technology on Scientists’ Productivity, Quality and Collaboration Patterns . ” Management Science 56(9): 1439 -­‐ 1461 .

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